Kimberley is a town and civil parish in Nottinghamshire, lying 6 miles northwest of Nottingham along the A610. The town grew as a centre for coal mining and hosiery manufacturing. Together with the neighbouring villages of Giltbrook and Swingate it has a population of around 6,500 people. At the 2011 Census the appropriate ward was Kimberley; this had a population of 6,659. There has been no mining or hosiery manufacturing in the town for many years and the local brewery was sold and closed at the end of 2006; however as of 2017 it has a retail park centre, which includes a local newsagent, a wine shop, a pharmacy, as well as big national chains like Greggs bakery and a Sainsburys superstore. Kimberley is referred to as Chinemarelie in William the Conqueror's Domesday Book. With the accession of William to the throne Kimberley came into the possession of William de Peveril; the Peverils lost control when they supported the losing side in the civil war which preceded the accession of Henry II of England in 1154.
The King became the owner of the land. King John of England granted land in the area to Ralph de Greasley in 1212 who took up residence at Greasley Castle and at around this time to Henry de Grey whose son re-built Codnor Castle on the site of an earlier castle established by William Peveril. Ralph de Greasley's land passed by inheritance and marriage to Nicholas de Cantelupe who took part in Edward III of England's Scottish campaigns and the Battle of Crécy. Nicholas founded Beauvale Priory using part of his Kimberley holding in 1343; that part of Kimberley which had become the property of Beauvale Priory was claimed by King Henry VIII during the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century. The Priory's land was redistributed by the King and came into the possession of Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham again by inheritance and marriage in 1627. Arthur was beheaded in 1649 having fought for the Royalists in the English Civil War. Arthur's son was created Earl of Essex in 1661. In 1753 the land was purchased by Sir Matthew Lamb whose grandson William Lamb became Prime Minister in 1834.
The Lamb's Kimberley estates passed by marriage to the 5th Earl Cowper in 1805 and on the death of the 7th Earl in 1913 were sold off in pieces. That part of Kimberley retained by the Cantelupe's passed by inheritance and marriage to John Lord Zouch who died at the Battle of Bosworth with Richard III in 1485, he was posthumously found guilty of high treason with his property forfeited to Henry VII. John Savage received this part of Kimberley in gratitude for his efforts on behalf of Henry VII at Bosworth; the Savage family sold this land to the Earl of Rutland in the early 17th century. The Duke of Rutland's Kimberley estates were sold in parcels in the early 19th century. Kimberley has been home to a lot of industry including: coal mining and hosiery manufacturing. All major industry in kimberley has stopped, the last being Kimberley Brewery which ceased brewing in Dec 2006. Most businesses are now retail based concerns. One of Kimberley's most notable structures is its unusual war memorial, in the form of a rotunda, used as the emblem of Kimberley School.
This secondary school has a catchment area which extends into the neighbouring areas of Nuthall, Eastwood and Hempshill Vale. On the South side of Kimberley lies Swingate, which has many different walking and cycling routes into the woods and surrounding countryside; the twin towns of Kimberley are Échirolles in Grugliasco in Italy. Kimberley Brewery was taken over by Greene King in 2006, another major brewer in a multimillion-pound deal which marked the end of the traditional Kimberley Ales as ale brewing ceased shortly afterwards and only a distribution centre remained there; the former Kimberley Brewery site has within its boundaries a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest. It is listed under the title of "Kimberley Railway Cutting" as an important location for Permian Gymnosperm fossils; the Permian - Carboniferous unconformity can be found in the Kimberley Railway Cutting. Since 1974, Kimberley forms part of the borough of Broxtowe. From 1894 to 1974 it was part of Basford Rural District Council area.
