California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a non-profit, tertiary 958-bed hospital and multi-specialty academic health science center located in the Beverly Grove neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. Part of the Cedars-Sinai Health System, the hospital employs a staff of over 2,000 physicians and 10,000 employees. A team of 2,000 volunteers and more than 40 community groups support. Cedars-Sinai focuses on biomedical research and technologically advanced medical education—based on an interdisciplinary collaboration between physicians and clinical researchers; the facility has research centers covering cardiovascular, gene therapy, neuroscience, surgery, organ transplantation, stem cells, biomedical imaging and cancer—with more than 800 research projects underway. Certified as a level I trauma center for adults and pediatrics, Cedars-Sinai trauma-related services range from prevention to rehabilitation and are provided in concert with the hospital's Department of Surgery. Cedars-Sinai is affiliated with the California Heart Center, University of Southern California and David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles.
As of 2017, U. S. News & World Report ranked Cedars-Sinai #4 in the western United States, with number one being the UCSF Medical Center. Cedars-Sinai earned national rankings in 12 adult specialties including #5 for gastroenterology, #9 in cardiology and heart surgery, #9 in orthopedics, #10 in urology, #12 in gynecology, #14 in diabetes and endocrinology, #14 in neurology and neurosurgery. Located in the Harvey Morse Auditorium, Cedars-Sinai's patient care is depicted in the Jewish Contributions to Medicine mural; the heart transplantation program at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center has experienced unprecedented growth since 2010. Statistically, Cedars-Sinai performs more annual heart transplants than any other medical center in the world, having performed 95 heart transplants in 2012 and 87 in 2011. Founded and financed by businessman Kaspare Cohn, Cedars-Sinai was established as the Kaspare Cohn Hospital in 1902. At the time, Cohn donated a two-story Victorian home at 1441 Carroll Avenue in the Angeleno Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles to the Hebrew Benevolent Society to create the hospital as a memorial to his brother Samuel.
The hospital had just 12 beds when it opened on September 21, 1902, its services were free. From 1906 to 1910, Dr. Sarah Vasen, the first female doctor in Los Angeles, acted as superintendent. In 1910, the hospital relocated and expanded to Stephenson Avenue, where it had 50 beds and a backhouse containing a 10-cot tubercular ward, it transformed from a charity-based hospital to a general hospital and began to charge patients. The hospital relocated again in 1930 to 4833 Fountain Avenue, where it was renamed Cedars of Lebanon after the religiously significant Lebanon Cedars, which were used to build King Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem in the Bible. Cedars of Lebanon could accommodate 279 patients. In 1918, the Bikur Cholim Society opened a second Jewish hospital, the Bikur Cholim Hospice, when the Great Influenza Pandemic hit America. In 1921, the hospice relocated to an eight-bed facility in Boyle Heights and was renamed Bikur Cholim Hospital. In 1923 the Bikur Cholim Hospital became Mount Sinai Home for the Incurables.
On November 7, 1926, a newly named Mount Sinai Hospital moved to a 50-bed facility on Bonnie Beach Place. In 1950, Emma and Hyman Levine donated their property adjacent to Beverly Hills, by 1955 the construction completed and Mount Sinai Hospital opened at 8700 Beverly Boulevard. Cedars of Lebanon and Mount Sinai Hospitals merged in 1961 to form Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Donations from the Max Factor Family Foundation allowed the construction of the current main hospital building, which broke ground on November 5, 1972, opened on April 3, 1976. In 1994, the Cedars-Sinai Health System was established, comprising the Cedars-Sinai Medical Care Foundation, the Burns and Allen Research Institute and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center; the Burns and Allen Research Institute, named for George Burns and his wife, Gracie Allen, is located inside the Barbara and Marvin Davis Research Building. Opened in 1996, it houses biomedical research aimed at discovering genetic and immunological factors that trigger disease.
In 1994, the original building was demolished. In 2006, Cedars-Sinai added the Saperstein Critical Care Tower with 150 ICU beds. In 2008, Cedars-Sinai served 54,947 inpatients and 350,405 outpatients, there were 77,964 visits to the emergency room. Cedars-Sinai received high rankings in 11 of the 16 specialties, ranking in the top 10 for digestive disorders and in the top 25 for five other specialties as listed below. In 2013, Cedars-Sinai opened its 800,000-square-foot Advanced Health Sciences Pavilion, which consists of eight stories of program space located over a six-story parking structure, on the eastern edge of its campus at the corner of San Vicente Boulevard and Gracie Allen Drive. Designed by architectural firm HOK, the Pavilion brings patient care and translational research together in one site; the Advanced Health Sciences Pavilion houses the Cedars-Sinai's neurosciences programs, the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute and Regenerative Medicine Institute laboratories, as well as outpatient surgery suites, an imaging area and an education center.
