Wadala is a locality in Mumbai. Wadala Road is a station on the Harbour Line of Mumbai's railway network. Wadala has several schools and some renowned institutions like Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, The University Institute of Chemical Technology, Vidyalankar Institute of Technology, South India Welfare Society, Auxilium Convent High School and Khalsa College, located near one another. SNDT Women's University, Dr. Ambedkar Commerce & Law College has a campus in Wadala West; the local college of Wadala is SIWS near the Wadala station. The largest bus depot in Mumbai, BEST's Wadala depot, is located here, it houses one of India's most renowned eye hospitals, Aditya Jyot Eye Hospital along with the BPT Hospital and the Ackworth Leprosy Hospital. The Ackworth Leprosy Hospital was established during British rule, part of its complex is now given to an AIDS awareness organisation as well; the world's first methane generation plant was set up in the Ackworth hospital complex. Wadala village lay on one of the Seven Islands of Bombay that were joined together to form the modern day Mumbai.
The island was called by different names: Parel, Dharavi or Sion. The Dadar-Matunga-Wadala-Sion scheme of 1899-1900 was the first planned suburban scheme in Bombay; the Bombay City Improvement Trust, set after a bill was passed in the British parliament, formulated this plan in order to relieve congestion in the centre of the town, following the plague epidemics of the 1890s. According to the survey plan, 85,000 people were to be accommodated in the developments in Wadala; the plans regulated constructions with emphasis on proper sanitation. Buildings were to be three storeys high, were to have open spaces between them; the land-use was planned to be a mix of residential and institutional constructions. Parks and gardens were planned, the streets were well laid out. 440 acres of land was leased to the Government for selling. For the first time housing cooperatives were formed to take advantage of newly developed land; the Parsi and Hindu colonies in Dadar-Wadala were developed in this way. In 1915 the Port Trust Railway opened the Wadala Ballard Pier railway line.
Petrol and kerosene installations came up in Wadala. The Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute moved to its present campus at Wadala in 1923; the Institute of Chemical Technology was established in Wadala in 1934. During the Civil Disobedience Movement, the Wadala Salt Works was raided by around 1,500 volunteers of the Congress party on 1 June 1930; the incident occurred after an appeal was made in the Congress Bulletin of 31 May, to challenge the'British anarchy'. The government reacted and 11 women were detained. Wadala was once considered a central suburb of the city of Mumbai, but it is now well within the city limits; the area is bordered by Dadar on the West, Matunga on the Northwest, Sewri on the South. The western areas of Wadala are covered by salt pans. On the Eastern border of Wadala, MMRDA has planned to construct a truck terminus, spread over 115 hectares. Mumbai will have for the first time a centralized facility for the transport of goods by road. Wadala has a large number of old temples, university campuses and is home to a former world's largest IMAX dome theater.
It is home to the Vidyalankar Educational Campus, whose building design has won an international award viz. Designshare's Honour award; the BEST Transport Museum is located at Wadala’s Anik bus depot. It features amateur mini models of the ancient trams. Wadala is known for churches and dargas. Near the station is the 400-year-old Vitthal Temple built by Sant Tukaram who brought the idol from Pandharpur, home of the original temple of Lord Vithal; the temple is known as Prati Pandharpur. One of the many one-day festivals in Mumbai has been held in this temple to devote Lord Vitthal on Ashadhi Ekadashi in June/July. Near this temple is the 15th-century Lord Ram temple and the Hanuman temple on the opposite side of the road; the Ram Temple houses a marriage hall. Located on David S. Baretto Road is a Krishna Temple which houses an orphanage. Wadala has a Balaji Temple, that celebrates the Jatra festival each year in the month of January. Apart from these, there is a Shiv Temple, a Devi Mandir and a small Gurudwara near the station.
