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Shiraz Shivji

Shiraz Shivji was the primary designer of the Atari ST computer, one of the engineers behind the Commodore 64. Shiraz Shivji, born 1947 in Tanzania, was of Indian Ismaili heritage, he was interested in electronics from a young age in Tanzania. He was educated in the United Kingdom, where he obtained a first-class honours degree at the University of Southampton, he moved to the United States, where he obtained a master's degree in electrical engineering at Stanford University during 1969-1973. He began work at Silicon Valley, found work at Commodore International, where he was one of the engineers that helped build the Commodore 64. By 1984, he had been promoted to being the director of engineering at Commodore; when Jack Tramiel took over Atari in 1984 with a number of Commodore engineers, the company was in bad shape. Shiraz Shivji became Atari's Vice President of Research and Development, led a team of six engineers who designed the Atari 520ST computer; this work was completed in five months.

The prototype presentation at the January 1985 Las Vegas CES was successful for Atari, the product revived the company. He led the design of the Atari TT before leaving Atari; when he joined Atari from Commodore, he was one of four ex-Commodore engineers charged, but acquitted, of theft in relation to disk drive design plans. First Antic Awards Three years of the ST Father of the ST A tribute to the ST

Kalo Chorio, Lasithi

Kalo Chorio is a village in the municipality of Agios Nikolaos, Crete, Greece. Kalo Chorio village has a population of around 900, nestles attractively in the midst of a verdant hilly landscape, where olive groves and abundant and colourful mediterranean shrubs and plants reach all the way down to the sea. Over the past years with tourism, part of the village has grown up nearer the beach, Istro has many archaeological points of interest; the new village of Istro sits on the site of the ancient town of Istron, remains of which are still being uncovered to date. Because of this, the land closest to the sea has a conservation order and no new building may take place, which leaves the beaches uncrowded and unspoilt; the delightful beaches of Istro Bay are awarded a Blue flag for cleanliness. Kalo Chorio offers a village atmosphere away from the sprawling concrete resorts found in Crete, allowing visitors to enjoy Crete as it once was. Kalo Chorio has three main beaches all within 1 km of the village.

With clean and pristine waters, from golden sands, silver sands to a quiet and long pebble beach, all beaches in Kalo Chorio have modern facilities including cafes, sunbed rentals and bathrooms. Within a 10 km radius of Kalo Chorio are at least another 10 blue flag awarded beaches, all accessible by cheap and regular bus services from the numerous bus stops in Kalo Chorio, it is possible to choose to explore and discover private sheltered coves along the coastline of Kalo Chorio. Due to its status as a working village Kalo Chorio is not a developed tourist resort, it has only three large hotels, a few smaller apartment style accommodation facilities. This undeveloped status has helped Kalo Chorio maintain its traditional feel, it is a small village and resort with a dozen tavernas and half a dozen bars, snack bars and cafes, there is a new aqua pool with bar and restaurant located near Golden Beach. These establishments cater for the growing ex-pat community and locals alike; the climate of Kalo Chorio, surrounding areas, is temperate.

The atmosphere in Kalo Chorio can be quite humid at times due to the proximity to the sea, but it is not un-pleasant like in many other resorts around the Mediterranean, while winter is mild. During the Cretan summer, average temperatures in Kalo Chorio reach the high 20s-low 30s Celsius, though the maximum temperature of Kalo Chorio can reach the upper 30s-mid 40s though during August; this area contains several ancient archaeological sites going back to 3000 BC. Among them are Priniatikos Pyrgos and Vasiliki, Lasithi. There's an Archaeological Museum in Crete. Kalo Chorio is represented at the local football by the Athlitikos Omilos Pyrgos Kalou Choriou; the team takes part in the 1st Division of the local Lasithi Football League. The club uses the local communal football grass field for training and its league matches. General Information about Kalo Chorio General Guide to Kalo Chorio and Crete

Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration

The Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration was one of the alphabet agencies of the New Deal established by the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Created on May 28, 1935, the PRRA's first directors included American journalist and politician Ernest Gruening and Puerto Rican educator and politician Carlos Chardón. Falling under the authority of the Department of the Interior and the Farm Security Administration its primary goals were to establish long term economic stability in Puerto Rico during the Great Depression through job creation, land distribution, public works projects, as well as environmental and health initiatives; the agency was liquidated on February 15, 1955. By time the Great Depression arrived in 1929, working class Puerto Rican citizens rural agricultural laborers, were facing economic hardship. After Spain ceded sovereignty of Puerto Rico to the United States following the 1898 Spanish–American War the island became economically dependent on the United States through an unbalanced colonial trade relationship that favored U.

