She-Wolf of London (film)
For the television series, see She-Wolf of LondonShe-Wolf of London is a 1946 film noir crime horror film produced by Universal Studios, directed by Jean Yarbrough and starring June Lockhart and Don Porter. The title evokes the earlier Werewolf of London, unlike its forebear, it is concerned more with mystery and suspense than supernatural horror. In the USA, the film was released as a double feature with The Cat Creeps, it was included on The Wolf Man legacy collection DVD set. In London at the beginning of the twentieth century, Phyllis Allenby is a young and beautiful woman, soon to be married to barrister and boyfriend Barry Lanfield. Phyllis is living at the Allenby Mansion without the protection of a male, along with her aunt Martha and her cousin Carol and the servant Hannah; as the wedding date approaches, London is shocked by a series of murders at the local park, where the victims are discovered with throats ripped out. Many of the detectives at Scotland Yard begin murmuring about werewolves, while Inspector Pierce believes the opposite and suspects strange activity at the Allenby Mansion, where the "Wolf-Woman" is seen prowling at night and heading for the park.
Phyllis becomes terrified and anxious, since she is convinced that she is the "Wolf-Woman" believing in the legend of the so-called "Curse of the Allenbys". Aunt Martha tries to convince Phyllis how ridiculous the legend sounds, while she and Carol are suspicious in their own ways. Phyllis each day denies Barry visiting her, when a suspicious detective is murdered soon after he visits the mansion in the same way the other victims perished, Barry begins believing that something else is going on beside the so-called "Werewolf murders", makes his own investigations both of the park and the mansion, it turns out that Aunt Martha did the attacks to convince Phyllis she was insane, belonged in an asylum rather than married to Barry, so Martha and her daughter could remain living in the mansion. June Lockhart as Phyllis Allenby Don Porter as Barry Lanfield Sara Haden as Martha Winthrop Jan Wiley as Carol Winthrop Lloyd Corrigan as Det. Latham Dennis Hoey as Inspector Pierce Martin Kosleck as Dwight Severn Eily Malyon as Hannah, the housekeeper Frederick Worlock as Constable-in-Charge Ernie Hobbs She Wolf of London on IMDb She-Wolf of London at the TCM Movie Database She-Wolf of London at AllMovie
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Guy Fawkes known as Guido Fawkes while fighting for the Spanish, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. He was educated in York, England. Fawkes converted to Catholicism and left for mainland Europe, where he fought for Catholic Spain in the Eighty Years' War against Protestant Dutch reformers in the Low Countries, he travelled to Spain to seek support for a Catholic rebellion in England without success. He met Thomas Wintour, with whom he returned to England, Wintour introduced him to Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the throne; the plotters leased an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, Fawkes was placed in charge of the gunpowder which they stockpiled there. The authorities were prompted by an anonymous letter to search Westminster Palace during the early hours of 5 November, they found Fawkes guarding the explosives, he was questioned and tortured over the next few days, he confessed.
Before his execution on 31 January, Fawkes fell from the scaffold where he was to be hanged and broke his neck, thus avoiding the agony of being hanged and quartered. He became synonymous with the Gunpowder Plot, the failure of, commemorated in Britain as Guy Fawkes Night since 5 November 1605, when his effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire accompanied by fireworks. Guy Fawkes was born in 1570 in York, he was the second of four children born to Edward Fawkes, a proctor and an advocate of the consistory court at York, his wife, Edith. Guy's parents were regular communicants of the Church of England. Guy's mother's family were recusant Catholics, his cousin, Richard Cowling, became a Jesuit priest. Guy was an uncommon name in England, but may have been popular in York on account of a local notable, Sir Guy Fairfax of Steeton; the date of Fawkes's birth is unknown, but he was baptised in the church of St Michael le Belfrey on 16 April. As the customary gap between birth and baptism was three days, he was born about 13 April.
In 1568, Edith had given birth to a daughter named Anne, but the child died aged about seven weeks, in November that year. She bore two more children after Guy: Anne, Elizabeth. Both were married, in 1594 respectively. In 1579, when Guy was eight years old, his father died, his mother remarried several years to the Catholic Dionis Baynbrigge of Scotton, Harrogate. Fawkes may have become a Catholic through the Baynbrigge family's recusant tendencies, the Catholic branches of the Pulleyn and Percy families of Scotton, but from his time at St. Peter's School in York. A governor of the school had spent about 20 years in prison for recusancy, its headmaster, John Pulleyn, came from a family of noted Yorkshire recusants, the Pulleyns of Blubberhouses. In her 1915 work The Pulleynes of Yorkshire, author Catharine Pullein suggested that Fawkes's Catholic education came from his Harrington relatives, who were known for harbouring priests, one of whom accompanied Fawkes to Flanders in 1592–1593. Fawkes's fellow students included John Wright and his brother Christopher and Oswald Tesimond, Edward Oldcorne and Robert Middleton, who became priests.
