American Society of Cinematographers
The American Society of Cinematographers, founded in 1919, is an educational and professional organization. Neither a labor union nor a guild, ASC membership is by invitation and is extended only to directors of photography, members can put the letters A. S. C. after their names. ASC membership has become one of the highest honors that can be bestowed upon a professional cinematographer, the ASC currently has approximately 340 members and continues to grow. Its history goes back to the Cinema Camera Club in New York City founded by Arthur Charles Miller, Phil Rosen, Arthur Miller left to work in Hollywood, one year after the Motion Picture Industry Union was formed. The ASC was chartered in California in January 1919 by Miller,1920 marked the beginning of American Cinematographer magazine, still in print today. The magazine focuses on the cinematography of current motion picture releases, including interviews with cinematographers, back-issues remain in high demand among film makers, seeking to discover how a particular films look was achieved.
Other than the magazine, the most well-known publication of the ASC is the American Cinematographer Manual, the first edition was published in 1935 by Jackson J. Rose as The American Cinematographer Hand Book and Reference Guide. The Hand Book evolved from the Cinematographic Annual only published twice, roses handbook went through nine editions by the middle of the 1950s, and it was from this book that the modern American Cinematographer Manual originated. The first edition of the new manual was published in 1960, and is now in its ninth edition
George Harris Kennedy Jr. was an American actor who appeared in more than 200 film and television productions. He received a second Golden Globe nomination for portraying Joe Patroni in Airport, Kennedy was the only actor to appear in all four films in the Airport series, having reprised the role of Joe Patroni three times. He was recognized as Police Captain Ed Hocken in the Naked Gun series of comedy films. Kennedy was born on February 18,1925, in New York City and his father, George Harris Kennedy, a musician and orchestra leader, died when Kennedy was four years old. He was raised by his mother, Helen A. a ballet dancer and his maternal grandfather was a German immigrant, his other ancestry was Irish and English. Kennedy made his debut at age two in a touring company of Bringing Up Father, and by seven was a New York City radio DJ. Joining the U. S. military during World War II, he spent 16 years in that career until the late 1950s and he reached a rank of captain. His first notable role was a military advisor on the TV sitcom The Phil Silvers Show, where he served as a technical adviser.
His film career began in 1961 in The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come and he played the character Blodgett in a 1966 episode Return to Lawrence of the ABC western series The Legend of Jesse James. Kennedy followed with films such as The Dirty Dozen, Bandolero. in 1970, he appeared in the Academy Award-winning disaster film Airport, in which he played one of its main characters, airline troubleshooter Joe Patroni. He reprised this role in Airport 1975, Airport 77, Airport 79, the only cast member to appear in each film of the series. The Airport franchise helped inspire the Zucker and Zucker satire Airplane. in which the filmmakers hoped to cast Kennedy as the bumbling plane dispatcher, the role went to Lloyd Bridges, because Kennedy couldn’t kill off his Airport cash-cow, Jerry Zucker said in 2010. He starred in two series, which aired from 1971-72 on NBC, and The Blue Knight. In 1984, Kennedy starred opposite Bo Derek in the box-office bomb Bolero, there were two sequels in which Kennedy co-starred.
On television, Kennedy starred as Carter McKay in the CBS prime time serial Dallas, from the mid- to late-1990s, he promoted Breathasure tablets in radio and television commercials. Around this time, he reprised his role as McKay in the television films Dallas and Dallas, War of the Ewings. In the late 1970s, Kennedy appeared as a celebrity guest on the game show Match Game. In 1998, he voiced Brick Bazooka for the film Small Soldiers, in 2005, he made a cameo appearance in the film Dont Come Knocking, playing the director of an ill-fated western
Douglas Osborne Doug McClure was an American actor whose career in film and television extended from the 1950s to the 1990s. He is best known for his role as the cowboy Trampas during the run from 1962 to 1971 of the NBC western television series, The Virginian. McClure was born in Glendale and his English mother, Clara Elsie, had moved to the United States from her native United Kingdom in 1915, when her widowed mother married an American, Frank S Artman. Clara Barker was naturalized as an American citizen in 1918, Donald and Clara were parents to Donald Reed McClure, Jr. and Doug. The widowed Clara would marry Frank Clapp in 1971, McClures acting career included such films as The Enemy Below, The Unforgiven, and Because Theyre Young, before landing the part of Trampas on The Virginian – a part that would make him famous. He appeared as Adam Davis in 1959 in the episode The Court Martial of Trooper Davis of another syndicated series, Mackenzies Raiders, starring Richard Carlson. McClure was in the third episode Mr.
