Arihata Station is a railway station on the Ōminato Line in the town of Yokohama, Kamikita District, Aomori Prefecture, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Arihata Station is served by the Ōminato Line, is located 36.0 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Noheji Station. Arihata Station has a single ground-level side platform serving a single bidirectional track. There is no station building, but only a small rain shelter for passengers on the platform; the station is unattended. Arihata Station was opened on June 10, 1946. With the privatization of the Japanese National Railways on April 1, 1987, it came under the operational control of JR East. National Route 279 Arihata Elementary School Official website
An island platform is a station layout arrangement where a single platform is positioned between two tracks within a railway station, tram stop or transitway interchange. Island platforms are popular on twin-track routes due to cost-effective reasons, they are useful within larger stations where local and express services for the same direction of travel can be provided from opposite sides of the same platform thereby simplifying transfers between the two tracks. An alternative arrangement is to position side platforms on either side of the tracks; the historical use of island platforms depends upon the location. In the United Kingdom the use of island platforms is common when the railway line is in a cutting or raised on an embankment, as this makes it easier to provide access to the platform without walking across the tracks. Island platforms are necessary for any station with many through platforms. Building small two-track stations with a single island platform instead of two side platforms does have advantages.
Island platforms allow facilities such as shops and waiting rooms to be shared between both tracks rather than being duplicated or present only on one side. An island platform makes it easier for wheelchair users and other people with physical limitations to change services between tracks or access facilities. If the tracks are above or below the entrance level, an island platform layout requires only one staircase and one elevator be built to access the platforms. Building the tracks and entrance at the same level creates a disadvantage. If an island platform is not wide enough to cope with passenger numbers, overcrowding can be a problem. Examples of stations where a narrow island platform has caused safety issues include Clapham Common and Angel on the London Underground. An island platform requires the tracks to diverge around the center platform, extra width is required along the right-of-way on each approach to the station on high-speed lines. Track centers vary for rail systems throughout the world but are 3 to 5 meters.
If the island platform is 6 meters wide, the tracks must slew out by the same distance. While this requirement is not a problem on a new line under construction, it makes building a new station on an existing line impossible without altering the tracks. A single island platform makes it quite difficult to have through tracks, which are between the local tracks. A common configuration in busy locations on high speed lines is a pair of island platforms, with slower trains diverging from the main line so that the main line tracks remain straight. High-speed trains can therefore pass straight through the station, while slow trains pass around the platforms; this arrangement allows the station to serve as a point where slow trains can be passed by faster trains. A variation at some stations is to have the slow and fast pairs of tracks each served by island platforms A rarer layout, present at Mets-Willets Point on the IRT Flushing Line, 34th Street – Penn Station on the IRT Seventh Avenue Line and 34th Street – Penn Station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, uses two side platforms for local services with an island in between for express services.
The purpose of this atypical design was to reduce unnecessary passenger congestion at a station with a high volume of passengers. Since the IRT Seventh Avenue Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line have adjacent express stations at 42nd Street, passengers can make their transfers from local to express trains there, leaving more space available for passengers utilizing intercity rail at Pennsylvania Station; the Willets Point Boulevard station was renovated to accommodate the high volume of passengers coming to the 1939 World's Fair. Many of the stations on the Great Central Railway were constructed in this form; this was. If this happened, the lines would need to be compatible with continental loading gauge, this would mean it would be easy to change the line to a larger gauge, by moving the track away from the platform to allow the wider bodied continental rolling stock to pass while leaving the platform area untouched. Island platforms are a normal sight on Indian railway stations. All railway stations in India consist of island platforms.
In Toronto, 29 subway stations use island platforms. In Sydney, on the Eastern Suburbs Railway and the Epping Chatswood Railway, the twin tunnels are spaced and the tracks can remain at a constant track centres while still leaving room for the island platforms. A slight disadvantage is. In Edmonton, all 18 LRT stations on the Capital Line and Metro Line use island platforms; the Valley Line under construction, utilizes the new low-floor LRT technology, but will only use island platforms on one of the twelve stops along the line. In southern New Jersey and Philadelphia, PATCO uses island platforms in all of its 13 s
Noheji Station is a railway station in the town of Noheji, Aomori Prefecture, jointly operated by the East Japan Railway Company and the third sector railway operator Aoimori Railway Company. Noheji Station is served by the Aoimori Railway Line, is 44.6 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Aomori Station. It is the terminal station for the Ōminato Line. Noheji Station has a single ground-level side platform and two ground-level island platforms serving five tracks, connected by a footbridge; the station building has a manned ticket office, as well as an automatic ticket machine. Enburi, it was nationalized on July 1, 1906 and became a station of the Japanese Government Railways Tōhoku Main Line. On March 20, 1921, it became the southern terminus of the Ōminato Line. After the end of World War II, the JGR became the Japanese National Railways. On March 15, 1954 a F-84 Thunderjet from nearby Misawa Air Base crashed on top of Noheji Station, destroying the station building and killing twelve people.
