Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state overall, thus making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, South Australia to the west; the area, now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai/Kurnai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia; the Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state. With Great Britain having claimed the half of the Australian continent, east of the 135th meridian east in 1788, Victoria formed part of the wider colony of New South Wales.
The first European settlement in the area occurred in 1803 at Sullivan Bay, much of what is now Victoria was included in 1836 in the Port Phillip District, an administrative division of New South Wales. Named in honour of Queen Victoria, who signed the division's separation from New South Wales, the colony was established in 1851 and achieved self government in 1855; the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s and 1860s increased both the population and wealth of the colony, by the time of the Federation of Australia in 1901, Melbourne had become the largest city and leading financial centre in Australasia. Melbourne served as federal capital of Australia until the construction of Canberra in 1927, with the Federal Parliament meeting in Melbourne's Parliament House and all principal offices of the federal government being based in Melbourne. Politically, Victoria has 37 seats in the Australian House of Representatives and 12 seats in the Australian Senate. At state level, the Parliament of Victoria consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
The Labor Party led Daniel Andrews as premier has governed Victoria since 2014. The personal representative of the Queen of Australia in the state is the Governor of Victoria Linda Dessau. Victoria is divided into 79 municipal districts, including 33 cities, although a number of unincorporated areas still exist, which the state administers directly; the economy of Victoria is diversified, with service sectors including financial and property services, education, retail and manufacturing constitute the majority of employment. Victoria's total gross state product ranks second in Australia, although Victoria ranks fourth in terms of GSP per capita because of its limited mining activity. Culturally, Melbourne hosts a number of museums, art galleries, theatres, is described as the world's sporting capital; the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the largest stadium in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere, hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The ground is considered the "spiritual home" of Australian cricket and Australian rules football, hosts the grand final of the Australian Football League each year, drawing crowds of 100,000.
Nearby Melbourne Park has hosted the Australian Open, one of tennis' four Grand Slam events, annually since 1988. Victoria has eight public universities, with the oldest, the University of Melbourne, dating from 1853. Victoria, like Queensland, was named after Queen Victoria, on the British throne for 14 years when the colony was established in 1851. After the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788, Australia was divided into an eastern half named New South Wales and a western half named New Holland, under the administration of the colonial government in Sydney; the first British settlement in the area known as Victoria was established in October 1803 under Lieutenant-Governor David Collins at Sullivan Bay on Port Phillip. It consisted of 402 people, they had been sent from England in HMS Calcutta under the command of Captain Daniel Woodriff, principally out of fear that the French, exploring the area, might establish their own settlement and thereby challenge British rights to the continent.
In 1826, Colonel Stewart, Captain Samuel Wright, Lieutenant Burchell were sent in HMS Fly and the brigs Dragon and Amity, took a number of convicts and a small force composed of detachments of the 3rd and 93rd regiments. The expedition landed at Settlement Point, on the eastern side of Western Port Bay, the headquarters until the abandonment of Western Port at the insistence of Governor Darling about 12 months afterwards. Victoria's next settlement was on the south west coast of what is now Victoria. Edward Henty settled Portland Bay in 1834. Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman, who set up a base in Indented Head, John Pascoe Fawkner. From settlement, the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales. Shortly after, the site now known as Geelong was surveyed by Assistant Surveyor W. H. Smythe, three weeks after Melbourne, and in 1838, Geelong was declared a town, despite earlier European settlements dating back to 1826
Shire of Hastings
The Shire of Hastings was a local government area about 60 kilometres south-southeast of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, encompassing the eastern extremity of the Mornington Peninsula. The shire covered an area of 304.6 square kilometres, existed from 1960 until 1994. The Mornington Road District was created on 6 November 1860, became a shire on 24 November 1871. On 31 May 1893, it was renamed the Shire of Frankston and Hastings, lost its western riding to the New Mornington Shire, which itself was renamed the Shire of Mornington. On 19 October 1960, the Central and Eastern Ridings of the Shire of Frankston were severed and, with parts of the Eastern Riding of the Shire of Flinders, was incorporated as the Shire of Hastings. On 15 December 1994, the Shire of Hastings was abolished, along with the Shires of Flinders and Mornington, a small part of the City of Frankston, was merged into the newly created Shire of Mornington Peninsula; the Age reported in July 1994 that the result had been supported by Hastings and Mornington councils from the beginning, but opposed by Flinders, which wanted to merge with the southern coastal section of Hastings.
