St Leo's Catholic College
St Leo's Catholic College is a secondary Catholic college in the North Shore suburb of Wahroonga in Sydney, Australia. Located in the Diocese of Broken Bay, the college has around 905 students. There are 8 buildings on the school grounds, excluding ovals and quadrangles The Library and Admin Block Science Block; the bottom floor houses 6 classrooms, the top floor houses 5 science labs) A & B block. These two dual-floor buildings are bridged together, are referred to as one building due to close proximity; the Mary MacKillop Centre. A newly constructed large multi-purpose centre; the top floor houses large open spaces for collaborative learning. The bottom floor contains commercial grade kitchens and photography rooms, new computer lab, new drama hall and ensemble rooms. C Block; the building contains a number of the canteen. D Block; this building contains rehearsal spaces. The Light of Christ Centre; this is the main assembly hall, seating capacity for 1200. It is used for sport, assemblies and various other exhibitions.
It is shared with the local parish. The College Chapel, it is undergoing renovations. The College opened in 1956 as a school of the Congregation of Christian Brothers with 118 students in grades 3 to 6; the official opening was held 14 October 1956 in the presence of Cardinal Norman Thomas Gilroy, Archbishop of Sydney. The Christian Brothers passed control of the College to the Catholic Education Office in 1983, at which time the school became co-educational. Br L Sebastian Crohan, CFC Br Terrance Wigmore CFC Br Quentin Brady CFC Br Walter Garraty CFC Br Brian Berg, CFC Br Myron Byrne Alan Brady Mark Turkington Terry Blanchard Debbie Buscall Anthony Gleeson Daniel Petrie Mel Gibson, American actor, attended St Leo's Catholic College in the early 1970s. Luke Foley, NSW Labor Leader 2015-2018, attended St Leo's Catholic College until 1987. Jason Morrison and journalist. Luke Davies, St Leo's Catholic College website
St Columban's College, Caboolture
St Columban's College is a private, Roman Catholic, co-educational day school, catering for 1200 students from years 7 to 12. The College was established in 1928, is situated on a 12-hectare site at Caboolture, Australia. St. Columban's College was established in 1928, at Albion, as a boys college by the Congregation of Christian Brothers.1985 was the last year of the Brothers presence following the decision to hand the administration of the College to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane. Three brothers stayed on teaching during this year; the first lay principal, Mr Peter Crombie, took up his appointment in 1985. In 1988 and 1989 the intake for Year 8 dropped. Great efforts were made to attract more students, but despite these efforts the drop in numbers became steady and continuous. In 1989 number had dropped to 425 students when only 15 years earlier, numbers were at 800. Subsequently, a decision was made some 10 years to relocate the college to Caboolture and to become a co-educational college.
Founded in 1928 on an Albion hilltop site overlooking the city of Brisbane, St Columban's College commenced as another practical outreach by the Congregation of the Christian Brothers, in providing accessible education for young boys. The college developed a working-class identity with strong patronage from the racing fraternity, reaching a maximum enrolment of some 850 boys from Years 5 to 12 during the 1980s. Always supported by an active parental group, the college thrived through the 1960s and 1970s, being associated with some well-known Brisbane events, including the Colana Carnival. Parents built by hand the college swimming pool and worked tirelessly to raise funds for construction of many buildings to add to the opportunities offered to its students. Throughout its history the college gained a reputation for having a strong identity in sport, with its students being called upon to ‘have a go’. St Columban's College is the only founding member of The Associated Schools association, established in 1947, which continues to compete in the competition.
