Northern Peninsula Area Region
The Northern Peninsula Area Region is a local government area in Far North Queensland, covering areas on the northwestern coast of Cape York Peninsula. It was created in March 2008 out of three Aboriginal Shires and two autonomous Island Councils during a period of statewide local government reform; the Region was created on 15 March 2008 from five previous entities—the Bamaga and Seisia Island Councils, the Injinoo, New Mapoon and Umagico Aboriginal Councils. Its first election was held on the same day. In 1984, the Community Services Act and Community Services Act were enacted by the Queensland Government, allowing community councils to be created to own and administer former reserves or missions under a Deed of Grant in Trust; each was responsible for local basic utilities and services such as electricity and management of local CDEP programs. They worked with the Queensland Police to provide for community police officers—hence extending well beyond the normal functions of local government.
The Local Government Act 2004 extended to community councils many of the provisions and benefits of the Local Government Act 1993 enjoyed by shire councils. In 2006, the councils were involved in a consultation process which resulted in a Green Paper being produced; the State Government subsequently took over the process, in April 2007, a White Paper entitled "Community Government in the Torres Strait: the way forward" was released, recommending both governance and structural changes to ensure the sustainability of governance in the region. The White Paper expressed concerns about workload and capacity to meet community needs, deficiencies in corporate governance and accountability and other challenges and issues; the Local Government Reform report in July 2007 recommended the creation of the Northern Peninsula Area council as well as the Torres Strait Island Region council to attempt to address these issues. The Queensland Government responded by proposing the Local Government and Other Legislation Amendment Bill 2007 to bring the two new councils into line with the recommendations of both reports.
Because of the unique structure of the DOGIT areas, where a community owned the land and the council represented the community owners, concerns were raised by the councils about ownership transferring to the new entities and diluting their title over it. Some councils responded by creating a private company with all community members as shareholders, transferring the ownership to the company; this was opposed by the State Government who threatened to take legal action against the communities. Following the elections, the Department of Local Government provided $675,000 to the Regional Council to assist with expenses relating to the post-amalgamation transfer process; the council consists of five divisions, each of which represents one of the former entities and elects one councillor, with a mayor being elected by the entire region. At the 2008 election, the following councillors were elected: Mayor—Joseph Elu Division 1 —Gina Nona Division 2 —Peter Lui Division 3 —Reg Williams Division 4 —Michael Bond Division 5 —Jeffrey AnibaThe 2012 local government elections saw a new set of councillors elected.
All sitting councillors who recontested their seats - the Mayor and Councillors from Division 1, 3 and 4 - were defeated. The following councillors were elected: Mayor—Bernard Charlie Division 1 —Anthony Mara Division 2 —Dennis Gatawan Division 3 —Edward Newman Division 4 —Trevor Lifu Division 5 —Benjamin Gebadi 2008 - 2012: Joseph Benjamin Elu 2012 - 2016: Bernard Charlie 2016 -: Eddie Newman The Northern Peninsula Area Region includes the following settlements: Bamaga - 743 Injinoo - 403 New Mapoon - 343 Seisia - 215 Somerset - 0 Umagico - 225At the 2006 ABS census, the area had a population of 1,929 The Northern Peninsula Area Regional Council operate Indigenous Knowledge Centres at Bamaga, New Mapoon and Umagico. Northern Peninsula Area Agreement FACSIA Occasional Paper Northern Peninsula Area Regional Council
Sir Johannes Bjelke-Petersen, was an Australian politician. He was the longest-serving and longest-lived Premier of Queensland, holding office from 1968 to 1987, during which time the state underwent considerable economic development, his uncompromising conservatism, his political longevity, his leadership of a government that, in its years, was revealed to be institutionally corrupt, made him one of the best-known and most controversial political figures of 20th century Australia. Bjelke-Petersen's Country Party controlled Queensland despite receiving the smallest number of votes out of the state's leading three parties, achieving the result through a notorious system of electoral malapportionment that resulted in rural votes having a greater value than those cast in city electorates; the effect earned Bjelke-Petersen the nickname of "the Hillbilly Dictator". Yet he was a popular figure among conservative voters and over the course of his 19 years as premier he tripled the number of people who voted for his party and doubled the party's percentage vote.