Council met at the Shire Offices, at High Street and Marine Parade, Hastings. The facility is still used today by the Shire of Mornington Peninsula; the Shire of Hastings was divided into four ridings, each of which elected three councillors: Balnarring Riding Bittern Riding Hastings Riding Somers Riding Balnarring Balnarring Beach Baxter Bittern Crib Point Hastings HMAS Cerberus Merricks Merricks Beach Merricks North Moorooduc Point Leo Red Hill South Shoreham Somers Somerville Tyabb * Estimate in the 1958 Victorian Year Book
Western Port but unofficially known as Western Port Bay, is a large tidal bay in southern Victoria, opening into Bass Strait. It is the second largest bay in the state. Geographically, it is dominated by the two large islands. Contrary to its name, it lies to the east of the larger Port Phillip, is separated from it by the Mornington Peninsula, it is visited by Australian fur seals and dolphins, as well as many migratory waders and seabirds. It is listed under the Ramsar Convention as a wetland of international significance; the area around the bay and the two main islands were part of the Boonwurrung nation's territory prior to European settlement. Western Port was first seen by Europeans in 1798 when an exploration crew in a whaleboat led by George Bass, journeyed south from Sydney to explore Australia's south eastern coastline. Due in most part to a lack of food, the expedition was halted, spending two weeks in Western Port before returning to Sydney; as it was the most westerly charted point at the time, it was named Western Port.
The bay is home to the three Marine National Parks—French Island, Churchill Island and Yaringa, while the land adjacent to the north is used for farming purposes including cattle and wineries. Today the bay is used for recreation. Western Port is around one hour from Melbourne by car and a small number of holiday villages with sandy swimming beaches lie on its shores. Prior to European settlement, the Bunurong people lived around Western Port living off shellfish, mutton birds and plant life; the bay was first explored by Europeans in 1797, when George Bass received permission from Governor Hunter in Sydney to sail a whaleboat along the unexplored section of coast south of Botany Bay. On such a rough stretch of water, Bass could not get more than halfway through the strait now known as Bass Strait; this voyage led to the recording of Western Port, so named because of its situation relative to every other known harbour on the coast at that time though it lies to the east of Port Phillip and the city of Melbourne.
Seal hunting was conducted here in the 19th century. In the year 1826 it was reported that the French had resolved to found a settlement at some Australian harbour – King George's Sound or Western Port; the British Government at once sent instructions to Sydney for Governor Darling to take possession of these places. As a result, Colonel Stewart, Captain S. Wright, Lieutenant Burchell were sent in HMS Fly and the brigs Dragon and Amity, with orders to proceed to Western Port, on 18 November 1826, they took a number of convicts and a small force composed of detachments of the 3rd and 93rd regiments. The expedition landed at Settlement Point, on the eastern side of the bay near present-day Corinella, the headquarters until the abandonment of Western Port at the instance of Governor Darling about twelve months afterwards, as unfit for civilisation,Samuel Anderson established the third permanent European settlement in Victoria, after Portland and Melbourne, at Bass in 1835, it was only after the end of World War II that serious consideration was given to the development of the port, its flat shores north of Stony and Crib Points have become a centre for heavy industry.
A major river drainage system, it was inundated together with Port Phillip by the rising sea in the Holocene period. The waters of Western Port cover an area of 680 km² of which 270 km² are exposed as mud flats at low tide; the topography of Western Port is dominated by two large islands: Phillip Island. The coastline, including that of the islands, is some 263 km; the bay and its islands are criss-crossed by seven seismically active fault lines and experiences numerous minor earthquakes every year. In the northern reaches, several rivers and creeks drain into the bay and flow through extensive mangroves and sand banks before being channelled either side of French Island and into the open water in the southern reaches around Phillip Island. Several natural river paths and channels provide access for boats to the northern reaches; some of the major tributaries of Western Port are Bunyip River, Lang Lang River, Bass River, Cardinia Creek, Redbill Creek, Mosquito Creek, Brella Creek and Tankerton Creek.