There has been speculation that the Nottingham Express Tram want to extend their Phoenix Park tram stop into Kimberley towards Giltbrook Retail Park William Bryan, first-class cricketer John Reynolds was British Superbike Champion, 1992, 2001 and 2004 Sergeant Richard Bolitho was the Rear Gunner on a Lancaster bomber which crashed with the loss of the whole crew during the Dambuster raid in World War II. Tim Wheatley was the man who scored 242* for Kimberley Institute Cricket Club, the highest recorded score for the club Kimberley Town F. C. were the main local football team until they folded in 2012. Kimberley Miners Welfare F. C. Kimberley Institute Cricket Club is the town's cricket team. Awsworth - Kimberley & District Rifle Club Kimberley West railway station Kimberley East railway station Watnall railway station Kimberley Brewery Domesday Book: A Complete Transliteration. London: Penguin. 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7. Ottewell, David. Old Kimberley. Stenlake Publishing. ISBN 1-84033-155-0. Lee, John.
M.. A Brief History of Kimberley. Plumb, Arthur. Kimberley in old picture postcards. European Library. ISBN 90-288-4669-7. "Kimberley Railway Cutting". Kimberley Railway Cutting photos
Kirkby-in-Ashfield is a market town in Nottinghamshire, with a population of 25,265, falling to 20,672 for the total of the 3 Ashfield Wards taken at the 2011 census. It is a part of the Mansfield Urban Area; the Head Offices of Ashfield District Council are located on Urban Road in the town centre. Kirkby-in-Ashfield lies on the eastern edge of the Erewash Valley which separates Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Kirkby, as it is locally known, was a Danish settlement and is a collection of small villages including Old Kirkby, The Folly and Kirkby Woodhouse, it is mentioned in the Domesday Book and has two main churches: St Wilfrid's, a Norman church, gutted by fire on 6 January 1907 but re-built. Kirkby-in-Ashfield was once an important centre of coal mining and railways in west Nottinghamshire, with three active coal mines and several railway junctions; the former Mansfield and Pinxton Railway from the Erewash Valley Line was joined here by the Midland Railway line from Nottingham. The Great Central Railway main line passed to the south-west side of the town and had a double junction with the Great Northern Railway Leen Valley Extension line to Langwith Junction and the Mansfield Railway to Clipstone.
The town expanded during the Victorian era. However the closure of the coal mines in the 1980s and early 1990s led to a major slump in the local economy, the area suffered a high level of socio-economic depression; the railways were closed during the Beeching era of the early 1960s when branch-line passenger services suffered widespread disruption, leaving the town without a link to central Nottingham and nearby Mansfield. The railway tracks were re-opened to passengers in the 1990s as part of the Robin Hood Line, providing links to other North Nottinghamshire towns and to Nottingham where a transport interchange allows transfer to the trams of Nottingham Express Transit system; the town centre is undergoing a renovation during late 2014 and 2015 including the demolition of the old Co-Operative foodstore and county library with surrounding plaza, to be rebuilt with a central Morrisons store, is progressively changing from a traditional mining town to a commuter town for the surrounding areas, however the transition from industrial centre to dormitory town is in its infancy and will take some years to develop.
The town has Ashfield School and Kirkby College. Local politics have been dominated by the Labour Party for much of the 20th century, however Ashfield attracted media attention in the late 1970s with a shock by-election win for the Conservatives. Since the 2010 General Election, the MP has been Gloria De Piero, best known for her work with GMTV, she took over from Geoff Hoon, one-time Secretary of State for Defence during the premiership of Tony Blair. She was elected with a slim majority of 192 votes from the Liberal Democrats' Jason Zadrozny; the town's most famous historical resident is Harold Larwood. The area around St Wilfrid's Church is designated a conservation area, consists of former farm buildings built from local stone, some of which are listed. In the conservation area, at the junction of Church Street, Chapel Street and Sutton Road, is Kirkby Cross; this is the remains of a thirteenth-century village cross in dressed stone, is a listed structure and designated ancient monument. It is thought the cross has been in place since 1218, some years before the village was granted a market and fair.