After leaving school Fawkes entered the service of 1st Viscount Montagu. The Viscount took a dislike after a short time dismissed him. At least one source claims that Fawkes married and had a son, but no known contemporary accounts confirm this. In October 1591 Fawkes sold the estate in Clifton in York, he travelled to the continent to fight in the Eighty Years War for Catholic Spain against the new Dutch Republic and, from 1595 until the Peace of Vervins in 1598, France. Although England was not by engaged in land operations against Spain, the two countries were still at war, the Spanish Armada of 1588 was only five years in the past, he joined Sir William Stanley, an English Catholic and veteran commander in his mid-fifties who had raised an army in Ireland to fight in Leicester's expedition to the Netherlands. Stanley had been held in high regard by Elizabeth I, but following his surrender of Deventer to the Spanish in 1587 he, most of his troops, had switched sides to serve Spain. Fawkes became an alférez or junior officer, fought well at the siege of Calais in 1596, by 1603 had been recommended for a captaincy.
That year, he travelled to Spain to seek support for a Catholic rebellion in England. He used the occasion to adopt the Italian version of his name, in his memorandum described James I as "a heretic", who intended "to have all of the Papist sect driven out of England." He denounced Scotland, the King's favourites among the Scottish nobles, writing "it will not be possible to reconcile these two nations, as they are, for long". Although he was received politely, the court of Philip III was unwilling to offer him any support. In 1604 Fawkes became involved with a small group of English Catholics, led by Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate the Protestant King James and replace him with his daughter, third in the line of succession, Princess Elizabeth. Fawkes
Brian Grant (director)
Brian Grant is a noted British music video and television director and producer. In 1982 he co-founded MGMM Productions with Scott Millaney, Russell Mulcahy, David Mallet. MGMM became the most successful UK production company of the 80's, he started his career as a cameraman and went to become a noted music video director, he shot many movies and television series. He is famous for directing episodes of British television series including As If, Doctor Who, Party Animals, Britannia High, Queen of Swords, Clocking Off, New Tricks, The Worst Witch, Our Girl, he is Emmy nominated. He has directed many commercials and notable music videos through the 1980s for Olivia Newton-John, Donna Summer, Peter Gabriel, Rod Stewart, Tina Turner, Aretha Franklin, Dolly Parton, Kim Wilde, Whitney Houston, Spandau Ballet and Duran Duran, his video for Olivia Newton-John's "Physical", won the first Video Grammy awarded, 25th Annual Grammy Award for Best Video of the Year. He is known for his work on the 1983 Donna Summer video "She Works Hard For The Money", the video would be nominated for Five MTV awards, Donna Summer became the first Afro American Female Artist to get played in high rotation, at the fledgling MTV station.
The video remains a tribute to women around the world. He was hired to direct her 1983 HBO concert "A Hot Summers Night...", after that he was in high demand as music video director. He shot two of singer Whitney Houston's videos, "How Will I Know" and "I Wanna Dance With Somebody"; the Tell Tale Heart The Hitchhiker She Woldf Of London Sweet Poison Love Kills The Helen Samuels Story Mann & Machine Darkman Complex Of Fear Sensation Day of Reckoning The Red Shoe Diaries The Second Noah The Immortals Bloodlines: Legacy Of A Lord Bugs Highlander The Raven Lucy Sullivan Is Getting Married Queen Of Swords Cyberstalking As If Clocking Off Gladiatress Hex Doctor Who Love Bytes Hex II Sinchronicity Party Animals Life Is Wild Britannia High Breaker The Allegation Project Lotus Sinbad Video Killed The Radio Star New Tricks Deadinburgh New Tricks Waterloo Road Video Killed The Radio Star The Last Lennon Interview The Worst Witch Our Girl Video Killed The Radio Star M - "Pop Muzik" Sparks - "Beat the Clock" Queen – "Play the Game" The Human League - "Open Your Heart" Kim Wilde - "Kids In America" Olivia Newton-John - "Physical" Peter Gabriel - "Shock the Monkey" Queen – "Back Chat" Queen – "Calling All Girls" XTC - "Senses Working Overtime" Duran Duran - "Hungry Like The Wolf" The Fixx - "Saved By Zero" Rod Stewart - "What Am I Gonna Do" Bee Gees - "The Woman in You" Donna Summer - "She Works Hard for the Money" Donna Summer - "Unconditional Love" Duran Duran - "New Moon on Monday" Meat Loaf - "Modern Girl" Aretha Franklin - "Freeway of Love" Whitney Houston - "How Will I Know", Whitney Houston - "I Wanna Dance With Somebody" Tina Turner - "Private Dancer" The Moody Blues - "Your Wildest Dreams" T'Pau - "Only the Lonely" Grant directed the original "Scarlett" version of the video for Stevie Nicks' s 1983 song "Stand Back", but Nicks nixed that version, saying she didn't like the way she looked in the video, reshot it.
