The WAGR G class was a class of steam locomotives operated by the Western Australian Government Railways from 1889. The class's wheel arrangement varied. A total of 48 G class engines were acquired by the WAGR between 1889 and 1899, both new and second-hand, they were the first class of locomotives to be introduced to the WAGR network in quantity. They were part of what became an Australian 3 ft 6 in standard, as locomotives of similar design served in large numbers as the Silverton Tramway Y class, South Australian Railways Y class and Tasmanian Government Railways C class, in Queensland and on the Emu Bay Railway and North Australia Railway, they were designed by Beyer, Peacock & Co who built seven, with James Martin & Co building 29 and Neilson & Co 12. During World War II, 13 were loaned to the Commonwealth Railways for use on the North Australia Railway as their Nfc and Nga classes. Others were sold for further use by timber mill operators in Western Australia while some saw further service with the Chillagoe Railway & Mining Co, Cairns.
The class remained in service in significant numbers until the 1960s. Several have been preserved: G53: plinthed at Pemberton G117: on display at Merredin station G118: on display at Kalamunda station G123: Koombana Queen preserved by the Hotham Valley Railway G233: Leschenault Lady under restoration at the Western Australian Rail Transport Museum operated services out of Bunbury in the 1970s, was overhauled by Midland Railway Workshops in 1999 and operated out of Kalgoorlie History of rail transport in Western Australia List of Western Australian locomotive classes Media related to WAGR G class at Wikimedia Commons
"Crazy" is the debut single by the American soul duo Gnarls Barkley, taken from their 2006 debut album St. Elsewhere, it peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100, topped the charts in the United Kingdom, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand and other countries. The song was leaked in late 2005, months before its regular release, received a lot of airplay on BBC Radio 1 in the United Kingdom, most notably by radio DJ Zane Lowe, who used the song in television commercials for his show; when it was released in March 2006, it became the first single to top the UK Singles Chart on download sales alone. The song remained at the top of the British charts for nine weeks before the band and their record company decided to remove the single from music stores in the country so people would "remember the song fondly and not get sick of it". In spite of this deletion, the song became best-selling single of 2006 in the UK. Due to continued download sales, it reached one million copies in January 2011.
In December 2006, it was nominated for the United Kingdom's Record of the Year but lost to "Patience" by Take That. The song won a Grammy Award for Best Urban/Alternative Performance in 2007, was nominated for Record of the Year, which it lost to "Not Ready to Make Nice" by Dixie Chicks, it was nominated and further won a 2006 MTV Europe Music Award for Best Song. The song was named the best song of 2006 by Rolling Stone and by The Village Voice's annual Pazz & Jop critics poll; the song was listed at number 11 on Pitchfork Media's top 500 songs of the 2000s. The song is in the number 60 place in the list of the best songs of Acclaimed Music. In 2010, it was placed at number 100 in the "updated" version of Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time" and ranked at the top position of Rolling Stone's top 100 songs of the decade. "Crazy" was notably performed at the 2006 MTV Movie Awards, with Danger Mouse and CeeLo dressed as various Star Wars characters. The song was picked up by Downtown Records.
Danger Mouse's manager sent the song to Downtown's A&R Josh Deutsch because they were looking for an independent label with the same resources as a major. According to an interview with Deutsch in HitQuarters, he heard the song and signed it after a single listen, he said: "Once in a while you hear a record, so important on so many levels. The beauty of my position is that it's direct. If I find something I like there's no bureaucratic process associated with signing it." By the time the record was signed to Downtown, there was a huge swell of anticipation, in part due to the established reputation of the two artists but more as a result of the demo being played on BBC Radio 1 and sparking a profound online awareness. The record began to break before the deals with Downtown Records were complete. On its release, "Crazy" became the most downloaded song in the history of the UK music business, going to number one in the strength of downloads alone. Musically, "Crazy" was inspired by film scores of Spaghetti Westerns, in particular by the works of Ennio Morricone, best known as the composer of Sergio Leone's Dollars Trilogy, but more the song "Last Man Standing" by Gian Piero Reverberi and Gian Franco Reverberi from the 1968 Spaghetti Western Django, Prepare a Coffin, an unoffical prequel to the better-known Django.
"Crazy" not only utilizes the parts of the main melody and chord structure. The original songwriters for "Last Man Standing" are credited by Gnarls Barkley for this song alongside their own credits; the lyrics for the song developed out of a conversation between Danger CeeLo. According to Danger Mouse, "I somehow got off on this tangent about how people won't take an artist unless they're insane... So we started jokingly discussing ways in which we could make people think we were crazy... CeeLo took that conversation and made it into'Crazy,' which we recorded in one take." Upon release, "Crazy" was met with widespread acclaim from music critics. This song was number one on Rolling Stone's 2009 list of the 100 Best Songs of the Decade, they placed it as the 100th greatest song of all time. In October 2011, NME placed it at number 32 on its list "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years". In 2007, "Crazy" was named the best single of 2006 by The Village Voice's Pazz & Jop annual year-end critics' poll.
