Princeton Municipal Airport (Minnesota)
Princeton Municipal Airport is a city-owned public-use airport located one nautical mile southwest of the central business district of Princeton, a city in Mille Lacs County, United States. This airport is included in the FAA's National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems 2015-2019, which categorizes it as a general aviation airport. Although most U. S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, this airport is assigned PNM by the FAA but has no designation from the IATA. The Federal Aviation Administration relocated the flight service station for Minnesota to Princeton in 1987; the airport was renovated in 1988. Princeton Municipal Airport covers an area of 304 acres at an elevation of 980 feet above mean sea level, it has one runway designated 15/33 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,900 by 75 feet. For the 12-month period ending August 31, 2005, the airport had 13,300 aircraft operations, an average of 36 per day: 98% general aviation and 2% military. At that time there were 34 aircraft based at this airport: 85% single-engine, 3% multi-engine, 3% helicopter and 8% ultralight.
FAA Terminal Procedures for PNM, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for PNM AirNav airport information for KPNM FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures
Big Lake, Minnesota
Big Lake is a city in Sherburne County, United States. The population was 10,060 at the 2010 census. U. S. Highway 10 and Minnesota State Highway 25 are two of the main routes in Big Lake. Big Lake is located 41 miles northwest of Minneapolis. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.92 square miles. A portion of the city lies along the Elk River. Located about forty-one miles northwest of the Twin Cities, Big Lake was once a popular location for escapes from the city, its lakes dotted with summer cabins. Now it is considered an exurb of the metro area, with a significant portion of residents commuting into the Cities daily; the lake for which the town is named was once an important part of the Twin Cities economy, as in the days before modern refrigerators, much of the ice for metropolitan iceboxes was harvested from Big Lake. Big Lake is the northernmost terminus of the Northstar Commuter Rail line connecting the northwest suburbs and downtown Minneapolis. Commuters can use the Northstar Link Commuter Bus to reach St. Cloud, MN.
The median house/condo value in 2005 was estimated to be $207,400. As of the census of 2010, there were 10,060 people, 3,377 households, 2,500 families residing in the city; the population density was 4,767.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,640 housing units at an average density of 1,725.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.4% White, 1.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 1.6% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population. There were 3,377 households of which 50.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 26.0% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.38. The median age in the city was 29.5 years.
34.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.4% male and 49.6% female. 2013 Estimated Population is 10,298 As of the census of 2000, there were 6,063 people, 2,117 households, 1,570 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,688.4 people per square mile. There were 2,206 housing units at an average density of 614.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.70% White, 0.13% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.80% of the population. 38.6 % were of 15.2 % Norwegian, 7.5 % Irish, 7.5 % Swedish and 5.9 % Polish ancestry. There were 2,117 households out of which 44.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.23. In the city, the population was spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 37.3% from 25 to 44, 14.8% from 45 to 64, 5.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $50,658, the median income for a family was $54,038. Males had a median income of $35,279 versus $26,601 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,931. About 3.5% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. Big Lake was called Humboldt until 1867. Big Lake was established to harvest ice in both of its towns' lakes. Due to the rich amount of ice Big Lake provided, it needed to be transported enabling Big Lake to be suitable for a railway station, built in 1871.
Big Lake was served by both the Great Northern Railway and Northern Pacific Railroad Burlington Northern Railroad, now BNSF Railway. The city was host to a station of both GN and NP railways until the NP station burned in 1918, in years both railroads shared a depot; the depot no longer stands. Big Lake is known locally for its annual summer festival "Spud Fest," which celebrates all things potato-related; the festival is known for its large softball tournament, attracting teams from all over the state. Big Lake is home to the area famous ice auger company, Strike Master; the city hosts ISD # 727. The local newspaper is the West Sherburne Tribune The local youth baseball league is the Big Lake Baseball Association. City of Big Lake, MN – Official Website Big Lake Public Schools website
Hennepin County, Minnesota
Hennepin County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,152,425, it is the 35th-most populous county in the United States. Its county seat is the state's most populous city; the county is named in honor of the 17th-century explorer Father Louis Hennepin. Hennepin County is included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area; the center of population of Minnesota is in the city of Minneapolis. Hennepin County was created in 1852 by the Minnesota Territorial Legislature. Father Louis Hennepin's name was chosen because he named St. Anthony Falls and recorded some of the earliest accounts of the area for the Western world. Hennepin County's early history is linked to the establishment of the cities of Minneapolis and St. Anthony; the history of Hennepin County is cataloged at the Hennepin History Museum, located in Minneapolis. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 607 square miles, of which 554 square miles is land and 53 square miles is water.