Until the mid 20th century, the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp adjoined the bay in the north, covering an area of 30–40 thousand hectares, extending inland to present-day Pakenham, prior to cultivation of the land by early settlers. The mangroves in the northern reaches are the only remnants of this swamp today. Western Port contains several small ones; the coastline around Phillip Island is of State significance because of its remnant coastal tussock grasslands and dune scrub, a rare vegetation community in Victoria. Western
Somerville is a town in Melbourne, Australia, 53 km southeast from Melbourne's central business district, forms part of the urban enclave on Western Port comprising Somerville, Bittern, Crib Point, Tyabb. Its local government area is the Shire of Mornington Peninsula. At the 2016 Census, Somerville had a population of 11,336 up from 10,730 in 2011, 10,704 in 2006 and 10,049 in 2001; the size of Somerville is 38 km². An orchard town Somerville has experienced significant population growth over the last twenty-five years, it is served by Somerville railway station on the Stony Point Line, as well as a bus service to Frankston. Yaringa Marina, east of the township, offers boat access to Western Port; the township was once located on Lower Somerville Road, with several original buildings still present today. Somerville Post Office opened on 21 November 1870 and closed in 1893; the railway came to Somerville in September 1889, Somerville station was located approximatelt one mile from Lower Somerville Road and the town centre but was relocated to its current site during the 1890s.
Somerville Railway Station Post Office opened on 15 August 1890 and was renamed Somerville in 1907. In August 2009, two teenagers burnt down the original station; the Somerville Hotel was built in the early 1900s along with the Mechanics' Hall which formed part of the Station Street shopping strip. The north side of the station, lining the railway had historical buildings that were burnt down in 1987 in an act of vandalism. Somerville was known during the early 1900s through to World War II for the fruit, produced in its orchards. A harvest festival was held once yearly and special trains ran from Flinders Street station to the town during the festival. During the late 1980s and early to mid 1990s the town experienced a population increase with a number of housing estates created; the Somerville war memorial was unveiled on 4 November 1923 at the intersection of Frankston Flinders Road and Eramosa Road West. With the increasing population and traffic, the memorial was moved from this busy intersection to Clarinda Street in 1966.
From November 2014 to April 2015 the memorial was moved from Clarinda Street to the Fruitgrowers Reserve. The cenotaph was restored with markers surrounding it telling the residents the history of the area. Trees were planted surrounding the memorial remembering the lost soldiers. An avenue of honour was located on Eramosa Road East where road was lined with plane trees in 1917; each tree represented a resident. These trees were removed by footpaths laid in their place in the 1970s. In early 2013 a new avenue of honour of ornamental pear trees was planted along Station Street. Somerville is experiencing urban growth with an expanding residential area surrounding its retail and commercial hub. Somerville has a vast shopping district with both Woolworths and Coles supermarkets, Target and other speciality shops; the iconic Somerville Hotel is a well-known landmark. There are many parks and playgrounds scattered throughout the area, including the Jones Road Oval and the Fruitgrowers Reserve. There are award winning coffee shops located in somerville.
The Mechanics' Hall is a popular venue hosting small school concerts. On 7 January 2015, a massive storm ravaged Somerville and the neighbouring town of Tyabb, ripping the roof off the hall; the roof was restored the following week. Peninsula Pottery Industries which operated from 1901 to 1979, made bricks for some of the historical buildings in Somerville including St. Andrews Anglican Church and the Somerville Hotel in 1901, but all historical kilns and the chimneys were removed in 2004. Peninsula Pottery Industries was deregistered in 1979. Residential development occurred to the south of the pottery a few years after the closure including Wellington Road and Highfield Way estates; the clay pottery reopened in 2015 after years of closure and is now owned and operated by the Bayport Group located at 9 Pottery Road, where they are digging to a depth of 30 metres over the 60 acres. Inghams has a large factory north of Somerville that employs a large number of the towns population. Inghams Enterprises is producer.
The company was founded in 1918 by Walter Ingham. Following his death in 1953, his two sons and Bob Ingham took over the small breeding operation and developed the site into the largest producer of chickens and turkeys in Australia. Somerville is serviced by three primary schools: State: • Somerville Primary School • Somerville Rise Primary School Private: • Saint Brendan's Catholic Primary School And one secondary school: • Somerville Secondary College Some students commute to several other schools in the area including: State schools: • Mount Erin Secondary College, Frankston South • Mornington Secondary College, Mornington • Western Port Secondary College, Hastings • Elisabeth Murdoch College, Langwarrin Private schools: • Flinders Christian Community College, Tyabb • Woodleigh School, Langwarrin South • Padua College, Mornington • Peninsula School, Mount Eliza • Toorak College, Mount Eliza Somerville has a strong sporting club culture including: Somerville Football Club - competing in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League, Nepean Division.
