Shimer College was an American Great Books college located in Mount Carroll Waukegan and Chicago, Illinois. In 2017, it was incorporated into North Central College as the Shimer School of Great Books in Naperville, Illinois. Founded in 1853 as the Mt. Carroll Seminary in Mount Carroll, the school became affiliated with the University of Chicago and was renamed the Frances Shimer Academy in 1896, it was renamed Shimer College in 1950, when it began offering a four-year curriculum based on the Hutchins Plan of the University of Chicago. Although the University of Chicago parted with Shimer in 1958, Shimer continued to use a version of that curriculum; the college left Mount Carroll for Waukegan in 1978, moving to Chicago in 2006. It was acquired by North Central College in 2017, its academic program was based on a core curriculum of sixteen required courses in the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences. All courses were small seminars with no more than twelve students, are based on original sources from a list of about 200 core texts broadly based on the Great Books canon.
Classroom instruction was Socratic discussion. Considerable writing was required, including a senior thesis. Students were admitted on the basis of essays and interviews. Shimer had one of the highest alumni doctorate rates in the country. While in Chicago, Shimer occupied a complex designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe on the main campus of the Illinois Institute of Technology in the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago's Near South Side; the American Institute of Architects has called the IIT campus one of the 200 most significant works of architecture in the United States, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005. Shimer was, until joining North Central College, governed internally by an assembly in which all community members had a vote. According to The New York Times, students "share a love of books a disdain for the conventional style of education. Many say they did not have a good high school experience". Students, who tend to be individualistic and creative thinkers, are encouraged to ask questions.
Shimer averaged 125 students, enrolled 97 in 2014. Most Shimer alumni went on to graduate studies. In 2016, Shimer announced an agreement to be acquired by North Central College "with the intention of a completed acquisition on or around March 1, 2017." The agreement came to fruition on June 1, 2017, when Shimer's faculty and curriculum were subsumed into North Central as a department known as the Shimer Great Books School of North Central College. In 1852, the pioneer town of Mount Carroll, lacking a public school, incorporated the Mount Carroll Seminary with no land, no teachers and no money; the town persuaded Frances Wood and Cindarella Gregory, two schoolteachers from Ballston Spa, New York, to come and teach. On May 11, 1853, the new seminary opened in a local church with eleven students. Unable to raise sufficient funds locally, the seminary's founders borrowed money to construct a building in 1854, they were discouraged by the school's finances and sold it to Wood and Gregory, who borrowed money for the purchase.
In 1857, Wood married Henry Shimer, a mason, a creditor of the seminary. In 1864, the overcrowded school began accepting female students only. To ensure the seminary's long-term survival, in 1896 Frances Shimer reached an agreement with the University of Chicago in which the school became the Frances Shimer Academy of the University of Chicago and was loosely affiliated with the Baptist Church, she retired to Florida, never returning to the school, died in 1901. University of Chicago president William Rainey Harper was the first to champion junior colleges in the United States, in 1907 Shimer became one of the first schools to offer a junior-college program; the two-year junior-college program, operating with the original preparatory program, was accredited in 1920. The college had a precipitous decline in enrollment and financial stability during and after the Great Depression, weathering the storm under five successive presidents, its survival was due in part to the reorganization of the six-year preparatory program into a four-year junior college program and in part to steep salary reductions.
In 1943, Shimer president Albin C. Bro invited the Department of Education at the University of Chicago to evaluate the college community; the school was renamed Shimer College in 1950, adopting the great-books curriculum in place at the University of Chicago. The university connection dissolved in 1958 after the latter's decision to abandon the great-books plan, Shimer narrowly avoided bankruptcy in 1957; the great-books program at Shimer continued, the school enjoyed national recognition and a rapid growth in enrollment during the 1960s. In 1963, a Harvard Educational Review article listed Shimer as one of 11 colleges with an "ideal intellectual climate". According to a 1966 article in the education journal Phi Delta Kappan, Shimer "present impressive statistical evidence that their students are better prepared for graduate work in the arts and sciences and in the professions than those who have specialized in particular areas". During the late 1960s, Shimer experienced a period of internal unrest known as the Grotesque Internecine Struggle, with disputes over curriculum changes, the extent to which student behavior should be regulated and inadequate fundraising by president Francis Joseph Mullin.
Half the faculty and a large portion of the student body left as a
RemObjects Software is an American software company founded in 2002 by Alessandro Federici and Marc Hoffman. It develops and offers tools and libraries for software developers on a variety of development platforms, including Embarcadero Delphi, Microsoft. NET, Apple's Xcode. RemObjects Software was founded in the summer of 2002, its first product was RemObjects SDK 1.0 for Delphi, the company’s remoting solution, now in its 6th version. In late 2003 RemObjects expanded its product portfolio to add Data Abstract for Delphi, a multi-tier database framework built on top of the SDK. In 2004, Carlo Kok, who would become Chief Compiler Architect for Oxygene, joined the company, adding the open source Pascal Script library for Delphi to the company's portfolio. Initial development began on Oxygene based on Carlo’s experience from writing the used Pascal Script scripting engine. Towards the end of 2004, RemObjects SDK for. NET was released. Chrome 1.0 was released in mid-2005. NET 1.1 and. NET 2.0, still in beta at the time - making Chrome the first shipping language that supported features such as generics.