After the Liberals pulled out of the government in 1983, Bjelke-Petersen reduced his former coalition partners to a mere six seats in an election held that year. In 1985 Bjelke-Petersen launched a campaign to move into federal politics to become prime minister, though the campaign was aborted. Bjelke-Petersen was a divisive premier and earned himself a reputation as a "law and order" politician with his repeated use of police force against street demonstrators and strongarm tactics with trade unions, leading to frequent descriptions of Queensland under his leadership as a police state. From 1987 his administration came under the scrutiny of a royal commission into police corruption and its links with state government ministers. Bjelke-Petersen was unable to recover from the series of damaging findings and after resisting a party vote that replaced him as leader, resigned from politics on 1 December 1987. Two of his state ministers, as well as the police commissioner Bjelke-Petersen had appointed and knighted, were jailed for corruption offences and in 1991 Bjelke-Petersen, was tried for perjury over his evidence to the royal commission.
Bjelke-Petersen was born in Dannevirke in the southern Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand, lived in Waipukurau, a small town in Hawke's Bay. The Australian Bjelke-Petersen family are of Swedish descent. Bjelke-Petersen's parents were both Danish immigrants, his father, was a Lutheran pastor. In 1913 the family moved to Australia, establishing a farm, "Bethany", near Kingaroy in south-eastern Queensland; the young Bjelke-Petersen suffered from polio. The family was poor, Carl Bjelke-Petersen was in poor health. Bjelke-Petersen finished formal schooling at age 14 to work with his mother on the farm, though he enrolled in correspondence school and undertook a University of Queensland extension course on the "Art of Writing", he taught Sunday school, delivered sermons in nearby towns and joined the Kingaroy debating society. In 1933, Bjelke-Petersen began work land-clearing and peanut farming on the family's newly acquired second property, his efforts allowed him to begin work as a contract land-clearer and to acquire further capital which he invested in farm equipment and natural resource exploration.
He developed a technique for clearing scrub by connecting a heavy anchor chain between two bulldozers. By the time he was 30, he was businessman. Obtaining a pilot's licence early in his adult life, Bjelke-Petersen started aerial spraying and grass seeding to further speed up pasture development in Queensland. After failing in a 1944 plebiscite against the sitting member to gain Country Party endorsement in the state seat of Nanango, based on Kingaroy, Bjelke-Petersen was elected in 1946 to the Kingaroy Shire Council, where he developed a profile in the Country Party. With the support of local federal member and shire council chairman Sir Charles Adermann and Sir Frank Nicklin, he gained Country Party endorsement for Nanango and was elected a year at age 36, going on to give regular radio talks and becoming secretary of the local Nationals branch, he would hold this seat, renamed Barambah in 1950, for the next 40 years. The Labor Party had held power in Queensland since 1932 and Bjelke-Petersen spent eleven years as an opposition member.
On 31 May 1952, Bjelke-Petersen married typist Florence Gilmour, who would become a significant political figure in her own right. In 1957, following a split in the Labor Party, the Country Party under Nicklin came to power, with the Liberal Party as a junior coalition partner; this was a reversal of the situation at the national level. Queensland is Australia's least centralised state. In these areas, the Country Party was stronger than the Liberal Party; as a result, the Country Party had been the larger of the two non-Labor parties, had been senior partner in the Coalition since 1925. In 1963 Nicklin appointed Bjelke-Petersen as minister for works and housing, a portfolio that gave him the opportunity to bestow favours and earn the loyalty of backbenchers by approving construction of schools, police stations and public housing in their electorates. At various times, he served as acting minister for education, police and Island Affairs, local government and conservation and labour and industry.