Somerville Cricket Club - Competing in the M. P. C. A. District Division. Somerville Netball Club competing in Frankston district netball association Golfers play at the Bembridge Public Golf Course on Tyabb-Tooradin Road. Somerville Tennis Club has competitions for juniors, mid-week ladies and night tennis Lawn bowls Somerville Bowling Club Basketball as part of the Westerport Basketball Association The Co
Census in Australia
The census in Australia, or the Census of Population and Housing, collects key characteristic data on every person in Australia, the place they are staying in, on a particular night. The census is the largest statistical collection compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and is held every five years. Participation in the census is compulsory; the Australian Bureau of Statistics is legislated to collect and disseminate census data under the Australian Bureau of Statistics Act 1975, the Census and Statistics Act 1905. The first Australian census was held in 1911, on the night of 2 April and subsequent censuses were held in 1921, 1933, 1947, 1954 and 1961. In 1961 the five-year period was introduced. Censuses are held on the second Tuesday of August; the most recent was held on 9 August 2016 at a cost of $440 million. The census counts all people who are located within Australia and its external and internal territories, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families, on census night.
For the first time, in 2016 Norfolk Island was included in the Australian census rather than being conducted by the Norfolk Island Government. The census examines data such as age, incomes, dwelling types and occupancy, transportation modes, languages spoken, religion; the census is collected and published against geographic areas defined by the Australian Standard Geographical Classification. The ASGC provides a set of geographic classifications for the dissemination of all ABS statistics. In 2007 the ABS published; the primary aim of mesh blocks is to provide a building block for constructing alternative and more relevant geographies. Only data on total persons and total dwellings is released at the mesh block level. Mesh blocks will form the basis of a new statistical geography, the Australian Statistical Geography Standard; the traditional concept of a Collection District is that it was the area that one census collector can cover in about a ten-day period. In the 2001 census, collectors may be allocated more than one urban collection district because of their size.
In urban areas collection districts average about 220 dwellings. In rural areas the number of dwellings per collection district reduces as population densities decrease. For the 2016 census there were 358,122'mesh blocks' and 57,523 spatial Statistical Area Level 1 regions defined throughout Australia; the Census and Statistics Act 1905 and Privacy Act 1988 guarantee that no personally-identifiable information is released from the ABS to other government organisations, or the public. However the ABS makes confidential census data available to researchers, who must make various legal commitments before being given access. In the 1970s there was public debate about the census. In 1979 the Law Reform Commission reported on the Census. One of the key elements under question was the inclusion of names, it was found. On 18 December 2015, the ABS announced that it will retain name and address data collected in the 2016 census for up to four years; this was an increase from 18 months in the 2011 censuses.
From 1971 to 1996 the ABS had a policy of destruction of the original census forms and their electronic representations, as well as field records. Prior to that it appears there was no explicit policy of destruction, but most material had been destroyed because of lack of storage facilities; however the 2001 census offered, for the first time, an option to have personal data archived by the National Archives of Australia and released to the public 99 years and in 2001 54% of Australians agreed to do so. Indigenous Australians in contact with the colonists were enumerated at many of the colonial censuses; when the Federation of Australia occurred in 1901, the new Constitution contained a provision, which said: "In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives shall not be counted." In 1967, a referendum was held which approved two amendments to the Australian constitution relating to indigenous Australians. The second of the two amendments deleted Section 127 from the Constitution.
It was believed at the time of the referendum, is still said, that Section 127 meant that aboriginal people were not counted in Commonwealth censuses before 1967. In fact section 127 related to calculating the population of the states and territories for the purpose of allocating seats in Parliament and per capita Commonwealth grants, its purpose was to prevent Queensland and Western Australia using their large aboriginal populations to gain extra seats or extra funds. Thus the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics interpreted Section 127 as meaning that they may enumerate "aboriginal natives" but that they must be excluded from published tabulations of population. Aboriginal people living in settled areas were counted to a greater or lesser extent in all censuses before 1967; the first Commonwealth Statistician, George Handley Knibbs, obtained a legal opinion that "persons of the half blood" or less are not "aboriginal natives" for the purposes of the Constitution. At the first Australian census in 1911 only those "aboriginal natives" living near white settlements were enumerated, the main population tables included only those of half or less aboriginal descent.
