Moscow Kursky railway station
Kursky railway terminal known as Moscow Kurskaya railway station, is one of the nine railway terminals in Moscow. It was built in 1896. There are plans to rebuild or refurbish the station. Kursky station, unlike most Moscow terminals, operates two opposite railroad directions from Moscow: one toward Kursk, after which the station is named, that stretches on into Ukraine, another toward Nizhniy Novgorod, less used by long distance trains for the high-speed service to Nizhniy. Kursky is connected to the Lengradskiy Line from the other side, enabling long-distance trains from St. Petersburg to other cities to pass through Russia's capital; because of its three directions, its adjacency to the city center, its connection to three major metro lines, Kursky is one of Moscow's busiest railway stations. Note: Sapsan is now replaced with Talgo Strizh since 2015. Suburban commuter trains connect Kursky station with the towns of Podolsk, Chekhov, Tula on Kursk direction and Reutov, Zheleznodorozhny, Staraya Kupavna, Elektrostal, Pavlovsky Posad, Orekhovo-Zuevo and Pokrov on the Gorkovsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway.
Besides that, Kurskiy Station has commuter connections with the Rizhskiy and Leningradsky directions, although less frequent. Platform height rules under the newest GOST standards, DC commuter EMUs dedicated platforms in Moscow urban area must be 1,100 mm, while the platforms for the long-distance trains must be either 200 mm and 550 mm. Moscow Kurskaya station platforms should get reconstruction soon. Proposed platform layout: Platform 1: Height of 200 mm, Length of 800 metres Platform 1&2: Height of 200 mm, Length of 800 metres narrow Platform 3&4: Height of 550 mm, Length of 800 metres Platform 5&6: Height of 1,100 mm, Length of 400 metres Platform 7&8: Height of 1,100 mm, Length of 400 metres Platform 10&11: Height of 550 mm, Length of 800 metres Platform 12&13: Height of 200 mm, Length of 800 metres Platform 14&15: Height of 200 mm, Length of 800 metres Kursky station Official site Russian Railways
Teatralnaya (Moscow Metro)
Teatralnaya is an underground metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya line of the Moscow Metro, named for the nearby Teatralnaya Square, the location of numerous theaters, including the famed Bolshoi Theatre. The station is unique in; the north escalator leads to the south escalator to Ploshchad Revolyutsii. Ploshchad Sverdlova station opened on September 11, 1938 as part of the second stage of construction of the Moscow Metro system, it was the terminal station of the Zamoskvoretskaya line until the line was extended on January 1, 1943. Teatralnaya's architect was Ivan Fomin; the station is located at a depth of 33.9 meters. The central hall has a diameter of 9.5 meters, with an 8.5 meter lateral lining of cast-iron tubing. From its opening until 1990, the station's name was Ploshchad Sverdlova, named in honor of the prominent Bolshevik, Yakov Sverdlov. In 1990, the city changed the name of the square to Teatralnaya Ploshchad; the name of the station followed accordingly. Teatralnaya Station has fluted pylons faced with labradorite and white marble taken from the demolished Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.
Crystal lamps in bronze frames attached to the center of the room give the central hall a festive appearance. The vault of the central hall is decorated with caissons and majolica bas-reliefs by Natyla Danko on the theme of theatre arts of the USSR, manufactured by Leningrad Porcelain Factory; these bas-reliefs are a series of fourteen different figures, each representing music and dance from various nationalities of the Soviet Union. Seven male and seven female figures attired in their national costumes are either performing an ethnic dance or are playing a distinctively ethnic musical instrument; the series included Armenia, Georgia, Russia and Uzbekistan. Each figure is reproduced four times for a total of 56 figures; the floor was of black-and-yellow granite patterned as a chessboard. A bust of Yakov Sverdlov, for whom the station was named, was located at the end of the platform opposite the escalators. Only the base remains today. A bust of Vladimir Lenin was however, preserved. From this station it is possible to transfer to Okhotniy Ryad on the Sokolnicheskaya Line and Ploshchad Revolyutsii on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line.
