Danielle "Dani" Moonstar codenamed Psyche and Mirage, is a fictional Cheyenne superheroine appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character is depicted as associated with the X-Men. A mutant, Moonstar possessed the psionic/psychic ability to telepathically create illusions of her opponents' fears or wishes, she developed a wide range of psionic and energy manipulation powers. She developed some magical abilities after a series of adventures in Asgard, she was a member of the X-Men's 1980s junior team the New Mutants and, after a long absence, its reincarnation X-Force. She is depowered after Decimation. Blu Hunt will portray Danielle Moonstar in the upcoming film The New Mutants. Created by writer Chris Claremont and artist Bob McLeod, Mirage first appeared in The New Mutants, part of the line Marvel Graphic Novel, appeared as a feature character in The New Mutants, New Mutants Vol. 2, Young X-Men and New Mutants Vol. 3. She appeared for a portion of the initial run of X-Force, first as an infiltrator to the Mutant Liberation Front and as a regular X-Force team member.
She was briefly a supporting character in Avengers: The Initiative and can be seen sporadically as a background character in Uncanny X-Men and related X-Men titles. Moonstar appears as a regular team member in the all-female 2013 series Fearless Defenders by Cullen Bunn and Will Sliney. Danielle Moonstar is a teenage Native American, was born in Boulder, Colorado; as with most mutants, Dani's mutant powers manifested during puberty. One of her first manifestations is a vision of her parents' death, killed by a demonic bear. Shortly afterwards, her parents disappear and Dani is taken in by her grandfather, Black Eagle; the Hellfire Club attempt to capture her, in the melee, her grandfather is killed. He had contacted Professor X to take care of Dani. Xavier, a close friend of Moonstar's father, offers to teach Dani control over her powers, she joins his group of students called the New Mutants, shortly afterwards becomes the co-leader of the group, together with Cannonball. There, she develops a deep friendship with Wolfsbane.
While with the New Mutants, Moonstar starts to have nightmares again about the Demon Bear, who until had been kept from her due to Black Eagle's protective spells. Her fear over the entity causes her to contemplate suicide. One night, she is taken to the hospital; the other New Mutants are tracked down by the Bear. Its magics affect the team; the New Mutant Magik pierces the Demon Bear with her magical sword, it reverts to its original form: William and Peg Lonestar. Dani decides to stay at Xavier's school, they develop an intense rivalry with the Hellions, a super-powered team of young mutants led by the White Queen. This rivalry is somewhat cooled when Danielle bonds with the Hellions's leader, over similar Native American heritage. While stranded in the Asgardian realm, Danielle finds a winged horse trapped in barbed wire, she frees the animal and names. Selected by Brightwind as her rider, Danielle inadvertently becomes a Valkyrie; this allows Danielle to see premonitions of death. The Power Pack call the New Mutants to help against a group of demonic creatures.
The Pack's mother is gravely ill and Danielle fights off Death outside her hospital window, gaining the mother a new lease on life. On a trip back home to see her parents, she encounters an old childhood friend; this friend has become racist and mentally ill during the time she was gone. He was a diabetic and when he fails to take his medicine, he crashes and dies, she and the other New Mutants attempt to save former teammate Magma from the High Evolutionary. During the fight, Moonstar is thrown into a machine intended to strip mutants of their powers. Instead, the machine enhances her mutation; this ability is limited only in that Danielle can only sustain one fear at a time. As a technique for dispelling previous manifestations, she takes up the habit of summoning a spear. For a time, the team is taken care of by X-Factor; the group is settled into Ship, a sentient flying headquarters. Danielle gets worse and worse headaches, which causes concern with the team but all this is interrupted by many things, including X-Factor being drawn away in battle.