In 2018, famous Marvel-creator Stan Lee dies at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Cedars-Sinai ranked as follows in the nationwide U. S. News Best Hospitals 2013–14 report: Cedars-Sinai ranked as follows in the 2009 Los Angeles area residents' "Most Preferred Hospital for All Health Needs" ranking: In 2013, Cedars-Sinai Hospital was ranked
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center is a hospital located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles in Westwood, Los Angeles, United States. It is ranked the 7th best hospital in the United States by U. S. News & World Report, second in the West Coast after the UCSF Medical Center. UCLA Medical Center has research centers covering nearly all major specialties of medicine and nursing as well as dentistry and is the primary teaching hospital for the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the UCLA School of Nursing; the hospital's emergency department is certified as a level I trauma center for adults and pediatrics. Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center is a constituent part of UCLA Health, a comprehensive consortium of research hospitals and medical institutes affiliated with UCLA, including: Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center UCLA Medical Center, Santa Monica Resnick Neuropsychiatric Hospital at UCLA UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA Medical Group, with its wide-reaching system of primary-care and specialty-care offices throughout the greater Los Angeles region.
Collectively, the hospitals and specialty-care facilities of the UCLA Health system make it among the most comprehensive and advanced healthcare systems in the United States. The hospital has been ranked in the top twenty in 15 of the 16 medical specialties ranked by the US News ranking. Ten of those specialties were ranked in the top ten. In 2005, the American Nurses Credentialing Center granted the medical center "Magnet" status. On June 29, 2008, the new Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center opened and became operational, replacing the older facilities across the street; the older hospital complex had suffered moderate interior structural damage in the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Because numerous hospitals in the area were damaged during the Northridge earthquake and injured people had to be transported long distances for emergency care, the state of California passed SB1953, an amendment to an older law requiring all hospitals to move their acute care and intensive care units into earthquake-resistant buildings by 2008.
Budgeted at $598 million in 1998, construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2004. Cost overruns and construction delays attributed to rising construction costs and design changes due to medical advances resulted in the price of the building increasing to $829 million. Equipment purchased for the new building increased the total cost to over $1 billion; the Federal Emergency Management Agency contributed $432 million in earthquake relief funds to the project, the state of California contributed $44 million. Private donations raised over $300 million for the project, including $150 million in President Reagan's name; the new building was constructed to withstand an 8.0 magnitude earthquake, one of the first buildings in California built to the most recent seismic standards. The new 1,050,000-square-foot hospital is named after the late President of the United States and Governor of California Ronald Reagan, it was designed by C. C. "Didi" Pei of Pei Partnership Architects in collaboration with his father, renowned Pritzker Prize-winning architect I.
M. Pei, has been claimed to be the most technologically advanced hospital in the US; the hospital will contain fewer patient beds than the one. Patient beds in the intensive-care units will be accessible to nurses and physicians from 360 degrees, surgical floor plans will be modular, allowing them to be expanded and reconfigured as medical technology evolves; the hospital is sheathed with mechanically honed, cream colored, horizontally grained travertine marble panels sold at below-market-rate cost by Primo Marrioti, the owner of an Italian quarry whose cancer was cured at UCLA. The travertine elements were fastened to a sophisticated interlocking panelized aluminum cladding system developed by Benson Industries of Portland, Oregon; the building envelope is designed to resist and survive severe seismic events and maintain excellent resistance to air and water infiltration. The older center itself is a sprawling 11-story brick building designed by Welton Becket, it is considered a landmark of early modern architecture.
The center was built in several phases, the first of, completed in 1953. The hospital has a "tic-tac-toe" layout of intersecting wings, creating a series of courtyards throughout the complex; the first floor is unusual in that most of its walls are clad in a thick layer of naturally-weathered, travertine, creating an unusual "organic" appearance. The exterior architecture is simple, consisting of a red brick wall with horizontal bands of stainless-steel louvers over the windows to keep direct sunlight from heating the building; some of the old complex will be torn down, some of it will be renovated and turned into office space when it is no longer an operational hospital. The law does not require that all parts of a hospital be made earthquake-safe, only the most important parts. Much of the extensive travertine wall cladding from the building's interior will most be salvaged and re-used. Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center has covered paramedic areas for the Fire Department. Beverly Hills F. D. - RA 1, 2 and 3 Los Angeles Fire Department - RA 5, 19, 34, 37, 43, 58, 59, 63, 92, 94 and 95.