In 1985 the Congregation of the Christian Brothers formally handed the college over to the Archdiocese of Brisbane. Shortly after, the primary school was phased out with the college offering secondary education focused between Years 8 to 12; the work of the second lay principal, Mr Michael Harkin, was well known for his efforts to stem the loss of enrolments that followed during these ensuing years. Despite his best attempts to maintain adequate student numbers, a decision was made in 1995 to relocate a financially unviable college campus to Caboolture. Preparation commenced for a new co-educational campus with an inventory created of how and what to move from a college in order to preserve its best qualities. Military Major General Geoffrey David Carter AO DSM, Deputy Chief of the General Staff 1992 - 1995. Religion Michael E. Putney Politics Andrew Bartlett, former Australian Democrats and Queensland Greens Senator for Queensland Ronan Lee, former Member of Parliament and Queensland Parliamentary SecretarySport Lakeisha Patterson, Olympic paralympic swimmer Rod McCall Trevor Gillmeister Luke Williamson Brandon Borrello, Australian soccer playerArt Peter Bonner, winner Dobell Prize for drawing List of schools in Queensland St. Columban's College website
St Kevin's College, Melbourne
St Kevin's College is an independent Roman Catholic, all-boys primary and secondary school. The college was founded in 1918, is located in Toorak, Australia, it has five campuses. The school owned a campsite'Silver Creek' in the town of Flowerdale, destroyed by the Black Saturday bushfires. St Kevin's was founded by the Christian Brothers and is a member of the Associated Public Schools of Victoria. St Kevin's overlooks Gardiners Creek, a tributary that runs into the Yarra River, with Scotch College on the opposite side; the college has a long-standing tradition with the historic St. Patrick's Cathedral and is responsible for educating their choirboys. St Kevin's is a school of the Archdiocese of Melbourne, is directed by Edmund Rice Education Australia and the Headmaster is a member of the Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia, is a member of the Associated Public Schools of Victoria, and the IBSC. The school was established in 1918 in East Melbourne by the Christian Brothers.
In 1932, the school was moved to the corner of Toorak. Property in Heyington was developed into playing fields; the Heyington Property is now the Senior School Campus, housing Years 7 to 8, Years 10 through to year 12, in a vertical house system. The Heyington Campus was built in 1960, notably the Kearney Building, visible on the approach from the Glen Waverley railway line; the Lansell Road property was opened in 1972, that same year the Orrong road property was sold. In 1982, the K. C. Smith building was constructed for the middle school years on the Senior Campus, in 1990 the Pavilion was opened. Since its opening, the Pavilion has flooded twice, both in 2005. Ovals one and two were submerged, resembling flooded school foyers in the 1970s; the Cummins Building was refurbished in 1997, houses the creative arts precinct, which includes arts, drama and artistic works. The McCarthy Building was opened in 1997, housing Art Studios, the Campus Library and the Administration Block; the Lansell Road property is now home to the Glendalough Campus, in 1999 became a full primary school, housing prep to grade 6 students.
In 1999, Year 9 students moved from the Senior Campus to a dedicated campus named Waterford in Richmond. Waterford resides in the former Vaucluse College FCJ site in Richmond. 1999 saw a major change in the structure of the school, with the introduction of the House System for years 10-12. This saw the desegregation of year levels and their amalgamation into houses with five tutor groups comprising Year 10, Year 11 and Year 12 boys, accompanied by a tutor. Boys were organised by year levels, supervised by Year Level Coordinators, somewhat similar to the current system found in the Middle School. In March 2006, a $16 million indoor pool and sports facility, the Wilding Centre, was blessed by Cardinal George Pell and opened for the students. In 2009 the Godfrey building was opened. In 2010, the Boyd Egan Hall was opened at Glendalough and substantial floods filled the school's ovals and damaged the Fraser tennis courts. In 2011, work began on a three storey 14 million dollar Science Wing, located adjacent to Heyington railway station at the end of the Kearney Building.
In 2013, the Kearney West building was opened. The building contains brand new science labs, chemistry labs and woodwork rooms, which are used for senior classes. In 2014, the McMahon Music Centre was opened at Glendalough and the remaining laboratories in the Kearney building were refurbished. Music and Drama facilities in the Cummins building were modernised. In 2017, the Tooronga Fields campus were opened as the SKC offsite sports ground; the Houses are Cusack. St Kevin's College has five campuses: Glendalough – The St Kevin's College Junior School in Lansell Road Toorak is named after the location of the St Kevin's Monastery in Ireland. Heyington – In 1932 the current site of Heyington was purchased and at the time was used for playing fields, it now serves as the main academic campus. Waterford – Purchased by St Kevin's College in the early 2000s for the year 9 campus and situated on Richmond Hill, it occupies the facilities of the former Vaucluse College. St Peter's – An ELC Centre, a co-venture with Loreto Mandeville Hall.