Brian Grant on IMDb www.briangrant.co.uk
ITV Wales & West
ITV Wales and West known as Harlech Television, refers to the Independent Television franchise area until 31 December 2013, licensed to a broadcaster by the regulator Ofcom. There is no channel, past or present, named "ITV Wales and West"; the licence relates to a'dual region', meaning that the franchise area was divided into two regions, each of which must be served by distinct and separate ITV programme services as more defined within the licence. Today, those services are known as ITV West Country, they are provided by ITV plc which owns and operates the two services through its subsidiary ITV Broadcasting Ltd. From January 2014, the dual-region licence was split in two, with ITV Cymru Wales for Wales and ITV West Country covering the West of England. Both licences remain held by ITV Broadcasting Ltd and the legal names of the former HTV companies have not yet been changed again; the National Library of Wales archives now store 200,000 ITV film and video items dating from 1958. Harlech Television was awarded its contract by the Independent Television Authority in July 1967, replacing the incumbent TWW.
While no official reason was given for the decision, it was believed TWW's preferral to base its corporate headquarters in London, rather than within the region, played a key factor. Harlech would base its headquarters within the transmission area, based out of TWW's former studios at Pontcanna in Cardiff and Bath Road in Bristol. TWW refused to purchase shares in the new consortium and opted to cease broadcasting early on Sunday 4 March 1968, selling its remaining airtime to Harlech for £500,000; as the new service was not ready to launch, an unbranded emergency service was provided by former TWW staff until Harlech's launch on Monday 20 May 1968. The opening night was marked by a networked variety special; the station used the name Harlech Television, but from the introduction of colour on 6 April 1970, this was dropped in favour of the shortened acroynym HTV, simpler and ended concerns from the West of England, that the Harlech branding was only associated with the Welsh part of the dual region.
The initial Harlech board of directors boasted a high-profile line-up including actor Richard Burton and his wife Elizabeth Taylor, opera singer Sir Geraint Evans, entertainer Harry Secombe and veteran broadcaster Wynford Vaughan-Thomas. The board contributed little to HTV's output, although notable productions included several opera specials and documentary series including Great Little Trains of Wales and The Dragon Has Two Tongues. In Wales, there was an additional requirement to provide a quota of television programmes in the Welsh language. HTV Cymru's nightly news programme Y Dydd aired each weeknight in a 6pm timeslot shared with its English counterpart Report Wales. Alongside current affairs and entertainment programming, the company pioneered a wide range of Welsh output for children and young people including Miri Mawr and pop magazine show Ser. Two of the company's best known Welsh language series, Cefn Gwlad and Sion a Sian, continue to air on S4C. HTV West was successful in producing high quality children's TV series sold internationally.
It established the'HTV Junior Drama Workshop' in Bristol, which auditioned and trained young actors and from which it cast roles for both its own productions, other companies seeking young talent. Arthur of the Britons, Children of the Stones and Robin of Sherwood were all popular wherever they were shown. In addition to networked and locally produced programming, HTV broadcast imported output and was the first British broadcaster to air Sesame Street as part of an IBA pilot in 1971. HTV Wales produced far less drama output, though they were contracted to make the ten-part Return to Treasure Island for The Disney Channel in 1985. In 1982, the new Welsh language channel S4C was launched and the increased need for programmes in the medium of Welsh encouraged an expansion of HTV's resources. HTV began to supply local commercial playout for both S4C and the new Channel 4, which at that time, carried regional advertising in the West; the Pontcanna premises could not be expanded sufficiently to accommodate the increased studio production and so a new studio complex was constructed at Culverhouse Cross on the western outskirts of Cardiff going live in 1984.