Los Angeles County Fire Department - Squads 71, 88, 89 and 172. The UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital is located on the west wing of the newly constructed Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center "to provide treatment for children in a compassionate atmosphere, and, as a teaching hospital, to conduct research that improves the understanding and treatment of pediatric diseases," as stated in its mission statement
Long Beach Memorial Medical Center
Long Beach Memorial Medical Center is a hospital in Long Beach, California. It is the flagship hospital of the MemorialCare Health System, it was established as Seaside Hospital in 1907. Incorporated as Seaside Memorial Hospital on June 23, 1937. In 1960, it moved to its present location; the hospital is accredited by the Joint Commission. Long Beach Memorial is one of only 3 hospitals in California with a 320 Slice CT Scanner and preventative technology and programs such as the Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscope and the Division of Interventional Neuroradiology. "Centers of Excellence" include the MemorialCare Heart and Vascular Institute, the MemorialCare Todd Cancer Institute, the MemorialCare Rehabilitation Institute, the MemorialCare Orthopedic Institute, the MemorialCare Neuroscience Institute, MemorialCare Joint Replacement Center, Stroke Program and the Emergency Department and Trauma Center. Miller Children's Hospital is located on the campus of Long Beach Memorial Medical Center.
Long Beach Memorial was first established as Seaside Hospital in 1907 incorporated as Seaside Memorial Hospital on June 23, 1937. In 1960, it moved to its present location. In April 2012, Susan Melvin, D. O. clinical professor at UCI-School of Medicine and Western University of Health Sciences, assumed the position of Chief Medical Officer. The hospital first received Magnet designation by the American Nurses Credentialing Center in 2013 and again in 2018. In the 2017 report card from the Leapfrog Group, an employer-backed nonprofit group focused on health care quality, Long Beach Memorial received a B. In the 2017 U. S. News & World Report nation's best hospital rankings, Long Beach Memorial is ranked 7th in Los Angeles County. Registered Nurses of LBMMC have been represented by the California Nurses Association since 2001, a labor union and professional nurses association. Long Beach Memorial Medical Center official site This hospital in the CA Healthcare Atlas A project by OSHPD http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2009/04/2-dead-in-long-beach-hospital-shooting.html
UC San Diego Health
UC San Diego Health is the academic health system of the University of California, San Diego in San Diego, California. It is the only academic health system serving San Diego and one of only two Level I trauma centers in the region. In operation since 1966, it comprises Hillcrest; the health system works with the university's School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy to provide training to medical and pharmacy students and advanced clinical care to patients. It is the official health system of the San Diego Padres, Club Tijuana, the UC San Diego Tritons, the San Diego State Aztecs; the UC San Diego Medical Center, Hillcrest is the first of two primary hospitals for the University of California San Diego School of Medicine. The region's first academic medical center offers both primary care and specialized services, including surgery and management of genetic disease, orthopedics and the Sleep Medicine Center; the renovated 390-bed hospital at Hillcrest is the primary site for such regional services as the Comprehensive Organ Transplant Program, Bone Marrow Transplantation, San Diego Regional Burn Center, Infant Special Care Center, UCSD's Birth Center, San Diego County's only academic Level One Trauma Center, Poison Center, Hyperbaric Medicine Center, the National Institutes of Health-designated Clinical Research Center.
Jacobs Medical Center opened on November 20, 2016. It is the second component of UC San Diego Health's two-campus strategy and provides specialized quaternary care not available elsewhere in San Diego County; the 364-bed facility is divided into four separate hospitals: Thornton Pavilion, Vassiliadis Pavilion, Foster Pavilion, Rady Pavilion. The A. Vassiliadis Family Pavilion for Advanced Surgery includes intraoperative MRI machines and the only Restrictive Spectrum Imaging facility in the United States; the Pauline and Stanley Foster Pavilion for Cancer Care houses a blood and marrow transplant program jointly operated by UCSD and Sharp Healthcare, the floor for, pressurized and filtered allowing patients to roam freely. The Rady Pavilion for Women and Infants includes a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, eight labor rooms, 32 private postpartum rooms, a three-room midwifery birth center; each of the hospital's private rooms is equipped with an Apple iPad for controlling lighting, checking medical records, contacting care providers.