Tooronga sports campus - Opened on the 17th of June 2017 at the cost of $38 million, the Tooronga campus is a sports campus which consists of 3 soccer pitches that meet Football Federation Victoria standards as well as an AFL oval. There are 12 tennis courts and a hockey pitch which meet Hockey Federation standards that surrounds the tennis courts, it includes a 200-metre athletics track with high jump and long jump training areas as well as 12 cricket nets, two pavilions containing unisex change rooms, viewing areas, a basketball half court and a function centre. The Houses for the Senior and Middle School are named after Christian Brothers associated with the College, they are: The original'Foundation' Houses are Cusack, Kearney and Purton. These Houses are located in their original areas in the Kearney Building. The'Extension' Houses are McCarthy and Rahill, added to extend the capacity of the House system in their years of establishment. McCarthy House occupies the former Brothers' Quarters in the Cummins Building, above the staff room and the Music and Drama Faculty.
Rahill House occupies a purpose built area in the Godfrey Building, above the Art Facu
Walter Adams (Australian politician)
Walter Adams was a politician in Queensland, Australia. He was a Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly. Walter Adams was born on 22 November 1830 in Yeovil, England, he was educated at a private school at Somerton nearby. He arrived in Sydney, New South Wales in September 1849, where he worked as a blacksmith with his brothers Edward and James. Adam moved to Wide Bay in Queensland in 1853 where he resided in Maryborough and continued to work as a blacksmith. While in Maryborough, he established a machinery business a contracting business, he owned a sugar cane farm in the Somerville area. While living in Maryborough, Adams served as an alderman in the Maryborough Town Council and was chairman of its Works Committee. In 1872, Adams left Maryborough and moved to Bundaberg, where he purchased the sugar cane farm, Somerville Plantation, at Barolin. In about 1874 he built and operated the Adams Hotel on the south-east corner of Burbong and Barolin Streets, he contracted to build roads and telegraph lines.
Adams became involved in local affairs, serving as president of the School of Arts for 5 years and as a member of the Hospital Committee. He was active in establishing the first primary school, he was a president of the Hibernian Society in Bundaberg. He was the president of the Pastoral Society in Bundaberg; when the Borough of Bundaberg was established for local government in 1881, Adams was one of the first aldermen elected and served twice as its mayor in 1882 and 1883. On 5 June 1886, Thomas McIlwraith, the Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for the electoral district of Mulgrave, resigned. Walter Adams won the resulting by-election on 10 July 1886, he held the seat until 5 May 1888. The Electoral Districts Act of 1887 abolished the seat of Mulgrave, but replaced it with the seat of electoral district of Bundaberg. Adams contested Bundaberg in the 1888 state election and held that seat until his death on 15 May 1892. Labour candidate George Hall won the resulting by-election on 16 June 1892.
On 4 May 1892, Adams went to Sydney because he had a cancerous tumour on his neck. He underwent a 2-hour operation on Thursday 12 May at Prince Alfred Hospital, expected to be successful. However, he died in the hospital on Sunday 15 May 1892, his body was brought to Bundaberg by train and buried in the Bundaberg Catholic cemetery on the afternoon of 21 May. Despite torrential rain, the funeral procession to the cemetery comprised hundreds of people and was nearly a mile long. Walter Adams was a generous man and made many donations, including the land on which Shalom Catholic College was established. Adams House at the College is named after him with the house crest bearing the words "Adams" and "Generosity". Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1883–1888.
Cross country running
Cross country running is a sport in which teams and individuals run a race on open-air courses over natural terrain such as dirt or grass. Sometimes the runners are referred to as harriers; the course 4–12 kilometres long, may include surfaces of grass, earth, pass through woodlands and open country, include hills, flat ground and sometimes gravel road. It is both a team sport. Both men and women of all ages compete in cross country, which takes place during autumn and winter, can include weather conditions of rain, snow or hail, a wide range of temperatures. Cross country running is one of the disciplines under the umbrella sport of athletics, is a natural terrain version of long-distance track and road running. Although open-air running competitions are pre-historic, the rules and traditions of cross country racing emerged in Britain; the English championship became the first national competition in 1876 and the International Cross Country Championships was held for the first time in 1903. Since 1973 the foremost elite competition has been the IAAF World Cross Country Championships.
