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Shire of Torres

The Shire of Torres is a local government area located in Far North Queensland, covering large sections of the Torres Strait Islands and the northern tip of Cape York Peninsula north of 11°S latitude. It holds two distinctions—it is the northernmost Local Government Area in Australia, is the only one to abut an international border – it is at one point just 73 kilometres from Papua New Guinea, it is administered from Thursday Island. The Hann Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. On 30 October 1885, the coastal islands of Hann Division was separated to create Torres Division. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Balonne Division became Shire of Balonne on 31 March 1903. Most of the islands were unincorporated until the 1970s, but Thursday Island had a town council going back to 1912. In 1939, the Torres Strait Islanders Act was passed by the Federal Government, allowing for a form of local government on each island.

On 27 January 1942, after the fall of Singapore during World War II, the Australian government gave the order to evacuate all civilians from Thursday Island, which now became a military base. In 1946, civilians started returning to the island. In 1952 the Council was replaced by administrators. On 9 May 1974, the Shire was established and gazetted by the Bjelke-Petersen government, in an effort to gain leverage on a boundary dispute between the Australian and Papua New Guinea governments, it was created from the following parts: However, elective government was not restored to the Shire until March 1991—along with the Shires of Mornington and Aurukun, it was administered by the Local Government Department's Far North regional office. When the Community Services Act 1984 was enacted, 15 island councils were created; each was responsible for local basic utilities and services, worked with the Queensland Police to provide for community police officers—hence extending well beyond the normal functions of local government.

The remaining areas were governed under the Local Government Act like most other parts of Queensland. In March 1991, elected Council status was restored by the new Goss Labor government, in 1994 Pedro Stephen became its first and so far only mayor. Since 1984, the Shire of Torres only administers those sections of its area which are not autonomous, it is colocated with the Northern Peninsula Area Region, which covers a number of Deed of Grant in Trust areas on the peninsula, the Torres Strait Island Region, which replaced 15 autonomous island councils in March 2008. During statewide local government reform in 2007–08, the Queensland Government considered merging the Shire with the other areas, but felt that having one area subject to three different types of legislation would be inefficient, the Shire was one of a handful to remain unchanged through the process; the shire covers a land area of 1,856.9 square kilometres, of which it controls and administers 885.9 square kilometres under the Local Government Act 1993.

Areas under its jurisdiction include: Thursday Island Horn Island and its airport Prince of Wales Island Albany Island and Manar Group Booby Island Dayman Island Entrance Island Friday Island Goods Island Little Adolphus Island Mabuiag Island Mount Adolphus Island Packe Island Port Lihou Island Punsand, including Possession Island Somerset Turtle Head Island Wednesday Island Travel in the shire is by boat. The population of the Shire of Torres, along with Cook and Mornington, have been singled out by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, who conduct the quinquennial census, as difficult to measure accurately. Reasons for this include cultural and language barriers and geographical spread of the population, who are located in isolated communities and on small islands; as such, all figures are to be lower than the actual population on the census date. In addition, until 1 July 2002, the Australian Bureau of Statistics included the Island and DOGIT councils within the Shire of Torres statistical local area.

Information for the reduced Shire back to 1996 has been provided on the ABS website through the Time Series Profile. Until the 2007 -- 08 reforms, the council consisted of seven councillors. A mayor is elected separately by the entire Shire. Meetings are held on the third Tuesday of each month at the Torres Shire Council offices at Douglas Street, [[Thursday Island, Queensland|Thursday On 15 March 2008, Pedro Stephen, an ordained Full Gospel minister first elected in 1994 and the first Torres Strait Islander to be elected as a mayor of a local government area, was re-elected with 50% of the vote. 2008: Napau Pedro Stephen 2012: Napau Pedro Stephen 2016: Vonda Malone The Torres Shire Council operates Ngulaig Meta Municipal Library at 121 Douglas Street on Thursday Island. List of Torres Strait Islands Torres Strait Island Region Torres Strait Regional Authority


Tish-atal was endan of Urkesh during the Third Dynasty of Ur. He was one of the earliest known Hurrian rulers, but the archaeological record is fragmentary for this period, no precise date can be ascribed to his reign. In older literature the name Tishari is sometimes used, but it has now been established that the correct rendering is Tish-atal. Two other rulers with a similar name are known from around the same period, Tish-atal of Nineveh and Dishatal, king of Karahar; these are thought to be distinct persons, so the name was common in the area where the Hurrians lived. A cuneiform inscription about a temple of Nergal is the only source for Tish-atal; the text is found on two bronze lion statuettes, but there is a better preserved copy on a stone tablet, now in the Louvre Museum, along with one of the lions. This famous inscription is the earliest known writing in the Hurrian language; the following translation is given by Mirjo Salvini: Tish-atal, endan of Urkesh, has built a temple for Nergal.