The facility is named for Joan and Irwin Jacobs in recognition of a $75 million gift they made to support its construction. The John M. and Sally B. Thornton Pavilion and Perlman Medical Offices opened in the summer of 1993 as the standalone Thornton Hospital. John Alksne, a neurosurgeon and then-Dean of the School of Medicine, performed the first surgery at this hospital, it was a delicate brain operation. It is located on the UCSD campus in California, it is a 119-bed general medical-surgical facility that offers a full range of services, including surgery, endocrinology, orthopedics, reproductive medicine, pulmonary medicine and physical therapy. In 2016, the hospital was consolidated into the Jacobs Medical Center hospital complex. Established in 1979, the Rebecca and John Moores UCSD Cancer Center is one of 47 National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers in the United States, it provides outpatient care for most specialized cancers. UC San Diego Shiley Eye Institute provides comprehensive eye care services, from basic eye exams to advanced diagnostic tests and sophisticated surgery.
Eye care services offered at Shiley Eye Institute include cataract surgery, cornea transplants, glaucoma diagnosis and treatment, low vision services, neuro-ophthalmology and contact lens service, pediatric ophthalmology, plastic surgery, refractive surgery, retina care, trauma repair. It houses the Joan and Irwin Jacobs Retina Center and Hamilton Glaucoma Center; the Abraham Ratner Children's Eye Center is adjacent to the Shiley building. The Sulpizio Family Cardiovascular Center provides ambulatory and inpatient heart and stroke care in one central location. Sulpizio Cardiovascular Center is the region's first academic-based facility to combine all heart and vascular-related services and technology under one roof, it is connected by footbridges to Jacobs Medical Center and the Altman Clinical and Translational Research Institute, a 311,000 gross square feet, $269 million laboratory building. The emergency department for the La Jolla campus is housed in the Sulpizio building, with 22 outpatient beds and 54 acute care beds.
UC San Diego is one of the most active health science research institutes in the country. Of the $1.07 billion it received in research funding in 2017, $615.7 million was dedicated to health sciences research at UC San Diego Health medical centers and the School of Medicine. Several pioneering medical innovations have been made by UCSD researchers, such as the development of the chemotherapy drug cetuximab, the use of gene therapy in the treatment of congenital defects, the discovery of insulin resistance as a cause of diabetes, the understanding of genetic blood disorders such as sickle cell disease, the link between vitamin D deficiency and certain cancers, the first human trials of robotically assisted laparoscopic surgery, the development of the first oral drug for treating interstitial cystitis called Elmiron, the demonstration of HIV latency, the link between th
University of California, Irvine Medical Center
The University of California, Irvine Medical Center is a major research hospital located in Orange, California. It is the teaching hospital for the University of Irvine School of Medicine. Plans had been in place since the founding of the school for a medical center, space was set aside on campus; this would model the hospital campuses at the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of California, San Diego. The medical school wasn't planned to begin until the university had time to establish itself and stabilize sources of funding. Political divisions between the American Medical Association and Californian osteopaths brought the medical school to UCI early; the California College of Medicine was the oldest continuously operating medical college in the Southwest United States. Starting in 1896 as the Pacific College of Osteopathy, it changed name to the College of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons. Pressure by the AMA brought an end to its tenure in the osteopathic discipline, the newly renamed California College of Medicine merged with the UC system in 1965, after efforts to keep it in LA or move to Long Beach broke down.
Dean of Medicine Stanley van den Noort was adamant about opening a teaching hospital on campus, placing him in political opposition to Governor Jerry Brown. Brown managed to block the release of funds earmarked for the hospital's construction and divert them toward the founding of UCSF's dental school, he vetoed a compromise for UCI to take care of Orange County Medical Center's patients in exchange for a 200-bed hospital. Under pressure from Brown the UC purchased the OCMC in 1976 from the county who no longer wished to maintain the aging and problematic facilities; this acquisition halted the push for an on-campus hospital. An attempt to establish a hospital through private venture ended with the death of the entire planning committee in a plane crash; those opposed lobbied the state to build the Irvine Medical Center against the school's wishes, making a hospital at UCI impractical due to the proximity. The university has since expanded the facility and services of the medical center. Since the medical center has grown in size and reputation.
