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Shelby Charter Township, Michigan

Shelby Charter Township the Charter Township of Shelby, is a charter township and census-designated place located in Macomb County in the U. S. state of Michigan. The township, an affluent northern suburb of Detroit, is located 15 miles north of the city; as of the 2000 census, the township had a total population of 65,159. The 2010 Census places the population at 73,804. Shelby Charter Township is one of the fastest growing communities in Metro Detroit. There are no incorporated villages and four unincorporated communities: Preston Corners is located at the corner of 25 Mile and Schoenherr roads at 42°41′58″N 82°59′45″W. Ira and Deborah Preston bought 400 acres of land from the United States government in 1826 and settled on it the following year building a sawmill and a picket fence factory. Shelby is located at 25 Mile Roads. Shelby Village is located where Ryan roads intersect. Housing was built in this area in the 1940s. Yates is on the boundary with Oakland County; the U. S. Census Bureau has defined Shelby Charter Township as a census-designated place in the 2000 Census so that the community would appear on the list of places as well on the list of county subdivisions.

The final statistics for the township and the CDP are identical. As of the census of 2010, there were 73,804 people, 28,299 households, 17,923 families living in the township; the racial makeup of the township was 89.4% White, 3.1% African American, 3.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population. As of the census of 2000, there were 65,159 people, 24,486 households, 17,923 families living in the township; the population density was 1,878.7 per square mile. There were 25,265 housing units at an average density of 728.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 94.95% White, 0.85% African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.71% of the population. There were 24,486 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families.

21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.13. In the township the population dispersal was 24.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males. The median income for a household in the township was $65,291, the median income for a family was $76,312, making Shelby Charter Township one of the most affluent areas in Michigan. Males had a median income of $59,380 versus $33,844 for females; the per capita income for the township was $30,131. About 2.7% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. The majority of residents are zoned into Utica Community Schools, which serves parts of the communities of Sterling Heights, Macomb Township, Washington Township, Ray Township, as well as most of Shelby Charter Township, all of Utica.

However, a small number of residents are zoned into Romeo Community Schools. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.2 square miles, of which 34.7 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles is water. Neighboring communities: Shelby Charter Township has a Supervisor-Board style township government with elected supervisor, clerk and four trustees; the Township operates the Shelby Township Library as well as Cherry Creek Golf Course. Shelby Township was set off by an act of the Michigan Territorial Legislature on April 12, 1827, a civil government was organized the following May, it included the area, now Sterling Heights, set off March 17, 1835, as the township of Jefferson, renamed to Sterling on March 6, 1838. Utica, located on the southern edge of the township incorporated as a village on March 9, 1838, although that corporation was dissolved soon afterwards; the village incorporated a second time on May 10, 1877. The village of Disco was located at what is now the junction of 24 Mile Road and Van Dyke Road. and was platted in 1849.

The community never incorporated, although the local high school, the "Disco Academy" gained some local recognition and a post office operated named Disco from May 5, 1854, until July 31, 1906. Only a few homes and a namesake on old county road maps remain of this now forgotten historic place. See also: "The Lost Village of Disco" on the Shelby Township Historical Society website. Shelby Charter Township sits on two main thoroughfares: State highways M-53 called Van Dyke Avenue or the Van Dyke Expressway, which leads north into the Thumb and M-59 called Hall Road when the expressway ends -, the east-west connector from just north of Mount Clemens, through Utica as a surface road, becomes a limited access freeway to Pontiac, being the main northern connector between Macomb County and Oakland County. Joe Cada, professional poker player Kyle Connor, hockey player at the University of Michigan, 17th overall pick in the 2015 NHL Draft with the Winnipeg Jets John DiGiorgi

Sensing of phage-triggered ion cascades

Sensing of phage-triggered ion cascades is a prompt bacterium identification method based on fluctuation-enhanced sensing in fluid medium. The advantages of SEPTIC are the specificity and speed offered by the characteristics of phage infection, the sensitivity due to fluctuation-enhanced sensing, durability originating from the robustness of phages. An idealistic SEPTIC device may be as small as a pen and maybe able to identify a library of different bacteria within a few minutes measurement window. SEPTIC utilizes bacteriophages as indicators to trigger an ionic response by the bacteria during phage infection. Microscopic metal electrodes detect the random fluctuations of the electrochemical potential due to the stochastic fluctuations of the ionic concentration gradient caused by the phage infection of bacteria; the electrode pair in the electrolyte with different local ion concentrations at the vicinity of electrodes form an electrochemical cell that produces a voltage depending on the instantaneous ratio of local concentrations.