Cross country courses are laid out on an woodland area. The IAAF recommends that courses be grass-covered, have rolling terrain with frequent but smooth turns. Courses consist of one or more loops, with a long straight at the start and another leading to the finish line. Terrain can vary from open fields to forest hills and across rivers, it includes running down and up hills. Because of variations in conditions, international standardization of cross country courses is impossible, not desirable. Part of cross country running's appeal is the distinct characteristics of each venue's terrain and weather, as in other outdoor sports like motor racing and golf. According to the IAAF, an ideal cross country course has a loop of 1,750 to 2,000 metres laid out on an open or wooded land, it should be covered by grass, as much as possible, include rolling hills "with smooth curves and short straights". While it is acceptable for local conditions to make dirt or snow the primary surface, courses should minimize running on roads or other macadamized paths.
Parks and golf courses provide suitable locations. While a course may include natural or artificial obstacles, cross country courses support continuous running, do not require climbing over high barriers, through deep ditches, or fighting through the underbrush, as do military-style assault courses. A course at least 5 metres full allows competitors to pass others during the race. Clear markings keep competitors from making wrong turns, spectators from interfering with the competition. Markings may include tape or ribbon on both sides of the course, chalk or paint on the ground, or cones; some classes use colored flags to indicate directions: red flags for left turns, yellow flags for right turns, blue flags to continue straight or stay within ten feet of the flag. Courses commonly include distance markings at each kilometer or each mile; the course should have 400 to 1,200 m of level terrain before the first turn, to reduce contact and congestion at the start. However, many courses at smaller competitions have their first turn after a much shorter distance.
Courses for international competitions consist of a loop between 2000 meters. Athletes complete three to six loops, depending on the race. Senior men compete on a 12-kilometre course. Senior women and junior men compete on an 8-kilometre course. Junior women compete on a 6-kilometre course. In the United States, college men compete on 8 km or 10 km courses, while college women race for 5 km or 6 km. High school courses are 5 km. Middle school courses are 1.5 mi or 2 mi long. All runners start at the same time, from a starting arc marked with lines or boxes for each team or individual. An official, 50 meters or more in front of the starting line, fires a pistol to indicate the start. If runners collide and fall within the first 100 meters, officials can call the runners back and restart the race, however this is done only once. Crossing the line or starting before the starting pistol is fired is considered a false start and most results in disqualification of the runner; the course ends at a finish line located at the beginning of a funnel or chute that keeps athletes single-file in order of finish and facilitates accurate scoring.
Depending on the timing and scoring system, finish officials may collect a small slip from each runner's bib, to keep track of finishing positions. An alternative method is to have four officials in two pairs. In the first pair, one official reads out numbers of finishers and the other records them. In the second pair, one official reads out times for the other to record. At the end of the race, the two lists are joined along with information from the entry information; the primary disadvantage of this system is that distractions can upset the results when scores of runners finish close together. Chip timing has grown in popularity to increase accuracy and decrease the number of officials required at the finish line; each runner attaches a transponder with RFID to her shoe. When the runner crosses the finish line, an electronic pad records the chip number and matches the runner to a database. Chip timing allows officials to use checkpoint mats throughout the race to calculate split times, to ensure runners cover the entire course.
This is by far the most efficient method, although it is t
Bundaberg is a city in south-east Queensland, about 385 kilometres north of the state capital, Brisbane. It is 15 kilometres inland from the coast and situated on the Burnett River, it is a major centre within the broader Wide Bay–Burnett geographical region. Bundaberg is the business centre for a major sugar cane growing area, is well known for its namesake export, Bundaberg Rum; the city is an important tourism gateway for inland national parks and the southern end of the Great Barrier Reef and resort islands. It is the seat of the Bundaberg Regional Council. At the 2016 Census population of the Bundaberg Significant Urban Area was 69,061; the name was coined by his assistant Alfred Dale Edwards. Bunda is derived from the name one of the kinship groups of the local Taribelang people, to, added the Saxon suffix berg, meaning "town". Colloquially the city is known as "Bundy". Bourbong Street is the main street of the city and there is some controversy in regards to its spelling and meaning; the main street was also gazetted in the Bundaberg Mail as "Bourbon" street, but by 1941 there is no reference to "Bourbon" street.