May the god Lubadag protect it. He who destroys this temple, may Lubadag destroy. May the god not hear his prayers. May the lady of Nagar and the storm god curse ten thousand times he who destroys it. Urkesh and the Hurrians: Studies in Honor of Lloyd Cotsen, ed. G. Bucaletti and M. Kelly-Bucaletti, Undena Publications, Malibu 1998, ISBN 0-89003-501-6: Salvini, Mirjo; the Earliest Evidences of the Hurrians Before the Formation of the Reign of Mittanni Wilhelm, Gernot. Die inschrift des Tišatal von Urkeš


Cenovis is a product based on yeast extract, similar to Marmite and Vegemite, rich in vitamin B1. In the form of a dark brown food paste, it is used to flavour soups and salads; the most popular way to consume Cenovis, however, is to spread it on a slice of buttered bread, as stated on the product's packaging. Cenovis is popular in Switzerland, it was developed in Rheinfelden in 1931, on the initiative of a master brewer called Alex Villinger, was subsequently produced by the company Cenovis SA. In 1999, the Swiss banker Michel Yagchi purchased the brand and along with Didier Fischer and Frank Guemara relaunched it applying modern marketing methods. On 29 February 2008, Michel Yagchi transferred the brand, acquired in 1999, to the Gustav Gerig AG, an Aargau company, the product thereby returned to its canton of origin; the company presents the following story behind Cenovis: "In 1931, a brewer recycled the yeast used for the fermentation of beer: vegetal substances rich in vitamin B1. After several tests, the product was perfected and a group of Swiss brewers launched Cenovis.

Healthy and strong soldiers!" Culinary Heritage of Switzerland List of brand name condiments List of spreads Marmite Promite Vegemite Vitam-R Cenovis SA. The makers of Cenovis Marmite, and... Cenovis? A tale of salty yeast spreads

Vadim Tatarov

Vadim Tatarov is a Moldovan former swimmer, who specialized in breaststroke events. He is a two-time Olympian, a former Moldovan record holder in both 100 and 200 m breaststroke. Tatarov made his Olympic debut, at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, he failed to reach the top 16 final in any of his individual events, finishing thirtieth in the 100 m breaststroke, twenty-eighth in the 200 m breaststroke. At the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Tatarov swam only in the 100 m breaststroke, he achieved a FINA B-standard entry time of 1:05.53 from the Russian Open Championships in Saint Petersburg. He established a Moldovan record of 1:04.12 to power past the entire field with an unexpected triumph in heat three, coming from an outside lane. Tatarov's first-place effort was not enough to put him through to the semifinals, as he placed thirty-sixth overall in the prelims

Erskine Nicol

Erskine Nicol was a Scottish figure and genre painter. He was born in Leith on 3 July 1825 the eldest son of James Main Nicol and his wife Margaret Alexander. After initial apprenticeship as a decorator he turned to art, he was a student at the Trustees' Academy, where he studied with Sir William Allan, Thomas Duncan. On qualifying he taught as an Art Master at Leith Academy. Nicol taught in Dublin, from 1845–50, at the height of the Irish famine, identified with the oppression of the Irish people and much of his work portrays the injustices inflicted upon the Irish population during the 19th century. In 1850, he moved to Edinburgh, he lived at a fine Georgian flat at the top of Leith Walk. He was made an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1851 and an Academician in 1859. Nicol exhibited at the Royal Academy and was made an Associate of the Royal Academy in 1866, he exhibited at the Royal Hibernian Academy and the British Institution. In 1862 he left Edinburgh and moved to St John's Wood in London in 1864 moved to 24 Dawson Place in west London.

He purchased a studio in Clonave in County Westmeath in Ireland and enjoyed finishing canvases there until ill-health forced him to curtail his travelling. He thereafter used a disused church in Pitlochry to complete his works, he died at The Dell, Feltham, on 8 March 1904. He is buried with his second wife in Rottingdean. In 1905 the Royal Scottish Academy held a commemorative exhibition. Wayside Prayers Tate Gallery Beggar My Neighbour Irish Merry-Making Donnybrook Fair The Perch Fishers The Approach of the Enemy Portrait of Sir William Fettes Douglas Royal Scottish Academy Renewal of the Lease Refused Irish Emigrants Waiting for the Train The Emigrants Tate Gallery A Deputation Collecting His Thoughts Sheffield Museums Both Puzzled A Country Booking-Office Making Pills for the Saxons The Crossroads Steady, Steady Kept In The Missing Boat Nicol was twice married: first in 1851 to Janet Watson, who died in 1863, leaving a son and a daughter; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: David Storrar.

