The Brinkerhoff–Becker House known as the Becker–Stachlewitz House, was built as a private home, is located at 601 West Forest Avenue Ypsilanti, Michigan. It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1977 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982; the Brinkerhoff–Becker House was built in 1863–69 for Hezekiah H. Brinkerhoff, an insurance and real estate agent; the Brinkerhoffs lived in the house until Hezekiah's death in 1885. It was purchased by J. M. B. Sill, one of the early Principals of the Michigan State Normal School. Charles J. Becker remodeled it to include the prominent tower; the Becker family lived there until 1918. It was remodeled into apartments; the house is owned by Eastern Michigan University and is split into four apartments. The Brinkerhoff–Becker House is a 2-1/2 story square frame Queen Anne structure covered with clapboard on a fieldstone foundation, it has a hip roof with prominent shingled gables on the front and rear that all display sunburst-pattern gable ornaments and paneled vergeboards.
Porches cover entrances on two sides, display turned posts and decorative spindlework bands across the tops. The house's most recognizable architectural feature is the round tower at the corner; the tower has a brick lower story, an upper story clad in cove-butt shingling, a "helmet dome" roof clad in octagon-butt, wood shingling. Apartment listing from Eastern Michigan University
A tornado is a rotating column of air, in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. The windstorm is referred to as a twister, whirlwind or cyclone, although the word cyclone is used in meteorology to name a weather system with a low-pressure area in the center around which winds blow counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern. Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes, they are visible in the form of a condensation funnel originating from the base of a cumulonimbus cloud, with a cloud of rotating debris and dust beneath it. Most tornadoes have wind speeds less than 110 miles per hour, are about 250 feet across, travel a few miles before dissipating; the most extreme tornadoes can attain wind speeds of more than 300 miles per hour, are more than two miles in diameter, stay on the ground for dozens of miles. Various types of tornadoes include the multiple vortex tornado and waterspout. Waterspouts are characterized by a spiraling funnel-shaped wind current, connecting to a large cumulus or cumulonimbus cloud.
They are classified as non-supercellular tornadoes that develop over bodies of water, but there is disagreement over whether to classify them as true tornadoes. These spiraling columns of air develop in tropical areas close to the equator and are less common at high latitudes. Other tornado-like phenomena that exist in nature include the gustnado, dust devil, fire whirl, steam devil. Tornadoes occur most in North America in central and southeastern regions of the United States colloquially known as tornado alley, as well as in Southern Africa and southeast Europe and southeastern Australia, New Zealand and adjacent eastern India, southeastern South America. Tornadoes can be detected before or as they occur through the use of Pulse-Doppler radar by recognizing patterns in velocity and reflectivity data, such as hook echoes or debris balls, as well as through the efforts of storm spotters. There are several scales for rating the strength of tornadoes; the Fujita scale rates tornadoes by damage caused and has been replaced in some countries by the updated Enhanced Fujita Scale.
An F0 or EF0 tornado, the weakest category, damages trees, but not substantial structures. An F5 or EF5 tornado, the strongest category, rips buildings off their foundations and can deform large skyscrapers; the similar TORRO scale ranges from a T0 for weak tornadoes to T11 for the most powerful known tornadoes. Doppler radar data and ground swirl patterns may be analyzed to determine intensity and assign a rating; the word tornado comes from the Spanish word tornado. Tornadoes opposite phenomena are the derechoes. A tornado is commonly referred to as a "twister", is sometimes referred to by the old-fashioned colloquial term cyclone; the term "cyclone" is used as a synonym for "tornado" in the often-aired 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. The term "twister" is used in that film, along with being the title of the 1996 tornado-related film Twister. A tornado is "a violently rotating column of air, in contact with the ground, either pendant from a cumuliform cloud or underneath a cumuliform cloud, visible as a funnel cloud".