He would serv
Possession Island (Queensland)
Possession Island is a small island in the Torres Strait Islands group off the coast of far northern Queensland, Australia. It is known as Bedanug or Bedhan Lag by the one of the indigenous Australian inhabitants, the Kaurareg though the Ankamuti were indigenous to the island. Possession Island is located at the centre of the Possession Island National Park, an area of 5.10 km² established as a Protected Area in 1977 and managed by the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service In 1770 the British navigator Lieutenant James Cook sailed northwards along the east coast of Australia in the Endeavour, anchoring for a week at Botany Bay. Three months at about midday on 22 August 1770, he reached the northernmost tip of the coast and, without leaving the ship, named it Cape York. Having completed his survey of the east coast, it was time to go home and so Cook turned west and nursed his damaged ship through the dangerously shallow waters of Torres Strait. After two years at sea, the ship's company was hoping to find a navigable passage, instead of spending many weeks sailing round New Guinea.
Searching for a high vantage point, Cook saw a steep hill on a nearby island from the top of which he hoped to see'a passage into the Indian Seas'. Rowing ashore in the pinnace, Cook climbed the hill with a small party, including the naturalist Joseph Banks. On seeing a navigable passage, he signalled the good news down to the men on the ship by raising a hand-held flag and firing a gun into the air. There were loud cheers from the marines waiting down on the beach. Cook would record that, when he was on that hill, he took possession of the east coast in the name of King George III and named the place'Possession Island'. However, it is unlikely; the Admiralty's instructions did not authorize Cook to annex New Holland, as Justice Evatt indicates: the authorisation was limited to the mythical Southern Continent and to islands not discovered by any Europeans. The Eastern Coast of Australia did not fall under either of these heads'. Joseph Banks, the only witness within earshot of Cook to record the hilltop event, does not mention any possession claim.
Banks writes: we concluded we might have a much better view than from our mast head, so the anchor was dropd and we prepard ourselves to go ashore to examine whether the place we stood into was a bay or a passage. The hill we were upon was by. If Cook intended to annex Australia's east coast, he would have conducted the ceremony on the mainland before rounding Cape York, not on an island off the west coast of the Dutch-named Carpentaria peninsula. Cook gives no hint of any intention to take possession; the fabrication of Cook's'possession ceremony' was first proposed in the book Lying for the Admiralty. Two months after departing Australia, the Endeavour arrived in the Dutch port of Batavia. Here the Britons were told that the French mariner Louis Bougainville, had sailed across the Pacific the previous year and, as Banks records, the French had discovered "divers lands unknown before... so that they have done some part of our work for us. Cook was alarmed by this news, which came at a time of furious rivalry as France and Britain raced for strategic discoveries in the South Seas.
Fearing he had been pre-empted by the French, Cook altered his journal by turning the hilltop signal-drill into a possession ceremony, in the hope of securing British priority over any French claim to Australia. In 1857 the artist, John Gilfillan, exhibited in Melbourne his painting commemorating the purported annexation titled Captain Cook taking possession of the Australian continent on behalf of the British crown 1770, it is an idyllic tableau, but it is fanciful. On the day in question and his small landing party were not standing in lush parkland at sea level, but on a high barren hill in the tropics. There were no drums, no tent, no campfire, no brandy, no loyal toasts, no Tupaia wearing a bright jacket and carrying a tray of goblets. In 1770 the British navigator Lieutenant James Cook sailed northward along the east coast of Australia in the Endeavour, anchoring for a week at Botany Bay. Three months at Possession Island in Queensland, he claimed possession of the east coast for Britain.