Hennepin is one of 17 Minnesota counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils, is one of only two Minnesota counties with more than 75% of its area in savanna soils. The highest waterfall on the Mississippi River, the Saint Anthony Falls is in Hennepin County next to downtown Minneapolis, but in the 19th century, the falls were converted to a series of dams. Barges and boats now pass through locks to move between the parts of the river above and below the dams. Anoka County Ramsey County Dakota County Scott County Carver County Wright County Sherburne County Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge Mississippi National River and Recreation Area As of the 2010 Census, there were 1,152,425 people, 475,913 households, 272,885 families residing in the county; the racial makeup of the county was 74.4% White, 11.8% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 6.2% Asian, 3.4% from other races, 3.2% from two or more races. 6.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
According to the 2010–2015 American Community Survey, the largest ancestry groups were German, Norwegian and Swedish. At the 2000 Census, there were 1,116,200 people, 456,129 households, 267,291 families residing in the county; the population density was 774/km². There were 468,824 housing units at an average density of 325/km²; the racial makeup of the county was 80.53% White, 8.95% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 4.80% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.06% from other races, 2.60% from two or more races. 4.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 456,129 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.40% were non-families. 31.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county 24.00% of the population was under the age of 18, 9.70% was between 18 and 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, 11.00% were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $51,711, the median income for a family was $65,985 Accounting for inflation, these figures rise again to $76,202.87 for individuals, $92,353.46 for households, adjusted for 2014 dollars. Males had a median income of $42,466 versus $32,400 for females; the per capita income for the county was $28,789. About 5.00% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over. Hennepin County is the wealthiest county in Minnesota and one of the 100 highest-income counties in the United States. Besides English, languages with significant numbers of speakers in Hennepin County include Arabic, Khmer, Russian, Somali and Vietnamese. Like all counties in Minnesota, Hennepin is governed by an elected and nonpartisan board of commissioners.
In Minnesota, county commissions have five members, but Hennepin, Dakota, Anoka and St Louis counties have seven members. Each commissioner represents a district of equal population. In Hennepin the county commission appoints the medical examiner, county auditor-treasurer and county recorder; the sheriff and county attorney are elected on a nonpartisan ticket. The county government's headquarters are in downtown Minneapolis in the Hennepin County Government Center; the county oversees the Hennepin County Library system, Hennepin County Medical Center. The county commission elects a chair. Commissioners as of January 7, 2019 Hennepin County's normal operations are coordinated by the County Administrator David Hough, Deputy County Administrator for Health and Human Services Jennifer DeCubellis, Assistant County Administrator for Operations Chester Cooper, Acting Assistant County Administrator for Public Works Chris Sagsveen, Assistant County Administrator for Public Safety Mark Thompson. Under Administrator H
Elk River (Minnesota)
The Elk River is an 84.0-mile-long river in east-central Minnesota in the United States. It is a tributary of the Mississippi River, draining a watershed of 630 square miles; the Elk River rises in northern Benton County and flows southward. In Sherburne County the river turns southeastward, paralleling the Mississippi River for the remainder of its course, past the communities of Becker and Big Lake. In his 1843 map of the Upper Mississippi, Joseph Nicollet recorded this river as "Kabitawi R", reflecting Gaa-biitawi-ziibi in the Ojibwe) due to this parallel course with the Mississippi, it joins the Mississippi at the city of Elk River, after passing through Orono Lake, formed by a municipal hydroelectric dam. In Sherburne County's Big Lake Township, the Elk collects the Snake River. List of rivers of Minnesota
Isanti County, Minnesota
Isanti County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 37,816, its county seat is Cambridge. The county was formed on February 13, 1857, its name came from the Izaty Indians, the ancient name for the Santee Indians, members of the Dakota alliance. Isanti refers to the Santee tribe. Isanti County is included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Rum River flows south through the county's central part. The county's terrain is hilly and etched with drainages and gullies, dotted with lakes and ponds; the terrain slopes to the south and east. The county has a total area of 452 square miles, of which 436 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water; as of the 2000 census, there were 37,816 people, 14,331 households, 8,415 families in the county. The population density was 86.7/sqmi. There were 12,062 housing units at an average density of 27.7/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 96.0% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0..5% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races.
1.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.3% were of German, 21.3% Swedish, 12.7% Norwegian and 5.1% Irish ancestry. There were 11,236 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.10% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.15. The county population contained 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $50,127, the median income for a family was $55,996. Males had a median income of $39,381 versus $26,427 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $20,348. About 4.00% of families and 5.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over. This rural turned. In 2008, John McCain won this county with 57% of the vote, when he lost the state with just 44% of the vote. Norm Coleman did well, obtaining 48% of the vote while losing the state with 42%. Both George W. Bush and Tim Pawlenty won this county twice, winning a majority of the county each time. Democrats tend to do poorly here. In 2008, Barack Obama obtained just 41 %. Al Franken received just 33% of Isanti County's votes. Since 1992, just one Democrat won this county with over 50% of the vote. In 2016, Donald Trump won 65% of the vote here while narrowly losing the state to Hillary Clinton. Independents do well in this county. In 1998, the county's results were Jesse Ventura's best performance in the state, winning the county with over 50% of the vote. Ross Perot came in a close third place with 29 % of the vote.