Details of "half-caste" (but not "ful
Mount Eliza, Victoria
Mount Eliza is a seaside town on the Mornington Peninsula, Australia. It is in the local government area of the Shire of Mornington Peninsula. Mount Eliza was named in 1836 by Captain William Hobson after either Eliza Elliott, his wife, or Elizabeth Callaghan, the wife of John Batman. Prior to large scale subdivision, Mount Eliza was a location for holiday homes, Mount Eliza Post Office opening on 15 November 1920; this began to change in the early half of the 20th century. One such subdivision was Ranelagh Estate, designed by Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin in 1924 in tandem with the surveyors Tuxen and Miller. Daveys Bay was named after James Davey who constructed a jetty in the 1840s to ship his produce to Melbourne. In 1909 the Daveys Bay Yacht Club was established, winds its way to a walking track overlooking Mt Eliza Beach on the shores of Canadian Bay, named after three Canadians who owned a sawmill in the area in the 1950s. In 1928, the independent girls school Toorak College was built and is one of the oldest independent girls schools in Victoria.
By the 1950s the shopping precinct began to develop and by the 1960s was a well established shopping village. Hollywood glamour came to Mt Eliza in 1959 when movie stars Fred Astaire, Gregory Peck and Ava Gardner arrived to shoot the Stanley Kramer film, On The Beach, based on the novel of the same name by British novelist Nevil Shute who had lived at nearby Langwarrin. Adjacent to Sunnyside beach sits a historical property Morning Star Estate. Morning Star Estate is a distinctive example of a Victorian era mansion built as a rural or holiday retreat on the Mornington Peninsula, it incorporates a number of architectural styles – including Tudor and Gothic Revival. Sunnyside estate was purchased by Londoner Francis Alfred Gillett in 1865 a short time after he arrived in the colony in 1853. Gillett designed the Sunnyside mansion sometime around 1867–1870. In 1932 the property was purchased, with funds from a bequest, by the Catholic Church and became known as Morning Star Boys' Home; the boys’ home was developed into a country-training centre for delinquent boys, giving them exposure to the benefits of rural life.
The boys became involved in an extensive building program, which led to further developments of the property. Despite this, the mansion remained the dominant architectural feature of the property. Renovations and extensions were undertaken by the Franciscans in 1944–1946; some effort to follow the lead of the mansion was made in the external Tudor/Gothic detailing of the large chapel. A number of courtyards were formed by the new buildings, including a large courtyard, used for sports and was enclosed; the remains of a football field lie to the south of the building complex, a tall angular concrete pillar near the Nepean Highway carried a statue of the Virgin Mary sculpted by one of the brothers. Morning Star Estate has been in a number of films due to its location and historical buildings, including a three-month location shoot around the mansion for the movie Partisan, starring French actor Vincent Cassel, during 2013 and 2014; the mansion was the location for the Kath & Kim movie spin-off Kath & Kimderella.
Morning Star estate is home to the largest rose garden in Victoria, the gardens surrounding the main mansion are home to more than 700 varieties of ornamental roses. The town is bordered by Kackeraboite Creek, Humphries Road, Moorooduc Highway, Wooralla Drive, the Mornington railway line, Oakbank Road, Manyung Creek and Port Phillip. There are several beaches and bays located in Mount Eliza, which include Canadian Bay, Daveys Bay, Half Moon Bay, Moondah Beach, Ranelagh Beach and Sunnyside North Beach. In addition Mount Eliza is home to the Moorooduc Quarry Flora and Fauna Reserve and several creeks including Ballar Creek, Earimil Creek, Gunyong Creek, Kackeraboite Creek, Manmangur Creek and Manyung Creek The town's main shopping area is known as Mount Eliza Village, it is situated at the intersection of Mount Eliza Way. The village is a bustling centre of activity and is well served by many businesses, including all four major banks. Two major supermarkets, Ritchies Stores Supa IGA and Woolworths can be found along with many specialty shops.