Hela, the death goddess of Asgard, creates a plan to take over the realm and kill the Allfather Odin, in a healing sleep at the time. Hela's magics drive Danielle mad and she has to be restrained by her friends and the unseen help of Doctor Strange; the battle is soon moved to Asgard. The New Mutants, along with the wolf-prince Hrimhari and the Valkyrie Krista, who resist Hela triumph. Danielle loses her winged horse Brightwind in the battle, which concludes in Odin's bedroom. In the end, she chooses to stay behind in Asgard; this angers one of her Cheyenne deities, who comes to Asgard itself to bring her back. Danielle persuades him to leave her to her own devices by promising to return to her tribe; when she does return, she joins S. H. I. E. L. D. Unbeknownst to her former friends in X-Force, infiltrates the Mutant Liberation Front. At this point, she refines her psychic ability so that she could cast "psychic arrows", which incapacitate their targets, rides Darkwind, a dark version of her former steed Brightwind
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life. Nurses may be differentiated from other health care providers by their approach to patient care and scope of practice. Nurses practice in many specialties with differing levels of prescription authority. Many nurses provide care within the ordering scope of physicians, this traditional role has shaped the public image of nurses as care providers. However, nurse practitioners are permitted by most jurisdictions to practice independently in a variety of settings. In the postwar period, nurse education has undergone a process of diversification towards advanced and specialized credentials, many of the traditional regulations and provider roles are changing. Nurses develop a plan of care, working collaboratively with physicians, the patient, the patient's family and other team members, that focuses on treating illness to improve quality of life.
In the United States and the United Kingdom, advanced practice nurses, such as clinical nurse specialists and nurse practitioners, diagnose health problems and prescribe medications and other therapies, depending on individual state regulations. Nurses may help coordinate the patient care performed by other members of a multidisciplinary health care team such as therapists, medical practitioners and dietitians. Nurses provide care both interdependently, for example, with physicians, independently as nursing professionals. Nursing historians face the challenge of determining whether care provided to the sick or injured in antiquity was nursing care. In the fifth century BC, for example, the Hippocratic Collection in places describes skilled care and observation of patients by male "attendants," who may have been early nurses. Around 600 BC in India, it is recorded in Sushruta Samhita, Book 3, Chapter V about the role of the nurse as "the different parts or members of the body as mentioned before including the skin, cannot be described by one, not well versed in anatomy.
Hence, any one desirous of acquiring a thorough knowledge of anatomy should prepare a dead body and observe, by dissecting it, examine its different parts." Before the foundation of modern nursing, members of religious orders such as nuns and monks provided nursing-like care. Examples exist in Christian and Buddhist traditions amongst others. Phoebe, mentioned in Romans 16 has been described in many sources as "the first visiting nurse"; these traditions were influential in the development of the ethos of modern nursing. The religious roots of modern nursing remain in evidence today in many countries. One example in the United Kingdom is the use of the historical title "sister" to refer to a senior nurse in the past. During the Reformation of the 16th century, Protestant reformers shut down the monasteries and convents, allowing a few hundred municipal hospices to remain in operation in northern Europe; those nuns, serving as nurses were given pensions or told to get married and stay home. Nursing care went to the inexperienced as traditional caretakers, rooted in the Roman Catholic Church, were removed from their positions.
The nursing profession suffered a major setback for 200 years. Florence Nightingale laid the foundations of professional nursing after the Crimean War, her Notes on Nursing became popular. The Nightingale model of professional education, having set up the first school of nursing, connected to a continuously operating hospital and medical school, spread in Europe and North America after 1870. Nightingale was a pioneer of the graphical presentation of statistical data. Other important nurses in the development of the profession include: Agnes Hunt from Shropshire was the first orthopedic nurse and was pivotal in the emergence of the orthopedic hospital The Robert Jones & Agnes Hunt Hospital in Oswestry, Shropshire. Agnes Jones, who established a nurse training regime at the Brownlow Hill infirmary, Liverpool, in 1865. Linda Richards, who established quality nursing schools in the United States and Japan, was the first professionally trained nurse in the US, graduating in 1873 from the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston.
Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton, a pioneer American teacher, patent clerk and humanitarian, the founder of the American Red Cross. Saint Marianne Cope, a Sister of St. Francis who opened and operated some of the first general hospitals in the United States, instituting cleanliness standards which influenced the development of America's modern hospital system. Catholic orders such as Little Sisters of the Poor, Sisters of Mercy, Sisters of St. Mary, St. Francis Health Services, Inc. and Sisters of Charity built hospitals and provided nursing services during this period. In turn, the modern deaconess movement began in Germany in 1836. Within a half century, there were over 5,000 deaconesses in Europe. Formal use of nurses in the modern military began in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Nurses saw active duty in the First Boer War, the Egyptian Campaign, the Sudan Campaign. Hospital-based training came to the fore in the early 1900s, with an emphasis on practical experience; the Nightingale-style school began to disappear.
Hospitals and physicians saw women in nursing as a source of inexpensive labor. Exploitation of nurses was not uncommon by employers and educational providers. Many nurses saw active duty in World War I, but the profession was transformed during the second World War. British nurses of the Army Nursing Service were part of every overseas campaign. More nurses volunteered for service in the US Army and Navy than any other occupat
Empath, is a fictional mutant appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Empath was created by Chris Claremont and Sal Buscema and first appeared in New Mutants #16-17 as a member of Emma Frost's original Hellions. Manuel de la Rocha was born in Spain, he is a mutant who attended school at the Massachusetts Academy, where he was one of the original students of villain, the White Queen. Frost's students, who were known as the Hellions, were rivals of Charles Xavier's students, the New Mutants. Manuel fancied Frost so much that during the night, he attempted to take one peek in her mind but she detected deciding to show him everything about her. De la Rocha described her as cold as ice. De la Rocha was one of the few Hellions, along with James Proudstar, Amara Aquilla, Angelica Jones to survive an attack by time-travelling villain Trevor Fitzroy; the White Queen once used Empath to manipulate Magneto into allowing the New Mutants to join the Hellions. This was made easier as the New Mutants had been traumatized by a powerful energy being called the Beyonder.
During the course of this plan, he met Tom Corsi and Sharon Friedlander. He took the opportunity to attack them mentally, changing a subtle attraction to full blown obsessive sexual desire between the two, they would show up several days severely traumatized. During his tenure with the Hellions, de la Rocha met and fell in love with Amara Aquilla, the New Mutant known as Magma. Aquilla left her team and became a member of the Hellions, so that she could be close to de la Rocha, de la Rocha accompanied her back to her home in Nova Roma; the romance ended, when Aquilla began to suspect that de la Rocha was using his abilities to control her emotions, which he in fact was. When the colony of Nova Roma was discovered to be a ruse by the witch Selene, Empath used his abilities for a time to convince Magma that this was a hoax; this set a bond of mistrust between the two. Empath joined X-Corporation, where he became the Communications Director for the Corporation's Los Angeles chapter along with his former love Magma.
However, after M-Day, Cyclops ordered the closure of the X-Corporation headquarters to better focus all available resources on protecting their members and allies. Empath was one of the few mutants to retain their powers in the wake of House of M. After M-Day, Emma Frost used Empath to reel in Magma who, in her devastation over the death of her boyfriend because of the decimation, had wrecked a South American village. Empath stayed at the Xavier Institute along with some of the other 198, however his shared history with Magma makes her suspicious that he is still toying with her emotions; when Johnny Dee uses his powers to control Magma and Leech and make them kill Mister M, Amara becomes aware that someone was controlling her, thinking it is Empath, blames him. Empath resurfaces in San Francisco leading a new group of regular humans calling themselves the Hellfire Cult who are conducting vicious attacks on mutants, despite him retaining his own mutant powers. However, he himself appears to be under the control of a mysterious woman called the Red Queen, with whom he shares an S&M sexual relationship.