O'Mahony, Mike. Sport in the USSR: physical culture - visual culture. Reaktion Books ISBN 1-86189-267-5 Official Teatralnaya station webpage
Golyanovo District is a district of Eastern Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia. Population: 157,040 , it is one of the largest districts in Moscow, both in terms of the geographic area and population size. Located 9-15 km to the east of the Kremlin, this large territory is bounded by MKAD, Shchyolkovskoye Shosse, the national park "Losiny Ostrov". Golyanovo is named after minnow, once abundant in the local lakes; the first mention of Golyanovo dates back to the 17th century. Golyanovo was incorporated into the city of Moscow in the early 1960s. At the same time, city officials started massive construction projects in the district, building numerous microdistricts
The Moskva River is a river of western Russia. It rises about 140 km west of Moscow, flows east through the Smolensk and Moscow Oblasts, passing through central Moscow. About 110 km south east of Moscow, at the city of Kolomna, it flows into the Oka River, itself a tributary of the Volga, which flows into the Caspian Sea. Moskva and Moscow are two different renderings of the same Russian word Москва; the city is named after the river. Finno-Ugric Merya and Muroma people, who inhabited the area, called the river Mustajoki, it has been suggested that the name of the city derives from this term, although several theories exist. To distinguish the river and the city, Russians call the river Moskva-reka instead of just Moskva; the river is 503 km long, with a vertical drop of 155 m. The area of its drainage basin is 17,600 km2; the maximum depth is 3 metres above Moscow city limits, up to 6 metres below it. It freezes in November–December and begins to thaw around late March. In Moscow, the river freezes occasionally.
The absolute water level in downtown Moscow is 120 metres above sea level. The main tributaries are the Ruza, Yauza and Severka rivers. Sources of water are estimated as 12 % rain and 27 % subterranean. Since completion of the Moscow Canal, the Moskva River has collected a share of Upper Volga water; this has enabled reliable commercial shipping, interrupted by summer droughts. The average discharge, including Volga waters, varies from 38 m3/s near Zvenigorod to 250 m3/s at the Oka inlet; the speed of the current, depending on the season, varies from 0.1 m/s to 1.5–2.0 m/s. Moscow, the capital of Russia, is situated on its banks; the river flows through the towns of Mozhaysk, Zhukovsky, Voskresensk, — at the confluence of the Moskva and Oka — Kolomna. As of 2007, there are its canals within Moscow city limits. Within the city, the river is 120–200 metres wide, the narrowest point being under the Kremlin walls. Drinking water for the city of Moscow is collected from five stations on the Moskva River and from the Upper Volga reservoirs.
Canals, built within Moscow city limits, have created a number of islands. Some of them have names in Russian, some have none. Major, permanent islands are: Serebryany Bor. Separated from the mainland in the 1930s. Tatarskaya Poyma known as Mnyovniki. Separated from the mainland in the 1930s Balchug Island known as Bolotny Ostrov, lying just opposite the Kremlin; the island was formed by the construction of the Vodootvodny Canal in the 1780s, has no official name in Russian. Moscow residents informally call it "Bolotny Ostrov" while members of Moscow's English-speaking community refer to it as Balchug. One uninhabited island north of Nagatino. Three uninhabited islands east of Nagatino, connected by the Pererva lock system. There is a fleet of river ice-breaker cruisers which ply routes from moorings at the Hotel Ukraine and Gorky Park to the Novospassky Monastery and back. Duration of trips ranges from 1.5 to 3 hours. "Moskva". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920
Aleksandrovsky Sad (Moscow Metro)
Aleksandrovsky Sad is a station of the Filyovskaya line of the Moscow Metro. It was designed by A. I. Gontskevich and S. opened on 15 May 1935 along with the first stage of the metro. The station is situated under the southern part of the Vozdvizhenka Street next to the building of the Russian State Library; the northern of the two side platforms of the station works during rush hours only. The station was not included in the plans for the first stage due to its closeness to the Biblioteka Imeni Lenina station; when a change to the plans was introduced with a new station it was decided not to augment the design of the planned large tunnel with parallel tracks separated by a row of columns, but to modify it by increasing its height and building platforms on the sides in what is known as a Parisian Style. Construction began in July 1934, problems were encountered. Under the street was situated a massive sewage pipe consisting of fragile ceramic, with an outflow of two million buckets. In such conditions a slight vibration in the soil would have caused a serious accident since the proposed subway tunnels were only 1.5–2 metres away from it.
A few solutions to the problems were proposed, either to temporary turn off the sewer system and deposit the massed water via a gully on the Arbatskaya square into the Moskva River, or to relay the sanitation into metallic pipes. Moscow Soviet discarded both ideas, the former out of sanitary and hygienic interests, the second one because that would have required closing off the whole street for a few weeks to the traffic. Engineer Kulbakh came up with a more innovative solution – relaying the collector not from trenches dug up from the surface, but from those in which the walls of the tunnels were built. Works on a shared 40-metre stretch were carried out with superior precision and accuracy, thus preventing the collector to be damaged, with no injuries or streets being closed off. For the remaining part of the station little problems took place and in record times on 31 January 1935 the station was completed; the unique circumstances which resulted in station is accredited to its current appearance with side platforms that are curved and three rows of octagonal columns.