NME placed the song at number 475 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. In the United Kingdom, following its release as a digital download on March 13, 2006, the song debuted at the number one spot on the UK Download Chart on March 22, 2006. At the time, chart rules allowed a song to appear in the UK Singles Chart based on their download sales if a physical equivalent was to be released the following week. "Crazy" became the first number one single in the United Kingdom based on download sales alone, on April 2, 2006 ― for the week ending date April 8, 2006 ― with the CD single being released one day later. It remained on top of the chart for nine weeks and on top of the download chart for a record 11 weeks, until the single was pulled from British stores by the band and their record label on May 29, 2006, after nine consecutive weeks at number one, so people will "remember the song fondly and not get sick of it"; the last song to spend such a long time at number one in the UK was "Love Is All Around" by Wet Wet Wet in 1994, number one for 15 weeks.
"Crazy"'s eleven weeks at the top of the UK Download Chart were the longest stay on that chart that any song has achieved as of 2006. Despite its official removal, record shops had
The Nandouya Mosque is a mosque in Dongcheng District, China. The mosque was constructed during the Yuan Dynasty. In 2003, the mosque was relocated to its current location, around 100 meters from its original location due to the development of the city; the new mosque was constructed with a cost of CNY8 million, collected from the Beijing City Government and donation from local Muslims. The mosque has a capacity of 200 worshipers and spans over an area of 1,600 m2, it was built with orientation facing east and west with an Islamic lintel topped with a crescent moon on top of it. The mosque is accessible within walking distance north of Chaoyangmen Station of Beijing Subway. Islam in China List of mosques in China
Auchel is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France. An ex-mining town, nowadays a light industrial & farming commune, situated 8 miles southwest of Béthune and 34 miles southwest of Lille, at the junction of the D183 and the D183E roads. Following the discovery of coal deposits in the area in 1851, the town grew as the demand for coal increased in France; this old mining town had close to 15,000 inhabitants in the 1950s. The coal recession in the late 1960s lead to a constant decline in population, despite the efforts of the municipality to attract and keep people here during and after the recession; the inhabitants are called Auchellois. The church of St. Martin, dating from the sixteenth century. A museum about coal mining. Auchel is twinned with: West Malling, in the county of England. Iserlohn, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Auchel is the birthplace of: French spiritualist artist. Lesage is one of the most fascinating figures associated with Art Brut Fred Personne, actor Xavier Beauvois, actor and screenwriter.
Pierre Laigle, football player Afida Turner, songwriter and media personality Communes of the Pas-de-Calais department The Communauté d'agglomération de l'Artois regional website Auchel on the Quid website An history of Auchel Harmonie municipale website Auchel town hall website
Richard Michael Fox, better known as R. M. Fox, was a journalist and historian of the Irish left. Fox was born in Leeds in 1891, the second of four sons to a schoolteacher mother and engineering workman father, his parents were active in the Co-operative Movement, as a young man Fox joined the Socialist Party of Great Britain and the Industrial Workers of the World. On the outbreak of World War I, Fox denounced it as an imperialist war in which workers had no interest, his refusal to be conscripted led to his being tried and imprisoned several times throughout the war. He was abruptly released in April 1919. While at Ruskin, Fox gained a reputation as a labour journalist, he was invited to Soviet Russia in 1921 to observe the results of the recent Russian Revolution, in 1922 he visited Dublin and established contacts with leading leftist figures there. Following his graduation from Ruskin, Fox married children's author Patricia Lynch and they spent time in London, Paris and Germany before settling in Dublin.
Fox's articles appeared in the Irish Statesman and in the late 1920s he began publishing his books through Virginia Woolf's Hogarth Press. His autobiography, Smokey Crusade, was published in 1937 and an account of his trip to Maoist China was published as China Diary in 1959. Fox commented and published on the state of Irish literature and theatre. Reviewing Teresa Deevy in 1948 he comments that while her plays were remarkable they were not staged "I ask myself why the work of a modern Irish dramatist of such creative power is not seen more on the Irish stage" Fox died in December 1969, three years before his wife, they are both buried in Glasnevin Cemetery. Factory Echoes, 1919. Rebel Irishwomen, 1935. Smokey Crusade, 1937. Green Banners: The story of the Irish struggle, 1938; the History of the Irish Citizen Army, 1943. James Connolly: The Forerunner, 1943 Years of Freedom: the story of Ireland 1921–48, 1948. Jim Larkin: The Rise of the Underman, 1957. Louie Bennett: Her Life and Times, 1958. China Diary, 1959.
Peter Berresford Ellis. "An influential historian of Irish labour". Irish Democrat. Retrieved 2007-01-12. Anne Brady, Brian Cleeve. Biographical Dictionary of Irish Writers. Lilliput. ISBN 0-312-07871-4 Princess Grace Irish Library. Obituary in The Times, 30 December 1969. Patricia Lynch. A Story-Teller's Childhood, 1947. Review in The Irish Times, 1948 R. M. Fox at The Teresa Deevy Archive Historyeye | Patricia Lynch: a storyteller's childhood revisited