It is building a new hospital, to be completed in early 2009, is home to the Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, a National Cancer Institute-designated center for cancer treatment and research. Other onsite buildings include the Neuropsychiatric Center, the UCI Health Sciences Laboratories building and clinical outpatient pavilions on the medical center site, as well as community family health centers in Irvine, Santa Ana and Anaheim. Just prior to UCI's acquisition in 1976, the medical center had about 2,100 employees. Today, UC Irvine Medical Center has more than 3,500 employees. UC Irvine Medical Center is the only Orange County hospital rated among America's best by U. S. News and World Report. Since 2001, the magazine has listed UC Irvine Health programs in urology, geriatrics, digestive disorders, nephrology and ear, nose & throat among the top 50 nationwide. In 2016, two UC Irvine Health specialties were included among the top 50 nationally: 40th for orthopedics and 41st for ear and throat.
It has the county’s only Level I trauma center and its sole multiple-organ transplant center, is the only hospital in the area offering a number of specialized surgeries. The medical center has been home to a number of firsts—including the first heart transplant in Orange County, the first implant on the West Coast of an insulin pump in a patient with diabetes, a number of research breakthroughs involving therapy for cancer and other diseases. In 1995, three doctors at the UCI Center for Reproductive Health were accused of taking eggs from a woman without her consent and transferring them to another woman, who delivered a baby. Investigators found that these doctors had stolen eggs from 100 women. Although the misuse of eggs was not illegal at the time, the doctors involved were indicted for mail fraud and tax evasion, two fled the country. In 2003, UCI hired Mani Vannan as the chief and division chief of cardiology. Neither was board certified in internal medicine nor cardiology, neither had a California medical license.
In 2003, Dr. Glenn Provost presented a 13-signature petition outlining anesthesia safety problems, he stated that soon after complaining about a supervisor forcing him "to take patients to the operating room without consent, chart, or preoperative check-in by the operating room nurse... in an attempt to cut costs," he was fired and blackballed. Persons close to the case feel that there was a vendetta against Dr. Provost by Cynthia Anderson, the prior chair. In 2005, it came to light that 32 patients had died while waiting for liver transplants at UCI; some livers were available, for two years, UCI did not have a full-time surgeon to implant them, in contravention of federal regulations. UCI's designated surgeon was on staff at UC San Diego, 70 miles away. A patient at UCI, Elodie Irvine, filed a lawsuit. Ms. Irvine, who had liver and kidney disease, had 95 organs offered for transplant by the United Network for Organ Sharing during her stay at UCI; the hospital told the patient that they were waiting for organs, when in fact they rejected every organ offered to them.
Only one UCI physician advised her to look elsewhere for a transplant. Over the years, there have been several cases of sexual harassment allegations against the employees of UC Irvine Medical Center. In June 1994, Christina Grudzinski, a second-year resident, accused her attending physician and her chief resident of sexual harassment, she sued the university after the situation was unr
Northridge Hospital Medical Center
Northridge Hospital Medical Center is a hospital in the Northridge district of Los Angeles, California, USA. It is operated by Dignity Health; the hospital was founded in 1955 by Dr. Frederick Gruneck as a 49-bed hospital with one emergency room. In 1979 Northridge Hospital and Valley Hospital in Van Nuys created a joint parent company – HealthWest. HealthWest expanded to become a multi-hospital nonprofit. In 1988, HealthWest merged with the Lutheran Hospital Society of Southern California, the parent company of California Hospital Medical Center, to form UniHealth; the hospital was at the epicenter of the 1994 Northridge earthquake, but remained open to treat over 1,000 patients in the 48 hours following the earthquake. In 1995, Valley Hospital was merged into Northridge Hospital. UniHealth struggled financially in the 1990s after acquiring physician groups in difficulties, in 1998, UniHealth sold its hospitals to Catholic Healthcare West. CHW became Dignity Health in 2012; the emergency department at Northridge Hospital Medical Center is one of only two in the San Fernando Valley, certified as a trauma center and the only one, a certified PEDIATRIC trauma center.
The Thomas and Dorothy Leavey Cancer Center is located at the hospital. Official Northridge Hospital Medical Center website Northridge Hospital Medical Center in the CA Healthcare Atlas — a project by OSHPD. Dignity Health Official Website