It has been restored. On the edge of Kirkby is Portland Park a mixture of woodland and grassland areas which, together with a number of small ponds and streams, are home to a wide variety of wildlife; the visitor centre, which doubles up as local cafe The Wild Rabbit, was opened in October 1994, is an environmentally friendly building and a centre of excellence for energy conservation. The building is used as a popular venue for local live acts and other entertainment; the area surrounding The Wild Rabbit Cafe is a place of scientific interest due to the unique limestone outside to the rear of the cafe. The 1981 series of TV programmes Shillingbury Tales were based on old Kirkby, as the writer Francis Essex's aunt lived nearby; the characters were based on locals. Filming was switched to Aldbury in Kent at the last minute because of costs and lack of space for filming; the Rev. Sir Richard Kaye, 6th Baronet. F. R. S.. Rector of Kirkby in Ashfield from 1765 to 1809 and Dean of Lincoln. Kaye employed Samuel Hieronymous Grimm to make a notable series of drawings of life in Ashfield in the late 18th.
Century. Oliver Hynd MBE – 2016 & 2012 Paralympic, Silver, Bronze medalist in swimming, younger brother of Sam Hynd Sam Hynd – 2008 Paralympic, double gold medalist in swimming. Enid Bakewell - English Cricket Player - inaugurated in the ICC Hall of Fame, considered one of the best all rounders in women's cricket Harold Larwood – English Cricket Player – famous for the Ashes'Bodyline Series' Bill Voce – English Cricket Player – associated alongside Harold Larwood for the Ashes'Bodyline Series' Dave Thomas – former English Footballer, played for Everton and Queens Park Rangers. Newstead Abbey Sherwood Observatory Kirkby Marketplace Kirkby-in-Ashfield railway station St John the Evanglist's Church, Kirkby Woodhouse St Wilfrid's Church, Kirkby-in-Ashfield Hollinwell incident
Hucknall Hucknall Torkard, is an English town in the district of Ashfield, Nottinghamshire. It was a centre for framework knitting and for mining, but is now a focus for other industries and a dormitory town for Nottingham, it was the site. It is the final resting place of Lord Byron in 1824 and of his estranged daughter, the mathematician and pioneer computer programmer Ada Lovelace in 1852. Hucknall is 7 miles north-west of Nottingham, on the west bank of the Leen Valley, on land which rises from the Trent Valley in the south to the hills of the county north of Kirkby-in-Ashfield; the Whyburn or Town Brook flows through the town centre. Farleys Brook marks its southern boundary; the town's highest point is Long Hill, at 460 ft above sea level, with views over the city and Trent Valley, which descends to 22–24 metres AOD, flowing just beyond most of the city centre. The town is surrounded by parkland. To the north-west lie Misk Hills and Annesley. To the north-east of the town are the villages of Linby and Papplewick, beyond these two, Newstead Abbey and its grounds, once the residence of Lord Byron.
To the west lies Eastwood, birthplace of D. H. Lawrence and the inspiration for many of his novels and short stories. To the east of the town is Bestwood Country Park; the contiguous settlements of Butler's Hill and Westville appear as distinct entities on maps, but are regarded as part of Hucknall. They are part of its historic and present-day Church of England parish, although the town itself has no civil parish council. However, the identity is reinforced by being part of the post town and by being shared wards of Hucknall. Hucknall was once a thriving market town, its focal point is the parish church of St. Mary Magdalene, next to the town's market square; the church was built by the Anglo-Saxons and completed after the Norman Conquest, though much of it was restored in the Victorian era. The medieval church consisted only of a chancel, north aisle and tower, but the changes in the Victorian area enlarged it. In 1872 the south aisle was added and in 1887 the unusually long transepts, while the rest of the building apart from the tower was restored.
The top stage of the tower is 14th-century. There are 25 fine stained-glass windows by Charles Eamer Kempe, added in the 1880s. There is a modest memorial to Lord Byron. From 1295 until 1915, the town was known as Hucknall Torkard, taken from Torcard, the name of a dominant landowning family. Signs of the old name can still be seen on some of the older buildings. During the 19th and 20th centuries, coal was discovered and mined throughout the Leen Valley, which includes Hucknall; this brought increased wealth to the town, along with the construction of three railway lines. The first was the Midland Railway line from Nottingham to Mansfield and Worksop, closed to passengers on 12 October 1964 though retained as a freight route serving collieries at Hucknall and Annesley; the Hucknall station on this line was known as Hucknall Byron in its latter years. In the 1990s this line was reopened to passengers in stages as the Robin Hood Line, the section through Hucknall in 1993, with a new station on the site of the old "Byron", though called Hucknall.
