Tokyo Metro Ginza Line
The Tokyo Metro Ginza Line is a subway line in Tokyo, operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metro. The official name is Line 3 Ginza Line, it is 14.3 km long and serves the wards of Shibuya, Minato, Chūō, Taitō. It is the oldest subway line in Asia; the line was named after the Ginza commercial district in Chūō, under which it passes. On maps and signboards, the line is shown using the color orange, its stations are given numbers using the letter "G". All Ginza Line trains operate on the line's full length from Asakusa to Shibuya. However, two trains depart in the early morning from Toranomon, some late-night trains from Shibuya are taken out of service at Ueno. Along with the Marunouchi Line, it is self-enclosed and does not have any through services with other railway lines. On weekdays, trains run every two minutes in the morning peak, every 2 minutes and 15 seconds in the evening peak, every 3 minutes during the daytime; the first trains start from Shibuya and Asakusa at 05:01, the last ones reach Shibuya at 00:37, Asakusa at 00:39.
Being the oldest line on the Tokyo Metro, stations are the closest to the surface—generally no more than one and a half stories underground. The western end of the line emerges to the surface and enters Shibuya Station located on the third-floor of a building, located in a depression; the Ginza Line was conceived by a businessman named Noritsugu Hayakawa, who visited London in 1914, saw the London Underground and concluded that Tokyo needed its own underground railway. He founded the Tokyo Underground Railway in 1920, began construction on September 27, 1925, after raising ¥6.2 million to fund the project. The portion between Ueno and Asakusa was completed on December 30, 1927, publicized as "the first underground railway in the Orient". Upon its opening, the line was so popular that passengers had to wait more than two hours to ride a train for a five-minute trip. On January 1, 1930, the subway was extended by 1.7 km to temporary Manseibashi Station, abandoned on November 21, 1931 when the subway reached Kanda, 500 meters further south down the line.
The Great Depression slowed down construction, but the line reached its planned terminus of Shinbashi on June 21, 1934. In 1938, the Tōkyō Rapid Railway, a company tied to the predecessor of today's Tokyu Corporation, began service between Shibuya and Toranomon extended to Shinbashi in 1939; the two lines began through-service interoperation in 1939 and were formally merged as the Teito Rapid Transit Authority in July 1941. The "Ginza Line" name was applied in 1953 to distinguish the line from the new Marunouchi Line. In the postwar economic boom, the Ginza Line became crowded; the new Hanzōmon Line began to relieve the Ginza Line's traffic in the 1980s, but the Ginza Line is still quite crowded as it serves major residential and business districts in central Tokyo. According to a June 2009 Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation survey, the Ginza Line is the seventh most crowded subway line in Tokyo, running at 168% capacity between Akasaka-Mitsuke and Tameike-Sannō stations. Automatic train control and Train automatic stopping controller were activated on the Ginza Line on July 31, 1993, replacing the previous mechanical Automatic train stop system.
This allowed for an increase in the maximum operating speed limit from 55 km/h to 65 km/h, which came into effect on August 2, 1993. The newest station on the line, Tameike-Sannō Station, opened in 1997 to provide a connection to the newly built Namboku Line. Since April 2012, the Ginza Line uses a fleet of 40 six-car Tokyo Metro 1000 series EMUs which have a maximum speed of 80 km/h; each car is 2.55 m wide, with three doors on each side. They are powered by a third rail electrified at 600 V DC. Both the Ginza Line and the Marunouchi Line are the only Tokyo Metro lines to use 1,435 mm standard gauge and third rail electrification, while subsequent lines employ narrow gauge rails and 1,500 V DC overhead power supply to accommodate through services. Cars are stored and inspected at Shibuya Depot located after Shibuya Station and at Ueno Inspection Division, a facility located northeast of Ueno Station with both above-ground and underground tracks; the facility is capable of holding up to 20 6-car formations.