The explosion left a crater three meters wide and two meters deep, set fire to one of the carriages of the Tōhoku Main Line. Platforms 1 through 3 were destroyed; the pilot ejected, but his parachute failed to open and he was killed. From August 5, 1968, the Nanbu Jūkan Railway began operations from Noheji. With the privatization of JNR on April 1, 1987, it came under the operational control of JR East; the control of the Tōhoku Main Line was transferred to Aoimori Railway on December 4, 2010, the day the Tōhoku Shinkansen was extended to Shin-Aomori. In fiscal 2015, the station was used by an average of 290 passengers daily. National Route 4 National Route 279 Aomori Prefectural Noheji High School List of Railway Stations in Japan JTB Timetable December 2010 issue Noheji Station Noheji Station
Mutsu is a city located in Aomori Prefecture, Japan. As of 28 February 2017, the city had an estimated population of 59,807, a population density of 69.2 persons per km², in 29,304 households. Its total area is 864.16 square kilometres, making it the largest municipality in Aomori Prefecture in terms of area. Mutsu occupies most of Shimokita Peninsula and is bordered by Mutsu Bay to the south and Tsugaru Strait to the north, is the northernmost city on the island of Honshū. Parts of the city is within the limits of the Shimokita Hantō Quasi-National Park; the volcanic Osorezan Mountain Range extends across the northern portion of the city, includes a number of caldera lakes. Aomori Prefecture Kazamaura Ōma Higashidōri Sai Yokohama Mutsu has a rare oceanic climate or warm-summer humid continental climate by 0 °C isoterm, the south of the city being the northern boundary of the hot-summer type in Aomori, disregarding rural areas in the west; the city is cool to cold winters with heavy snowfall.
The average annual temperature in Mutsu is 7.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1339 mm with September as the wettest month; the temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 20.3 °C, lowest in January, at around -4.6 °C. Per Japanese census data, the population of Mutsu has declined over the past 40 years. Mutsu was founded as September 1959 through the merger of the former towns of Ōminato and Tanabu. Tanabu had been the location of a daikansho under the Morioka Domain in the Edo period, was a resettlement and colonization zone for dispossessed ex-samurai of the defeated Aizu Domain after the Boshin War. Ōminato was a port town, home to the Ōminato Guard District, a major base for the Imperial Japanese Navy until the end of World War II. The base facilities were used by the United States Navy during the occupation of Japan, by the Japan Maritime Self Defence Force to date; the new city was called Ōminato-Tanabu. At the time, it was the only city with a hiragana name, adopted to avoid confusion with the original kanji word Mutsu which indicates the old province that covered most of the modern Tōhoku region.
On March 14, 2005, the towns of Kawauchi and Ōhata, the village of Wakinosawa were merged into Mutsu. Mutsu has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 26 members; the economy of Mutsu is dependent on agriculture and fishing scallop aquaculture in Mutsu Bay. The city is the location for various facilities of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, was the home port for the nuclear powered research vessel Mutsu, until its decommissioning in 1997. Mutsu has 13 public elementary schools and nine middle schools operated by the city government, four public high schools operated by the Aomori Prefectural Board of Education. Tanabu High School Ōminato High School Mutsu Technical High School Ōminato High School - Kawauchi Branch East Japan Railway Company - Ōminato Line Chikagawa, Akagawa, Shimokita, Ōminato Japan National Route 279 Japan National Route 338 - Port Angeles, United States Mount Osore Lake Usori Yagen Valley Yuya Asahina – manga artist Yuzo Kawashima – movie director Ryu Fujisaki – manga artist Fumie Hosokawa – actress and gravure model Kenichi Matsuyama – actor Mitsuru Koizumi - International Entrepreneur Hiromu Akita - musician Media related to Mutsu, Aomori at Wikimedia Commons Official Website
Mutsu-Yokohama Station is a railway station on the Ōminato Line in the town of Yokohama, Kamikita District, Aomori Prefecture, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Mutsu-Yokohama Station is served by the Ōminato Line, is located 30.1 kilometers from the official starting point of the line at Noheji Station. Mutsu-Yokohama Station has a single island platform serving two tracks, with a small spur line for trains to be taken off the main rails for maintenance; the small station building has lacked a station master since budgetary restrictions in December 1999. Mutsu-Yokohama Station was opened on March 20, 1921 as a station on the Japanese Government Railways. All freight operations were discontinued as of March 15, 1973. With the privatization of the Japanese National Railways on April 1, 1987, it came under the operational control of JR East. Yokohama Town Hall Yokohama Post Office In fiscal 2015, the station was used by an average of 71 passengers daily. List of Railway Stations in Japan Official website
Japanese National Railways
Japanese National Railways, abbreviated Kokutetsu or "JNR", was the business entity that operated Japan's national railway network from 1949 to 1987. As of June 1, 1949, the date of establishment of JNR, it operated 19,756.8 km of narrow gauge railways in all 46 prefectures of Japan. This figure expanded to 21,421.1 km in 1981, but reduced to 19,633.6 km as of March 31, 1987, the last day of JNR. JNR operated both freight services. Shinkansen, the world's first high-speed railway was debuted by JNR in 1964. By the end of JNR in 1987, four lines were constructed: Tōkaidō Shinkansen 515.4 km, completed in 1964 Sanyō Shinkansen 553.7 km, completed in 1975 Tōhoku Shinkansen 492.9 km, as of 1987 Jōetsu Shinkansen 269.5 km, completed in 1982 JNR operated bus lines as feeders, supplements or substitutions of railways. Unlike railway operation, JNR Bus was not superior to other local bus operators; the JR Bus companies are the successors of the bus operation of JNR. JNR operated ferries to connect railway networks separated by sea or to meet other local demands: Kanmon Ferry Shimonoseki Station – Mojikō Station Miyajima Ferry Miyajimaguchi Station – Miyajima Station Nihori Ferry Nigata Station – Horie Station Ōshima Ferry Ōbatake Station – Komatsukō Station Seikan Ferry Aomori Station – Hakodate Station Ukō Ferry Uno Station – Takamatsu Station Out of three routes assigned to JR companies in 1987, only the Miyajima Ferry remains active as of 2010.