"Nicol, Erskine". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Soden, Joanna. "Nicol, Erskine". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35235. 43 paintings by or after Erskine Nicol at the Art UK site Erskine Nicol at Contemporary Irish Art Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections

2009 American League Central tie-breaker game

The 2009 American League Central tie-breaker game was a one-game extension to Major League Baseball's 2009 regular season, played between the Detroit Tigers and Minnesota Twins to determine the champion of the American League's Central Division. It was played at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on October 6, 2009; the Twins won the game 6–5 in extra innings and advanced to the 2009 AL Division Series where they were swept by the New York Yankees. A tie-breaker was necessary after both teams finished the season with identical win–loss records of 86–76; the Twins, who had won the regular season series against the Tigers, 11 games to 7, were thus awarded home field due to a rules change prior to the 2009 season. It was the third tie-breaker played in MLB from 2007–2009, it was the second consecutive tiebreaker for the AL Central title after 2008, when the Chicago White Sox defeated the Twins to win the division. The Twins became the first MLB team to contest tie-breaker games of any sort in consecutive seasons.

The tie-breaker is counted as the 163rd regular season game played by both teams and all events in the game are added to regular season statistics. This was the Twins' final regular season game at the Metrodome as the team moved to Target Field for the 2010 season; the tie-breaker was named the Best Regular-Season Game of the Decade by Sports Illustrated. The Tigers led the AL Central for periods at the start of the season in April tying for the lead on May 10 and taking the lead outright on May 16; the Tigers held at least a share of the divisional lead from onwards, holding their largest lead of 7 games on September 6. Although the Tigers went 16–12 in September, their second-best month by winning percentage in 2009, they won just 1 of 4 games in October; the Twins went 16–11 and 4–0 over this same stretch to tie the Tigers for the divisional lead after the 162-game regular season. More broadly, the Tigers were 48–39 over the first half of the season while the Twins were 45–44 but the Twins came back in the second half going 41–32 leading up to the tie-breaker while the Tigers went 38–37 over the same span.

The Twins won 11 of the two teams' 18 match-ups that season prior to the tie-breaker. This late-season competition for the AL Central title included a four-game series between the two teams from September 29 to October 2; the series, played at the Tigers' home field Comerica Park, started with a day-night doubleheader caused by a rainout the night before when the series was scheduled to start. The final game of the series featured moments of contention between the two teams. In the third inning, Nate Robertson hit Denard Span. Minnesota starter Scott Baker hit Marcus Thames with a pitch the next inning. Thames responded by sliding hard into second base to break up a potential double play. Twins' reliever Jose Mijares threw behind the Tigers' Adam Everett in the eighth inning. Umpire Angel Hernandez warned Mijares and the Tigers bench, Tigers' manager Jim Leyland argued with Hernandez, he was ejected. Despite the warning Minnesota's Delmon Young was hit in the knee with the first pitch in the ninth inning by Jeremy Bonderman.

Bonderman was ejected as was Tigers' catcher Gerald Laird who argued with Hernandez and the benches cleared, though there was no brawl. Bonderman was suspended for three games, Tigers' hitting coach Lloyd McClendon—who had been acting as manager following Leyland's ejection—was suspended for a game. McClendon and Laird were all fined; the four-game series was split with two wins for each team, the Tigers maintained a two-game lead with only three games remaining for each club. The Tigers lost two of their next three games to the Chicago White Sox, whereas the Twins swept the Kansas City Royals in a three-game series leaving both teams tied with an 86–76 record. A tiebreaker game would decide the winner of the Central division while the loser would be eliminated from playoff contention. Prior to the 2009 season, home field advantage in a tiebreaker game was decided by a series of coin tosses held towards the end of the regular season that would decide the home teams of all possible tiebreakers.

A rule change following the 2008 season altered this process, leaving the site determined on a series of performance-based criteria beginning with the head-to-head record between the two teams that were tied. Therefore, the Twins took home-field advantage in this game, by virtue of winning the season series against the Tigers 11–7; the game was the third MLB tie-breaker in as many seasons, a record number for the league. While October 5 had been the original scheduled date for a potential tiebreaker game, a scheduling conflict with the Minnesota Vikings, who were co-tenants of the Metrodome with the Twins, resulted in the tiebreaker game being moved a day to October 6; the game was scoreless through the first two innings. Detroit took a three-run lead in the third inning which started when Curtis Granderson walked, advanced on a ground out, scored on a single by Magglio Ordóñez to center field. Ordóñez was brought home via a two-run home run by Tigers' first baseman Miguel Cabrera; the Twins responded in the bottom of the inning, with Matt Tolbert singling to lead off the inning, advancing to second base on a single by Denard Span, moving to third on a flyball out.

Tigers' starter Rick Porcello attempted a pickoff throw to first which hit the baserunner Span and went past the first baseman Cabrera. Span was out but Tolbert was able to score on Porcello's throwing error; the score remained 3–1 until the bottom of the 6th inning. Porcello got the first two batters of the inning out but allowed a hom