For a vortex to be classified as a tornado, it must be in contact with both the ground and the cloud base. Scientists have not yet created a complete definition of the word. Tornado refers to the vortex of wind, not the condensation cloud. A tornado is not visible; this results in the formation of a visible funnel condensation funnel. There is some disagreement over the definition of a condensation funnel. According to the Glossary of Meteorology, a funnel cloud is any rotating cloud pendant from a cumulus or cumulonimbus, thus most tornadoes are included under this definition. Among many meteorologists, the'funnel cloud' term is defined as a rotating cloud, not associated with strong winds at the surface, condensation funnel is a broad term for any rotating cloud below a cumuliform cloud. Tornadoes begin as funnel clouds with no associated strong winds at the surface, not all funnel clouds evolve into tornadoes. Most tornadoes produce strong winds at the surface while the visible funnel is still above the ground, so it is difficult to discern the difference between a funnel cloud and a tornado from a distance.
A single storm will produce more than one tornado, either or in succession. Multiple tornadoes produced by the same storm cell are referred to as a "tornado family". Several tornadoes are sometimes spawned from the same large-scale storm system. If there is no break in activity, this is considered a tornado outbreak. A period of several successive days with tornado outbreaks in the same general area is a tornado outbreak sequence called an extended tornado outbreak. Most tornadoes take on the appearance of a narrow funnel, a few hundred yards across, with a small cloud of debris near the ground. Tornadoes may
Ypsilanti shortened to Ypsi, is a city in Washtenaw County in the U. S. state of Michigan best known as the home of Eastern Michigan University. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 21,018; the city is bounded to the north by Superior Township and on the west and east by Ypsilanti Township. Ypsilanti is located about 18 miles west of the Detroit city limits; the geographic grid center of Ypsilanti is the intersection of the Huron River and Michigan Avenue, the latter of which connects downtown Detroit, with Chicago and through Ypsilanti is concurrent with U. S. Route 12 Business and M-17. A trading post established in 1809 by Gabriel Godfroy, a French-Canadian fur trader from Montreal, a permanent settlement was established on the east side of the Huron River in 1823 by Major Thomas Woodruff, it was incorporated into the Territory of Michigan as the village Woodruff's Grove. A separate community a short distance away on the west side of the river was established in 1825 under the name "Ypsilanti", after Demetrios Ypsilantis, a hero in the Greek War of Independence.
Woodruff's Grove changed its name to Ypsilanti in 1829, the year its namesake won the war for the Greek Independence at the Battle of Petra, with the two communities merging. A bust of Demetrios Ypsilantis by Greek sculptor Christopher Nastos stands between a Greek and a US flag at the base of the landmark Ypsilanti Water Tower. Ypsilanti has played an important role in the automobile industry. From 1920 to 1922, Apex Motors produced the "ACE" car, it was in Ypsilanti that Preston Tucker designed and built the prototypes for his Tucker'48. Tucker's story was related in the film Tucker: The Man and His Dream, directed by Francis Ford Coppola. In 1945, Henry J. Kaiser and Joseph W. Frazer bought the nearby Willow Run B-24 Liberator bomber plant from Ford Motor Company, started to make Kaiser and Frazer model cars in 1947; the last Kaiser car made in Ypsilanti rolled off the assembly line in 1953, when the company merged with Willys-Overland and moved production to Toledo, Ohio. General Motors purchased the Kaiser Frazer plant, converted it into its Hydramatic Division, beginning production in November 1953.
The GM Powertrain Division ceased production at this facility in 2010. Ypsilanti is the location of the last Hudson automobile dealership. Today, the former dealership is the site of the Ypsilanti Automotive Heritage Collection; the museum is the home to an original Fabulous Hudson Hornet race car, which inspired the character Doc Hudson in the 2006 Pixar animated film Cars. In the early 1970s, along with neighboring city of Ann Arbor, the citizens reduced the penalty for the use and sale of marijuana to $5; when Ypsilanti prosecuted a man possessing 100 pounds of cannabis under state law, the defense argued he should have been charged under Ypsilanti's ordinance. The trial judge declared the ordinance's requirement that Ypsilanti prosecute only under city law unenforceable. An appeal court upheld the trial judge's ruling. Ypsilanti City Council, using its power of codification, deleted the ordinance. In 1979, Faz Husain was elected to the Ypsilanti city council, the first Muslim and the first native of India to win elected office in Michigan.