Further technical innovation was implemented in 1988 when HTV opened a new Presentation facility at Culverhouse Cross, becoming the first UK broadcaster to install Sony Library Management Systems which allowed the automated playout of cassette tapes. Three LMS machines were installed, one each to play transmission tapes into the Wales and West services, with the third used for commercials playout and compilation for S4C and Channel 4. HTV launched a new Night Club service on Monday 22 August 1988, when the station began 24-hour broadcasting at this time. In May 1990, HTV acquired the UK branch of Vestron Video International, renamed them to First Independent Films. First Independent Films was a British film distributor and home video company that replaced Vestron Video International's UK operations. Due to delays in signing its licence agreement in the franchise renewals of 1991, Westcountry Television contracted with HTV to provide its Presentation operations and this service made use of the third LMS machine, fitted with updated VTRs.
The service launched on New Year's Day 1993. During the same 1991 ITV franchise round, the ITC had considered disqualifying
A television show is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, cable, or internet and viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are placed between shows. Television shows are most scheduled well ahead of time and appear on electronic guides or other TV listings. A television show might be called a television program if it lacks a narrative structure. A television series is released in episodes that follow a narrative, are divided into seasons or series – yearly or semiannual sets of new episodes. A show with a limited number of episodes may be called serial, or limited series. A one-time show may be called a "special". A television film is a film, broadcast on television rather than released in theaters or direct-to-video. Television shows can be viewed as they are broadcast in real time, be recorded on home video or a digital video recorder for viewing, or be viewed on demand via a set-top box or streamed over the internet; the first television shows were experimental, sporadic broadcasts viewable only within a short range from the broadcast tower starting in the 1930s.
Televised events such as the 1936 Summer Olympics in Germany, the 1937 coronation of King George VI in the UK, David Sarnoff's famous introduction at the 1939 New York World's Fair in the US spurred a growth in the medium, but World War II put a halt to development until after the war. The 1947 World Series inspired many Americans to buy their first television set and in 1948, the popular radio show Texaco Star Theater made the move and became the first weekly televised variety show, earning host Milton Berle the name "Mr Television" and demonstrating that the medium was a stable, modern form of entertainment which could attract advertisers; the first national live television broadcast in the US took place on September 4, 1951 when President Harry Truman's speech at the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference in San Francisco was transmitted over AT&T's transcontinental cable and microwave radio relay system to broadcast stations in local markets. The first national color broadcast in the US occurred on January 1, 1954.
During the following ten years most network broadcasts, nearly all local programming, continued to be in black-and-white. A color transition was announced for the fall of 1965, during which over half of all network prime-time programming would be broadcast in color; the first all-color prime-time season came just one year later. In 1972, the last holdout among daytime network shows converted to color, resulting in the first all-color network season. Television shows are more varied than most other forms of media due wide variety formats and genres that can be presented. A show may non-fictional, it may be historical. They could be instructional or educational, or entertaining as is the case in situation comedy and game shows. A drama program features a set of actors playing characters in a historical or contemporary setting; the program follows their adventures. Except for soap opera-type serials, many shows before the 1980s, remained static without story arcs, the main characters and premise changed little.
If some change happened to the characters' lives during the episode, it was undone by the end. Because of this, the episodes could be broadcast in any order. Since the 1980s, there are many series that feature progressive change to the plot, the characters, or both. For instance, Hill Street Blues and St. Elsewhere were two of the first American prime time drama television series to have this kind of dramatic structure. While the series, Babylon 5 is an extreme example of such production that had a predetermined story running over its intended five-season run. In 2012, it was reported that television was growing into a larger component of major media companies' revenues than film; some noted the increase in quality of some television programs. In 2012, Academy-Award-winning film director Steven Soderbergh, commenting on ambiguity and complexity of character and narrative, stated: "I think those qualities are now being seen on television and that people who want to see stories that have those kinds of qualities are watching television."