In his journal, Cook wrote: "I now once more hoisted English Coulers and in the Name of His Majesty King George the Third took possession of the whole Eastern Coast...by the name New South Wales, together with all the Bays, Harbours Rivers and Islands situate upon the said coast."In 2001 the Kaurareg people claimed native title rights over the island
Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Booby Island (Queensland)
Booby Island is located 45 km northwest of Muttee Heads at the tip of Cape York Peninsula in Queensland, Australia. This island is in the Torres Strait, 32 km west of Thursday Island and 23 km west of Prince of Wales Island. Booby Island is known as Ngiangu by the Kuarareg people of the western Torres Strait, its traditional owners, named for the giant Ngiangu, forced from a neighbouring island It has been called Booby Island by a number of European explorers, including Captain Cook, for the presence of the Booby birds. In the 19th century, such a high number of ships were lost in the area that provisions were stored on the island for shipwrecked sailors. Wrecks include: Delfshaven'. Barque, 656 tons. Newcastle to Java. Struck a sunken reef near Booby Island, 24 July 1862; as she was undermanned, the boats were launched with difficulty after big seas had driven her over the rocks into calm water. Natives and adverse currents prevented them reaching safety on the Australian coast before one boat was abandoned and a course set for Timor.
Kanahooka Iron steamship, 386 tons. Built 1883. Foundered in a heavy gale south of Booby Island, 19 January 1894, she was overloaded with guano from Rocky Islet in the Gulf of Carpentaria. Marina Barque. Lost in Torres Strait, from Sydney to Singapore, 28 May 1866. Crew landed on Booby Island and a ship took them on to Singapore. Morning Star, wrecked 1814 somewhere near Booby Island. Pacific. Schooner. Foundered off Booby Island, 6 July 1935. Shamrock. Schooner. Involved in rescue of survivors from two ships, on Booby Island. In 1890 a lighthouse took up service on the island, an 18 metres tall timber framed iron clad conical tower with a focal plane at 37 m; the light characteristic is one. The tower is painted white with a red lantern room. Booby Island has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Booby Island Light Booby Island is home to Indigenous rock art and graffiti in a number of shoreline caves; the first known documentation of this was in 1857, by Lieutenant Chimmo of the HMSV Torch writing of the ship names in the'Post Office Cave'.
The island became a stopping point for water and repairs for sailors traversing the Torres Strait in trading ships, government ships from the early days of European colonisation, many left their marks both alongside and overwriting the Indigenous rock art. The recollections of lighthouse keepers and their families in newspaper articles and books never fail to mention the painted caves, some of their names appear amongst the graffiti; the Indigenous rock art and graffiti was photographed by a Queensland Museum team in the 1980s and 1990s, subsequent studies have shown that there are marks left by: Indigenous visitors/occupants including depictions of sea creatures passing ships from as early as 1841 individuals on the ships lighthouse keepers, their families and visitors Military personnel living on the island during WWII, members of a signals unit monitoring the Pacific
Cape York Peninsula
Cape York Peninsula is a large remote peninsula located in Far North Queensland, Australia. It is the largest unspoiled wilderness in northern Australia; the land is flat and about half of the area is used for grazing cattle. The undisturbed eucalyptus-wooded savannahs, tropical rainforests and other types of habitat are now recognized and preserved for their global environmental significance, but native wildlife is threatened by introduced species and weeds. In 1606, Dutch sailor Willem Janszoon on board the Duyfken reached Australia as its first known European explorer, discovering the Cape York Peninsula. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York – This was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. Edmund Kennedy was the first European explorer to attempt an overland expedition of Cape York Peninsula, he had been second-in-command to Thomas Livingstone Mitchell in 1846 when the Barcoo River was discovered.
The aim was to establish a route to the tip of the peninsula, where Sydney businessmen were attempting development of a port for trade with the East Indies. The expedition set out from Rockingham Bay near the present town of Cardwell in May 1848, it turned out to be one of the great disasters of Australian exploration. Of the thirteen men who set out, only three survived; the others were speared by hostile aborigines. Kennedy died of spear wounds within sight of his destination in December 1848; the only survivor to complete the journey was an aborigine from New South Wales. He led a rescue party to the other two, unable to continue; the peninsula was reached in 1864 when the brothers Francis Lascelles and Alexander William Jardine, along with eight companions, drove a mob of cattle from Rockhampton to the new settlement of Somerset where the Jardines’ father was commander. En route they lost most of their horses, many of their stores and fought pitched battles with Aborigines arriving in March 1865.
