Shankar Jaikishan, were an Indian duo who composed music for the Hindi film industry, working together from 1949 to 1971. Later, Shankar continued to function as a Music Director alone, still giving music under the banner Shankar-Jaikishan, Shankar-Jaikishan, along with other artists, composed everlasting and immortal melodies in the 1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s. Their best work was noted for being raga-based and having both lilt and sonority, Shankar Singh s/o ram singh was from Hyderabad. During his formative years, Shankar played the tabla and learned the art formally from Baba Nasir Khansahib, for many years, Shankar studied as a disciple of the legendary composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar, in whose orchestra he performed. In fact, Shankar had studied at Hyderabad and had passed 10th class, a 10th class pass of pre-independence era, cannot be considered to be illiterate by any means. Shankar started his career with a group run by Satyanarayan and Hemawati, before shifting to Prithvi Theatre where he played tabla. Shankar worked as assistant to the composer duo of Husnlal Bhagatram. Jaikishan Dayabhai Panchal belonged to Bansda, Gujarat, Jaikishan was adept at playing the harmonium. Subsequently, he obtained his musical lessons from Sangeet Visharad Wadilalji, after moving to Mumbai, he became a disciple of Vinayak Tambe. It was outside the office of Bhatt that Shankar saw Jaikishan a number of times, one day, he started a conversation and discovered that Jaikishan was a harmonium player, and that he too was visiting the same producer in search of work. Shankar later recollected that they developed a liking for each other and it was he who then, papaji honoured Shankars selection and gladly accepted Jaikishan as a Harmonium player at Prithvi. Soon, the two of them developed very close friendship to the extent that the people started referring to them as Ram-Lakshman ki jodi, apart from following their musical pursuits, they also used to play significant roles in various plays including the famous play Pathan. Thus, the three had met at Prithvi Theater, Raj Kapoor made his debut as a director with the film Aag in 1948. Its music director Ram Ganguly was assisted by Shankar and Jaikishan, thus came into existence the new pair of music directors named Shankar-Jaikishan who composed the music for the film. Himself being a singer, Raj Kapoor thus took on board a new team of composers Shankar and Jaikishan and lyricists Shailendra. On the insistence of Shankar, he and SJ co-opted the upcoming singing talent Lata Mangeshkar, the film also had the distinction of featuring two firsts in Hindi cinema — a title song and a cabaret. The two became known by the acronym S-J, S-J formed a core team with lyricists Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri and with singers Mohammed Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar. SJ also patronized the immensely talented singer Manna Dey, who sang his best songs with them, among the directors, they worked most closely with Raj Kapoor and were considered the kingpins of his legendary banner RK Films
Image: Shankar Jaikishan
Statue of Jaikishan at Bansada near Valsad, Gujarat (Jaikishan's native town).
SJ's 1968 Indo-jazz album, Raaga- Jazz Style.
A prominent crossroad junction at Churchgate, Mumbai has been named after Shankar-Jaikishan.