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Shire of Jondaryan

The Shire of Jondaryan was a local government area located in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia west of the regional city of Toowoomba. The shire, administered from the town of Oakey, covered an area of 1,910.0 square kilometres, existed as a local government entity from 1890 until 2008, when it amalgamated with several other councils in the Toowoomba area to form the Toowoomba Region. Its growth in years has been fuelled by the expansion of Toowoomba and suburbs such as Glenvale and Westbrook. Jondaryan Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 with a population of 1738; the divisional offices were located in Toowoomba, outside of the division. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Jondaryan Division became Shire of Jondaryan on 31 March 1903; until 1960, the Shire's offices were located at Toowoomba. Many of the council's original staff and councillors were associated with the Jondaryan Estates pastoral empire.

On 25 January 1913, the Shire of Gowrie was abolished and was split between the new Town of Newtown and the Shire of Jondaryan. On 24 April 1913 the Millmerran and Pittsworth areas to its southwest seceded from the Shire of Jondaryan and separately incorporated as shires. On 23 Feb 1917, the Town of Newtown was abolished, being split between the City of Toowoomba and the Shire of Jondaryan. On 19 March 1949, Jondaryan received part of the former Shire of Drayton. In 1960, the Shire's headquarters moved from Toowoomba to the town of Oakey. On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the Shire of Jondaryan merged with the City of Toowoomba and the Shires of Cambooya, Crows Nest, Millmerran and Shire of Rosalie to form the Toowoomba Region; the Shire of Jondaryan includes the following settlements: Oakey Athol Aubigny Bowenville1 Charlton1 Cotswold Hills1 Evanslea Glenvale2 Gowrie Junction1, 2 Gowrie Mountain Grassdale Jondaryan Kingsthorpe1 Torrington2 Wyreema31 - split with the former Shire of Rosalie2 - split with the former City of Toowoomba3 - split with the former Shire of Cambooya The Jondaryan Division and Shire had the following leaders: 1880-1892: James Taylor 1892-1894: Francis Gore 1894-1896: Gilbert Cory 1896-1919: Charles Campbell 1896-1919: Charles Campbell 1919-1945: William Kent 1945-1955: Alan Paull 1955-1959: Ernest Janetzki 1959-1972: John Corfe 1972-1973: Thomas Meehan 1973-1985: Ian McIntyre 1985-2008: Peter Taylor Peter Taylor was Jondaryan's final mayor, serving from 1985 until 2008.

At the time of his first election he was the youngest Shire Chairman in Queensland. On 15 March 2008 he became the first mayor of the new Toowoomba Regional Council with 71.19% of the vote. Taylor is an executive member of the Local Government Association of Queensland representing the Darling Downs, is director of the Board of LG Super, a statewide superannuation fund for all local government employees


Nipawin is a town in north-east Saskatchewan, Canada, on the Saskatchewan River portion of Tobin Lake. The town lies between Codette Lake, created by the Francois-Finlay Dam and Tobin Lake, created by the E. B. Campbell Dam built in 1963, renamed from Squaw Rapids; the construction of Francois-Finlay Dam earned Nipawin The Town of Two Lakes. Nipawin is bordered by the Rural Municipality of Nipawin No. 487 and the Rural Municipality of Torch River No. 488. Highway 35 and Highway 55 intersect in Nipawin; the Nipawin Airport and the Nipawin Water Aerodrome serve the community. Nipawin is a Cree word meaning "a bed, or resting place" which referred to a low-lying area along the river now flooded by Codette Lake where First Nations women and children would camp and wait for the men to arrive; the first permanent settlement of Nipawin occurred in 1910 with the establishment of a trading post. In 1924 the Canadian Pacific Railway passed nearby over the Crooked Bridge, the settlement was moved, building by building, to its current location to be closer to the railway.

There were a number of fur trading posts in the area. In 1763 Joseph Smith reached the area from York Factory. In 1768 James Finlay from Montreal built a post. François le Blanc the man known as "Saswe", had a post by that year or the next. In 1790 William Thorburn built here and next year moved to Hungry Hall. In 1795 there were two posts, one run by A. N McLeod for the North West Company and another run by James Porter working for David Grant. On April 18, 2008, a downtown meat shop exploded, destroying three buildings as well as damaging several more; the explosion injured five. The explosion is suspected to have been caused by a backhoe that snagged and sheared a natural gas riser from the main line; the explosion prompted the implementation of a state of emergency by the mayor. The explosion received extensive national news coverage. While English is spoken by all residents, over 10% of the population speak a second language with Cree, Ukrainian, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Chinese, Inuktitut, Albanian, Bantu languages, Greek, Lithuanian, Polish and Mandarin represented.