Robert Strathdee's farming selection in the vicinity of the watering holes was recorded on early survey maps as'Boorbung'. A pioneer pastoralist of the region, Nicholas Tooth, wrote that "Bourbong" was derived from the local Aboriginal phrase "bier rabong", meaning "plenty dead". Tooth, who took up land in the area in the early 1860s, found that Aboriginal people resolutely avoided the "bier rabong" vicinity, he found the skeletal remains there of around twenty Aboriginal people who were massacred in a raid by the Native Police. The local Aboriginal group is the Taribelang people of the Gureng nation, they are the original inhabitants of the region which stretches from the Burrum River in the south to the Burnett River in the north. The four kinship groups of the Taribelang people were called Banjurr, Barrang and Turroine; the first non-indigenous man to visit the area was James Davis in the 1830s. He was an escaped convict from the Moreton Bay Penal settlement who lived with the Kabi people to the south of the region.
He resided around the Mary River and was referred to as Durrumboi. The Burnett River was surveyed by John Charles Burnett, after whom it was named during his exploration mission of the Wide Bay and Burnett regions in 1847. British occupation of the land in the region began in 1848 when pastoral squatters Gregory Blaxland Jnr and William Forster brought in their large herds of livestock to set up a sheep station. Blaxland was a son of the Blue Mountains explorer, Gregory Blaxland, Forster was to become a Premier of New South Wales, they selected a large area of land which encompassed most of the modern day Bundaberg region along the Burnett River. They named this pastoral lease Tirroan. Blaxland and Forster had set up sheep stations just south of the Clarence River and had a notable history of frontier conflict with Aboriginals while taking forcible possession of the land; these methods continued at Tirroan resulting in the killing of two of their shepherds in 1849. An armed punitive mission led by Forster and Blaxland followed.
Further conflict occurred the following year. Forster and a number of other squatters conducted another reprisal, resulting in a large massacre of Aboriginals in scrubland toward the coastal part of Tirroan. A couple of years Forster sold the property and the name of the pastoral lease changed to Gin Gin; the area was subdivided with the advance of closer settlement beginning in the 1860s. The names of Tirroan and Gin Gin are commemorated in the naming of two towns near Bundaberg which were once part of the massive initial leasehold. Bundaberg itself was founded in 1867 as a British township by timbergetters and farmers John and Gavin Steuart; the settlement of Bundaberg began on the northern banks of the Burnett River in 1867 but an official survey was undertaken in 1869 and the town was re-sited onto the higher, southern banks. The first land sale held in Bundaberg occurred on 22 August 1872, although two previous sales of Bundaberg land had taken place in Maryborough; the area developed as an port town.
A number of the early settlers exploited the timber on their selections but as a result of the incentives of the Sugar and Coffee Regulations 1864, sugar became a major component in Bundaberg's development from the 1870s. The first farmers in the area, including Thomas Watson, arrived soon after. Local resident and District Surveyor John Charlton Thompson was directed by the government to survey and plot an area on the south side of the river; the city was surveyed, laid out, named Bundaberg in 1870. Timber was the first established industry in Bundaberg. In 1868, Samuel Johnston erected a sawmill on the north bank of the Burnett River. Waterview sawmill supplied Rockhampton as well as local needs, it became prominent enough to prompt the government to extend the railway connecting North Bundaberg with Mount Perry, eastward to the Waterview Mill. Waterview sawmill closed in 1903 after being damaged by flood. Experimental sugar cane cultivation in the district followed, a successful industry grew.