Denton on Doomsday, in 1962, he was cast as Trampas in NBCs The Virginian. After the show ended in 1971, McClure was slated to co-star with Bette Davis in a series about a parolee assisting a judge, played by Davis, by doing detective work. McClure made one attempt at a television series during the 1972-73 season by co-starring in SEARCH as a hi-tech investigator, rotating with Tony Franciosa. He shifted to low-budget science fiction such as At the Earths Core, The Land That Time Forgot and The People That Time Forgot. In 1967, he played the Errol Flynn role in a remake of Against All Flags titled The Kings Pirate and he was cast in the lead in three World War II adventures, The Longest Hundred Miles, The Birdmen and State Of Division or Death Race. In the 1970s and 1980s, McClure appeared in commercials for Hamms Beer, McClure appeared as the blonde slave to Jamie Farrs character in 1984s Cannonball Run II. He had a role as a poker player in the 1994 movie remake of Maverick. In 1994, McClure was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Television at 7065 Hollywood Blvd and it was unveiled in what would be his final public appearance.
On February 5,1995, McClure died at the age of 59 from lung cancer in Sherman Oaks and he is interred at Woodlawn Memorial Cemetery, in Santa Monica, California. McClure was married to his wife at the time of his death, and was survived by daughter Tané from his first marriage. McClure was divorced four times, including twice while he was performing on The Virginian, the character of Troy McClure on The Simpsons was modeled after McClure and fellow actor Troy Donahue. Mike Reiss, executive producer of The Simpsons, said that Doug McClures daughter informed him that Doug was a big fan of The Simpsons and she said that while watching an episode Doug saw the character Troy McClure on the show and said, Are they making fun of me
The play was first performed at the Goodspeed Opera House in East Haddam, during 1974, and transferred to a theater in New Yorks Broadway beginning January 7,1975. It was performed in a Broadway theater for a total of 1,050 performances, michael P. Price was Executive Director of the Goodspeed Opera House. The production was nominated for six Tony Awards, including Best Musical, Shenandoah was revived in a Broadway theatre, again with Cullum in the main role, on August 8,1989, ending September 2,1989. It was returned to the Goodspeed Opera House during 1994, with Marc Kudisch, a new production began March 22,2006 at Fords Theatre in Washington, D. C. featuring Scott Bakula. Positive critical notices and strong sales resulted in the run being extended through May 21. Charlie Anderson, a widower, lives with his family in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. Anderson does not wish to be involved with the war because he doesnt consider it his war, in the course of searching for Robert, his daughter Jenny, and some of his sons rescue Sam from a Yankee POW train.
After enduring the tragedy of losing his eldest son Jacob and his second eldest son James and James wife Anne, internet Broadway Database listing Shenandoah at Fords Theatre
The Shenandoah River /ˌʃɛnənˈdoʊə/ is a tributary of the Potomac River,55.6 miles long with two forks approximately 100 miles long each, in the U. S. states of Virginia and West Virginia. The Shenandoah River is formed northeast of Front Royal near Riverton, by the confluence of the South Fork and it flows northeast across Warren County, passing underneath Interstate 661 mile from its formation. Beyond the I-66 bridge the river flows through a set of bends before turning to the northeast again, five miles downriver from the Clarke County border, the Shenandoah passes under U. S. Route 50 and passes through a triple bend. Once in West Virginia the river completes six large bends before joining with the Potomac from the south near Harpers Ferry,20 miles from the Virginia-West Virginia border, the Shenandoah valley is underlain by limestone. The fertile soil made it a place for early settlement. It continues to be an agricultural area of Virginia and West Virginia. Some karst topography is evident, and the limestone is honeycombed with caves, several have been developed as commercial tourist attractions, including Luray Caverns, Shenandoah Caverns, and Skyline Caverns.