The west coast borders the Gulf of Carpentaria and the east coast borders the Coral Sea. The peninsula is bordered on three sides. There is no clear demarcation to the south, although the official boundary in the Cape York Peninsula Heritage Act 2007 of Queensland runs along at about 16°S latitude. At the peninsula’s widest point, it is 430 km from the Bloomfield River in the southeast, across to the west coast just south of the aboriginal community of Kowanyama, it is some 660 km from the southern border of Cook Shire, to the tip of Cape York. The largest islands in the strait include Prince of Wales Island, Horn Island and Badu Island. At the tip of the peninsula lies Cape York, the northernmost point on the Australian mainland, it was named by Lieutenant James Cook on 21 August 1770 in honour of Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany, a brother of King George III of the United Kingdom, who had died three years earlier: The point of the Main, which forms one side of the Passage before mentioned, and, the Northern Promontory of this Country, I have named York Cape, in honour of his late Royal Highness, the Duke of York.
The tropical landscapes are among the most stable in the world. Long undisturbed by tectonic activity, the peninsula is an eroded level low plain dominated by meandering rivers and vast floodplains, with some low hills rising to 800 m elevation in the McIlwraith Range on the eastern side around Coen; the backbone of Cape York Peninsula is the peninsula ridge, part of Australia’s Great Dividing Range. This mountain range is made up of ancient Palaeozoic rocks. To the east and west of the peninsula ridge lie the Carpentaria and Laura Basins, themselves made up of ancient Mesozoic sediments. There are several outstanding landforms on the peninsula: the large expanses of undisturbed dunefields at the eastern coast around Shelburne Bay and Cape Bedford-Cape Flattery; the soils are remarkably infertile compared to other areas of Australia, being entirely laterised and in most cases so old and weathered that little development is apparent today. It is because of this extraordinary soil poverty that the region is so thinly settled: the soils are so unworkable and unresponsive to fertilisers that attempts to grow commercial crops have failed.
The climate on Cape York Peninsula is tropical and monsoonal, with a heavy monsoon season from November to April, during which time the forest becomes uninhabitable, a dry season from May to October. The temperature is warm to hot, with a cooler climate in higher areas; the mean annual temperatures range from 18 °C at higher elevations to 27 °C on the lowlands in the drier southwest. Temperatures over 40 °C and below 5 °C are rare. Annual rainfall is high, ranging from over 2,000 millimetres in the Iron Range and north of Weipa to about 700 millimetres at the southern border. All this rain falls between November and April, only on the eastern slopes of the Iron Range is the median rainfall between June and September above 5 millimetres. Between January and March, the median monthly rainfall ranges from about 170 millimetres in the south to over 500 millimetres in the north and on the Iron Range; the Peninsula Ridge forms the drainage divide between the Gulf of Car
Queensland Government Gazette
The Queensland Government Gazette is the government gazette of the Government of Queensland in Australia. It lists appointments and public notices including new legislation. Traditionally, publication in the gazette was a legal requirement for an announcement to be official, it is published weekly, but extraordinary editions can be published in between the regular weekly issues if there is an urgent need. The first Queensland Government Gazette was published on Saturday 10 December 1859 following the separation of Queensland, proclaimed on 9 December 1859 with the arrival of the first Queensland Governor George Bowen with the Letters Patent signed by Queen Victoria; the first issue of the Gazette includes the Letters Patent. The 1859 to 1900 editions of the Queensland Government Gazette have been digitised and are available online. Since 2003, the Gazette has been published online; the last printed edition of the gazette was published on Friday 30 November 2012 with only online and CD-ROM formats being available since then.
List of government gazettes Digitised editions from 1859 to 1900 Online gazettes from 2003