The Nipawin Population Centre, the 19th largest in Saskatchewan, had a population of 3,989 in 2016. Nipawin Experiences a Humid continental climate, with long cold winters and short, warm summers; the highest temperature recorded in Nipawin was 42.2 °C on 19 July 1941. The coldest temperature recorded was −48.3 °C on 8 January 1930. Nipawin is near the Fort à la Corne Provincial Forest, location of the world's largest diamond bearing kimberlites and intensive diamond exploration activity. Other industries in the area include: agriculture, canola oil processing, honey production, candle manufacturing and commercialization of second-generation biofuels; this resort community has become a destination for fishing, boating, golfing and outdoor recreation. Nipawin hosts several annual fishing events, the Great Northern Pike Festival, a summer-long event offering prizes for catching tagged fish. Other annual fishing events are the Codette Walleye tournament, Ladies Fish for Freedom tournament, Premier's Walleye Cup tournament, the Vanity Cup Walleye tournament running the last weekend in September and the first week in October.

The name Nipawin was given to Nipawin Regional Park, a large recreational area a few kilometres northwest of the town. Nipawin is home to a beautifully landscaped 18-hole golf course, it has been rated as one of the top 100 public courses in Canada and one of the top five in Saskatchewan. Annual events held at the Evergreen Golf Club are Bob Dow Memorial Golf Tournament and the Evergreen Classic Golf Tournament along with many other tournaments throughout the golf season. Nipawin is located along the Trans-Canada Snowmobile Trail. There are many other groomed trails. Curling is found in Nipawin for the young and old. Nipawin hosts the Evergreen Curling Classic; the town is home to the Nipawin Hawks of the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League. Nipawin has three public schools: Central Park Elementary School, Wagner Elementary School, L. P. Miller Comprehensive School; the town is home to the Nipawin Campus of Cumberland College with 360 students and Nipawin Bible College with 48 students. Sharon Butala, novelist Dane Byers, NHL hockey player Lyndon Byers, retired NHL player for the Boston Bruins Greg Classen, Former NHL hockey player under contract with Kölner Haie Arthur McKay and professor Dave Pagan, professional baseball pitcher List of place names in Canada of Indigenous origin Town of Nipawin—Official Site Nipawin Hawks—Official Site Bridging the years: Nipawin, Saskatchewan The golden jubilee of the Nipawin rural municipality, no.487: 1913-1963 Premier's Walleye Cup—Official Site Barry Pearson on IMDb Nipawin Bible College—Official Site Map of Nipawin at Statcan Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan

19th Motor Rifle Division

The 19th Motor Rifle Division appears to have been formed in July 1922 at Tambov in the Moscow Military District as a territorial formation. In 1923 it was renamed the 19th Voronezh Rifle Division. By the beginning of the Great Patriotic War it consisted of the 32nd, 282nd, 315th Rifle, 90th Artillery, 103rd howitzer artillery regiment, it entered combat against the Germans on July 19, 1941 near Yelnya as part of the 24th Army of the Western Front. It participated in the Elninskaya offensive, the Battle of Moscow, Rzhev-Vyazma offensive operation in 1942, the Rzhev-Sychevka offensive, Kharkiv defensive operation in 1943, Belgorod-Khar'kov Offensive Operation; as part of the 7th Guards Army, Poltava-Kremenchuk offensive, Pyatihatskoy offensive, Bereznegovatoe-Snigirevskaya Offensive, Odessa offensive, Izmail offensive, Belgrade Offensive 1944 Derskoy offensive, Bratislava–Brno Offensive. It participated in the liberation of the cities Elnya, Krasnograd, Bratislava, Shumla liberated September 9, 1944.