The first sugar mill was opened in 1882. The early sugar industry in Bundaberg was based on Kanakas workers, who were kept in a status close to slavery; the three surveyors named Bundaberg's streets. Thompson was assisted by unregistered surveyor assistants James Ellwood and
Congregation of Christian Brothers
The Congregation of Christian Brothers is a worldwide religious community within the Catholic Church, founded by Edmund Rice. The Christian Brothers, as they are known, chiefly work for the evangelisation and education of youth, but are involved in many ministries with the poor, their first school was opened in Waterford, Ireland, in 1802. At the time of its foundation, though much relieved from the harshest of the Penal Laws by the Irish Parliament's Relief Acts, much discrimination against Catholics remained throughout the newly created United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland pending full Catholic Emancipation in 1829; this congregation is sometimes confused with the De La Salle Brothers – known as the Christian Brothers, Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools and Lasallians – founded in France by Jean-Baptiste de la Salle. Rice's congregation is sometimes called the Irish Christian Brothers or the Edmund Rice Christian Brothers to differentiate the two teaching orders; the reputation of the congregation has been marred by widespread sexual abuse cases.
At the turn of the nineteenth century, Waterford merchant Edmund Rice considered travelling to Rome to join a religious institute the Augustinians. Instead, with the support of The Most Rev. Dr Thomas Hussey, Lord Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, he decided to found a religious community dedicated to teaching disadvantaged youth; the first school, on Waterford's New Street, was a converted stable and opened in 1802, with a second school opening in Stephen Street soon after to cater for increasing enrollment. Two men from his hometown of Callan, Thomas Grosvenor and Patrick Finn, soon arrived to aid Rice in his makeshift schools, with the intention of living the life of lay brothers. In the same year, Rice used proceeds from the sale of his victualling business to begin building a community house and school on land provided by the diocese. Bishop Hussey opened the new complex, christened “Mount Sion” on June 7, 1803, pupils were transferred to the new school building the following year; the reputation of the school spread and across the next few years several men sought to become “Michaels”.
On 15 August 1808 seven men, including Edmund Rice, took religious promises under Bishop John Power of Waterford. Following the example of Nano Nagle's Presentation Sisters, they were called "Presentation Brothers"; this was one of the first congregations of men to be founded in Ireland and one of the few founded in the Church by a layman. Houses were soon opened in Carrick-on-Suir, in 1811, in Cork. In 1812 the Archbishop of Dublin established a community in the nation's capital and by 1907 there were ten communities in Dublin, with pupils in excess of 6,000; the schools included primary and technical schools, along with orphanages and a school for the deaf. A community was founded in Limerick in 1816, followed by establishments in several of Ireland's principal towns; the Holy See formally established the congregation in 1820. This, was an unusual event, since the Christian Brothers were the first Irish congregation of men approved by a charter from Rome; some brothers in Cork chose to remain under the original Presentation rule and continued to be known as Presentation Brothers, a separate congregation but recognising Edmund Rice as its Founder.
The congregation of Irish Christian Brothers spread to other parts of England. These new ventures were not always successful. Two brothers had been sent to Gibraltar to establish an institute in 1835. However, despite initial successes they left in August 1837 on account of disagreements with the local priests. In 1878 the Brothers returned to the Crown colony of Gibraltar; the school flourished supplying education to the twentieth century. The "Line Wall College" was noted in 1930 for the education that it supplied to "well to do" children. A mission to Sydney, Australia, in 1842 failed within a couple of years. Brother Ambrose Treacy established a presence in Melbourne, Australia, in 1868, in 1875 in Brisbane, in 1876 a school was commenced in Dunedin, New Zealand. In 1875 a school was opened in Newfoundland. In 1886 the Pope requested that they consider setting up in India, a province of the congregation was established there. In 1900 came the invitation to establish houses in Rome, in 1906 schools were established in New York City.
In 1940 Iona College was founded in New York, as a Higher Education College, facilitating poorer high school graduates to progress to a College education. In 1955 Stella Maris College in Uruguay was established. In 1972 the alumnus rugby team was travelling in Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 when it crashed in the Andes, stranding survivors in freezing conditions with little food and no heat for 72 days. In 1967, the Christian Brothers had a membership of about 5,000; the Christian Brothers teacher training centre has become the Marino Institute for Education which has trained lay teachers since 1972 and has offered degrees validated by the University of Dublin since 1974. In 2012 Trinity College Dublin became a co-trustee with the Brothers of the Institute; the Brothers' schools include primary and technical schools and schools for the deaf. A number of these technical schools taught poor children trades such as carpentry and building skills for which they could progress to gain apprenticeships and employment.
As the National School system and vocational schools developed in the Irish Republic, the Irish Christian Brothers became mor