Chung Il-kwon was a South Korean politician and soldier. A general in the Republic of Korea Army, he served as Foreign Minister 1963 to 1964, Prime Minister from 1964 to 1970, he was an ally of President Park Chung-hee. His pen name was Chungsa Chung was born in Ussuriysk in Primorsky Krai, where his father worked as an interpreter for the Imperial Russian Army. After the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, his father moved the family to Kyongwon County, North Hamgyong province in Korea. However, in 1930, the family relocated to what is now Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Manchuria, where Chung grew up in extreme poverty; because he was raised in Korea when it was still occupied by the Japanese, he was given the name of Ikken Nakashima. Due to his excellent grades in school, Chung won a place at the Manchukuo Imperial Army academy in Mukden, from which he graduated in September 1937. Again, his performance was regarded as excellent, he was sent on to attend the 55th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in Tokyo, where he specialized in cavalry operations.
He assumed the Japanese name Nakajima Ikken. During the Pacific War, he served in the Manchukuo Imperial Army as a military police captain. Following the Soviet invasion of Manchuria at the end of World War II, he was captured by Soviet forces and interrogated by the KGB. Chung graduated from the first class of the Korea Military Academy in 1946 and was commissioned into the South Korean army, he was in Hawaii undergoing military training at the start of the Korean War. He arrived in Korea on June 30, was promoted to major general and replaced General Chae Byeong Deok as commander of the Republic of Korea Army. Serving as a tactical commander and major general in the Korean War, Chun Il Kwon, organized the South Korean soldiers at Inchon, his initial responsibilities included regrouping the routed Korean military forces and coordinating their efforts with the United Nations command. He was the commander of all ROK forces in Pusan from July–August, which would place him at the attack of Inchon.
This was known for leaving him a well-known war hero. He returned to the United States for additional training in July 1951 following the National Defense Corps Incident and the Geochang massacre. However, on his return in July 1952 he was demoted by President Syngman Rhee to a divisional command and sent to a front-line combat unit. Three months he was promoted to deputy commander of the IX Corps commanding front line UN forces in numerous offensives and counteroffensives. Three months after this, he was again promoted to command the Korean II Corps, which he held until the end of the war. After retiring in 1957, he served as South Korea's ambassador to Turkey. In 1960, he was appointed ambassador to France, served as ambassador to the United States from 1960 to 1961 and 1962 to 1963. From 1963 to 1964 Chung served as Foreign Minister of South Korea and was Prime minister of South Korea from 1964 to 1970. During his time as an ambassador, he took the time to study political science and international relations at prestigious universities such as Oxford and Harvard.
From 1971, Chung served as a member of the National Assembly from the Democratic Republican Party for three consecutive terms. He served as chairman in the ninth National Assembly of 1973–1979. In March 1991, Chung received treatment for lymph cancer in Hawaii. Although he continued political activities in 1992 for the Democratic Republican Party in 1993 in support of Kim Young-sam during the 1992 Korean presidential election, he was re-hospitalized in Hawaii in January 1994 due to cancer, died there, he was buried at the Seoul National Cemetery. Survived by his four children and his wife, Park Hye-Soo, after his death in Hawaii. Malaysia: Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm War and Ceasefire Chung Il-kwon's Memoir Chang Myon Kim Jong-pil Korean War Paik Sun-yup Park Chung-hee Chung Il-kwon Chung Il-kwon list of Prime ministrer of South Korea Chung Il-kwon 역대 주미 대사관 대사
Song Yo Chan was prime minister of South Korea from 3 July 1961 to 16 June 1962. He had been the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade from 22 July 1961 - 10 October 1961 and was a Lieutenant General, he ordered the arrest of corrupt officers in the army. He had studied politics and economics at George Washington University in Washington, D. C. During the final days of the First Republic of South Korea of president Syngman Rhee, he declared martial law and forced the president into resignment. Song Yo Chan refused to quell the student-led protesters. Though the police asked for bullets and troops; the protests are known as the April Revolution. THE CUSTODIANS Former Prime Ministers A Split / The Collapse Of The Securities Market National Reconstruction/ The Birth Of The EPB
The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, it employs over 20,950 staff in total. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time and fixed-contract staff are included; the BBC is established under a Royal Charter and operates under its Agreement with the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture and Sport. Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, charged to all British households and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts and iPlayer catch-up; the fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament, used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 1 April 2014, it has funded the BBC World Service, which broadcasts in 28 languages and provides comprehensive TV, online services in Arabic and Persian.