While the concentrations are fluctuating, an alternating random voltage difference will appear between the electrodes. According to the experimental studies, whenever there is an ongoing phage infection, the power density spectrum of the measured electronic noise will have a 1/f 2 noise spectrum while, without phage infection, it is a 1/f noise spectrum. In order to have a high sensitivity, a DC electrical field attracts the infected bacteria to the electrode with the relevant polarization; the advantages of SEPTIC are the specificity and speed offered by the characteristics of phage infection, the sensitivity due to fluctuation-enhanced sensing, durability originating from the robustness of phages. An idealistic SEPTIC device may be as small as a pen and maybe able to identify a library of different bacteria within a few minutes measurement window; the SEPTIC concept was first conceived by Laszlo B. Kish and Maria Dobozi-King in 2004, developed and demonstrated at the Electrical and Computer Engineering department of Texas A&M University in collaboration with Mosong Cheng, Ry Young, Sergey M. Bezrukov, Bob Biard.

A new, related scheme, BIPIF, conceived and analyzed by Laszlo B. Kish and Gabor Schmera utilizes the AC impedance fluctuations at related arrangements, it promises higher sensitivity and less dependence on the electrodes. Homepage of the SEPTIC method at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University Ry Young's phage lab at the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas A&M University SEPTIC in Acronym Finder

Lee Bacon

Lee Bacon is an American author of the children's books series Joshua Dread, Joshua Dread: The Nameless Hero, Joshua Dread: The Dominion Key, all published by Random House. Lee Bacon grew up in Texas, he attended the master’s program in book publishing at Pace University. He spent two years living in Munich, where he started writing children's books, he lived in Brooklyn, New York, moved to New Jersey in 2016. Bacon's Joshua Dread series was nominated for a 2015 Nutmeg Award and selected for the Spirit of Texas Reading Program by the Texas Library Association. Joshua Dread has been translated into German by Uwe-Michael Gutzschhahn, French by Amélie Sarn and Spanish by Marc Viaplana. A new middle-grade series, Legendtopia was scheduled to be published by Random House in 2016. Bacon’s forthcoming book, The Last Human, is set to be released in October 2019; the book is set to be adapted into a film by Phil Lord and Chris Miller, who will produce and direct the film for TriStar Pictures. Shazam! Writer Henry Gayden will write the screenplay.

Joshua Dread Joshua Dread: The Nameless Hero Joshua Dread: The Dominion Key Legendtopia: The Battle for Urth Legendtopia: The Shadow Queen The Last Human Official website YouTube Channel Kirkus Reviews Goodreads

Mihai Laz─âr

Mihăiţă Lazăr known as Mihai Lazăr, is a Romanian rugby union player who plays as a prop for Top 14 club Castres Olympique and the Romania national team. Lazăr made his debut for Romania in 2008 in a 76-7 win, he played three matches at the 2011 Rugby World Cup, scoring a try against Scotland and collecting accolades in the pages of The New Zealand Herald newspaper. On 1 June 2013, he clinched his first title, winning the Top 14 final with Castres Olympique. Top 14 Winner 2013, 2018 Mihai Lazar at ESPNscrum Mihai Lazar at ItsRugby.co.uk Mihai Lazar at European Professional Club Rugby Mihaïta Lazar at Castres Olympique

Syarif Hamid II of Pontianak

Sultan Hamid II, born Syarif Abdul Hamid Alkadrie was the eighth Sultan of Pontianak and the only President of the State of West Kalimantan from 1946 to its disestablishment in 1950. He was the eldest son of Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie, he was of mixed Malay-Arab ancestry and was raised by two British nationals— Salome Catherine Fox and Edith Maud Curteis. His wife Didie van Delden was a young Dutch woman who bore him two children – both reside in the Netherlands. During the Indonesian National Revolution, he was sympathetic to the returning Dutch and their attempts to implement a federal Republic of the United States of Indonesia, viewing the unitary Republic of Indonesia as an extension of Javanese domination, he was a colonel in the Royal Dutch East Indies Army and designed the Indonesian national emblem—Garuda Pancasila. Until the age of 12, Hamid was raised by Scottish foster-mother Salome Catherine Fox and fellow British expatriate Edith Maud Curteis. Salome Fox was the sister of the head of a British trading firm based in Singapore.