Major inspections are carried out at Tokyo Metro's Nakano depot on the Marunouchi Line, forwarding over a connecting track at Akasaka-Mitsuke. 100 series 1000 series 1100 series 1200 series 1300 series 1400 series 1500 series 1500N series 1600 series 1700 series 1800 series 1900 series 2000 series 01 series 6-car EMUs, from 1983 until March 2017The last remaining 01 series trains were withdrawn from regular service on 10 March 2017. Ginza Line overview
The Dentsu Building or Dentsu Headquarters Building is a high-rise building in the Shiodome area of Minato, Japan. The building houses the corporate offices of Dentsu. 48 floors rise to 213.34 m, it is the twelfth-tallest building in Tokyo and second-tallest in Shiodome, next to Shiodome City Center. It was designed by French architect Jean Nouvel and completed in 2002, it was built over the site of Tokyo's first train station, sits aside the Hamarikyu Gardens the site of a shōgun's vacation home. The Dentsu building is an example of contemporary architecture, featuring collectors on the roof to utilize rainwater for its plumbing system, as well as ceramic dots on the windows which, in concert with computerized window shades, control climate control expenditure; the Dentsu building has 70 elevators, including a special elevator reserved only for VIPs and executive management. With the exception of sludge, all waste materials produced in the construction of the Dentsu Building were recycled
Yakitori is a Japanese type of skewered chicken. Its preparation involves skewering the meat with kushi, a type of skewer made of steel, bamboo, or similar materials. Afterwards, they are grilled over a charcoal fire. During or after cooking, the meat is seasoned with tare sauce or salt; as they are designed for convenience and portability, yakitori are cooked using step-by-step methods. Traditionally, it was accomplished using portable charcoal grills; that is the method most employed by yatai, restaurants may use stationary grills and, depending on the situation, higher quality binchōtan charcoal. At home, appliances known as takujō konro or yakitori-ki are used. Yakitori-ki are small electrical appliances that use a heating element similar to that of a broiler or toaster to cook the food placed on top. To facilitate cooking, the meat is cut into small uniform shapes and skewered with kushi. Charcoal is the preferred method of cooking as it produces high heat and strong flames while giving off little to no water vapor.
This allows for the ingredients to cook while imparting a crunchy texture to the skin. While gas and electric heat sources can be used, they do not develop the same aromas or textures as charcoal-cooked yakitori. Yakitori seasonings are divided into two types: salty or salty-sweet; the salty type uses plain salt as its main seasoning. For the salty-sweet variety, tare, a special sauce consisting of mirin, soy sauce, sugar is used. Other common spices include powdered cayenne pepper, Japanese pepper, black pepper, wasabi, according to one's tastes. Yakitori-ya are small shops specializing in yakitori, they take the form of a compact shop offering take-out services only, but sit-down restaurants and restaurant chains are popular. Yakitori is not limited to speciality shops: It is found on the menus of izakaya all across Japan and is sold pre-cooked, as frozen vacuum packs, or canned; the latter was made popular by Hotei Foods Corporation, the first company that started selling yakitori-in-can in 1970, with nine flavors as of 2016.
Their TV commercial song has been iconic to their brand name. Due to its ease of preparation and portability, yakitori is a popular street food sold from small carts and stalls known as yatai. Yatai are found, among other places, dotting streets during festivals or on trafficked routes during the evening commute where customers enjoy beer and sake with yakitori. Due to a wide diversity in cuts and preparation methods, yakitori takes on many forms; some popular examples include: momo, chicken thigh "hasami", gizzard "sasami", breast meat "negima", chicken and spring onion tsukune, chicken meatballs kawa, chicken skin, grilled until crispy tebasaki, chicken wing bonjiri, chicken tail shiro, chicken small intestines nankotsu, chicken cartilage hāto / hatsu or kokoro, chicken heart rebā, liver sunagimo or zuri, chicken gizzard toriniku, all white meat on skewer yotsumi, pieces of chicken breast Brochette – similar skewered food in France Chuanr – similar skewered food in China Dakkochi – similar skewered food in Korea Japanese cuisine List of chicken dishes List of kebabs Nem nướng – similar skewered food in Vietnam Satay – similar skewered food in Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka Shashlik Souvlaki – similar skewered food in Greece Ono, Tadashi.