When a person or company decides to create a new series, they develop the show's elements, consisting of the concept, the characters, the crew, cast. They "pitch" it to the various networks in an attempt to find one interested enough to order a prototype first episode of the series, known as a pilot. Eric Coleman, an animation executive at Disney, told an interviewer, "One misconception is that it's difficult to get in and pitch your show, when the truth is that development executives at networks want much to hear ideas, they want much to get the word out on what types of shows they're looking for."To create the pilot, the structure and team of the whole series must be put together. If audiences respond well to the pilot, the network will pick up the show to air it the next season. Sometimes they save it for mid-season, or father review. Other times, they pass forcing the show's creator to "shop it around" to other networks. Many shows never make it past the pilot stage; the show hires a stable of writers, who usually
Sky One is a British pay television channel operated and owned by Sky, a division of Comcast, available in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Sky One launched across Europe on 26 April 1982 by founder Connor Baskey as Satellite Television and is the oldest non-terrestrial TV channel in the United Kingdom. In the UK, the channel is available via digital satellite on Sky, digital cable on Virgin Media, IPTV on TalkTalk TV and online via Sky Go. In Ireland, the channel is available via Virgin Media Ireland and Eir Vision. Sky One listings include some popular broadcasts—many imported from North America—including 24, Battlestar Galactica, Caprica, Glee, Lie to Me, Prison Break, The Simpsons, Touch, WWE Raw, You, Me and the Apocalypse. Sky One started on 26 April 1982 as Satellite Television Ltd, was Europe's first cable and satellite channel broadcasting from the Orbital Test Satellite aimed at cable operators all over the continent. At first the station struggled financially, due to disappointing ratings in the countries in which it was available, which in turn led to insufficient advertising revenue and increasing difficulty in covering the high transmission costs.
On 27 June 1983, the shareholders of Satellite Television agreed a £5 million offer to give News International 65% of the company. Murdoch extended the broadcast hours and the number of countries the station broadcast to including the United Kingdom. On 16 January 1984, the channel was renamed Sky Channel. Sky Channel incorporated a large number of American imports in its schedules, while increased the quantity produced of home grown programmes, including a number of new music programmes with Gary Davies, Tony Blackburn, Linda de Mol, Pat Sharp, David "Kid" Jensen, Anthea Turner presenting programmes such as Euro Top 40, UK Top 50 Chart. New children's programmes like Fun Factory and The DJ Kat Show, many of which came not only from Sky's own studios in London, but included programmes produced in the Netherlands by John de Mol's production company. On 8 June 1988, Murdoch announced his plans to expand Sky's service to four channels, thus creating the Sky Television network. On 5 February 1989, the Sky Television Network was launched, At the same time, prime-time broadcasts to European cable operators ended, being replaced by Eurosport, a joint venture between Sky and the European Broadcasting Union, aimed at a pan-European audience.
A new raft of shows were created, for the channel including Jameson Tonight, Sale of the Century, The Price Is Right, Frank Bough's World and Sky By Day, Sky TV's variation on ITV's more popular This Morning, hosted by former BBC Radio 1 DJ Tony Blackburn and former Magpie presenter Jenny Hanley. The show had a mix of entertainment, fashion, etc; the Channel continued with the same children's programmes, US action series, WWF Wrestling. On 31 July 1989, the channel was renamed Sky One and closed in most European countries, broadcasting to only the United Kingdom and Ireland. In 1990, Sky One began to acquire more recent programming, an early success being Moonlighting, which the BBC had screened but not repeated. Sky One picked new programming such as The Simpsons, 21 Jump Street and the last series of Falcon Crest, following its merger with BSB's Galaxy, Parker Lewis Can't Lose. After many years in the clear, on 1 September 1993, Sky One was encrypted as part of the new Sky Multichannels subscription package, could no longer be viewed outside Britain and Ireland without exporting a box, or receiving it over cable.
The channel commissioned a number of home grown programmes while expanding its Australian television series to include E Street and Paradise Beach. It continued to be the most-watched satellite channel in the UK and Ireland, a position it held for most of the 1990s, with many first-run US imports such as The Simpsons, Frasier, Seinfeld, ER and The X-Files, as well as some older programmes such as the various Star Trek series, Hill Street Blues, M*A*S*H*, Lucille Ball's various comedy series; the success of the channel led to the launch on 1 September 1996 of a companion channel, Sky 2. In contrast to the Sky Two, relaunched, this channel featured more first-run programmes, it broadcast only at night, between 7 pm and 6 am. In 2000, a dedicated feed of Sky One for Ireland was launched. For most of this Irish feed's existence, the only difference between it and the United Kingdom feed has been differing commercials and programme promotions. In June 2003, the channel started broadcasting in 16:9 widescreen.
However, all TV commercials were broadcast in 4:3 until November 2005, because they were played off the same servers for all Sky channels, many of which were not broadcast in widescreen. On 21 September 2004, Sky One Mix was subsequently renamed Sky Mix. On 31 October 2005, Sky Mix was renamed as Sky Two with the launch of a second sister channel Sky Three. On 25 August 2012, it was announced by Stuart Murphy, director of Sky entertainment channels, that a one-hour timeshift of Sky One, Sky Living and S