In the next issue she asks him about Emma Frost and telepathically makes herself appear as Emma Frost as she sexually dominates Empath. When the X-Men discover the Hellfire Cult's base, she flees leaving Empath behind. Empath makes a run for it, his powers seem to be going out of control. While being chased by various X-Men, he takes them down until Pixie beats him savagely, she stabs him in the head with her soulknife, weakening his powers and blinding him. He is held in prison-like quarters in the X-Men's HQ, frustrated over his condition and angry against the X-Men. Despite this and the deeds he has committed against her friends and herself, Amara takes pity upon him, it is revealed that Empath was meant to be a Trojan Horse, whose rejuvenated powers disabled many of the X-Men, while the Red Queen and her Sisterhood took a locket of Jean Grey's hair. Pixie attacked him again with her soulknife, shattering his consciousness. Empath was moved to the X-Men's new Utopia prison, made out of Asteroid M, alongside Sebastian Shaw and Donald Pierce.
He was trapped in a psychic illusion where he is with Amara, before the illusion is shattered when Selene's minions appear on Utopia's shores. Empath possesses the psionic ability to manipulate the emotions of others, he can affect large groups of individuals at a time and can exert varying levels of empathic control over them, ranging from subtle manipulations that others are unaware of, to a complete negation of emotion that reduces them to a zombie-like state in which he can command them with little effort. His power operates by means of Empath's own brainwaves overriding the parts of the brain that govern emotion in others. In the Age of Apocalypse reality, Empath was held hostage by Mikhail Rasputin, who attached the young mutant to a computer system in order to amplify his empathic abilities to control the human population of Eurasia; this caused Empath incredible agony, when his handler, Keeper Murdock, accidentally touched him, Murdock realized the horrific pain the young man was in and ended his life.
Marvel Directory-Character Bio-Empath Uncannyxmen.net character bio on Empath
Hellions (Marvel Comics)
There have been several fictional groups of mutants who have used the name Hellions, appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The Hellions have always been portrayed as rivals of various teams of younger mutant heroes in the X-Men franchise as actual villains and on a team, more of a school rival than actual enemies of the X-Men; the first and most notable incarnation of the Hellions were students of Emma Frost and the Hellfire Club's Massachusetts Academy, were rivals of the New Mutants. The original Hellions first appeared in New Mutants #16, created by writer Chris Claremont and artist Sal Buscema; this version of the Hellions ended after an attack by Trevor Fitzroy and a squadron of Sentinels that killed several Hellions. Two groups known as the Hellions or New Hellions both fought against various X groups such as Generation X and X-Force. In New X-Men: Academy X a new group of Hellions were introduced, this time they were a part of the Xavier Institute for Higher Learning, the Hellions was one of several factions that the students were divided into including the New Mutants, with whom they had a rivalry.
After the majority of mutants lost their powers in the Decimation storyline the Hellions were combined into one squad as the number of mutants was reduced. The original group of Hellions were apprentices of the Hellfire Club and students of its White Queen Emma Frost. While attending classes at Frost's Massachusetts Academy, these young mutants secretly trained in the use of their powers in an underground complex beneath the school, they were longtime rivals of the Professor Charles Xavier's students, the New Mutants, once held their own against the X-Men. The original Hellions were: Catseye, an American girl who could transform her body into a purple feline or semi-feline state and shift her size between that of a house cat or a panther; this granted her razor enhanced senses and physical attributes, plus a prehensile tail. Catseye believed she was a cat with the ability to transform into a human. Empath. After a brief attempt at reforming, he is incarcerated in the X-Men's virtual reality prison on Utopia.
Jetstream, from Morocco, could generate bio-thermal energy that allowed him to propel himself through the air and move at superhuman speeds. Aided in flight by bionically-implanted jets that focus his energies and a cybernetic guidance system. Roulette, an American girl from Atlantic City who could psionically influence probabilities through colored disks of energy she generated and threw towards her targets: white disks for good luck, black disks for bad. Tarot, a good-natured girl from Lyons, France who had the ability to see past and future events of other people due to a combination of her mutant powers and her tarot cards, she could materialize and animate tangible images of the 2-D avatars/images on her tarot cards. Once materialized they are under her mental control and could do her bidding including aiding her in battle and flight. Thunderbird, the younger brother of deceased X-Man John Proudstar, who possessed similar superhuman physical attributes and healing ability, he reformed and has served on the several X-Men teams and is a member of the X-Men.