The second line was the Great Northern Railway route up the Leen Valley and on up to Shirebrook, serving many of the same places as the Midland south of Annesley. It closed to passengers on 14 September 1931, but remained in use for freight until 25 March 1968; the Hucknall station on this line was known as Hucknall Town. The third line was the Great Central Railway, the last main line built from the north of England to London, opened on 15 March 1899; the stretch through Hucknall closed on 5 September 1966, but the Hucknall station here, had closed earlier, on 4 March 1963. From 1894 until 1974 Hucknall was the seat of Hucknall Urban District Council. With the abolition of the UDC, local government was transferred to Ashfield. In 1956 the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Hucknall was built to serve western parts of Hucknall. Hucknall was recorded as Hokeuhale and Hokenale, suggesting “nook of land of Hōcanere”, from Old English halh; this same tribe's name occurs in Oxfordshire. It has been suggested that the name Hucknall once referred to a larger area on the Nottinghamshire/Derbyshire border.
Two other settlements in the locality are called Hucknall. It is that Hucknall Torkard marked the southern boundary of this larger Hucknall Area. In the Domesday Book the name appears as Hochenale; the Hucknall Tourism and Regeneration Group has a mission statement: "To help Hucknall regain its position as a strong and prosperous town. To retain the historical legacy of the town and surrounding area. To attract visitors and boost the local economy by raising awareness of our heritage to both visitors and residents alike." The Hucknall Tourism and Regeneration Group was inaugurated in 2002. It consists of people from all aspects of Hucknall life, who have a desire to help regenerate the town through tourism, after the devastating loss of the mining industry and large portions of the textile industry. Members of the group include business owners, volunteer workers and councillors. HTRG works with other well-established organisations such as the Hucknall Round Table, the Rotary Club of Hucknall
Newark and Sherwood
Newark and Sherwood is a local government district and is the largest district in Nottinghamshire, England. The district is predominantly rural, with some large forestry plantations, the ancient Sherwood Forest and the towns of Newark-on-Trent and Ollerton. Many settlements in the west of the district, such as Ollerton are former coal mining villages. Southwell is a small Georgian town with a Minster; the south-eastern settlements are home to many people. Newark-on-Trent, together with Balderton, forms the largest urban concentration. Newark-on-Trent has many important historic features including Newark Castle, Georgian architecture and a defensive earthwork from the British Civil Wars. Other settlements in the district include: Averham Balderton, Bilsthorpe, Boughton, Brough Carlton-on-Trent, Clipstone, Cromwell Eakring, Edwinstowe, Egmanton Farndon, Fernwood, Fiskerton Gunthorpe Halam, Hawton, Hockerton Kelham, Kirton, Kneesall Laxton, Little Carlton, Lowdham Maplebeck, Morton North Muskham, Norwell Ossington, Oxton Perlethorpe Rainworth, Rolleston South Muskham, Sutton-on-Trent Thurgarton Upton Walesby, Weston, WinkburnThe district was formed on 1 April 1974, by a merger of the municipal borough of Newark with Newark Rural District and Southwell Rural District.
It was known just as Newark: the name was changed by the council effective 1 April 1995. Newark and Sherwood District Council
Dissolution of the Monasteries
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories and friaries in England and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, provided for their former personnel and functions. Although the policy was envisaged as increasing the regular income of the Crown, much former monastic property was sold off to fund Henry's military campaigns in the 1540s, he was given the authority to do this in England and Wales by the Act of Supremacy, passed by Parliament in 1534, which made him Supreme Head of the Church in England, thus separating England from Papal authority, by the First Suppression Act and the Second Suppression Act. Professor George W. Bernard argues: The dissolution of the monasteries in the late 1530s was one of the most revolutionary events in English history. There were nearly 900 religious houses in England, around 260 for monks, 300 for regular canons, 142 nunneries and 183 friaries.