The Japanese Grill: From Classic Yakitori to Steak and Vegetables. Ten Speed Press. ISBN 9781580087377 Itoh, Makiko. "How yakitori went from taboo to salaryman snack". The Japan Times. Tokyo. Retrieved 2016-02-14. "Yakitori". Gurunavi. Retrieved 2016-02-14. Japan Guide Everyday Japanese Cuisine
Nakagin Capsule Tower
The Nakagin Capsule Tower is a mixed-use residential and office tower designed by architect Kisho Kurokawa and located in Shimbashi, Japan. Completed in just 30 days in 1972, the building is a rare remaining example of Japanese Metabolism, an architectural movement emblematic of Japan's postwar cultural resurgence, it was the world's first example of capsule architecture built for practical use. The building still has fallen into disrepair; as of October 2012, around thirty of the 140 capsules remained in use as apartments, while others were used for storage or office space, or abandoned and allowed to deteriorate. After incorporating in September 2015, Tokyo-based photography company EYExplore relocated its office to one of the capsules, stating, "We wanted take a stand and be part of this historical unique building instead of remaining powerless onlookers." As as August 2017 capsules could still be rented, though the waiting list remains long. The building is composed of two interconnected concrete towers eleven and thirteen floors, which house 140 self-contained prefabricated capsules.
Each capsule measures 2.5 m by 4.0 m with a 1.3 metre diameter window at one end and functions as a small living or office space. Capsules can be combined to create larger spaces; each capsule is connected to one of the two main shafts only by four high-tension bolts and is designed to be replaceable. Although the capsules were designed with mass production in mind, none of the units has been replaced since the original construction; the capsules were fitted with utilities and interior fittings before being shipped to the building site, where they were attached to the concrete towers. Each capsule was attached independently and cantilevered from the shaft, so that any capsule could be removed without affecting the others; the capsules are all-welded lightweight steel-truss boxes clad in galvanized, rib-reinforced steel panels which were coated with rust-preventative paint and finished with a coat of Kenitex glossy spray after processing. The cores made of a steel frame and reinforced concrete.
From the basement to the second floor, ordinary concrete was used. Shuttering consists of large panels the height of a single storey of the tower. In order to make early use of the staircase, precast concrete was used in the floor plates and the elevator shafts; because of the pattern in which two days of steel-frame work were followed by two days of precast-concrete work, the staircase was operational by the time the framework was finished. On-site construction of the elevators was shortened by incorporating the 3-D frames, the rails, anchor indicator boxes in the precast concrete elements and by employing prefabricated cages; the original target demographic were bachelor Tōkyō salarymen. The compact pieds-à-terre included a wall of appliances and cabinets built into one side, including a kitchen stove, a refrigerator, a television set, a reel-to-reel tape deck. A bathroom unit, about the size of an aircraft lavatory, was set into an opposite corner. A large circular window over the bed dominated the far end of the room.
Optional extras such as a stereo were originally available. Construction occurred both on- and off-site. On-site work included the two towers with their energy-supply systems and equipment, while the capsule parts were fabricated and assembled at a factory. Nobuo Abe was a senior manager, managing one of the design divisions on the construction of the Nakagin Capsule Tower; the capsules can be individually removed or replaced, but only at a cost: in 2006 when demolition was being considered, it was estimated that renovation would require around 6.2 million yen per capsule. 80% of the capsule owners must approve demolition, first achieved on April 15, 2007. A majority of capsule owners, citing squalid, cramped conditions as well as concerns over asbestos, voted to demolish the building and replace it with a much larger, more modern tower. In the interest of preserving his design, Kurokawa proposed taking advantage of the flexible design by "unplugging" the existing boxes and replacing them with updated units.