Around a quarter of BBC revenues come from its commercial arm BBC Studios Ltd, which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, from BBC.com, provided by BBC Global News Ltd. From its inception, through the Second World War, to the 21st century, the BBC has played a prominent role in British culture, it is known colloquially as "The Beeb", "Auntie", or a combination of both. Britain's first live public broadcast from the Marconi factory in Chelmsford took place in June 1920, it was sponsored by the Daily Mail's Lord Northcliffe and featured the famous Australian soprano Dame Nellie Melba. The Melba broadcast caught the people's imagination and marked a turning point in the British public's attitude to radio. However, this public enthusiasm was not shared in official circles where such broadcasts were held to interfere with important military and civil communications. By late 1920, pressure from these quarters and uneasiness among the staff of the licensing authority, the General Post Office, was sufficient to lead to a ban on further Chelmsford broadcasts.
But by 1922, the GPO had received nearly 100 broadcast licence requests and moved to rescind its ban in the wake of a petition by 63 wireless societies with over 3,000 members. Anxious to avoid the same chaotic expansion experienced in the United States, the GPO proposed that it would issue a single broadcasting licence to a company jointly owned by a consortium of leading wireless receiver manufactures, to be known as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd. John Reith, a Scottish Calvinist, was appointed its General Manager in December 1922 a few weeks after the company made its first official broadcast; the company was to be financed by a royalty on the sale of BBC wireless receiving sets from approved domestic manufacturers. To this day, the BBC aims to follow the Reithian directive to "inform and entertain"; the financial arrangements soon proved inadequate. Set sales were disappointing as amateurs made their own receivers and listeners bought rival unlicensed sets. By mid-1923, discussions between the GPO and the BBC had become deadlocked and the Postmaster-General commissioned a review of broadcasting by the Sykes Committee.
The Committee recommended a short term reorganisation of licence fees with improved enforcement in order to address the BBC's immediate financial distress, an increased share of the licence revenue split between it and the GPO. This was to be followed by a simple 10 shillings licence fee with no royalty once the wireless manufactures protection expired; the BBC's broadcasting monopoly was made explicit for the duration of its current broadcast licence, as was the prohibition on advertising. The BBC was banned from presenting news bulletins before 19.00 and was required to source all news from external wire services. Mid-1925 found the future of broadcasting under further consideration, this time by the Crawford committee. By now, the BBC, under Reith's leadership, had forged a consensus favouring a continuation of the unified broadcasting service, but more money was still required to finance rapid expansion. Wireless manufacturers were anxious to exit the loss making consortium with Reith keen that the BBC be seen as a public service rather than a commercial enterprise.
The recommendations of the Crawford Committee were published in March the following year and were still under consideration by the GPO when the 1926 general strike broke out in May. The strike temporarily interrupted newspaper production, with restrictions on news bulletins waived, the BBC became the primary source of news for the duration of the crisis; the crisis placed the BBC in a delicate position. On one hand Reith was acutely aware that the Government might exercise its right to commandeer the BBC at any time as a mouthpiece of the Government if the BBC were to step out of line, but on the other he was anxious to maintain public trust by appearing to be acting independently; the Government was divided on how to handle the BBC but ended up trusting Reith, whose opposition to the strike mirrored the PM's own. Thus the BBC was granted sufficient leeway to pursue the Government's objectives in a manner of its own choosing; the resulting coverage of both striker and government viewpoints impressed millions of listeners who were unaware that the PM had broadcast to the nation from Reith's home, using one of Reith's sound bites inserted at the last moment
Prime Minister of South Korea
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea is appointed by the President of South Korea, with the National Assembly's approval. The officeholder is not required to be a member of the National Assembly; the Prime Minister is not the head of government but rather serves in a role similar to that of a vice president. The Sino-Korean word gungmu means "state affairs" and chongni means "prime minister", "premier" or "chancellor", so the full title in Korean means "Prime Minister for State Affairs", but it is not used as official English title; the short title in Korean is just Chongni. The position was created on 31 July 1948, two weeks before the government of South Korea was founded, was held by Lee Beom-seok until 1950; the title was Chief Cabinet Minister from 1961 until 1963. On 27 April 2014, Prime Minister Chung Hong-won announced his desire to resign. However, due to unsuccessful nominations, Chung remained in office until February 2015. On 23 January 2015, President Park Geun-hye named Saenuri's Floor Leader Lee Wan-koo as the new Prime Minister.