For exemplary performance of command assignments in Bulgaria it was given the honorary name "Shumlinskoy". It boosts the Seversky Donets, Dniester, Southern Bug and Danube. During the Belgrade operation it October 1944 entered the territory of Yugoslavia, in November, crossed the river. Danube near apathy and in difficult conditions forested mountainous terrain led fierce battles with the Nazis on his left side. In 1944 its combat path took it through Romania, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia where it ended the war. For their courage in these battles and military skill he was awarded the Order of Suvorov 2nd degree. During the war it served successively with the 24th, 43rd, 5th, 20th, 3rd Guards Tank, 57th, 37th, 7th Guards, 46th Armies. In 1942 and 1943 it defended in the Kharkov areas. In 1945, the division was stationed in Vladikavkaz. In May–June 1946, the division was reorganised into the 11th Separate Rifle Brigade. All battalions of the brigade were stationed in Ordzhonikidze. On 1 July 1949 the 11th Separate Rifle Brigade was reorganised as the 19th Mountain Rifle Division, 12th Mountain Corps.

On May 31, 1954, the 19th Mountain Division was renamed the 19th Rifle Division. In March 1957 the 19th Rifle Division was reorganized as the 92nd Motor Rifle Division. According to the USSR Minister of Defense Order No. 00147 of November 17, 1964, in order to preserve the martial traditions, the 92nd Motor Rifle Division was renamed the 19th Motor Rifle Division. Thus in 1965 it became again the 19th Motor Rifle Division, it arrived in the Caucasus region by the mid-1950s and has been stationed for many years at Vladikavkaz. In the late 1980s it was part of the 42nd Army Corps at Volgograd and consisted of the 397th Tank Regiment, the 201st, 429th, 503rd Motor Rifle Regiments. Today after reshuffling of units during the last fifteen years it is part of the reformed 58th Army, in the North Caucasus Military District. Division honorifics are - Russian: Воронежско-Шумлинская краснознаменная, орденов Суворова, Трудового Красного Знамени. On August 8, 2008, elements of the 19th Motor Rifle Division entered South Ossetia.

In 2009 as part of the wider restructuring of the Russian Ground Forces the division became the 19th Motor Rifle Brigade. 429th Motor Rifle Regiment 503rd Motor Rifle Regiment 693rd Motor Rifle Regiment 292nd Self-propelled Artillery Regiment 481st Air-Defence Missile Regiment 141st Separate Tank Battalion Engineer Battalion Military Intelligence Battalion Signal Battalion Chemical Battalion Supply Battalion Maintenance Battalion Medical Battalion The 19th Motor Rifle Division has 11,000 personnel in active service. Equipment Summary Feskov, V. I.. I.. A.. A.. Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской. Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306. Michael Holm, 19th Motor Rifle Division Michael Avanzini and Craig Crofoot,'Armies of the Bear' Aberjona Press,'Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front', 2005

Vishnumoorthy Theyyam

An inevitable constituent in a majority of the Kaliyattams is the performance of the Vishnumoorthi Theyyam. And its performance includes complicated rituals; the peculiar drum-beats can be heard up to a distance of 2 km from where the performance of the Vishnumoorthi Theyyam takes place. The enactment involving the Narasimha Avatar of Lord Vishnu by the Koladhari thrills the devotees and the spectators as a result of the body movements involved in it; the most popular part of the Vaishnava Theyyam is the depiction of Vishnumoorthi. It is associated with Jeppu Kudupady - Mangalore, it tells the story of a great devotee of Lord Vishnu. Palanthai Kannan, a native of Nileshwar in his boyhood, tried to pick mangoes from a mango tree owned by Kuruvat Kurup. Without considering his age or the thirst for food, Kuruvat Kurup and his bodyguards beat him and drove away from Nileshwar. After that incident, Palanthai Kannan went to Jeppu Kudupady - Mangalore, kunchadka - Sullia and took shelter in a Vishnu temple there.

When there, he obtained the blessings of Lord Vishnu and years he returned to his homeland, Nileshwar. On the way, Palanthai Kannan stayed one day in Moolapally in the house of a black smith and rested in the Kanakkappalli Anikkil Tharavadu, he proceeded to Kundon Kadavu and leaving his Olakkuda and Churika, went to Kadalikulam for taking bath. Within a short time the news of the arrival of Palanthai Kannan spread in the all across Nileshwar. Hearing the news, Kuruvat Kurup and his men killed Palanthai Kannan; the God Vishnu who accompanied his ardent devotee Palanthai Kannan was provoked and destroyed the everything near by Kuruvat tharavad. Kuruvat kurup called up an astrologer, he identified the presents of God and advised Kurup to a make a Kettikkolam for lord Vishnu and build a shrine for the God. Kuruvat kurup and his family members build a shrine for the god Vishnu by carrying stones by themselves and made a Kettikkolam for the God; that time onwards, he became known as the Vishnumoorthi and began to reside in Vaikundeswara Temple, Nileshwar.