In the 1990s Ypsilanti became the first city in Michigan to pass a living wage ordinance. On July 23, 2007, Governor Jennifer Granholm announced that Ypsilanti, along with the cities of Caro and Clio, was chosen by the Michigan State Housing Development Authority to take part in the Blueprints for Michigan's Downtowns program; the award provides for an economic development consultant to assist Ypsilanti in developing a growth and job creation strategy for the downtown area. 1809 – Trading post established by French-Canadian Gabriel Godfroy from Montreal 1823 – Village of Woodruff's Grove platted 1825 – April 21, Plat recorded under the name Ypsilanti 1827 – Ypsilanti Township organized 1832 – June 19, Woodruff's Grove re-organized and incorporated as the Village of Ypsilanti 1849 – Eastern Michigan University founded as Michigan State Normal School 1858 – February 4, the Village of Ypsilanti reincorporated as a city 1890 – Michigan's first interurban, the Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti Street Railway, begins service 1890 – The Ypsilanti Water Tower is completed 1929 – Miller Motors Hudson opens, it becomes the last Hudson dealership in the world 1931 – McKenny Union opens as the first student union on the campus of a teachers' college.
1959 – Eastern Michigan becomes a university 1960 – Tom Monaghan founds Domino's Pizza as DomiNick's Pizza at 507 W. Cross St, Ypsilanti. 1967 – Ypsilanti resident John Norman Collins is suspected of being the perpetrator of the Michigan murders, a series of murders of coeds at the University of Michigan and Eastern Michigan University. He was of only one of the murders. 1990 – Eastern Michigan University achieves its highest student enrollment of 26,000 1998 – The Michigan Firehouse Museum is established preserving a firehouse built in 1898. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.52 square miles, of which 4.33 square miles is land and 0.19 square miles is water. The Huron River flows through the Charter Township of Ypsilanti. Ypsilanti is located at 42.24°N 83.62°W / 42.24. Suburban development between Ypsilanti and Ann Arbor, via Washtenaw Avenue and P
Eastern Michigan Eagles football
The Eastern Michigan Eagles are a college football program at Eastern Michigan University. They compete in the Mid-American Conference. Past names include Michigan State Normal College Normalites, Michigan State Normal College Hurons, Eastern Michigan Hurons. Since 1891, Eastern Michigan University has compiled an all-time record of 428-519-47, fielding a team in each year except 1944; the team has achieved five undefeated seasons, in 1906, 1925, 1927, 1943, 1945 and eight winless seasons, in 1891, 1910, 1941, 1949, 1960, 1961, 1981 and 2009. The team has never ended a season ranked in any major poll, is among the worst Division I FBS schools both in all-time win percentage and in all-time scoring margin; the team saw its greatest period of success from 1925 through 1939 under head coach Elton Rynearson, for whom their home field, Rynearson Stadium, is named. Among the lowest periods in the team's history was a 27-game losing streak in the early 1980s. Michigan State Normal School first fielded a football team in 1891.
The team had no official nickname, being known variously as the "Normalites" or the "Men from Ypsi". From 1892 to 1926, the team competed in the Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association, winning conference championships in 1896 and 1925; the 1916 season was cut short after four games when Coach Elmer Mitchell and four players contracted smallpox. In the late 1920s, Coach Elton Rynearson led the team to what remain their most successful seasons, with perfect seasons in 1925 and 1927, a record of 29–2 from 1925 through 1928. In 1929, the Michigan State Normal College Men's Union sponsored a contest to determine a nickname. A three-person committee chose "Hurons" from the contest entries; the name Hurons was submitted by George Hanner, both MSNC students. It is that Hanner got the idea from the Huron Hotel in downtown Ypsilanti, where he was employed. From 1927 to 1930 Michigan State Normal College competed in the Michigan Collegiate Conference, where they won the championship every year. Rynearson coached the Hurons through 1948, his 114 wins are more than double those of any other coach at the school.