The St. Joseph Church is situated on the D. S. Barretto Road, between Five Gardens and Wadala station; this houses the St. Joseph's High School. Opposite is the Don Bosco Shelter, a centre for the rehabilitation and education of underprivileged children; the Barkat Ali Dargah is located on a hill where the bridge connecting Wadala East to Wadala West ends. It is another of Wadala's landmarks; the St. Dominic Savio Church is located in Wadala East; this church, built in 1981, was the first of Mumbai churches to be situated on the first floor. Wadala houses the Bahá' í Cemetery and the Chinese Cemetery; these cemeteries were laid out in Wadala a long time ago, for the same reason that the Ackworth Leprosy Home was built at Wadala viz. Wadala was considered a distant suburb of the city. A number of housing colonies exist in Wadala; some of them are Bhakti Park, Dosti Acres and Lloyd's Estate. Wadala East has the BPT, a large sprawling colony for the port workers complete with a hospital. Near Ant
Mumbai Central railway station
Mumbai Central is a major railway station on the Western line, situated in Mumbai, Maharashtra in an area known by the same name. Designed by British architect Claude Batley, it serves as a major stop for both local and inter-city/express trains with separate platforms for them, it is a terminal for several long distance trains including the Mumbai Rajdhani Express. Trains depart from the station connecting various destinations across states in the northern and north-western parts of India; the Bombay Baroda Central India Rail organization has extended its reach from Baroda to Pathankot via Delhi. The Colaba-Ballard Pier Railway Station proved insufficient in meeting the demands of a growing population which led the government to make plans for the construction of Bombay Central; the present suburban route that once ran till Colaba was earlier served by Bellasis Road station. It was renamed Bombay Central after the construction of the long distance Bombay Central Terminus on the eastern side.
On 1 Feb 2018, a resolution was passed to change the station code from BCT to MMCT. When the station opened in 1930, The Times of India suggested that the name Bombay Central was inspired by the Grand Central Terminal in New York City; the paper argued that the station should have been called Kamathipura, after the area it was located in. The paper suggested that the name Kamathipura was ruled out, because the area is a red light district. 12009/10 Mumbai Central - Ahmedabad Shatabdi Express to Ahmedabad via Surat, Vadodara 12227/28 Indore AC Duronto Express to Indore via Vadodara, Ujjain 12267/68 Rajkot Duronto Express to Rajkot via Surat, Ahmedabad 12901/02 Gujarat Mail to Ahmedabad via Surat, Vadodara 12903/04 Golden Temple Mail to Amritsar Junction via Vadodara, Hazrat Nizamuddin, Ambala 12921/22 Flying Ranee to Surat 12927/28 Vadodara Express to Vadodara 12931/32 Mumbai Central - Ahmedabad Double Decker Express to Ahmedabad via Surat, Vadodara 12933/34 Karnavati Express to Ahmedabad via Surat, Vadodara 12951/52 Mumbai Rajdhani Express to New Delhi via Surat, Ratlam, Kota 12953/54 August Kranti Rajdhani Express to Hazrat Nizamuddin via Surat, Ratlam, Kota 12955/56 Jaipur Superfast Express to Jaipur via Surat, Ratlam, Sawai Madhopur 12961/62 Avantika Express to Indore via Ratlam, Ujjain 22945/46 Saurashtra Mail to Okha via Vadodara, Rajkot, Jamnagar 22953/54 Gujarat Express to Ahmedabad via Surat, Vadodara 19023/24 Firozpur Janata Express to Firozpur via Vadodara, Kota, New Delhi, Bhatinda 19215/16 Saurashtra Express to Porbandar via Vadodara, Rajkot, Jamnagar 12239/40 Jaipur Duronto Express to Jaipur via Vadodara, Kota, Sawai Madhopur 22209/10 Mumbai New Delhi Duronto Express to New Delhi via Vadodara, KotaIn addition to these, some passenger trains and holiday special trains depart from Mumbai Central.
The station is divided into two parts. The eastern half of the station serves long distance trains operated by Western Railways while the western half serves commuter trains running on the Churchgate-Virar suburban section of Western Railways; the mainline section has five high level platforms terminating in a large concourse on the southern end. The suburban section has four high level platforms. All the platforms are connected by foot overbridges and the mainline platforms are wheelchair accessible from the south end. A large Passenger Reservation Center with several ticket windows is located on the east side of the mainline station. Tickets between any two stations in India on any train offering reserved accommodation can be purchased from this facility. There are many Unreserved Ticket Counters in the main concourse for purchasing unreserved tickets for immediate travel on express and passenger trains starting from Mumbai Central; the west and south exits of the suburban section of the station have ticket windows for purchasing tickets for travel on the suburban trains.
Suburban train tickets can be purchased from Automatic Ticket Vending Machines located at several locations in the station premises. The concourse on the mainline side has an outlet of Rajdhani chain of restaurants serving authentic Indian food. Bellasis Rail Café at Mumbai Central is located on the first floor near Bellasis Road overbridge connecting Mumbai Central station near the south end booking office. Items in this café are available with ready to take away facility. There are several stalls in the concourse and on the suburban platforms serving snacks, bottled water and cold drinks. There are book stalls in the main concourse and on the suburban platforms selling newspapers and other reading material. Train timetables are available at the book stalls. Restrooms are available in the concourse on the mainline side. There are two gardens located outside the station. One of the gardens houses a historic locomotive, popularly known as the "Little red horse"; the locomotive was built by English firm Kerr Stuart and Co. in 1928.