Lee was confirmed by the National Assembly as Prime Minister on 16 February 2015. However, on April 20 of the same year, he offered his resignation to the President in the midst of a bribery scandal; the Prime Minister is the principal executive assistant to the President, while the president is the actual head of government, but not the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister holds the second position after the President in the State Council of South Korea, the nominal cabinet of South Korea; the Prime Minister assists the President by supervising ministries, making recommendations for ministers, serves as the Vice-Chairman of the Cabinet. The Prime Minister is the first in the order of succession to discharge the duties of the office of the President as the Acting President should the president be unable to discharge her or his office; the most recent person to have served as Acting President was Hwang Kyo-ahn, during the impeachment of Park Geun-hye in 2016. A Prime Minister, appointed by the President but not yet confirmed by the National Assembly is informally called as the acting Prime Minister.
The term may be applied to a Prime Minister that has resigned but in the interim remains in office in a caretaker role. The Prime Minister's Office is supported by two deputy prime ministers; the Prime Minister of South Korea have some professional background. Whereas the President is always a sole politician. Prime Minister of Korea List of Korea-related topics Politics of South Korea Office for Government Policy Coordination, Prime Minister's Secretariat South Korea at worldstatesmen.org
Heo Jeong was a South Korean politician and Korean independence activist, who served as the sixth prime minister of South Korea during the country's Second Republic. In 1960 he was an acting prime minister during the First South Korean Republic. In addition, he headed a caretaker government for a brief time following the 1960 April Revolution which overthrew the First Republic. Heo was known by the nickname, "Uyang", an alternative name, Heo Sung-su. Heo Jeong was born in South Gyeongsang province, his father, Heo Mun-il, was a wealthy merchant. In 1922 Heo went into political asylum. From 1922 to 1936, Heo participated in Korean resistance movements. On September 2, 1945, he joined the Korea Democratic Party. In 1950 he was appointed to Acting Prime minister and 1951, additionally was Minister of Health of South Korea to 1952. From 1957 to 1959 he was appointed Mayor of Seoul and was dispatched to Japan as the South Korean special envoy to Japan. On April 16, he became Foreign Minister. On April 25, he was appointed Acting Prime minister, the following day President Syngman Rhee resigned.
Heo Jeong was additionally Acting President to August 18 of that year. On July 16, 1960, he was appointed 6th Prime minister, by the South Korean National Assembly, he was remained Acting President of South Korea. In 1919 he met Syngman Rhee in a Methodist church of Seoul. From until 1960 Heo Jeong was Syngman Rhee's enthusiastic follower. For After Day's Testimony April 19 Movement Politics of South Korea History of South Korea Syngman Rhee Heo Jeong
Lee Beom-seok (prime minister)
Lee Beom-seok was a Korean independence activist and the first Prime Minister of South Korea from 1948 to 1950. He headed the Korean National Youth Association, his nickname was Chulgi. Lee Beom-seok was born in Gyeongseong on October 20, 1900. Lee's father was an officer in the Joseon Dynasty and he was a descendant of Sejong the Great's son'Gwangpyeong Daegun'. Lee Beom-seok was exiled to the Republic of China after participating in independence activities as a teenager. In 1919, he started studying at the Shinheung military academy, a military school whose goal was to build a new army to fight for independence. Soon after, Lee fought in the Battle of a six-day engagement in eastern Manchuria, he served as a general in the Korean Liberation Army for the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea. In 1945, Lee was forced to remain in exile in China. In 1946, he helped found the Korean National Youth Corps with Ahn Ho-sang, he was opposed to Kim Gu's South-North negotiations and allied himself with Lee Syng-man to establish a unitary government in South Korea.