Stanchfield National Register of Historic Places listings in Isanti County, Minnesota Minnesota DOT map of Isanti County
St. Francis River (Minnesota)
The Saint Francis River is a 79.0-mile-long tributary of the Elk River in east-central Minnesota in the United States. Via the Elk River, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area characterized by mixed hardwood and coniferous forests on flat to rolling till plains; the St. Francis River rises in Alberta Township in northeastern Benton County, flows southwardly through eastern Benton County, passing to the east of Foley and collecting a minor tributary known as the West Branch St. Francis River; the river turns eastward in northern Sherburne County, flows south- and southwestwardly through the Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge and Sand Dunes State Forest. It joins the Elk River in Big Lake Township in southern Sherburne County one mile north of the city of Big Lake. Canoeing is possible on some stretches of the river during periods of high water. Humans have lived in the St. Francis River valley for over 10,000 years. D. More the area was settled in the 1870s under the Homestead Act.
The St. Francis River basin was known as one of the finest wildlife areas in the state, with large numbers of ducks, muskrats and mink supported by small lakes and marshes near the river which were abundant with wild rice and other wetland plants; the surrounding upland was oak savanna which provided habitat for elk and gray wolves. By the mid-twentieth century, several developments had reduced the value of wildlife habitat in the basin. Wetlands were drained by a ditch system, built in the 1920s to increase agricultural area. In the early 1940s lakes and streams in the basin were invaded by carp, the feeding activities of which resulted in the uprooting of submerged vegetation important to aquatic wildlife. In addition, the native oak savanna upland habitat was converted to agriculture or home sites through logging and plowing. Protection from fire allowed the oak savanna to convert to dense woodlands; the Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1965 as an attempt to restore the native wildlife habitat of the St. Francis River's watershed, with land purchased using duck stamp funds.
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge: History". List of rivers of Minnesota
Wisconsin is a U. S. state located in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 20th most populous; the state capital is Madison, its largest city is Milwaukee, located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties. Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area; the Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.
Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers famous for its cheese. Manufacturing, information technology, cranberries and tourism are major contributors to the state's economy; the word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal. Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century; the legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. The Algonquin word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure.
Interpretations vary. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock". Wisconsin has been home to a wide variety of cultures over the past 14,000 years; the first people arrived around 10,000 BCE during the Wisconsin Glaciation. These early inhabitants, called Paleo-Indians, hunted now-extinct ice age animals such as the Boaz mastodon, a prehistoric mastodon skeleton unearthed along with spear points in southwest Wisconsin. After the ice age ended around 8000 BCE, people in the subsequent Archaic period lived by hunting and gathering food from wild plants. Agricultural societies emerged over the Woodland period between 1000 BCE to 1000 CE. Toward the end of this period, Wisconsin was the heartland of the "Effigy Mound culture", which built thousands of animal-shaped mounds across the landscape.
Between 1000 and 1500 CE, the Mississippian and Oneota cultures built substantial settlements including the fortified village at Aztalan in southeast Wisconsin. The Oneota may be the ancestors of the modern Ioway and Ho-Chunk tribes who shared the Wisconsin region with the Menominee at the time of European contact. Other Native American groups living in Wisconsin when Europeans first settled included the Ojibwa, Fox and Pottawatomie, who migrated to Wisconsin from the east between 1500 and 1700; the first European to visit what became Wisconsin was the French explorer Jean Nicolet. He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, it is traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay at Red Banks. Pierre Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers visited Green Bay again in 1654–1666 and Chequamegon Bay in 1659–1660, where they traded for fur with local Native Americans. In 1673, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first to record a journey on the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway all the way to the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien.
Frenchmen like Nicholas Perrot continued to ply the fur trade across Wisconsin through the 17th and 18th centuries, but the French made no permanent settlements in Wisconsin before Great Britain won control of the region following the French and Indian War in 1763. So, French traders continued to work in the region after the war, some, beginning with Charles de Langlade in 1764, settled in Wisconsin permanently, rather than returning to British-controlled Canada; the British took over Wisconsin during the French and Indian War, taking control of Green Bay in 1761 and gaining control of all of Wisconsin in 1763. Like the French, the British were interested in little but the fur trade. One notable event in the fur trading industry in Wisconsin occurred in 1791, when two free African Americans set up a fur trading post among the Menominee at present day Marinette; the first permanent settlers French Canadians, some Anglo-New Englanders and a few African American freedmen, arrived in Wisconsin while it was under British control.
Charles Michel de Langlade is recognized as the first settler, establishing a trading post at Green Bay in 1745, moving there permanently in 1764. Settlement began at Prairie du Chien around 1781; the French residents at the trading post in what is now Green Bay, referred to the t