The plan was supported by the major architectural associations of Japan, including the Japan Institute of Architects. Kurokawa died in 2007, a developer for renovation has yet to be found because of the late-2000s recession. Opposing slated demolition, Nicolai Ouroussoff, architecture critic for The New York Times, described Nakagin Capsule Tower as "gorgeous architecture, its existence stands as a powerful reminder of paths not taken, of the possibility of worlds shaped by different sets of values."The hot water to the building was shut off in 2010. In 2014 Masato Abe, a capsule owner, former resident and founder of the "Save Nakagin Tower" project stated that the project was attempting to gain donations from around the world to purchase all of the capsules and preserve the building. In the 2015 miniseries Heroes Reborn, Hachiro Otomo and Miko Otomo were shown to live in a building with a similar exterior to Nakagin Tower. Nakagin Capsule Tower was featured in the 2013 superhero film The Wolverine as a love hotel in Hiroshima Prefecture.
Three documentaries have mentioned the tower as well: Residents of the Nakagin Tower were interviewed in the 2010 documentary Japanese Metabolist Landmark on the Edge of Destruction. Kisho Kuro
Panasonic Electric Works
Panasonic Electric Works Co. Ltd. can trace its beginnings to a company, founded in 1918 by Konosuke Matsushita. Matsushita began making the flashlight components for bicycles progressed to making lighting fixtures. During World War II, the company manufactured everything from airplane propellers to light sockets. At the conclusion of World War II the U. S. A. forced the company to split into two separate companies, Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd. and Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd.. MEW conducts business in automation controls, electronic materials, lighting products, information equipment, wiring products, building products and home appliances. In 2004 MEW began a pursuit of collaborate business ties with its brother company, MEI. In 2005, the company was renamed from Aromat to Panasonic Electric Works. On July 29, 2010, Panasonic reached an agreement to acquire the remaining shares of Panasonic Electric Works and Sanyo shares for $9.4 billion. In 2007, Panasonic acquired Indian company Anchor Electricals Pvt.
Kyodo News is a nonprofit cooperative news agency based in Minato, Tokyo. It was established in November 1945 and it distributes news to all newspapers, radio and television networks in Japan; the newspapers using its news have about 50 million subscribers. K. K. Kyodo News is Kyodo News' business arm, established in 1972; the subdivision Kyodo News International, founded in 1982, provides over 200 reports to international news media and is located in Rockefeller Center, New York City. Their online news site is in Japanese, Chinese and English; the agency employs over 1,000 journalists and photographers, maintains news exchange agreements with over 70 international media outlets. Satoshi Ishikawa is the news agency's president. Kyodo News was formed by Furunu Inosuke, the president of the Domei News Agency, following the dissolution of Domei after World War II. Kyodo News is the only remaining news agency, it broadcasts complete newspapers in Japanese and English at 60 lines per minute instead of the more normal 120 because of the greater complexity of written Japanese.
A full day's news takes hours to transmit. Kyodo has a dedicated transmission to Pacific fishing fleets from Kagoshima Prefectural Fishery Radio, a relay from 9VF still in the Netherlands; the frequencies used by JJC radio outside Tokyo are now sent from an unknown location, using the same identification in Japanese as 9VF. They are still active and heard daily in 2017. Economics portal Journalism portal Politics portal Kyodo News Official news site Official news site Official news site Official news site Official corporate site Official corporate site K. K. Kyodo News Official site Official site Official site Official site
Dentsu Inc. is a Japanese international advertising and public relations joint stock company headquartered in Tokyo. Dentsu is the fifth largest advertising agency network in the world in terms of worldwide revenues. Dentsu bought Aegis in 2012 and formed Dentsu Aegis Network, headquartered in London and operates in 145 countries worldwide with around 45,000 employees. Dentsu Aegis Network is made up of 10 global network brands—Carat, Dentsu media, iProspect, mcgarrybowen, Merkle, MKTG, Posterscope and Vizeum and supported by its specialist/multi-market brands. Dentsu was established as Japan Advertising Ltd. and Telegraphic Service Co. by Hoshiro Mitsunaga. In 1906, Telegraphic Service Co. became Japan Telegraphic Communication Co. Ltd.. The next year, Japan Advertising Ltd. merged with Japan Telegraphic Communication Co. Ltd. to create advertising and communications operations. In 1936, Japan Telegraphic Communication Co. Ltd. sold off its news division to Doumei News Agency, to change the company's focus to specialized advertising.