The two outer rows of columns, which run along the centre line of each platform, are faced with white marble. The third row of columns, painted white and resting on square, black-tiled piers to account for the difference in height between the track bed and the platforms, runs along the main axis of the station and separates the two tracks. Passenger cross over a central bridge, added later. For entrances and exists as well as transfers to the close by station Biblioteka Imeni Lenina, a temporary vestibule was built, was situated on the corner of Vozdvizhenka and Mokhovaya streets. A more permanent vestibule was planned to be included inside the massive building of the Lenin library. One more vestibule was planned on the western end exiting to a subway underpass across the demolished Voyentorg building. Staircases from the platforms still go to rooms that are used for service needs. No direct transfer to Biblioteka Imeni Lenina existed, because on the first stage trains went from Sokolniki to Smolenskaya and onto Park Kultury one after the next.
Although transfer corridors were completed soon after, it is unlikely that they were used prior to the opening of the Pokrovskiy radius in 1938 which allowed to separate Arbatskiy from Kirovskiy. During this time the main library building was being completed which had plans to accommodate a metro entrance inside it; the new vestibule was due to be opened in 1940, but it became apparent that the station will not cope with the passenger traffic that will bestow upon it, a reconstruction project was developed. Both platforms would be connected with a small footbridge over the paths, the transfer corridors were to double in width; however World War II delayed the plans' realisation, the new vestibule was opened only in 1946. During this time the reconstruction was carried out, with the footbridge being directly accessible from the vestibule, its pre-war planning is demonstrated in the light architecture, uncharacteristic of the postwar Stalinist monumentalism. The dark narrow corridors with staircase were widened and leveled by raising the floor a total of 1.5 metres.
On the 24 December 1946 of that year the reconstruction was complete, the station was renamed as Kalininskaya following the disestablishment of the Comintern. On 5 April 1953 a new, deep Arbatsky radius was launched. Kalininskaya was closed to passengers and its underground section was sealed; the vestibule inside the library was handed over to Arbatskaya which required an escalator to be built to connect to the main underground lobby of the new station, a staircase was built in place of Kalininskaya's foyer. The passenger traffic was divided, to rise – escalator, down – staircases. Two out of three passes to Kalininskaya's platforms were sealed. However, on 8 November 1958 metro traffic on the new Filyovskaya line was re-opened, starting from Kalininskaya and including the first, shallow Arbatsky radius. During the mid-1960s additional access to the subways under the crossroads as well as a second transfer corridor to Biblioteka Imeni Lenina were added. In a second reconstruction, the small escalator was replaced with a staircase.
During its history the station was renamed several times opened as Ulitsa Kominterna it was renamed in 1946 to Kali
Volokolamskaya (Moscow Metro)
Volokolamskaya is a Moscow Metro station in Mitino District, North-Western Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Mitino and Myakinino stations. Volokolamskaya opened on 26 December 2009
Kiyevskaya (Koltsevaya line)
Kiyevskaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Dorogomilovo District, Western Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Park Kultury and Krasnopresnenskaya stations, it is named after the nearby Kiyevsky Rail Terminal. The design for the station was chosen in an open competition held in Ukraine. Katonin, V. K. Skugarev, G. E. Golubev placed first among 73 others and it became the final design. Kievskaya features low, square pylons faced with white marble and surmounted by large mosaics by A. V. Myzin celebrating Russo-Ukrainian unity. Both the mosaics and the arches between the pylons are edged with elaborate gold-colored trim. At the end of the platform is a portrait of Vladimir Lenin; the entrance to the station, shared with both of the other two Kievskaya stations, is built into the Kiev railway station. With the completion of the segment of track between Belorusskaya and Park Kultury in 1954 the Koltsevaya Line became operational with trains running continuously around the loop for the first time.
One of the station's entrances is topped by a reproduction of an Art Nouveau Paris Metro entrance by Hector Guimard, given by the Régie autonome des transports parisiens in 2006 in exchange for an artwork by Russian artist Ivan Lubennikov installed at Madeleine station in Paris. From this station passengers can transfer to Kiyevskaya on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line and Kiyevskaya on the Filyovskaya Line