Shihabuddin Omar

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Omar Khan Khalji
Shibab-ud-din
ReignJanuary 5, 1316 to April 1316
PredecessorAlauddin Khalji
SuccessorQutb-ud-din Mubarak
Born1310 or 1311
Died1316
Gwalior, India (Delhi Sultanate)
DynastyKhalji Dynasty
FatherAlauddin Khalji
ReligionIslam

Shibab-ud-din Omar Khan Khalji (1310?–1316) was the third Sultan of the Khalji Dynasty and 13th Sultan of Delhi. He ascended the throne as a minor with the death of his father Alauddin Khalji in January 1316. He became Sultan with the help of Malik Kafur, the Military Commander. After the assassination of Kafur, his brother Qutb-ud-din Mubarak became Sultan.

Early life[edit]

According to the 14th century chronicler Isami, Shihab-ud-Din was Alauddin's son from Jhatyapali, the daughter of Ramachandra of Devagiri.[1]

Reign under Malik Kafur's regency[edit]

Allauddin Khalji, the second ruler of the Khalji dynasty, died on 3 January 1316.[2] Malik Kafur, the commander-in-chief of the army, placed the young Shibabuddin on the throne and became the regent. Kafur executed all the princes having any claim to the throne. The eyes of Princes Khizr Khan and Shadi Khan were ordered to be cut out. Prince Mubarrak was detained in the Palace of Thousand Pillars but escaped using his cleverness. Nobles and Slaves of Allauddin were also punished. Kafur ruled for 35–36 days before being assassinated by Allauddin's bodyguards. In April 1316 Prince Mubarrak detained Shibabuddin and became the Sultan. Shibabuddin was moved to Gwalior where he died the same year.

Title[edit]

Shibabuddin's complete title was:

"al-sultan al-azam shihab al-dunya wa'l din abu'l muzaffar umar shah al-sultan".[3]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kishori Saran Lal (1950). History of the Khaljis (1290-1320). Allahabad: The Indian Press. OCLC 685167335.