The engine operated on the Devgarh-Baria Railway Narrow Gauge line, owned by the Princely state of Devgarh-Baria. The line was merged into Bombay and Central India Railway in August 1949, became part of the Western Railway; the engine served for 61 years, before being transferred to the Pratapnagar workshop for shunting duties in 1990. It was placed at the garden in front of the Mumbai Central station in 1991 to commemorate its platinum jubilee. RailTel, the telecom arm of the Indian Railways, on 22 January 2016 launched free public Wi-Fi service at Mumbai Central station in collaboration with Google. “We are delighted to laun
Worli is a locality in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra. Historic spellings include Warli, Varli. Worli was a separate island, one of the Seven Islands of Bombay which were ceded by the Portuguese to England in 1661. Worli is a part of South Mumbai, it is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west and the neighborhoods of Haji Ali to the south, Mahalaxmi to the east and Prabhadevi to the north. The nearest railway station to the neighbourhood is Mahalaxmi, while Prabhadevi and Lower Parel are the nearest railway station from Worli on the Western Line while Curry Road and Byculla railway stations are the nearest on the Central Line, its original resident was the legendary Dishankeshwar Kalsi, recognized in several periodicals of the time as India's first homosexual stage performer. Kalsi's lavanis were popular across the western coast of India and he was known to perform questionable acts on stage with his pet goat, he was shot dead by a British soldier his lover, when he caught Dishankeshwar in a compromising position with a rooster.
Worli became popular as the residence of the Kalsi due to the popularity of Dishankeshwar. With the commissioning of the Sea-link, Worli Sea-Face is now better connected with Western Suburbs. Worli Sea-Face is one of the most expensive strech in terms of properties in Worli. India's richest Industrialist, Mukesh Ambani and his wife, Nita Ambani's daughter, Isha Ambani lives with her husband, Anand in a property worth Rs. 450 crore on Sea face. Worli will be served by the Worli metro station on Line 3 of the Mumbai Metro. Worli has been one of the busiest office areas in Mumbai since the late-1970s; the first major development was the Shivsagar Estate located on Dr Annie Besant Road. The major companies having properties here are GSK Pharma, TATA, Novartis, HDFC Bank, Yes Bank, Siemens, CEAT and many more. Palais Royale, Mumbai
Nariman Point is a business district in Downtown Mumbai. The prominent business district on India's west coast, Nariman Point yielded that status to Mumbai's Bandra-Kurla Complex in 2010. Prior to Nariman Point's development, Mumbai's business centre was at Ballard Estate, which – like Nariman Point – was built on land reclaimed from the sea. Located on the southern tip of the Mumbai peninsula, at the end of the Mumbai's Marine Drive, Nariman Point is named after Khursheed Framji Nariman, a municipal corporator who had initiated the area's development as an extension to the Back Bay reclamation. Nariman Point houses some of India's prestigious business headquarters, despite its decline, it remains one of the more expensive business districts in India, exceeded only by Delhi's Connaught Place and – since April 2012 – by Mumbai's own Bandra-Kurla Complex. Prior to 1940, the area was part of the Arabian sea. A popular leader of the Congress, Khurshed Nariman, a Bombay Municipal Corporation corporator, proposed to reclaim the area from the sea near Churchgate.
To accomplish this task, the shallow seafront was filled with debris from various parts of the city. Reinforced concrete cement was used, the steel for which had to be purchased on the black market at higher prices due to World War II; the entire cost was estimated to be ₹300,000. Additional reclamations were carried out in the 1970s. A construction boom in that decade led to the development of commercial high-rises in the area. In 2006, prior to the financial crisis of 2007–08, Nariman point was the 7th most expensive location in the world for office space. However, by December 2012 Nariman Point had fallen to 25th place while Delhi's Connaught Place remained the 5th most expensive location despite many offices moving to Gurgaon and Noida. During the same period, Nariman Point dropped from 7th to 15th most expensive location for office rentals; the reasons for the decline were the high prices, lower quality and age of construction, increasing distances from residential hubs which have now moved northwards and to the suburbs.