White Queen Emma Frost had another potential Hellion in Firestar, but kept the girl from joining the team on field missions while grooming her to be Frost's personal assassin. Firestar learned of Frost's plans and left the Massachusetts Academy. After suffering a severe trauma at the hands of the Beyonder, a number of the New Mutants were transferred to the Massachusetts Academy by Magneto, due to their apparent need for psychic therapy from Emma Frost. While at the Academy, the transferred New Mutants — Cannonball, Karma, Cypher and Magma — were inducted into the Hellions, they soon returned to Xavier's School after their recovery and the revelation that the White Queen had employed Empath to coerce Magneto into allowing the transfer. After an alliance between the X-Men and the Hellfire Club and Magneto's ascension to the Inner Circle as its White King, relations between the Hellions and New Mutants improved. Magma, realizing she held feelings for Empath returned to the Hellions and the Massachusetts Academy.
James Proudstar left the Hellions, reemerging with Cable and the remnants of the New Mutants in X-Force. Superstrong and durable Beef and bioelectricity-projecting Bevatron were additions to the group, they were present when the Hellions unsuccessfully challenged the New Warriors over the allegiance of their former member, Firestar. The original Hellions however came to an end when Trevor Fitzroy and a squadron of Sentinels attacked a Hellfire Club function. Emma Frost's guilt over her students' deaths led to her eventual reform; these Hellions were some of the many deceased mutants resurrected via the Transmode Virus by Selene and Eli Bard during the "Necrosha" storyline running through New Mutants, X-Force and X-Men: Legacy. They are once again acting as a team; the next group of Hellions was organized by the parasitic Emplate to attack Generation X, the new class
Dr. Moira Kinross MacTaggert née Kinross is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, most in association with the X-Men, she is an expert in mutant affairs. Olivia Williams played a minor role of Dr. Moira MacTaggert in X-Men: The Last Stand. Rose Byrne played the character in 2011's superhero film X-Men: First Class. Byrne returned as MacTaggert in the 2016 film X-Men: Apocalypse. Moira MacTaggert was created by Chris Claremont and Dave Cockrum, first appeared in Uncanny X-Men #96. Moira MacTaggert received an entry in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update'89 #4. Grant Morrison wanted to use Moira on his run on New X-Men as the team scientist, but she was killed prior to the start of the series. Instead, he used Beast. Moira was one of the feature characters in the 2011 two-issue limited series Chaos War: X-Men. Born Moira Kinross to Scottish parents, Moira MacTaggert was one of the world's leading authorities on genetic mutation, earning her a Nobel Prize for her work.
She was the longest running human associate of the X-Men and was Professor Charles Xavier's colleague and once his fiancée, having met and fallen in love with him while they were postgraduates at Oxford University. She returned to Scotland, she was married to her old flame, the late politician Joseph MacTaggert which caused delays with her former engagement to Xavier. Joe proved to be an abusive husband, she kept her son's existence a secret, when Joe refused her a divorce she allowed people to believe she was widowed. She created a Mutant Research Center on Muir Island, off the coast of Scotland. Moira was forced to contain and imprison her son Kevin called Proteus, when he developed reality warping abilities and severe psychosis. One of Moira's goals was to understand human/mutant genetics. Moira's connection to the X-Men began; the silent partner in the founding of Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters and co-creator of Cerebro, Moira assisted Xavier in helping the young Jean Grey recover after the traumatic triggering of her mutant abilities.