If the adult male population was 500,000, that meant that one adult man in fifty was in religious orders. At the time of their suppression, a small number of English and Welsh religious houses could trace their origins to Anglo-Saxon or Celtic foundations before the Norman Conquest, but the overwhelming majority of the 625 monastic communities dissolved by Henry VIII had developed in the wave of monastic enthusiasm that had swept western Christendom in the 11th and 12th centuries. Few English houses had been founded than the end of the 13th century. 11th- and 12th-century founders had endowed monastic houses with both'temporal' income in the form of revenues from landed estates, and'spiritual' income in the form of tithes appropriated from parish churches under the founder's patronage. In consequence of this, religious houses in the 16th century controlled appointment to about two-fifths of all parish benefices in England, disposed of about half of all ecclesiastical income, owned around a quarter of the nation's landed wealth.
An English medieval proverb said that if the Abbot of Glastonbury married the Abbess of Shaftesbury, the heir would have more land than the King of England. The 200 houses of friars in England and Wales constituted a second distinct wave of foundations all occurring in the 13th century. Friaries, for the most part, were concentrated in urban areas. Unlike monasteries, friaries had eschewed income-bearing endowments; the Dissolution of the Monasteries in England and Ireland took place in the political context of other attacks on the ecclesiastical institutions of Western Roman Catholicism, under way for some time. Many of these were related to the Protestant Reformation in Continental Europe. By the end of the 16th century, monasticism had entirely disappeared from those European states whose rulers had adopted Lutheran or Reformed confessions of faith, they continued, albeit in reduced numbers and radically changed forms, in those states that remained Catholic. But, the religious and political changes in England under Henry VIII and Edward VI were of a different nature from those taking place in Germany, France and Geneva.
Across much of continental Europe, the seizure of monastic property was associated with mass discontent among the common people and the lower level of clergy and civil society against powerful and wealthy ecclesiastical institutions. Such popular hostility against the church was rare in England before 1558; these changes were met with widespread popular suspicion. Dissatisfaction with the general state of regular religious life, with the gross extent of monastic wealth, was near to universal amongst late medieval secular and ecclesiastical rulers in the Latin West. Bernard says there was widespread concern in the 15th and early 16th centuries about the condition of the monasteries. A leading figure here is the scholar and theologian Desiderius Erasmus who satirized monasteries as lax, as comfortably worldly, as wasteful of scarce resources, as superstitious. At that time, quite a few bishops across Europe had come to believe that resources expensively deployed on an unceasing round of services by men and women in theory set apart from the world be better spent on endowing grammar schools and university colleges to train men who would serve the laity as parish priests, on reforming the antiquated structures of over-large dioceses such as that of Lincoln.
Pastoral care was seen as much more important and vital than the monastic focus on contemplation and performance of the daily office. Erasmus had made a threefold criticism of the monks and nuns of his day, saying that: in withdrawing from the world into their own communal life, they elevated man-made monastic vows of poverty and obedience above the God-given vows of sacramental
Radcliffe-on-Trent is a large village and civil parish in the Rushcliffe borough of Nottinghamshire. The population of the civil parish at the Census 2011 was 8,205. Radcliffe has a population of around 8,000, it is to the east of Nottingham, is close to but not part of the Greater Nottingham built-up area. However, the Greater Nottingham Partnership considers the whole of Rushcliffe to be part of the Greater Nottingham conurbation; the village is situated on the south bank and cliff overlooking the River Trent, from which the village derives part of its name. The "Rad" part is a corruption of the Old English for red, in reference to the dark red colour of the cliffs, which are formed of Triassic red shale, with gypsum banding. Nearby places are East Bridgford, Holme Pierrepont and Stoke Bardolph. To the southeast of the parish lies the former Saxondale Hospital, redeveloped into 350 dwellings and renamed as Upper Saxondale. Harlequin, a small residential area lies in between there and Radcliffe, on the northern side of the major, east-west, A52 trunk road.