On the riverbank a few miles above Harpers Ferry is said to be a cave with an opening just large enough for a rider to squeeze through. It widened in the interior to a room where hundreds of Col. John Mosbys raiding troops are said to have hidden from pursuing Union cavalry. Since 2005, the Shenandoah River has experienced several springtime fish kills that have affected several of its fish species. In 2005, redbreast sunfish and smallmouth bass along a 100-mile stretch of the South Fork Shenandoah River began dying of lesions caused by bacteria, although the fish kill eventually wiped out 80% of the adult redbreast sunfish and smallmouth bass, juvenile populations appeared to be unaffected. Various accounts tell the origin of the name and he sent much needed corn to Washington and his troops during their hard winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania in 1777-1778. It is said to be named after the Senedo people, the American folk song Oh Shenandoah has been recorded in the 20th century by a number of notable artists.
The song may or may not refer to the Shenandoah River or Valley, the Shenandoah River figures prominently in John Denvers Take Me Home, Country Roads, which associates the river with the state of West Virginia. Only the last 20 miles of the river are in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, more than 92% of the river and its forks and tributaries flow through Virginia. The original song Shenandoah River is included on the 2011 album Middle of Everywhere by Pokey LaFarge and those willing to brave the colder water of spring will be rewarded with a more challenging big-water experience. The South Fork is formed at Port Republic in southern Rockingham County, by the confluence of the North River and South River. It flows 98.5 miles northeast in a meandering course, past Elkton and Shenandoah, through Page Valley, with the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east
Kevin Hagen was an American actor best known for his role as Dr. Hiram Baker on NBCs Little House on the Prairie. Hagen was born in Chicago, Illinois, to professional dancers, Haakon Olaf Hagen. When Haakon Hagen deserted his family, young Hagen was reared by his mother, grandmother, as a 15-year-old, he relocated to Portland, where one of his aunts had taken a teaching job. Subsequently, employed by the U. S. State Department in West Germany, for a time he taught ballroom dancing, the specialty of his parents, for the Arthur Murray Company. Then, at the age of twenty-seven, he tried acting and he was spotted in a production of Eugene ONeills Desire Under the Elms and given a guest-starring role on the classic 1950s police series Dragnet, starring Jack Webb. Hagen began to work steadily in television and film and his first regular role on a series was in 1958 in the CBS cult western Yancy Derringer, starring Jock Mahoney in the title role. Hagen played John Colton, the city administrator of New Orleans, at the beginning of each episode, Colton asks Derringer to halt some threat facing the city, at the end of each segment, he arrests Derringer for breaking the law to solve the crisis.
On April 29,1962, Hagen was cast as the lead guest star in the episode Cort of the ABC-WB western series, with John Russell and Peter Brown. Mitch is compelled to confront Cort in a shootout during which he explains that it had been Cort himself, under the influence of a fever, Cort faints to the ground as he remembers the startling truth of the betrayal. From 1969 to 1970, Hagen appeared as Inspector Dobbs Kobick in nine episodes of Land of the Giants. E, Simon and Simon, and Knots Landing. He considered his big break to be the role of a Confederate renegade who kills James Stewarts son and his most famous role was one of his most pleasant, as kindly Doc Baker on Michael Landons Little House on the Prairie. He played the part of Doc Baker from 1974 to 1983, as well as in a one-man show, in 1992, he moved to Grants Pass in southwestern Oregon, and continued his acting career. In 2004, he was diagnosed with esophageal cancer and he was married to actress Susanne Cramer until her death in 1969.