Moira was a kind woman who took to helping mutants alike. She rescued a young Rahne Sinclair from an angry mob, adopted the girl, she attempted to treat Xavier's son, a mutant known as Legion who suffered from multiple personality disorder. When a confused, traumatized Cable first arrived from the future, he washed up in Scotland unable to speak English, it was Moira who stood up for him against an angry mob. Taking him back to Muir Island, he scanned her mind and learned English in the process, as well as the truth about her son, promised to keep her secrets, she introduced him to Xavier. They became close friends since, being the first kind person Cable met in the present timeline, her death devastating him enough to leave the X-Men; when Magneto was reduced to infancy, he was entrusted to Moira's care on Muir Island, where she altered his genetic code in an attempt to keep him from reverting to villainy. Moira appeared at Xavier's call to act as "housekeeper" for the team. Though each of the X-Men formed some sort of relationship with the "Widow" MacTaggert and Sean Cassidy hit it off forming an on-and-off relationship that would last for the remainder of her life.
Proteus' escape and eventual destruction at the hands of Colossus and the X-Men left Moira in a position of ethical compromise again: though Banshee stopped her from cloning her son, she saved his genetic structure on disk to allow herself the future option of bringing him back. After finding out that her foster daughter, was a mutant, Moira was the catalyst for change, she talked a discouraged Xavier into opening his school to the next generation of New Mutants, with Rahne becoming an initial member. She was an integral part of the support for the X-Men and the New Mutants, providing medical aid including cloning Xavier after the Brood attacks, transferring his mind into a new body and restoring his ability to walk after a Brood embryo nearly killed him. With the apparent death of the X-Men and Banshee formed an alternate team based from Muir, carried on as the leader of the team without him when his duties with the X-Men called him away, her behavior became unpredictable, her temper impressive, her decisions harsh and unforgiving as she displayed behavior that made all who knew her suspicious.
On Muir, she began to pit her charges against each other in an arena in merciless battles allowing her the opportunity to study mutants in action. Moira and her islanders were involved in the return of Proteus due to the influence of Advanced Idea Mechanics; this was a four-part story in 1991, that ran through that year's annuals for the New Warriors, X-Force, New Mutants and X-Factor. The Shadow King, the corrupting entity behind the island, allowed the Islanders to act heroically in defense of innocent lives; the entire population of Muir Island was identified as being possessed by and mentally corrupted by Shadow King, pitting the Islanders against the combined forces of the X-Men and X-Factor before Xavier freed them from his control. Moira's alteration of Magn
The X-Mansion is the common name for a fictional mansion appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The mansion is depicted as the private estate of Charles Francis Xavier, a character in X-Men comics, it serves as the base of operations and training site of the X-Men. It is the location of an accredited private school for mutant teenagers, sometimes older aged mutants, the Xavier Institute for Higher Learning the Xavier School for Gifted Youngsters; the X-Mansion is the worldwide headquarters of the X-Corporation. The X-Mansion's address is 1407 Graymalkin Lane, Salem Center, located in Westchester County, New York; the school's motto is "mutatis mutandis." In a recent edition of the comic, Wolverine re-opened the school, at the same address, under the name of the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning. After it was discovered that the Terrigen Cloud had become toxic to mutants enough to have them die from M-Pox, Storm had the mansion moved to Limbo and renamed it X-Haven to keep mutants safe from the Terrigen until a cure could be discovered.
After Medusa destroys the Terrigen Cloud so the mutants could survive Kitty Pryde moves the mansion from Limbo to Central Park, New York and renames it The Xavier Institute for Mutant Education and Outreach. The X-Mansion is the inherited property of Charles Xavier and has been in the Xavier family for ten generations including two known mutants in the lineage, both becoming detached from the family. Little else is known about their mutations; as Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters, the X-Mansion was the training site of the first two generations of teenage X-Men: The original X-Men – Cyclops, Angel, Jean Grey, Mimic and Lorna Dane The original New Mutants – Cannonball, Mirage, Sunspot, Magma and Warlock along with Shadowcat, a contemporary of the original New Mutants, their classmate but was a member of the adult X-Men team instead. In X-Men vol. 2 #38, the X-Mansion was renamed from Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters to the Xavier Institute for Higher Learning, as most of the X-Men were adults rather than teenagers by this time.
Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters was relocated to the Massachusetts Academy in Western Massachusetts, which served as the training site of the third generation of teenage X-Men beginning in Generation X #1. Generation X – Skin, Synch, M, Jubilee, Blink, Mondo and PenanceThe Massachusetts Academy closes permanently in Generation X #75. Shortly thereafter, the school for young mutants is reopened at the X-Mansion, but the name remains "The Xavier Institute for Higher Learning" despite the younger student body; the fourth generation of mutant teenagers, featured in Grant Morrison's New X-Men and in New Mutants, study at the mansion until it is destroyed during the 2007–2008 story "Messiah Complex" and the X-Men subsequently disband and close the Institute. Though protected by high-tech defenses, the X-Mansion has been breached by the supervillains and evil mutants faced by the X-Men. Indeed, the X-Mansion has been rebuilt several times, it was demolished in a battle with the Sidri in Uncanny X-Men #154 and atomized by Mister Sinister in Uncanny X-Men #243.
It was rebuilt by a future Franklin Richards in moments but reverted to its destroyed state after the time-traveler became confused. Certain portions of the mansion, such as extensive sub-basements, survived both demolitions; when Onslaught revealed himself and fought the X-Men, the mansion took heavy damage, though was repaired in-between issues after the "Onslaught" storyline. In Operation: Zero Tolerance, Bastion forced Jubilee to reveal the mansion's defenses, he stripped down the mansion, having everything inside the mansion removed down to the paint on the walls. After defeating Bastion, the X-Men moved back into the mansion, as detailed in X-Men v2 #70; the X-Mansion survived an assault by the Shi'ar Imperial Guard in New X-Men #122–126 as well as a riot by students led by Quentin Quire in New X-Men #134–138. In the Planet X storyline of New X-Men #146–150, the X-Mansion was destroyed. In the wake of M-Day the mansion was infiltrated by followers of the Reverend William Stryker in an attempt to wipe out the students, resulting in some structural damage and several casualties.
The mansion was damaged when the Danger Room became sentient and summoned local machinery to attack the structure. The mansion was damaged when Mr. Sinister's new team of Marauders attacked the mansion. A fight between the Hulk and several mutants damaged the mansion. In the Messiah Complex storyline, the mansion was destroyed by attacking Sentinels. Unlike past times, the mansion was not rebuilt for a considerable length of time. Rather, the X-Men and their students relocated to a new base of operations in San Francisco. Under the name Graymalkin Industries, the new X-base is not run as a school, but rather as a sort of community center for mutants who wish to develop their powers. Shadowcat teaches computer science classes and, in addition to being a member of the senior staff, acts as a student advisor and liaison for the senior staff. Karma teaches French and is in charge of those students who are too young to join the training squads, she oversees the library. Nightcrawler teaches music, life science
Christopher S. Claremont is a British-born American comic book writer and novelist, known for his 1975–1991 stint on Uncanny X-Men, far longer than that of any other writer, during which he is credited with developing strong female characters as well as introducing complex literary themes into superhero narratives, turning the once underachieving comic into one of Marvel's most popular series. During his tenure at Marvel, Claremont co-created numerous X-Men characters, such as Rogue, Shadowcat, The Brood, Shi'ar, Shi'ar Imperial Guard, Destiny, Reverend William Stryker, Lady Mastermind, Emma Frost, Siryn, Rachel Summers, Madelyne Pryor, Moira MacTaggert, Shadow King, Warpath, Wolfsbane, Cypher, Empath, Sebastian Shaw, Donald Pierce, Pyro, Nimrod, Strong Guy, Mister Sinister, Purifiers, Captain Britain, Sunspot and Gambit. Claremont scripted many classic stories, including "The Dark Phoenix Saga" and "Days of Future Past", on which he collaborated with John Byrne, he developed the character of Wolverine into a fan favorite.