In July 1952, Fred Trosko was hired as head football coach at Michigan State Normal College. Trosko had been a star college running back at Michigan under head coach Fritz Crisler; the team improved markedly during Trosko's early years as head coach. In his first seven seasons, the team attained a record of 41–19–2, including a 7–1–1 record in 1953 and an 8–1–0 record in 1954, his teams won Interstate Intercollegiate Athletic Conference championships in 1954 and 1957. The team's success came to an abrupt end in 1959. Trosko's teams had a 29-game winless streak starting with the third game of the 1959 season and continuing through the fifth game of the 1962 season; the precipitous decline followed the decision of the Eastern Michigan administration not to follow an IIAC policy that allowed member schools to award scholarships. Competing with non-scholarship athletes against conference schools with scholarship athletes, Trosko's Eastern Michigan teams were unable to compete. In August 1965, Trosko announced his resignation as the school's head football coach, it was reported that the resignation was the result of "an apparent break with school administrators over policy."Trosko had the second longest tenure of any head coach at the school.
He taught at Eastern Michigan and remained on the faculty at Eastern Michigan after retiring as football coach. He retired in 1981 as a professor emeritus. In 1982, he was inducted into the Eastern Michigan Sports Hall of Fame. Jerry Raymond was the head football coach of the Hurons for the 1965 and 1966 seasons, his coaching record at the school was 8 wins, 7 losses and 2 ties; as of the conclusion of the 2010 season, this ranks him #12 at Eastern Michigan in total wins and #13 at the school in winning percentage. In July 1967, Dan Boisture was hired as head coach at Eastern Michigan University, he commented that he was willing to go to a smaller school, saying, "There weren't many jobs open... Joan and I looked at the campus, it was a cute campus." Under his leadership, the team produced the longest period of sustained success since Elton Rynearson's days. The team posted winning seasons in all seven years of Boisture's coaching, including a 13-game winning streak that remains a school record.
His 1971 squad finished the regular season 7–0–2, only allowing one touchdown in the last five games, before losing to Louisiana Tech in the Pioneer Bowl, the first bowl trip in school history. Boisture was named NCAA District Four "coach of the year" in 1971. Boisture's tenure at Eastern Michigan is notable for the construction of Rynearson Stadium. Boisture's teams played their first two seasons at the old field, near the corner of Oakwood and Washtenaw, just west of McKenny Union. In 1969, the new stadium, considered off-campus at the time, opened with a capacity of 15,500. Boisture's bowl-bound 1971 team played for one of the few sellout crowds in the stadium's history, a 0–0 tie against Eastern Kentucky on October 16, 1971 which drew 17,360 spectators. In February 1974, Boisture left Eastern Michigan to coach the Detroit Wheels, in the Central Division of the World Football League
Bruce T. Halle Library
The Bruce T. Halle Library simply referred to as Halle Library, is the sole library on the Eastern Michigan University campus, it includes computer labs, study spaces, the Holman Learning Center, a distance-learning classroom, the Faculty Development Center, the IT Help Desk, a multi-media area, a theater, an auditorium, the University archives, the carillon tower, a Cafe. It houses one of the largest collections of children's literature in the United States; the building has full wireless connectivity, as well as Automated Retrieval Collection system, capable of housing 1 million items. While the most-used books are still on shelves, the majority of the school's books are stored within this system, which runs several stories underneath the library itself; the library is named for founder of Discount Tire and major benefactor. Bruce T. Halle Library is the third library building in Eastern Michigan University's history. Past libraries include Old Main, R. Clyde Ford Hall, University Library; the University Library is now the Eastern Michigan University College of Education, named in honor of Porter Hall.
The first library on campus was a single room in the Old Main administration building. The first building, dedicated as a library building was Ford Hall. Ford Hall was built in 1929 and University Library was built in 1967. In the 1990s students began to advocate for a new library due to overcrowding. Halle Library was built on the site of the old physical plant building; the facility's Architectural Style is Post Modern. During the facility's dedication in 1998, students faculty and staff lined up between University Library and Halle Library. Participants passed books one by one between the two libraries as a poetic gesture. In 2009 the Library featured work of Jessica Park; the 4 story library is 270,000 square feet and contains close to a million volumes split between a browsing level and an automated retrieval system. The building was designed to contain 520 computer stations, 1,500 network connections, wireless internet, a 70-seat teleconferencing room; the computer stations are broken down into a video studio, 6 computer classrooms, 3 large computer labs.