Under their tutelage, Hamid became fluent in English. In 1933, Miss Fox died. Syarif was educated at several Europeesche Lagere School in Sukabumi, Pontianak and Bandung, he did not graduate from THS Bandung. Syarif completed his studies at the Koninklijke Militaire Academie in Holland. Following the Japanese occupation of Indonesia on 10 March 1942, he was interned by the Japanese for three years in a Javanese prison camp due to close ties with the Dutch. Hamid's resentment towards the Japanese occupiers was affected by the murders of 28 relatives and his mentor Miss Curteis. Hamid's father and two of his brothers along with many of the Malay elite of Kalimantan were executed by the Japanese in the Pontianak incidents. Following the Japanese surrender and defeat on 15 August 1945, Hamid was liberated by the returning Allied Powers that landed in Indonesia, he was subsequently promoted to the rank of colonel by the returning Dutch. On 29 October 1945, he succeeded his father as the Sultan of Pontianak, adopting the title Sultan Hamid II.

During the Indonesian National Revolution, Sultan Hamid II acquired an important position as a delegate for the State of West Kalimantan and always participated in negotiations at Malino, the Federal Consultative Assembly and the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference in Indonesia and the Netherlands. As an active leader in the BFO, he was a firm supporter of federalism and opposed President Sukarno's concept of a unitary Indonesian Republic due to its domination by the Javanese. Sultan Hamid II ascended to the position of Adjudant in Buitengewone Dienst bij HM de Koningin der Nederlanden, the highest position as assistant to the Dutch Queen; as a colonel, he was the first Indonesian to acquire a significant military position in the colonial army. Due to international opposition to Dutch attempts to reinstate control over Indonesia in the United Nations, the Dutch were forced to recognise Sukarno's Republic as the de facto government of Java and Sumatra and to grant independence to a Republic of the United States of Indonesia on 27 December 1949.

On 17 December 1949, Hamid II was held no portfolio. This Cabinet was headed by Prime Minister Mohammad Hatta and included 11 Republicans and five Federalists; this federal government was short-lived due to conflicting differences between the Republicans and the Federalists as well as growing popular support for a unitary state. Hamid II would subsequently conspire with the former KNIL Captain Raymond Westerling to organise an anti-Republican coup in Bandung and Jakarta. Westerling's Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil comprised elements of the KNIL, the Regiment Special Forces, the Royal Netherlands Army and several Dutch nationals including two police inspectors. On 23 January 1950, APRA overwhelmed the small RUSI garrison and occupied parts of Bandung until they were driven away by reinforcements under Major General Engels. On 26 January 1950, elements of Westerling's forces infiltrated Jakarta as part of a coup d'état to overthrow the RUSI Cabinet, they planned to assassinate several prominent Republican figures including the Defense Minister Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Secretary-General Ali Budiardjo.

However, they were forced to flee by Indonesian military forces. Meanwhile, Westerling was forced to flee to Singapore and APRA had ceased to function by February 1950. Evidence from arrested co-conspirators led to the incarceration of Hamid II on 5 April. By 19 April, Hamid II had confessed to his involvement in the botched Jakarta coup and to planning an abortive second attack on Parliament scheduled for 15 February. Due to the presence of RUSI troops, the attack was aborted; the role of the Pasundan government in the coup led to its dissolution by 10 February, further undermining the federal structure. By late March 1950, Hamid's West Kalimantan was one of the four remaining federal states in the United States of Indonesia. Hamid's role in the coup led to increased agitation in West Kalimantan for its integration into the Republic of Indonesia. Following a fact-finding mission by the Government Commission, the RUSI House of Representatives voted by fifty votes to one to merge West Kalimantan into the Republic of Indonesia.