In the first three quarters of 2012, Nariman Point had a vacancy rate of 25%, compared with 18% in the rest of the Mumbai city. Air India had its headquarters in the Air India Building for many years. Renewable Energy and Power companies Ind Renewable Enercy Ltd and Vakharia Power Infrastructure Ltd are headquartered at Regent Chambers, 208 Nariman Point, Mumbai. At one time All Nippon Airways maintained its Mumbai sales office in the Oberoi Trident Towers in Nariman Point
Dadar is the first planned suburb of Mumbai. It is shopping neighbourhood, it is a prominent railway and bus service hub with local and national connectivity. Dadar is a hub for the immigrant Marathi culture, which replaced the native East Indian one, in Mumbai. In the 16th century, the area was known as lower Mahim as it was located on the island of Mahim, one of the Seven islands of Mumbai which, after the Bombay Island, was the most important during the whole of the Portuguese period; the Portuguese Franciscans built a church here in 1596 called Nossa Senhora de Salvação, popularly known today as Portuguese Church and is a familiar Dadar landmark. The Dadar-Matunga-Wadala-Sion scheme of 1899-1900 was the first planned scheme in Mumbai; the Bombay Improvement Trust devised the plan to relieve congestion in the center of the town following the plague epidemics of the 1890s. According to the survey plan, 60,000 people were to be housed at Dadar-Matunga and an equal number in Sion-Matunga. 85,000 people were to be accommodated in the developments in Sewri-Wadala.
Among the institutions moved to Dadar under the City Improvement Trust plan were Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute, now known as Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute and King George school, now known as IES' Raja Shivaji Vidyalaya. The plan regulated constructions and restricted building construction to three storeys high with open space between them. Ramnarain Ruia College in 1937 and Ramniranjan Podar College was founded in 1939, completing Dadar’s transition from residential area to a diverse neighborhood. Both colleges are run by SP Mandali. Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School one of the oldest school founded in 1851 during the British India period is located here. During the cotton mill era of Mumbai, some key mills like Bombay Dyeing, Gold Mohur Mills, Kohinoor Mills, Ruby Mills and Tata Mills were located in Dadar. During the redevelopment of Mumbai mills some of these went defunct. By 1937 Shivaji Park and the surrounding areas were developed; this public space was to become an important stage in the political drama leading up to India's independence.
Political history in Mumbai unfolded in this park. The Sharadashram society as well as school built in 1948-50 are the biggest landmarks of Dadar. Sharadashram society is Asia's first registered society as well as first society in Mumbai. In 1993 Bombay bombings, a defused bomb was discovered in Dadar by Dr. JK Mandot who provided the Mumbai police their first clue in the 1993 blasts probe, when on 13 March 1993, he alerted them about a dubious-looking Bajaj Chetak scooter parked outside his dispensary on Naigaum Cross Road; the scooter, laden with RDX, had failed to explode, was defused after Mandot's call to the police control room Dadar has growing importance in the current scenario because of its railway routes. The old chawls are giving way to new high-rise buildings, thus changing the skyline of the place. The Khodadad circle and its surrounding buildings are a heritage site of Grade IIB. Park Chowpatty or sea shore Dadar West is widespread up to Reunion Restaurant where Mahim starts in north and up to Sayani Road Junction were Prabhadevi starts on south.
Dadar East is widespread up to Five Gardens were Matunga starts in North and up to Premier Theatre in South were Parel starts. Dadar West market is a popular shopping destination for residents of central Mumbai, the suburbs, distant satellite towns. Dadar vegetable market is the heart of the city. Both east and west areas are dotted with children's clothing shops; some Important Markets are 1. Nakshatra Shopping Mall 2. Swatantraveer Savarkar Market 3. Meenatai Thackrey Flower Market 4. Star Mall 5. Hind Mata Market 6. Manish Market 7. Cotton King 8. Cosmos Platinum Mall 9. Dadar Vegetable Market 10. Roop Sangam 11. Roop Milan 12. Pallari 13. Lazaree 14. Society Stores 15. Dadar Departmental Stores 16. Panneri.etc Shivaji Park Worli - Bandra Sea link view Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Memorial Dadar is home to the Mumbai Mayor's Bungalow, the official residence of the Mayor of Mumbai. Dadar is a prominent railway terminus on both the Western and Central lines of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network. Being the only common railway station to both the Central and Western lines, it makes a transit point for many passengers traveling through Suburban Railway.