In 1943, 16 companies were acquired in order to supplement Japan Telegraphic's advertising business. That same year, operational bases were established in Tokyo, Nagoya, Kyūshū. In 1951, with the arrival of commercial radio broadcasting in Japan, the Radio Division was established at Japan Telegraphic's head and local offices. In 1955, Japan Telegraphic Communication Co. Ltd. changed its name to Dentsu. In 1995, Dentsu created five domestic regional subsidiaries. Dentsu was listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange in 2001. During the initial public offering of Dentsu, in December 2001, a trader at UBS Warburg, the Swiss investment bank, sent an order to sell 610,000 shares in this company at ¥1 each, while he intended to sell 1 share at ¥610,000; the bank lost £71 million. Dentsu's sales are more than double its nearest competitor, Hakuhodo or ADK, in the Japanese market, thanks to the company's origins as a media representative during the early part of the 20th century, producing the first newspaper advertisements as well as the first television commercials in Japan.
On 12 July 2012 Dentsu agreed to acquire British-based Aegis Group plc in a cash deal worth $4.9 billion. The deal was completed in March 2013. Dentsu announced that it would launch Dentsu Aegis Network, which would manage all Aegis Media work and non-Japanese Dentsu operations worldwide. On December 25, 2015, Matsuri Takahashi, a University of Tokyo graduate and 24-year-old female employee of Dentsu, committed suicide; the Japanese government recognized her suicide as karoshi. In August 2015, Dentsu was caught exceeding its own 70-hour monthly maximum overtime limit. Mr. Tadashi Ishii, Representative Director and President & CEO, notified Dentsu on December 28, 2016 that he will resign as Representative Director and President & CEO, his papers were sent to the prosecutors office because of the violation of the Labor Standards Act. In July 2017, the company, was charged by Japanese authorities for the death of Takahashi. No individuals were charged, only the corporation. Dentsu Inc. categorises project markets in four different parts: National advertisement market.
National advertisement market consists of media projects. Advertisement related projects consist of marketing services. New market consists of sport events advertisement. Foreign market contains above mentioned three categories in the foreign market. In March 2011, Dentsu formed an official partnership with Facebook to help develop Facebook pages, Facebook ads, marketing strategies in general; the Dentsu Building is a high-rise building in Shiodome, Tokyo, which houses Dentsu's corporate offices. With 48 floors that rise to 213.34 m, it is the eleventh-tallest building in Tokyo. It was designed by Jean Nouvel, the French architect, completed in 2002, it was built over the site of Tokyo's first train station, sits aside the Hamarikyu Gardens the site of a shōgun's vacation home. Since 1925 Dentsu employees have had a company tradition of climbing Mount Fuji; every July all new staff and newly promoted executives climb Mt Fuji. Employees who are not physically able to do so are exempt. A former employee gave the reasoning behind this as: "The message is:'We are going to conquer the one symbol that represents Japan more than anything else.
And, once we do that, it will signify that we can do anything.'" First-tier subsidiaries Second-tier subsidiaries Affiliates and shareholdingsGeneon Universal Entertainment Japan Madhouse Shibuya-AX TNC Video Research Ltd. Notes Sources Kawashima, Nobuko. "Advertising agencies and consumer market: The changing quality of TV advertising in Japan." Media, Culture & Society 28#3: 393-410. Moriarty, Sandra, et al. Advertising: Principles and practice, Australian perspectives Sugiyama and Tim Andree; the Dentsu Way: Secrets of Cross Switch Marketing from the World's Most Innovative Advertising Agency Dentsu Dentsu Dentsu at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Dentsu Tec at Anime News Network's encyclopedia "Company history books". Shashi Interest Group. April 2016. Wiki collection of bibliographic works on Dentsu