A number of unions represented workers at JNR, including the National Railway Workers' Union, the National Railway Locomotive Engineers' Union, Doro-Chiba, a break-away group from Doro. The term Kokuyū Tetsudō "state-owned railway" referred to a network of railway lines operated by 17 private companies that were nationalized following the Railway Nationalization Act of 1906 and placed under the control of the Railway Institute; the Ministry of Railways and the Ministry of Transportation and Communications took over control of the network. The ministries used. During World War II, many JGR lines were dismantled to supply steel for the war effort. On June 1, 1949 by a directive of the U. S. General HQ in Tokyo, JGR was reorganized into Japanese National Railways, a state-owned public corporation. JNR enjoyed many successes, including the October 1, 1964 inauguration of high-speed Shinkansen service along the Tōkaidō Shinkansen line. However, JNR was not a state-run corporation. Rural sections without enough passengers began to press its management, pulling it further and further into debt.
In 1983, JNR started to close its unprofitable 83 local lines. By 1987, JNR's debt was over ¥27 trillion and the company was spending ¥147 for every ¥100 earned. By an act of the Diet of Japan, on April 1, 1987 JNR was privatized and divided into seven railway companies, six passenger and one freight, collectively called the Japan Railways Group or JR Group. Long-term liabilities of JNR were taken over by the JNR Settlement Corporation; that corporation was subsequently disbanded on October 22, 1998, its remaining debts were transferred to the national budget's general accounting. By this time the debt has risen to ¥30 trillion. Many lawsuits and labor commission cases were filed over the decades from the privatization in 1987. Kokuro and the National Railway Locomotive Engineers' Union, both prominent Japanese railway unions, represented a number of the JNR workers. Lists of workers to be employed by the new organizations were drawn up by JNR and given to the JR companies. There was substantial pressure on union members to leave their unions, within a year, the membership of the National Railway Workers' Union fell from 200,000 to 44,000.
Workers who had supported the privatization, or those who left Kokuro, were hired at higher rates than Kokuro members. There was a government pledge that no one would be "thrown out onto the street", so unhired workers were classified as "needing to be employed" and were transferred to the JNR Settlement Corporation, where they could be assigned for up to three years. Around 7,600 workers were transferred in this way, around 2,000 of them were hired by JR firms, 3,000 found work elsewhere. Mitomu Yamaguchi, a former JNR employee from Tosu in Saga prefecture, transferred to the JNR Settlement Corporation stated that their help in finding work consisted of giving him photocopies of recruitment ads from newspapers; this period ended in April 1990, 1,047 were dismissed. This included 966 Kokuro members. Twenty-three years after the original privatization, on June 28, 2010, the Supreme Court settled the dispute between the workers and the Japan Railway Construction and Technology Agency, the successor body to the JNR Settlement Corporation.
The agency said it would pay 20 billion yen 22 million yen per worker, to 904 plaintiffs. However, as the workers were not reinstated, it was not a full
MARS (ticket reservation system)
MARS, which stands for Multi Access seat Reservation System, is a train ticket reservation system used by the railway companies of former Japanese National Railways Japan Railways Group and travel agencies in Japan. The host of the system is located in Kokubunji and managed by Railway Information Systems Co. Ltd. a JR Group company jointly owned by the seven members of the group. Ticket offices at JR stations equipped with MARS terminals are called Midori no Madoguchi, selling tickets for all JR Group trains with reserved seats beginning one month prior to the ride; the MARS-1 system was created by Mamoru Hosaka, Yutaka Ohno, others at the Japanese National Railways' R&D Institute, was built in 1958. It was the world's first seat reservation system for trains; the MARS-1 was capable of reserving seat positions, was controlled by a transistor computer with a central processing unit consisting of a thousand transistors. The latest version of MARS uses the MARS 501 system, introduced in 2002. JR Systems