Hagen died on July 9,2005, at his home in Grants Pass, at the time of his death, Hagen left a widow, his fourth wife, whom he met in 1993, and a son, Kristopher. Kevin Hagen at Find a Grave Kevin Hagen at the Internet Movie Database Series-80 - Biography TV Land - Little House on the Prairie
He appeared as a guest on various country music and talk shows. He starred in the science fiction movie, The Killer Shrews and its sequel. James Best was born as Jewel Franklin Guy on July 26,1926, in Powderly, Kentucky, to Lark and his mother was the sister of Ike Everly, the father of the pop duo The Everly Brothers. After his mother died of tuberculosis in 1929, three-year-old James was sent to live in an orphanage and he was adopted by Armen Best and his wife Essa and went to live with them in Corydon, Indiana. As an MP, Best played a role in bringing stability to war-torn Germany immediately after their surrender, while stationed in Germany, Best transferred out of the MP and joined a special services unit of actors for the US Army that travelled around Europe performing plays for the troops. This was the beginning of his acting career. Best began his acting career with an uncredited role in the 1950 film. He was further cast as Private Ridges in the 1958 film adaptation of Norman Mailers The Naked, Best guest-starred more than 280 times in numerous television series.
In 1954, he played the outlaw Dave Ridley, opposite Gloria Winters as the female bandit Little Britches in an episode of Stories of the Century, in 1954, Best appeared twice on the syndicated Annie Oakley series, starring Gail Davis and Brad Johnson. He was cast in the anthology series, Crossroads, in the 1956 episode The White Carnation. He was cast on an episode of Jackie Coopers early NBC sitcom, The Peoples Choice and in the David Janssen crime drama, Richard Diamond, in 1960, Best appeared in the episode Love on Credit of CBSs anthology series, The DuPont Show with June Allyson. The same year, he guest starred on The Andy Griffith Show as The Guitar Player and he starred in three episodes of The Twilight Zone including The Grave, The Last Rites of Jeff Myrtlebank and Jess-Belle. In 1963, he was cast as the courageous Wisconsin game warden, Ernie Swift, in the episode Open Season of another CBS anthology series, GE True, in the story line, Swift faces the reprisal of organized crime after he tickets gangster Frank MacErlane for illegal fishing.
In 1962, he played the part of Art Fuller in the episode Incident of El Toro on CBSs Rawhide and in 1963, Best made two guest appearances on Perry Mason. In 1963 he played title character Martin Potter in The Case of the Surplus Suitor, the Green Hornet, The Mod Squad, I Spy and The Fugitive. Best played Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane on CBSs The Dukes of Hazzard from the debut of the program in 1979 until the series ended in 1985 and this role was Bests most visible success. He revealed that the persona of Sheriff Coltrane was developed from a voice that he used when playing with his young children. On set, Best was particularly close to Sorrell Booke, who played the character of Boss Hogg, who was both the boss and the brother-in-law of Rosco
It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. The war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war. As the war continued, the actions of the Viet Cong decreased as the role. U. S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, in the course of the war, the U. S. conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam and they viewed the conflict as a colonial war and a continuation of the First Indochina War against forces from France and on the United States. The U. S. government viewed its involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam and this was part the domino theory of a wider containment policy, with the stated aim of stopping the spread of communism. Beginning in 1950, American military advisors arrived in what was French Indochina, U. S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s, with troop levels tripling in 1961 and again in 1962.
Regular U. S. combat units were deployed beginning in 1965, despite the Paris Peace Accord, which was signed by all parties in January 1973, the fighting continued. In the U. S. and the Western world, a large anti-Vietnam War movement developed as part of a larger counterculture, the war changed the dynamics between the Eastern and Western Blocs, and altered North–South relations. Direct U. S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973, the capture of Saigon by the North Vietnamese Army in April 1975 marked the end of the war, and North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities, estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed vary from 966,000 to 3.8 million. Some 240, 000–300,000 Cambodians,20, 000–62,000 Laotians, and 58,220 U. S. service members died in the conflict. Various names have applied to the conflict. Vietnam War is the most commonly used name in English and it has been called the Second Indochina War and the Vietnam Conflict.