X-Men #1, the 1991 spinoff series premiere that Claremont co-wrote with Jim Lee, remains the best-selling comic book of all time, according to Guinness World Records. In 2015, Claremont and his X-Men collaborator John Byrne were entered into the Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame. Claremont was born in London, the son of an internist father and a pilot/caterer mother. Claremont is Jewish on his mother's side, lived in a kibbutz in Israel during his youth, his family moved to the United States when he was three, he was raised on Long Island. Alienated by the sports-oriented suburbs, his grandmother purchased for him a subscription to Eagle when he was a child, he grew up reading Dan Dare, finding them more exciting than the Batman and Superman comics of the 1950s and early 1960s, he read works by science fiction writers such as Robert Heinlein, as well as writers of other genres such as Rudyard Kipling and C. S. Forester. Claremont did not view the comic book industry as the place where he would make his career, as he believed the dwindling readership to be a sign that the industry was dying, found the material being published to be uninteresting.
Instead, when he began at Bard College, he did so as a political theorist, studying acting and political theory, writing novels with the hope of becoming a director. His first professional sale was a prose story, he graduated in 1972. Claremont's career began in 1969, as a college undergraduate, when he was hired as a gofer/editorial assistant at Marvel Comics, during which time he received a plot assist credit for X-Men #59, written by Roy Thomas. Thomas assigned Claremont his first professional scripting assignment, on Daredevil and the Black Widow #102; as an entry into regular comics writing, Claremont was given the fledgling feature "Iron Fist" in Marvel Premiere as of issue #23. He was joined two issues by artist John Byrne; the Claremont/Byrne team continued to work together when the character received its own self-titled series in November 1975 which lasted 15 issues. Though his acting career did not yield great success, he functioned well at Marvel, where he obtained a full-time position.
One of the first new characters created by Claremont was Madrox the Multiple Man in Giant-Size Fantastic Four #4. Marvel's editor-in-chief at the time, Len Wein, who recognized Claremont's enthusiasm for the new X-Men that Wein and Dave Cockrum had created in 1975, hired Claremont, a young writer, to take over the series as of issue #94, reasoning that doing so would not draw opposition from other writers, given the book's poor standing. Claremont approached the job as a method actor, developing the characters by examining their motives and individual personalities; this approach drew immediate positive reaction. According to former Marvel editor-in-chief Bob Harras, "He breathed it, he would write whole paragraphs about. He got into these people's thoughts, dreams." Claremont's take on the series has been likened to writing "the Great American Novel about complex characters who just happened to fly", incorporating surprise character developments and emotional nuances amid the operatic battles that otherwise typified American superhero comics.
By his own admission, Claremont acquired a reputation for taking a long time to resolve plot threads, longtime X-Men editor Louise Simonson recounted that whenever he was at a loss for story ideas, "All I'd have to do was go through all of the plot threads that he had left for the last year or two."Claremont introduced new supporting characters to the X-Men series including Moira MacTaggert in issue #96 and Lilandra Neramani in #97. Jean Grey a.k.a. Marvel Girl, one of Marvel's first female heroes, underwent a huge transformation into the omnipotent Phoenix. Issue #107 saw the introduction of the Starjammers as well as the departure of artist Dave Cockrum. Claremont began his collaboration with artist John Byrne in the following issue. During his 17 years as X-Men writer, Claremont wrote or co-wrote many classic X-Men stories, such as "The Dark Phoenix Saga" and "Days of Future Past". Comics writers and historians Roy Thomas and Peter Sanderson observed that "'The Dark Phoenix Saga' is to Claremont and Byrne what the'Galactus Trilogy' is to Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.
It is a landmark in Marvel history, showcasing its creators' work at the height of their abilities." Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "The controversial story created a sensation and The X-Men became the comic book to wat