Vishnumoorthi theyyam is believed to be The Narasinha Avatar of Lord Mahavishnu who came to save his dear devotee Prahlada from his father,The Asura king Hiranya Kasipu by breaking the pillar. This Theyyakolam is dancing all major maniyani; this kolam was worn by Malayan in special community. This Theyyakolam is dancing Edakkad Nadal, the Chalil Vishnu Moorthy temple, Nambiar family Chalil Veluva is following the same Theyakolam in Chalil Vishnumoorthy in Edakkad, Nadal every year in February. Marathakkad sri iver paradevatha kshethram,kuppam,taliparamba on makaram 25 to makaram 28. Kanavath vishnnumoorthy kshethram,kannapuram, kannur. Sree Vishnu Murthy temple, Cheemeni is a famous Kavu of Vishnumurthy. Thousands of devotees visiting there during the period of Kaliyattam. Devotees believe that Bajanamirikkal at Cheemeni Mundya is a remedy for snake bite and skin deceases; this theyyam is performed in all major Muchilot Kavu as an upadevatha of Muchilot Bhagavathi. Ottakkolam is famous in the payyannur area.

Kinathil arayalin keezhil and annur kurinji temple are famous for the yearly festival featuring Ottakkolam. In Ottakolams, Vishnumoorthi Theyyam enters into the pyre and returns amongst the midst of the devotees, it is repeated several times and it is believed that performing this act 104 times helped the Koladhari to become a Panikker. In April 2008, Ottakkolam was performed in a grand manner in Velu Vayal Ottakkuthiru, Nileshwar with the presence of thousands of devotees after a gap of 47 years, it is associated with Veethuveppu. Four people become Kayattukar, their duty is to protect agricultural land from cattle. With the kayar and vadi they roam the area from Karyamkode to Thalachai and catch them with the kayar or drive them away using the vadi

USS Warrick (AKA-89)

USS Warrick was an Andromeda-class attack cargo ship named after Warrick County, Indiana. She served as a commissioned ship for 8 months. Warrick — named Black Prince — was laid down under a Maritime Commission contract on 7 April 1944 at Oakland, California, by the Moore Dry Dock Co. launched on 29 May 1944, sponsored by Mrs. C. Wells Maren, acquired and commissioned by the Navy on 30 August 1944, at the Moore Dry Dock Company's west yard, Lt. Comdr. Ernest J. Grey, USNR, in command. After loading stores at the Naval Supply Depot, Warrick underwent a two-week shakedown out of San Pedro, concluding that necessary period of familiarization and training on 25 September, she subsequently conducted practice landings at San Clemente Island before undergoing repairs and alterations between 13 and 20 October. Taking on cargo at Wilmington, California, on the 24th, Warrick departed the west coast at 1430 the following day, bound for Manus in the Admiralties; the ship visited Manus, Hollandia and Langemak Bay, New Guinea.

She again shifted to Finschhafen, arriving at 1635 on 1 December. There, she loaded 1,137 tons of Army equipment — vehicles — and, on the day after Christmas, embarked 17 officers and 210 enlisted men at Langemak Bay. After fueling on the 27th, Warrick sailed for Manus, joined Tryon en route, rendezvoused with Task Group 77.9 on the 28th. Warrick stopped at Manus from 29 December 1944 to 2 January 1945, before getting underway on the latter day for Lingayen Gulf, on the northern coast of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. En route, her convoy's escorts picked up three submarine contacts and depth charged them without obtaining results. No air attacks came the way of TG 77.9 as American amphibious forces converged on Lingayen Gulf. Warrick reached her destination at 0500 on 11 January and came to anchor at 0830. One hour she commenced offloading her cargo, some two days after the first of the Army troops under the overall command of General Douglas MacArthur had splashed ashore at Lingayen.