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In October 2008, RemObjects Software and Embarcadero Technologies announced plans to collaborate and ship future versions of Oxygene under the Delphi Prism moniker changed to Embarcadero Prism. The first of these releases of Prism became available in December 2008. Over the course of 2009, RemObjects software completed the expansion of its Data Abstract and RemObjects SDK product combo to a third development platform - Xcode and Cocoa, for both Mac OS X and iPhone SDK client development. RemObjects SDK for OS X shipped in the spring of 2009, followed by Data Abstract for OS X in the fall. In 2011, Oxygene was expanded to add support for the Java platform, in addition to NET. In 2014, RemObjects introduced a $699 C# compiler which runs as a Visual Studio 2013 plugin, that can output code for iOS, MacOS and Android, in addition to. NET compatible code. In addition, an IDE called Fire was introduced for macOS which works with their C# and Oxygene compilers. In February 2015, RemObjects introduced a beta version of a Swift compiler called Silver that runs as a Visual Studio plug in and that can create code that will execute on Android, the JVM.
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Frank Clifford Whitmore Jr. was an American geologist including chief of the Military Geology Unit of the United States Geological Survey, vertebrate paleontologist with the Paleontology and Stratigraphy Branch of the United States Geological Survey, awardee of the Medal of Freedom, fellow of the Geological Society of America, fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Penrose Medal citationist, awardee of the Thomas Jefferson Medal for Outstanding Contributions to Natural Science, Honorable Kentucky Colonel, member of the National Geographic Society Committee for Research and Exploration, founding member of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, recipient of the Meritorious Service Award by the United States Department of Interior. Whitmore was born at home in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on November 17, 1915, to Marin Gertrude and Frank Clifford Whitmore a graduate student at Harvard University and a prominent chemist. In 1934, Whitmore enrolled as an English major at Massachusetts.
To complete his science requirement Whitmore took historical geology taught by F. B. Loomis. Whitmore was the only student who signed up so Loomis geared the class on vertebrate evolution, his research interest. By the end of that year, Whitmore decided he wanted to be a vertebrate paleontologist."Whitmore completed his B. S. cum laude with honorable mention in geology from Amherst centered on vertebrate paleontology and his M. S. from Penn State studying paleontology under Frank M. Swartz and stratigraphy under Paul Kimitrie Kyrine. Whitmore continued his education at Harvard University, studying under vertebrate paleontologist, Alfred Sherwood Romer. Whitmore was Romer's first student from the geology department. Whitmore's first real field experience in vertebrate paleontology came during the summer of 1940 when he traveled with the Harvard field crew to the Uinta Basin of Utah to collect fossil mammals. While working on his doctorate Whitmore served as a teaching fellow and university fellow in paleontology.
Whitmore's doctoral study, suggested by Romer, was the cranial morphology of three Oligocene artiodactyls. Whitmore wrote, "It is the purpose of this study to examine in detail the cranial anatomy of some of these extinct genera, because endocranial characteristics are nonadaptive, that is, unlikely to be influenced by the environment, therefore useful in determining the taxonomic position of groups of animals." For this study, a serial sectioning apparatus was designed and built by F. Russell Olsen of Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology; this sectioning technique, perfected for paleobotany with cellulose acetate peels, was adapted for vertebrates and described in a paper by Olsen and Whitmore. It was a pioneering achievement in its approach and formed the basis of work by others, in which details of cranial anatomy such as blood circulation, ear morphology, brain configuration have been used in polygenetic studies of fossil mammals. Whitmore's first postgraduate job was a teaching position at Rhode Island State College from 1942 to 1944.
When the Army Specialized Training Program came to the college, he taught economic and political geography. Preparation for these courses aided him most in the next phase of his career. In March of 1944, Whitemore was hired by the U. S. Geological Survey to edit classified reports in the one-year old Military Geology Unit. By September of 1945, he had become chief editor, supervising four geologists and 15 typists and draftsmen. Whitmore moved to Southwest Pacific Area, his position as scientific consultant on terrain intelligence took him first to Manila, where he organized the Natural Resources Section of the General Headquarters of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, in preparation for the occupation of Japan. After two months, he relocated to Tokyo, where he served as chief of the Engineering Geology Unit, Natural Resources Section, he supervised the field checking of terrain intelligence reports and consulted with the U. S. Army on foundation conditions, location of construction materials, selection of airfield and port sites.
Whitmore became a commodity specialist in precious metals, compiling data on gold and silver production in Japan. As Whitmore tells it, "Since I was the paleontologist and didn't know much, they looked around for the least harmful thing for me to do. That's. My job was to hold audience with Japanese gold and silver mine operations and tell them'no,' they could not mine gold, it was the perfect bureaucrat's job, sitting there all day saying'no.' I was in charge of the vaults of Japan, where I saw more money than I will see again, with piles of sheet gold one meter on a side." There were stacks of platinum crucibles and "buckets of diamonds." One example the unit's work was the identification of where Japanese Fire Bomb Balloons were being launched. From late 1944 until early 1945, the Japanese launched over 9,300 of fire balloons, of which 300 were found or observed in the U. S. Despite the high hopes of their designers, the balloons were ineffective as weapons; some of the ballast sandbags dropped by the balloons were taken to the Military Geology Unit for investigation.
The geologists began microscopic and chemical examination of the sand to determine types and distribution of diatoms and other microscopic sea creatures, its mineral composition. They determined, it had to be coming from Japan. The geologists determined the precise bea