He served as the new country's first prime minister from July 31, 1948 to April 20, 1950. Following his term in office, Lee Beom-seok served as the Korean Ambassador to the Republic of China, as Secretary of the Interior, he ran for the vice presidency in 1952, again in 1956, but failed to win either election. Throughout the 1960s, he remained a staunch opposition leader to the ruling party. At the end of his career, Lee served as an adviser on the Board of National Unification and mentored Park Chung-Hee as a Senator of the nation. On May the 10th, 1972 he was granted a philosophy doctorate by the Taiwan Chinese Academy; the following day, May 11, he died of a myocardial infarction in the Seongmo hospital of Myeong-dong in Seoul. His state funeral was held in the Square of Namsan Mountain on May 17, he was buried in Seoul National Cemetery. Udungbul Bangrangui Jeong-yeol Hangug-ui Bunno Minjok Gwa Cheongnyeon Hyeoljeon: Cheongsanni Jakjeon Tomsk-ui Haneul Arae Korean independence movement Lee Beom-seok Memorial museum Lee Beom-seok
The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following a series of clashes along the border; as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea had been split into two sovereign states in 1948. A socialist state was established in the north under the communist leadership of Kim Il-sung and a capitalist state in the south under the anti-communist leadership of Syngman Rhee. Both governments of the two new Korean states claimed to be the sole legitimate government of all of Korea, neither accepted the border as permanent; the conflict escalated into warfare when North Korean military forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—crossed the border and advanced south into South Korea on 25 June 1950. The United Nations Security Council authorized the formation and dispatch of UN forces to Korea to repel what was recognized as a North Korean invasion. Twenty-one countries of the United Nations contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing around 90% of the military personnel.
After the first two months of war, South Korean and U. S. forces dispatched to Korea were on the point of defeat, forced back to a small area in the south known as the Pusan Perimeter. In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Incheon, cut off many North Korean troops; those who escaped envelopment and capture were forced back north. UN forces approached the Yalu River—the border with China—but in October 1950, mass Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war; the surprise Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951. In these reversals of fortune, Seoul changed hands four times, the last two years of fighting became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel; the war in the air, was never a stalemate. North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign. Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.
The fighting ended on 27 July 1953. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty was signed, according to some sources the two Koreas are technically still at war, engaged in a frozen conflict. In April 2018, the leaders of North and South Korea met at the demilitarized zone and agreed to work towards a treaty to formally end the Korean War. In South Korea, the war is referred to as "625" or the "6–2–5 Upheaval", reflecting the date of its commencement on June 25. In North Korea, the war is referred to as the "Fatherland Liberation War" or alternatively the "Chosǒn War". In China, the war is called the "War to Resist America and Aid Korea", although the term "Chaoxian War" is used in unofficial contexts, along with the term "Hán War" more used in regions such as Hong Kong and Macau. In the U. S. the war was described by President Harry S. Truman as a "police action" as the United States never formally declared war on its opponents and the operation was conducted under the auspices of the United Nations.
It has been referred to in the English-speaking world as "The Forgotten War" or "The Unknown War" because of the lack of public attention it received both during and after the war, in relation to the global scale of World War II, which preceded it, the subsequent angst of the Vietnam War, which succeeded it. Imperial Japan destroyed the influence of China over Korea in the First Sino-Japanese War, ushering in the short-lived Korean Empire. A decade after defeating Imperial Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, Japan made Korea its protectorate with the Eulsa Treaty in 1905 annexed it with the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty in 1910. Many Korean nationalists fled the country; the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919 in Nationalist China. It failed to achieve international recognition, failed to unite nationalist groups, had a fractious relationship with its U. S.-based founding president, Syngman Rhee. From 1919 to 1925 and beyond, Korean communists led internal and external warfare against the Japanese.
In China, the Nationalist National Revolutionary Army and the communist People's Liberation Army helped organize Korean refugees against the Japanese military, which had occupied parts of China. The Nationalist-backed Koreans, led by Yi Pom-Sok, fought in the Burma Campaign; the communists, led by Kim Il-sung among others, fought the Japanese in Manchuria. At the Cairo Conference in November 1943, the United Kingdom, the United States all decided that "in due course Korea shall become free and independent". At the Tehran Conference in November 1943 and the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the Soviet Union promised to join its allies in the Pacific War within three months of the victory in Europe. Accordingly, it declared war o