S. sugar, tobacco and fruit companies. By 1910, four U. S. sugar corporations held near monopolies on sugar cane cultivation and sugar production had multiplied by 331%. By 1921, the United States Tobacco Trust held monopolies on cigarette and cigar markets in Puerto Rico, giving them an economic advantage over small scale tobacco farmers. While American companies expanded and profited and other agricultural workers saw little to no change in wages between 1898 and 1920 and Puerto Rican laborers experienced a poor standard of living. Malnutrition, poor sanitation, lack of sewage systems, dangerous working and living conditions led to high mortality rates due to workplace accidents and diseases such as dysentery, diarrhea and tuberculosis. In the years preceding the depression, negative developments in the island and world economies perpetuated an unsustainable cycle of subsistence for many Puerto Rican workers; the 1920s brought a dramatic drop in Puerto Rico's two primary exports, raw sugar and coffee, due to a devastating hurricane in 1928 and the plummeting demand from global markets in the latter half of the decade.

1930 unemployment on the island was 36% and by 1933 Puerto Rico's per capita income dropped 30%. Average wages for employed agricultural workers in 1931 ranged from 23 cents per day for children, 25 cents per day for women, 60 cents per day for men, a number that varied due to the seasonal nature of their employment. Since the majority of Puerto Rico's arable land was reserved for export crops, 98% of Puerto Rican family income was spent on food and other necessities, which were imported from the United States and sold at inflated prices. In 1930, agricultural exports to U. S. comprised 94.3% of total Puerto Rican exports and food accounted for 33% of total imports by 1935. High unemployment rates and low wages at the start of the Great Depression led to increased labor unrest in Puerto Rico, which alarmed American officials and business interests. Beginning in August 1933 and lasting through the next two years, numerous violent strikes broke out among 16,000 workers in the textile, tobacco and sugar industries and boycotts were called against American petroleum and electric corporations.

American officials were alarmed by the radical labor organizing leadership of Puerto Rican nationalists Albizu Campos and Jose Enamorado Cuesta who called for independence from the United States. These factors combined with the economic fallout of the depression prompted the Roosevelt Administration to create relief and reconstruction policies aimed at Puerto Rico; the first New Deal agency created to improve conditions in Puerto Rico was the Puerto Rico Emergency Relief Administration in 1933. The PRERA worked under the authority of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and through matching grants would provide direct relief funding and the creation of jobs through public works initiatives. Under its directors, the Roosevelt appointee James Bourne, the island's governor, the American Robert H. Gore, the PRERA received only $770,000 from the federal government due to oversights in application processes. By the fall of 1933, the PRERA was unable to keep up with the flood of relief applications from Puerto Ricans, which totaled 50,000 per month.

Adding to the program's relative ineffectiveness was the 1933 implementation of an agricultural tax under the Agricultural Adjustment Act. The tax was leveled on surplus crops and served to increase food prices for Puerto Rican families who were at a financial breaking point; the PRERA's primary successes came with its implementation of disease control measures, the building highway infrastructure, in its distribution of food to needy families. In 1934, recognizing a need for long term economic recovery and reform, a proposal was crafted by assistant secretary of agriculture, Rexford G. Tugwell, University of Puerto Rico rector Carlos Chardón, Puerto Rican Liberal Party senator Luis Muñoz Marín. Entitled Plan Chardón, it called for the restructuring and decolonization of the Puerto Rican economy through the government acquisition of private U. S. sugar company land and mills. The acreage and production sites were to be taken under a enforced land tenure measure written into the 1900 Foraker Act and the 1917 Jones Act.

The 500-acre law, which stipulated that corporations operating in Puerto Rico were forbidden from owning more than 500 acres of land, was circumvented by proxy landownership and absenteeism. Unde

Edward Leeds (priest)

Edward Leeds, was an English clergyman. Leeds, the second son of William Leeds, by Elizabeth Vinall, was born in Kent, he was educated at Cambridge, graduated B. A. 1542-3, proceeded M. A. 1545, in 1569 was created LL. D; the date of his first degree sufficiently disproves the statement. On 20 June 1548 Bishop Goodrich collated him to the rectory of Little Gransden in Cambridgeshire, in the same year he became prebendary of Ely. In 1550 he was commissary and vicar-general to the bishop, was engaged in destroying altars and other things deemed superstitious in the diocese. In 1551 he was made rector of Newton and served the chapelry of St Mary-by-the-Sea, he was chancellor to Bishop Goodrich. In 1553 he resigned Little Newton; when Bishop Goodrich died in 1554 Leeds was one of his executors. He lost his prebend during Mary's reign. On 28 February 1558-9 he was appointed to the eighth stall in Ely Cathedral. About the same time he was requested by William Cecil to join with Pory and Matthew Parker in settling a dispute between the president and fellows of Queens' College, Cambridge.