The carillon is A computer. Four speakers in the tower amplify the sound 1.5 miles. The library contains traditional collections, the University Archives, the Map Library, a periodicals collection, government documents, children's literature and a browsing collection; the building has a 100-seat auditorium, meeting rooms, Information Technology Help desk and the Eagle Cafe/snack store. The library houses one of the largest collections of children's literature in the United States; the Automated Retrieval Collection was the second of its kind to be used in a university library. The ARC system is part of a national trend towards condensed shelving and automatic access storage systems. Books that have not been checked out in ten years are placed in the ARC. Bruce Halle was the Founder of Discount Tire and a graduate of EMU in 1965; when Halle enrolled in 1948 the school EMU was still the Michigan State Normal College. He served as the Chairman of Discount Tire Company, inc. until his death on January 4, 2018.
Discount Tire Automated storage and retrieval system Media related to Bruce T. Halle Library at Wikimedia Commons
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches. There is no consensus for the beginning date of the Romanesque style, with proposals ranging from the 6th to the 11th century, this date being the most held. In the 12th century it developed into the Gothic style, marked by pointed arches. Examples of Romanesque architecture can be found across the continent, making it the first pan-European architectural style since Imperial Roman architecture; the Romanesque style in England is traditionally referred to as Norman architecture. Combining features of ancient Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is known by its massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy pillars, barrel vaults, large towers and decorative arcading; each building has defined forms of regular, symmetrical plan. The style can be identified right across Europe, despite regional characteristics and different materials. Many castles were built during this period, but they are outnumbered by churches.
The most significant are the great abbey churches, many of which are still standing, more or less complete and in use. The enormous quantity of churches built in the Romanesque period was succeeded by the still busier period of Gothic architecture, which or rebuilt most Romanesque churches in prosperous areas like England and Portugal; the largest groups of Romanesque survivors are in areas that were less prosperous in subsequent periods, including parts of southern France, rural Spain and rural Italy. Survivals of unfortified Romanesque secular houses and palaces, the domestic quarters of monasteries are far rarer, but these used and adapted the features found in church buildings, on a domestic scale. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "Romanesque" means "descended from Roman" and was first used in English to designate what are now called Romance languages; the French term "romane" was first used in the architectural sense by archaeologist Charles de Gerville in a letter of 18 December 1818 to Auguste Le Prévost to describe what Gerville sees as a debased Roman architecture.
In 1824 Gerville's friend Arcisse de Caumont adopted the label "roman" to describe the "degraded" European architecture from the 5th to the 13th centuries, in his Essai sur l'architecture religieuse du moyen-âge, particulièrement en Normandie, at a time when the actual dates of many of the buildings so described had not been ascertained: The name Roman we give to this architecture, which should be universal as it is the same everywhere with slight local differences has the merit of indicating its origin and is not new since it is used to describe the language of the same period. Romance language is degenerated Latin language. Romanesque architecture is debased Roman architecture; the first use in a published work is in William Gunn's An Inquiry into the Origin and Influence of Gothic Architecture. The word was used by Gunn to describe the style, identifiably Medieval and prefigured the Gothic, yet maintained the rounded Roman arch and thus appeared to be a continuation of the Roman tradition of building.
The term is now used for the more restricted period from the late 10th to 12th centuries. The term "Pre-romanesque" is sometimes applied to architecture in Germany of the Carolingian and Ottonian periods and Visigothic and Asturian constructions between the 8th and the 10th centuries in the Iberian Peninsula while "First Romanesque" is applied to buildings in north of Italy and Spain and parts of France that have Romanesque features but pre-date the influence of the Abbey of Cluny. Typical Romanesque architectural forms Buildings of every type were constructed in the Romanesque style, with evidence remaining of simple domestic buildings, elegant town houses, grand palaces, commercial premises, civic buildings, city walls, village churches, abbey churches, abbey complexes and large cathedrals. Of these types of buildings and commercial buildings are the most rare, with only a handful of survivors in the United Kingdom, several clusters in France, isolated buildings across Europe and by far the largest number unidentified and altered over the centuries, in Italy.