Following clashes with demobilised KNIL troops in Makassar and the attempted secession of an Ambonese Republic

Padthaway, South Australia

Padthaway is a small town in the Australian state of South Australia located in the state's south-east within the Limestone Coast region about 253 kilometres south east of the state capital of Adelaide and about 41 kilometres south-east of the municipal seat of Bordertown. The name is derived from the Aboriginal name for Good Water. Padthaway is in the Tatiara District Council, the state electorate of MacKillop and the federal Division of Barker; the 2016 Australian census, conducted in August 2016 reports that Padthaway had a population of 318 people. Padthaway is the name of a wine region surrounding the town, it is home to several large commercial vineyards. The oldest vineyard was established in 1964 by Seppelts, with Lindeman's, Hardys and Wynns establishing vineyards in the 1960s; the wine region is 8 kilometres wide with over 4,000 hectares of vineyards. There are only a few cellar doors operating in the region. Padthaway was the name of the original pastoral station, established on Bodaruwitj Aboriginal lands in this area in 1847 by a successful Scottish businessman, Robert Lawson.

In 1882 the Padthaway Estate Homestead was built by Robert Lawson. The historic Padthaway Estate complex is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register. In 1952 Padthaway became the centre of a soldier settlement scheme; the first vineyards were planted here in 1964 and transformed marginal grazing land into a top wine-producing region. White wines from the region are regular winners of major awards; these wines may be purchased at wine retailers around Australia. Agriculture is strong in Padthaway with onion and seeds being grown along with sheep and cattle which are reared for sale. Padthaway has a cluster of businesses located in the heart of town including a deli, general store, two rural service centres, an auto and engineering centre, a caravan park, a park with a playground in the main street, Memorial Drive. Other public amenities include netball and tennis courts, football oval, town hall, sports complex, medical clinic, skate park and rotunda; the toilets are right near the playground.

In 2010 a new medical clinic was built. The Padthaway Conservation Park, situated on a former coastal dune is located about 2.5 kilometres north-east of the town centre. The conservation park has stands of yellow gum, ribbon gum, brown stringybark, manna gums, many acacias and banksias, it is home to a variety of animals including koalas, rabbits and many insects. Sometimes the rare fire orchid may be viewed in flower. Records for lawn bowls being played in Padthaway go back to 1963. Lawn bowls is played in Padthaway on Saturday during the summer time. Padthaway bowling club plays in the Upper South East association; the last A grade cricket premiership Padthaway won was in 1993. Padthaway has had a B grade side most years since. Padthaway came fifth in the competition in 2010–2011. In 2011 there was an A grade side. Netball has been played in Padthaway since the mid-late 1960s. In 2011 the Padthaway Netball Club called the Lions, has more than seven different teams for netball; the Padthaway Football Club which commenced in 1967 is known as the Lions and is the main club of the town, competing in the Kowree-Naracoorte-Tatiara Football League.

The football club won an A grade premiership grand final in 1993 against Bordertown. The Padthaway Tennis Club dates back to 1972 when the club laid new concrete courts; the Padthaway Tennis club won many premierships into the late 1980s. Tennis is played as a social competition on Wednesday nights for a six-eight-week season in the summer before Christmas; the Padthaway golf course is carved out of scrubland. This tight course is a challenge for the most professional of golfers; the Padthaway golf club has 9 holes with scrapes. Apex is a community group which operates in Padthaway composed of men between the ages of 18 and 45 who work together to promote social justice and raise awareness of charity causes by fundraising in interesting and creative ways. Padthaway has an active Women in Agricultural Business group. WAB is a statewide network with branches throughout SA, it is an organisation for women interested in rural and business issues. It provides the opportunity for friendship; the school was built in 1935 and had its 75-year anniversary in 2010.

The event was attended by many past and future students and staff and a time capsule was buried on the day. In 2011 Padthaway Primary School had 12 staff members. Padthaway Primary School caters for years Reception-7 and has a Child Parent Centre. At Padthaway Primary School the Student Representative Council organises many fundraising activities for students to participate in. Padthaway Primary School is a school with lots of activities for students such as the Come out, SAPSASA, Youth Environmental Forum, pancake day, Student Young Leaders Day and school camp. SAPSASA events include football, cricket, cross country, athletics running events, diving, golf and skiing