Melbourne Business School Monash University Peninsula Campus is nearby Peninsula Grammar Toorak College Mount Eliza Secondary College Kunyung Primary School Mount Eliza Primary School Mount Eliza North Primary School St. Thomas More Catholic Primary School Toorak College Preschool Peninsula Grammar Early Childhood Centre Guardian Early Learning Centre Mt Eliza Mt Eliza Preschool Kunyung Preschool Woodlands Early Learning Centre Walkers Road Preschool Mt Eliza House Childcare & Early Learning Centre Little Grasshoppers Early Learning Centre CoolstoresThere is another child care centre being built on 1412 Nepean Highway, Mount Eliza VIC 3930 designed by Rauhous There are many sporting clubs in Mount Eliza, but most notable is the Mount Eliza Football Club competing in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League which has produced many AFL players. Mt Eliza Cricket Club, one of the most successful Cricket Clubs on the Mornington Peninsula with ten First Eleven premierships and a total of more than 55, including the Juniors.
During the 1980s the club was heralded as the largest cricket club in Australia with nine senior teams and eight junior teams. However, they are still held at bay by their rivals up the hill the mighty POBCC who make runs, take wickets and win flags for fun something the boys in green haven't done in years! Mount Eliza Soccer Club was formed
Mornington is a seaside town on the Mornington Peninsula, Australia, located 57 km south of Melbourne's central business district. It is in the local government area of the Shire of Mornington Peninsula. Mornington is known for its beautiful beaches. Mornington is a popular tourist destination with Melburnians who make day trips to visit the area's bay beaches and wineries; the town centre runs into local beach. The Post Office opened on 21 May 1856 as Schnapper Point and was renamed Mornington in 1864. In the 2016 Census, there were 23,989 people in Mornington. 72.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 9.8%, New Zealand 1.7%, Scotland 1.4%, Ireland 0.7% and Netherlands 0.7%. 89.3% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Italian 0.8%, Greek 0.6% and German 0.4%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 36.5%, Catholic 23.0% and Anglican 16.6%. The town centre runs into the foreshore area and local beach, which features a yacht club and park with playground facilities.
Mornington is an attractive destination for shopping and features some excellent restaurants and cafes. The north of Mornington is home to several horse breeders and stables, it has a modern library and numerous parks and historical buildings, many of which are open to the public. It holds several annual festivals, holds a market day in the main street every Wednesday, which attracts hundreds of people. Mornington and its surrounding suburbs have many schools on offer including Mt Eliza Secondary College, Mornington Secondary College, Padua College, Toorak College and The Peninsula School. Mornington is served by Peninsula Link, Nepean Highway and Moorooduc Highway. All three are dual-carriageway arterial roads with varying speed limits of 80 km/h-100 km/h; the Melbourne bus routes 781, 784, 785, 788 services the area. The Mornington railway line closed in 1981 and reopened in 1991 as the heritage Mornington Railway with the aims of restoring the line in future; the town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League.
Mornington has a horse racing club, the Mornington Racing Club, which schedules around twenty race meetings a year including the Mornington Cup meeting in February. Mornington has an active Yacht club, Mornington Yacht Club, located at Schnapper Point, catering for sailors of all levels abilities, from beginners "Tackers", through to those competing at ocean racing level; the club hosts many state, National, & International regattas, as it provides a good location in sheltered, pristine waters. 2014 saw the successful running of the largest single class Yachting regatta held in the Southern Hemisphere - the Optimist National Championships. The Optimist drew over 2000 people to the Club and Mornington shire. Golfers play at the course of the Mornington Country Golf Club on Tallis Drive. Mornington Peninsula Pony Club provides dressage, show jumping and cross-country facilities for young equestrian enthusiasts; the club holds rallies on the first Sunday of each month and is affiliated with the Pony Club Association of Victoria.
Mornington has a strong Field Hockey club competing in the Hockey Victoria Association known as the Mornington Peninsula Falcons. Terri Sawyer, the 18-year-old female driver who won the first AUSCAR race at the Calder Park Thunderdome in Melbourne in February 1988, is a resident of Mornington. Mornington has an oceanic climate with warm and hot summers and mild winters where temperatures below freezing are rare occasions. Finola Moorhead, writer Brodie Harper