In 1559 he was one of Parker's chaplains, at Parker's appointment to the archbishopric his name was appended to an opinion by certain civilians, added to what was known as the supplentes clause of the letters patent, affirming the validity of the confirmation and consecration. At various times he visited the dioceses of Canterbury, Rochester and Ely. In 1560 he became an advocate of Doctors' Commons, afterwards was made a master in chancery. In 1560 he became precentor of Canterbury and master of Clare Hall, Cambridge. On 20 June 1560 he was made precentor of Lichfield, but he resigned this appointment before 16 May in the following year, he appears to have been rector of Cottenham and Littleport in Cambridgeshire, master of St John's Hospital, Ely. Parker employed him with Dr Perne in 1568 to compose the differences which had arisen in Corpus Christi College. In 1570, who had acquired a fortune by his practice in Doctors' Commons, purchased from Sir Richard Sackville the manor of Croxton in Cumberland.

He rebuilt the manor-house, in 1571 ceased to be master of Clare. On 14 July 1573 he became rector of Croxton. In 1580 he resigned his prebend at Ely, he died 17 February 1589-90, was buried at Croxton, where a little figure of him in brass was placed in the church with an epitaph. He founded ten scholarships at Clare, gave one thousand marks towards the building of Emmanuel College; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Leeds, Edward". Dictionary of National Biography. 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co

Glitter and Trauma

"Glitter and Trauma" is a song by Biffy Clyro, which opens their 2004 album, Infinity Land. It was the first physical single from the album, their eighth single overall, it reached number 21 on the UK Singles Chart and became their second top-ten hit in their native Scotland. Music and lyrics by Simon Neil. CD "Glitter and Trauma" – 4:06 "Bonanzoid Deathgrip" – 4:20 "Stars and Shites" – 3:23DVD "Glitter and Trauma" "Go Your Own Way" – 2:22 Untitled Movie 7" "Glitter and Trauma" – 4:06 "There's No Such Thing As A Jaggy Snake" – 4:43 Simon Neil – guitar, vocals Ben Johnstondrums, vocals James Johnstonbass, vocals Chris Sheldon – producer "Glitter and Trauma" Lyrics "Glitter and Trauma" Music Video on YouTube

A Prayer for My Daughter (play)

A Prayer for My Daughter is a 1977 play by American writer Thomas Babe. It premiered in 1978 starring Alan Rosenberg and Laurence Luckinbill, directed by Robert Allan Ackerman; the play is set in the interrogation room of a downtown New York City police station in the early hours of July 5. Two hardened cops have arrested two suspects for the murder of an old woman. During the interrogations, the police try to get confessions from the two suspects and Jimmy; as they do, they reveal far more about their own vulnerabilities. The tension of the play is increased by constant updates, by phone, of the state of mind of one of Kelly's daughters. Lonely and unstable, she becomes suicidal during the play. Jimmy Sgt Kelly Jack Delasante Sean Thomas Babe's writing deals with the traditional notion of a hero. Throughout A Prayer for My Daughter, the two'heroes,' the police officers blur the lines between right and wrong, its 2008 revival was described by critic Karen Fricker as a "poetic meditation on the lack of clear boundaries between masculine and feminine, good and evil."

It combines a threat of homoeroticism. This was written a few years after the end of the Vietnam War, Babe created one officer as a Vietnam veteran, coping with losing the war and being rejected by his countrymen in the anti-war protests and activism; the play is named for William B. Yeats' poem for his newly born daughter; each of the characters, in one way or another, has a daughter. This is in contrast to the majority of family dramas related to parent/child relationships, which more explore the father/son dynamic, it was first produced in 1978 in the United States at The Public Theater in New York City, directed by Joseph Papp. The first UK production was at the Royal Court Theatre, London, in 1978 starring Antony Sher and Donal McCann; the play was first revived in 2008 by the Young Vic, directed by Dominic Hill and starring Colin Morgan, Matthew Marsh, Corey Johnson, Sean Chapman