As there have been several conflicts in Indochina, this conflict is known by the names of its primary protagonists to distinguish it from others. In Vietnamese, the war is known as Kháng chiến chống Mỹ. It is called Chiến tranh Việt Nam, France began its conquest of Indochina in the late 1850s, and completed pacification by 1893. The 1884 Treaty of Huế formed the basis for French colonial rule in Vietnam for the seven decades
James Lee Barrett
James Lee Barrett was an American author and screenwriter. Barrett, along with Peter Udell and Phillip Rose won the 1975 Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical for Shenandoah, which was based on his 1965 film by the same name, which starred James Stewart. Other notable works written by Barrett include the 1965 epic film The Greatest Story Ever Told, James Lee Barrett was responsible for adapting the 1967 movie In the Heat of the Night for television. The series starred Carroll OConnor and Howard Rollins, Barrett wrote the pilot episode and received the created by credit. A similarly themed Southern crime drama starring Jim Brown and George Kennedy, Barrett was born in 1929 in Charlotte, North Carolina and graduated in 1950 from Anderson University. Prior to his career as a screenwriter, he served in the United States Marines. His first screenplay was based on his teleplay The Murder of a Sand Flea the 1957 film, Barrett had been on Parris Island as a recruit in 1950. Barrett died in Templeton, California in 1989 of cancer, aged 59, Marines James Lee Barrett at the Internet Movie Database James Lee Barrett at AllMovie
Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign. The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a part of the film industrys awards season. The 74th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film, the 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, was held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel. In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish an honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as a figure within the entertainment industry. The official name of the award became the Cecil B. In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced, in its inaugural year, two Miss Golden Globes were named, one for film and one for television.
The two Miss Golden Globes named that year were Eva Six and Donna Douglas, respectively, in 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned. It was unveiled at a conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to 167 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars, gervais returned to host the 68th and 69th Golden Globe Awards the next two years. Tina Fey and Amy Poehler hosted the 70th, 71st and 72nd Golden Globe Awards in 2015, the Golden Globe Awards theme song, which debuted in 2012, was written by Japanese musician and songwriter Yoshiki Hayashi. On January 7,2008, it was announced due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast. In acting categories, Meryl Streep holds the record for the most competitive Golden Globe wins with eight, including honorary awards, such as the Henrietta Award, World Film Favorite Actor/Actress Award, or Cecil B.
DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand leads with nine, Streisand won for composing the song Evergreen, producing the Best Picture, and directing Yentl in 1984. Jack Nicholson, Angela Lansbury, Alan Alda and Shirley MacLaine have six awards each, behind them are Rosalind Russell and Jessica Lange with five wins. Meryl Streep holds the record for most nominations with thirty, at the 46th Golden Globe Awards an anomaly occurred, a three way-tie for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama
Denver Dell Pyle was an American film and television actor. He was known for portraying Briscoe Darling, Jr. in several episodes of The Andy Griffith Show, and playing Jesse Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard from 1979-85. Pyle was born in Bethune, Colorado on May 11,1920 to farmer Ben H. Pyle and his wife Maude, His brother, was a known for his work with Walt Disney Animation Studios. After graduating from school, Pyle briefly attended Colorado State University. Pyle was a drummer and band member until the United States entered World War II, after the war, Pyle embarked on his film career. He starred in movies and on television during the 1950s and 1960s. Pyle appeared twice as a bank robber in Duncan Renaldos syndicated western series The Cisco Kid. In 1954, he was cast as a henchman of the outlaw Sam Bass in Stories of the Century, Pyle was twice cast on CBSs The Public Defender in the role of George Hansen, and three times on the religious anthology series, Crossroads on ABC. He acted the part of a detective in the 1956 film noir Please Murder Me.