It is because of this road that Radcliffe is best known: at its western end it forms the eponymous Radcliffe Road which runs along the north-eastern edge of Trent Bridge cricket ground. Radcliffe is unusual among Rushcliffe villages in having its own railway station, connecting the village to Nottingham in the west and Grantham to the east; the village is served by the Trent Barton bus company, which runs services to Nottingham once every 10 minutes on weekdays. The village has Roman Catholic and Methodist churches; the Anglican church is St. Mary's; the village has a number of community spaces, such as the Cliff Walk, the Memorial Park, a recreation ground and skate park, a complex of sports fields at the eastern end of the village. There is an amateur dramatics group who stage regular productions at The Grange Hall, as well as numerous other clubs and associations, it has local branches of Scouts. The village has four public houses, as well as its own football and cricket clubs. In 1999 the village was twinned with a French town Bussy-St-Georges, situated east of Paris.
Radcliffe has three schools: an infant and nursery school, a junior school and a medium-sized secondary, South Nottinghamshire Academy Dayncourt School. Nineteenth century Nottinghamshire and England cricket captain George Parr was born and died in the village, he played for the Radcliffe on Trent Cricket Club. Evidence of the Parr family's long association with Radcliffe can be seen in a number of street and building names. Professional footballer, Ian Woan most famous for playing for Nottingham Forest lives near Radcliffe-on-Trent. Woan is now the assistant manager of Watford FC. Tom Graham who played Tom Archer for 17 years in the long running BBC Radio 4 programme The Archers was raised and schooled in Radcliffe. Priestland, Pamela. Radcliffe-on-Trent: 1837–1920. Ashbracken. ISBN 978-1-872356-00-6. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Priestland, Pamela. Radcliffe-on-Trent: 1710–1837. Ashbracken. ISBN 978-1-872356-01-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Parish council
Borough of Gedling
Gedling is a local government district with borough status in Nottinghamshire, whose council is based in Arnold, north-east of Nottingham. The population at the time of the 2011 census was 113,543, it is part of the Nottingham Urban Area. It was formed on 1 April 1974 by merging the urban districts of Arnold and Carlton and part of the rural district of Basford, it is named after the village of Gedling. Other settlements include Burton Joyce, Calverton and Ravenshead; the Borough covers affluent suburbs north-east of Nottingham including Arnold and part of Mapperley and the area north of Nottingham into the rural villages of Calverton, Woodborough and Newstead extending north towards Mansfield. The Borough is one of contrasts: Arnold has a significant amount of council housing, whereas properties in the Newstead Abbey area of the borough retail at between £1 million and £3 million; the area is split into rural farmland. The Bonington Theatre in Arnold is named after the landscape painter Richard Parkes Bonington.
The borough's most famous former resident is Lord Byron. In the older part of Gedling is All Hallows Anglican Church, it dates from the 11th century, with the oldest part of the church dating back to 1089. The Mary Hardstaff Homes were built on Arnold Lane in 1936. Gedling Borough Council is elected every four years, with 41 councillors being elected at each election; the Conservative Party controlled the council from the first election in 1973 through to 1995. Since both the Conservative and Labour parties have controlled the council, including a period between the 2003 election and the 2007 election when the parties shared power. At the most recent election in 2011 Labour gained control from the Conservatives and after a subsequent by-election the council is composed of the following councillors:- The borough is covered by two parliamentary constituencies; the more urban part of the borough adjoining Nottingham is in the Gedling constituency, which until 1983 was known as Carlton. This was held by the Conservatives from its creation in 1950 until 1997 when it was taken by the Labour Party.
Vernon Coaker has been the Member of Parliament since then. The rural part of the borough, including Calverton and Ravenshead, forms part of the Sherwood constituency, whose MP from 1992 to 2010 was Labour’s Paddy Tipping, it is now is held by Mark Spencer. The constituency was created in 1983 and, as the area covered included many ex-mining areas, it was anticipated that it would be an easy target for Labour. However, Andy Stewart, a Conservative and held it until 1992; this is perceived to be because the majority of Nottinghamshire miners did not strike during the 1984-85 miners' strike and that the area contains some of the most affluent areas in the county such as Ravenshead and Newstead Abbey Park. Official website