Many castles exist, the foundations of. Most have been altered, many are in ruins. By far the greatest number of surviving Romanesque buildings are churches; these range from tiny chapels to large cathedrals. Although many have been extended and altered in different styles, a large number remain either intact or sympathetically restored, demonstrating the form and decoration of Romanesque church architecture; the scope of Romanesque architecture Romanesque architecture was the first distinctive style to spread across Europe since the Roman Empire. With the decline of Rome, Roman building methods survived to an extent in Western Europe, where successive Merovingian and Ottonian architects continued to build large stone buildings such as monastery churches and palaces. In the more northern countries, Roman building styles and techniques had never been adopted except for official buildings, while in Scandinavia they were unknown. Although the round arch continued in use, the engineering skills required to vault large spaces and build large domes were lost.
There was a loss of stylistic continuity apparent in the decline of the formal vocabulary of the Classical Orders. In Rome several great Constantinian basilicas continued in use as an inspiration to builders; some traditions of Rom
Eastern Michigan University College of Technology
Eastern Michigan University College of Technology is one of the seven Colleges at Eastern Michigan University. The College of Technology is housed in Sill & Roosevelt Halls; the College consists of 1525 undergraduate and 452 graduate students. The College of Technology offers over 10 graduate programs; the Eastern Michigan University College of Technology was established by the board of regents in 1980. The school was the last of six schools established by the university. Today the college is housed in Sill & Roosevelt Halls. Courses are offered in many other buildings throughout the Eastern Michigan University campus and at 12 off campus sites; the College consists of 1525 undergraduate and 452 graduate students, over 50 tenure track faculty in the School of Technology Studies, the School of Engineering Technology & the Military Science Department. The College is known for some of its programs such as the Aviation program; the COT's aviation program is fastest-growing aviation program in the Great Lakes region.
The Eastern Michigan University College of Technology is broken down into five departments & schools. These departments and schools are the School of Engineering Technology, School of Information Security and Applied Computing, School of Technology and Professional Services Management, School of Visual and Build Environments, Military Science & Leadership Department and Centers & Institutes; the EMU Aviation program offers bachelor of science degrees in Aviation Flight Technology and in Aviation Management. Founded in 2001, EMU Aviation has about 180 students at any given time, making it the largest collegiate flight school in the southeastern Michigan and northwestern Ohio area, it is the fastest-growing aviation program in the Great Lakes region. EMU Aviation, Eagle Flight Center, is located 5 minutes from EMU Campus at the Willow Run Airport; the Paralegal Studies Program offers both a bachelor's and second bachelor's degree in paralegal studies. In addition, the program operates the Washtenaw County/EMU Legal Resource Center for members of the public, the only legal resource center in Michigan staffed by students.
The program is one of fourteen in Michigan approved by the American Bar Association. In the fall of 2009, the Eastern Michigan University College of Technology established the Polymers and coating program. In 2009, the Polymers and Coating program was the third program established in the United States. Today the program is of four Polymers and coating programs in the United States. American engineer, John Texter is a professor for the program; the Army ROTC program at Eastern Michigan University started on the campus in 1952. The Army ROTC program is part of the Military Science department in the COT. At the start of the program EMU was known as the Michigan State Normal School and had 213 freshmen enrolled in Army ROTC classes. Prior to the 1968-69 school year, Army ROTC was mandatory for all first-semester freshman males for their first two years of college and were taught in Welch Hall. EMUs Army ROTC program became elective in 1968 following the Vietnam War; the program has been housed in Roosevelt Hall since July 1973.
The facility included a firing range and has since been converted into a world class physical fitness and leadership center. The highest enrollment into the program was in 1966 with a total of 1,856 cadets. EMUs Army ROTC program is one of the top US Army officer producing programs in the state of Michigan and has been recognized as Michigan's top Army officer producing program for the Michigan Army National Guard