Dadar will be served by Line 3 of the Mumbai Metro. Dadar east has been a key interchange point for those coming from Pune and Navi Mumbai by road transport. A bus hub next to Dadar GPO is a destination point for many buses coming from out of Mumbai. Locally, Dadar is well connected to other neighbourhoods of Mumbai, namely Matunga, Parel, Elphinstone Road and Mahim. Dadar has long been a cultural center for the native East Indians and the Marathi speaking immigrants from the rest of Maharashtra. Being along the Konkan coast, like the rest of Mumbai, the native language of the region was a dialect of Konkani. Dada Saheb Phalke shot his first film "Raja Harishchandra" at Mathura Bhavan, in one of his friend's residence in Dadar East. Apart from this studio, many other prominent film studios such as Ranjit Studios and Rooptara Studios were built on this road. There is an active crowd that watches dramas and Shivaji Mandir is one of the few theatres in Mumbai that has catered to the middle class' interest in the dramatic arts.
It was here that artists like Vijay Tendulkar, Vijaya Mehta, Mahesh Elkunchwar, Dr. Shreeram Lagoo and Nana Patekar found an eager audience. Dadar has been home to movie halls like Chitra
Marine Lines is a locality in South Mumbai. The name Marine Lines is derived from the Marine Battalion Lines, a military establishment built by the British in the 19th century; the battalion was converted to an air force residential quarters, now lies just south of Metro Adlabs. It is the name of a railway station on the Mumbai suburban railway on the Western Railway railway line. Marine Lines was the name of the road on which Bombay Hospital and Liberty Cinema stand, it is now known as V Thackersey Marg. Marine Drive is the famous promenade near the station. Marine Drive has one of the finest Art Deco Residential Buildings facing the sea. Near the station there is a municipal crematorium. Adjoining the station is the famous Marine Drive flyover. New Marine Lines is the area just south of the station near Churchgate, it is home to a number of offices including the UTI, R. O. C. Customs, Income Tax office and various other Governmental agencies; the Church of Our Lady of Seven Dolours Hanuman Temple at Picket Road Kalbadevi TempleGol Masjid St. Xavier's College, Bombay Our Lady of Dolours High School HVB Academy Beramjee Jeejeebhoy Parsee Charitable Institution Elphinstone School "... at Mrs Inverarity’s house in Marine Lines."
From Rudyard Kipling's short story, Baa Baa Black Sheep, published 1888. List of city districts by population density
Cuffe Parade is the historical and most significant business district in Western India. Located at the southern end of Mumbai, it is home to a collection of commercial and office high-rises, it is bordered to the north by Nariman Point, which along with Cuffe Parade, form the greater CBD region of Mumbai. Cuffe Parade was named after T. W. Cuffe of the Bombay City Improvement Trust, which reclaimed around 75,000 m² on the western shore of Colaba. Much of Cuffe Parade was developed on reclaimed land in the 1960s, with many of the buildings over thirty storeys high. Prior to the mid 2000's, some of the tallest buildings in Asia were located in Cuffe Parade. Unlike Nariman Point to the North, Cuffe Parade's lack of proximity to major historical sites has allowed construction of towers above 150 metres of height. However, in recent years, residential towers in Parel, along with commercial towers in Bombay Central have overtaken Cuffe Parade's skyline. Cuffe Parade has been making a resurgence in recent years, with a slew of residential and commercial towers going up along the bay facing Nariman Point.
There are plans to greenfly the edge of the bay, allowing a seamless park/plaza between Cuffe Parade and Marine Drive. To the east is Colaba Causeway and to the west is the Arabian Sea. Among the notable residents are members of the Ambani and Husain families. Prominent businessmen living here include Subhash Chandra of Essel Group, the Goenka family, the Patni family, Nimesh Kampani of JM Financial; the skyline consists of prominent buildings like Maker Tower and Jolly Maker-1, considered to be the richest housing society in Mumbai. Cuffe Parade Resident Association is a citizen’s organisation looking after the interests of the Cuffe Parade area since 1971, it is suspected that some of the original attackers in the November Mumbai attacks disembarked from a boat in the area, according to local eyewitnesses. MVRDC World Trade Centre I is located at Cuffe Parade in Mumbai, it is 156 metres high and has 35 floors, it is a shopping complex. One of India's top media empires, that of Ronnie Screwvala, started in 1981, right here when he brought one of India's first cable TV channels to Cuffe Parade.
Taj President Hotel World Trade Centre G D Somani Memorial School BD Somani International School Maker Arcade WIRC of ICAI Colaba Woods Cuffe Parade Residents Association. Cuffe Parade at wikimapia; the Times of India