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Sherpa Fire

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Sherpa Fire
SherpaFireBurnScar.jpg
The burn scar of the Sherpa Fire as seen from space on June 19.
LocationSanta Barbara County, California
Coordinates34°31′48″N 120°03′14″W / 34.53°N 120.054°W / 34.53; -120.054Coordinates: 34°31′48″N 120°03′14″W / 34.53°N 120.054°W / 34.53; -120.054
Statistics[1]
Date(s)June 15, 2016 (2016-06-15) - July 12, 2016 (2016-07-12)
Burned area7,474 acres (30 km2)
CauseUnder investigation
Non-fatal injuries9
Map
Sherpa Fire is located in southern California
Sherpa Fire
Location in Southern California

The Sherpa Fire was a wildfire that burned in the Santa Ynez Mountains along the Gaviota Coast in the southwestern part of Santa Barbara County, California in June 2016. In a matter of hours the fire spread to over 1,400 acres (570 ha) as the fire was propelled by downslope sundowner winds. This offshore northerly wind contrasts with the more typical onshore flow and sent the fire down the canyons towards the ocean with gusts of over 35 miles per hour (56 km/h). The wildfire resulted in evacuations at two state beach campgrounds and some residences together with intermittent interruption of traffic on a state transportation route.

Events[edit]

The fire was first reported shortly before 4:00pm on Wednesday June 15, 2016 in the Los Padres National Forest in an area that includes private inholdings.[1][2] In a matter of hours the fire had grown to over 1,400 acres (5.7 km2).[3] According to the United States Forest Service, the fire was propelled by downslope sundowner winds which sent the fire down canyons in the Santa Ynez Mountains with gusts of over 35 miles per hour (56 km/h). These contrasted with the typical onshore flow so the fire alternated directions between day and night as it continued to spread.[3] As the fire grew, evacuations were ordered for El Capitán State Beach, Refugio State Beach and residences in El Capitán Canyon. Both a Red Cross evacuation shelter and a livestock evacuation center were established as the fire was burning in an area with a number of large ranches.[3] As the fire ran down the slope, it forced the intermittent closure of the coastal highway designated as U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1 along with regional and interstate passenger trains and freight service on the adjacent rail line.[4] The fire grew to 4,000 acres (1,600 ha) overnight and destroyed the water system for El Capitán State Beach.[5]

Aerial view of DC-10 PhosChek drop on Northeast perimeter June 19, 2016.

By Thursday morning, the smoke was visible as far south as South Bay, Los Angeles as well as in Antelope Valley prompting the Los Angeles Fire Department to issue a statement regarding multiple 9-1-1 calls being received for the smell of smoke.[6] On the evening of Thursday 16, the sundowner winds resurfaced and once again forced the closure of the 101.[3]

On Friday morning, the Santa Barbara County office of emergency services declared a state of emergency for the region.[7] Additionally a Red flag warning was issued for the region effective through Saturday at 6:00am.[8] While firefighters battled the fire into the weekend, they were aided by weather changes which included reduced winds and higher humidities as the red flag conditions never truly emerged.[7]

On June 27, officials announced that the estimated containment date had been delayed until July 7.[9] According to a Forest Service Spokesman, the final 7% of the perimeter was in extremely rough terrain that was close to impossible for hand crews or bulldozers to reach.[9] Due to the difficulty of access the fire remained only 96% contained on July 9 and the estimated containment date was pushed back to July 21.[10] Due to favorable conditions, on July 12, the Sherpa fire was 100% contained ahead of schedule.[11] Because of the threat of flare ups within the burn area, patrols continued for several days.[12]

Effects[edit]

A Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane makes a drop over the fire

At the peak of the fire, nearly 2,000 firefighters were assigned to the incident.[13] Approximately 19 residents lost power as Southern California Edison was forced to shut down transmission lines that passed through the fire ground.[14]

More than a week after the fire broke out, Refugio State Beach reopened to visitors on June 26.[15] While no specific monetary assessment was made public, owners of the general store that services campers in the campground said they "lost a lot of business during the time the campground was closed."[15]

Following the fire, the El Capitán State Beach Campground was expected to remain closed for weeks.[16] The campground itself was not damaged but a water treatment plant that services the campground sustained major damage.[17]

Air quality advisories were put into effect on June 17 as haze and falling ash were visible in Los Angeles County.[18] The Santa Barbara County AIr Pollution Control District released a statement that said, in part, that while winds are dispersing some of the smoke, there are still pockets of poor air quality as a result of smoky conditions.[18]

Name[edit]

The fire spreading across the mountainside

The fire, which started on La Scherpa Ranch, had its name misspelled in the first written dispatches of the incident.[19] While intended to be named after the ranch on which the fire started, the 'c' in Scherpa was omitted. According to a spokesman with the United States Forest Service, "once the name of a fire is entered into the national fire reporting and naming system, it can't be changed. Doing so would confuse administrators, make the name unsearchable in records, and so on."[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sherpa Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  2. ^ staff (June 15, 2016). "Santa Barbara County fire scorches 1,200 acres along Gaviota coast". The Tribune and SanLuisObispo.com. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Magnoli, Giana. "Sherpa Fire Explodes to 4,000 Acres Overnight, Pushed by Sundowner Winds". Noozhawk. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  4. ^ Hodgson, Mike (June 17, 2016). "UPDATE: Highway 101 reopens after wind-driven Sherpa fire jumps freeway". Santa Maria Times. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  5. ^ Serna, Joseph; Fernandez, Alexia (June 17, 2016). "Santa Barbara County declares state of emergency after wildfire grows to 4,000 acres overnight". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Smoke From Sherpa Fire Prompts Air Quality Advisory For LA, Orange Counties". CBS Los Angeles. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  7. ^ a b Bolton, Tom (17 June 2016). "Crews Battling Sherpa Fire Catch a Break as Winds Fall Short of Forecast". Noozhawk. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  8. ^ Garcia, Ernesto (23 June 2016). "Sherpa Fire remains 93% contained, acreage dropped to 7,474". KSBY. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  9. ^ a b Bolton, Tom (27 June 2016). "Full-Containment Date for Sherpa Fire Delayed Until July 7". Noozhawk. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  10. ^ "Sherpa fire now at 96% containment". KSBY. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Sherpa fire 100% contained". KSBY. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Sherpa fire finally reaches 100% containment; Patrols continue". Noozhawk. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  13. ^ Aredas, Alysson. "Firefighters Injured in California Sherpa Fire | Firefighter Nation". Firefighter Nation. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  14. ^ Aredas, Alysson (21 June 2016). "Sherpa Fire 82 percent contained at nearly 8,000 acres". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  15. ^ a b Martinez, Alys (26 June 2016). "Refugio State Beach Reopens More Than A Week After Scherpa Fire Breaks Out". KEYT. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  16. ^ Carlson, Cheri (July 12, 2016). "Chumash firefighters work with archaeologists to protect vulnerable sites in Los Padres fire". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
  17. ^ Palminteri, John (24 June 2016). "El Capitan State Beach Water Repair on a Faster Track After Fire". KEYT. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Air quality reaches unhealthy levels after fires blanket SoCal". Southern California Public Radio. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  19. ^ a b Hayden, Tyler (20 June 2016). "Yes, 'Sherpa Fire' Is Spelled Wrong". www.independent.com. Santa Barbara Independent. Retrieved 24 June 2016.

External links[edit]