Warrick continued her unloading of cargo over the next day. Landing craft, LCVP's and LCM's, from Warren assisted in the unloading, continuing that task until 2200, when the operation ceased due to two factors: contact with her beach party had been lost and the beach itself was coming under shellfire. After resuming the unloading on the 13th, Warrick completed her assigned duties by 1015. Taking the boats on board from 1040, Warrick got underway for Leyte Island, joining Task Unit 78.11.3 formed around Mount McKinley at 1745. She reached Leyte on the 16th; the attack cargo ship took on board two LCVP's from the attack transport Oconto to replace boats which she had lost at Lingayen Gulf on the 17th. She departed the Philippines on the 19th, bound for the Carolines. Reaching Ulithi on 23 January, Warrick fueled from Merrimack on 1 February, five days before she headed for the Marianas. Arriving at Guam on 8 February, the attack cargo ship began loading cargo and embarking troops two days later.

Her load was a varied one: a transportation company, a tractor-trailer platoon, an engineer company, a war dog platoon, medical companies, ordnance repair units, replacement drafts of personnel, plus water, fuel and other supplies. With elements of the 3rd Marine Division thus embarked, Warrick got underway for Iwo Jima on 17 February; as part of TU 51.1.1, the attack cargo ship participated in the Iwo Jima assault as part of TG 51.1, the Joint Expeditionary Force Reserve. Screened by four destroyers and two destroyer escorts, Warrick sailed for that soon-to-be-famous island in company with Transport Divisions 31 and 33, she arrived at point "Equity" on the 19th and, during ensuing days, cruised in operating area "Porch" in keeping with her reserve status. She moved in closer to Iwo Jima on the 22nd, but was still lying to, awaiting orders, on the following day; the attack cargo ship commenced unloading operations on the 24th in the transport area four miles off the southeastern coast of Iwo Jima.

Warrick commenced lowering them soon thereafter. She dispatched, she soon learned over the voice radio, that the smaller LCVP's were showing a tendency to broach and break up on the steep beaches. Beach-masters were accordingly waving off the LCVP's so that the beaches would not become fouled with the wrecks of numerous landing craft, thus impeding the flow of supplies necessary to keep the marines advancing against the stubborn Japanese defenders. Thus, with no lighterage, Warrick did not start unloading her own cargo until the following day. After returning from the night retirement area, the attack cargo ship hoisted out her boats at 0810 on the 25th. At that time, Warrick was noting that a strong sea was running with moderate to heavy swells, which, in connection with a good breeze, made unloading conditions decidedly unfavorable. LST-731 came alongside at 1245 but, on her attempt, carried away two debarkation ladders and stove in some of Warrick's hull plating at two spots on her starboard side.

At 1315, on her second attempt, LST-731 commenced taking on cargo. Over the next two days, beach conditions remained the same, with the small landing craft suffering in the heavy swells, leading to many bans on craft the size of LCM's and LCVP's being waved off from the beachhead. Accordingly, LST's and LSM's were utilized as lighters for the cargo. Over the next few days, the ship offloaded her cargo to LCT-692 and LST-731. On 2 March

List of Poaceae genera

The true grasses are one of the largest plant families, with around 12,000 species and 800 genera. They contain, among others, the cereal crop species and other plants of economic importance, such as the bamboos, several important weeds. Grasses originated in the understory of tropical rainforests in the Late Cretaceous, but have since come to occupy a wide range of different habitats. Notably, they are the dominant species in grasslands, open habitats that cover around one fifth of the earth's terrestrial surface; the C4 photosynthetic pathway has evolved at least 22 times independently in the grasses. The deeper relationships in the family have been resolved by recent molecular phylogenetic work; this has been translated into a modern classification which divides the grasses into twelve subfamilies and a number of tribes, with large tribes further divided into subtribes. Anomochlooideae and Puelioideae are early diverging lineages containing only a few species. Most of the diversity falls into the two big BOP and PACMAD clades, which each contain half of the family's species.

C4 lineages have only evolved in the PACMAD clade, whereas many lineages in the BOP clade have evolved adaptations to cold climate. While the higher-level classification of the grasses is now well understood, taxonomic efforts continue at the species and genera level, with continuing phylogenetic research, a number of names is to change; the list of genera below is therefore to evolve with further study