Pyle was cast as Carter in the 1955 episode Joeys Father on Fury, Three years later, he played an arsonist in the episode The Fire Watchers of the same series. In 1956 Pyle appeared as Vance Kiley in the episode called Quicksand in the TV western series Lone Ranger. In 1958, Pyle starred with Judith Evelyn in the episode Man in the Moon of the NBC docudrama about the Cold War Behind Closed Doors, hosted by and he appeared as a Professor in the syndicated Men Into Space series 1959 episode Moonquake. In an episode of Ripcord he played a suicidal parachutist, Pyle appeared twice each on the CBS western series My Friend Flicka and NBCs The Restless Gun with John Payne. He guest starred with Grant Withers in the 1959 episode Tumbleweed Ranger of Tris Coffins syndicated western series 26 Men and he appeared seven times on Richard Boones CBS western Have Gun – Will Travel, his final appearance on the show in 1960 as the character Croft in The Puppeteer. He guest starred in 1960 in several westerns, including Pony Express, The Man from Blackhawk.
He guest-starred in the episode Trail of the Dead, the story of five missing western prospectors and he appeared with Sammy Jackson in the episode Resurrection of the syndicated American Civil War drama, The Gray Ghost. He was cast as Big Red in the 1959 episode Woman in the River of the ABC/Warner Bros. detective series Bourbon Street Beat, starring Andrew Duggan and he made several appearances as Briscoe Darling, Jr. on The Andy Griffith Show. Pyle was cast in a number of movies by John Ford, including The Horse Soldiers with William Holden
Harry Carey Jr.
Henry George Dobe Carey Jr. known as Harry Carey Jr. was an American actor. He appeared in more than 90 films, including several John Ford Westerns, Carey was born in the Saugus neighborhood of Santa Clarita, the son of actor Harry Carey and actress Olive Carey. As a child, he learned to speak Navajo and his maternal grandfather was vaudeville entertainer George Fuller Golden. As a boy, he was nicknamed Dobe, short for adobe and he grew up on his parents ranch in Santa Clarita, they had horses and cattle. His family ranch was turned into a historic park by the Los Angeles County and was named Tesoro Adobe Park. He served with the United States Navy during World War II and he was a United States medical corpsman, but was assigned to do work in motion pictures. For this assignment, he worked with John Ford on films for the U. S. Military, both of his parents had appearances in Fords films as well. After the war, however, he attempted a career to avoid acting. He married Marilyn Fix, daughter of actor Paul Fix, in 1944, the couple went on to have four children.
Carey began acting in the John Ford Stock Company with his father, Carey collaborated frequently with director John Ford, who was a close friend. He appeared in such notable Ford films as 3 Godfathers, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon and he became a respected character actor like his father. He made four films with director Howard Hawks, the first was Red River, which featured both Carey and his father in separate scenes, followed by Monkey Business, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, and Rio Bravo. Carey is credited in Rio Bravo, but his scenes were cut, Carey speculated that Hawks either did not like Careys outfit or cut the scene because Carey addressed Hawks as Howard instead of Mr. Hawks. Carey collaborated with John Wayne with whom he made nine films and he got to work with Wayne first in Red River and last in Cahill U. S. Marshal. Red River starred Careys father, although they were not in any scenes together and he starred in nice films alongside Ben Johnson including Rio Grande and Cherry 2000. Between 1955 and 1957, Carey appeared as ranch counselor Bill Burnett in the serial Spin and Marty, a DVD version of The Adventures of Spin & Marty was released in December 2005 as part of the Walt Disney Treasures series.
Carey was interviewed by Leonard Maltin on the 50th anniversary of the debut as a DVD bonus feature. In the 1960s, Carey appeared on such series as Have Gun - Will Travel