Marburg is a small township of 536 inhabitants located 60 kilometres west of Brisbane, the capital of the State of Queensland, Australia. It is split between the City of Somerset Region local government areas. At the 2011 Australian Census the town recorded a population of 567. German settlers arrived in the region around the 1860s; the story goes that, when the station master of the nearby Walloon railway station asked the settlers where they lived, the settlers responded with'ober dar'. He felt that'ober dar' should have a proper name and since he had read an article about a town in Germany called'Marburg' he decided to register their produce as coming from'Marburg'; the settlers liked the name stuck. The timber, sugar cane and dairy industries put Marburg on its feet. While Marburg in 1868 was a wilderness, in 1900 Marburg had a courthouse, police barracks, a post office, two hotels, five churches, a State school, a School of Arts, several stores, a blacksmith, a butter factory, a sugar factory and a rum distillery.
At that time nearly 80 percent of Marburg's population were of German descent. Marburg Post Office opened on 1 October 1879, was renamed Townshend in 1917 during World War 1 and reverted to Marburg in 1919. Marburg grew in the first half of the twentieth century, as the main road from Brisbane to Toowoomba passed through the town's centre. Marburg became popular as a stopover for travellers. Marburg was the administrative centre for local government in the area, composing Walloon Division and Shire of Walloon. In 1912 the Marburg branch line from Rosewood to Marburg was opened but only a few years the railway began to suffer from the competition of highway traffic, it still survived until 1965. Because of an anti-German sentiment of some State politicians the name of Marburg was changed during the First World War into Townshend, a name change the locals did not support. Dr. Sirois, the local General Practician at the time, was instrumental in having the name Marburg be re-introduced after the war in 1920, which created a storm of protest but to no avail.
When the Warrego Highway was built in the 1960s, most of the traffic from Brisbane to Toowoomba bypassed Marburg, subsequently the town has become less populated. A small creek, the Black Snake creek, runs through Marburg, it is named after the Red-bellied Black Snake. The Marburg'Black Snake Creek Festival' is a yearly event held in October and features musicians and other attractions. Marburg has active community groups such as the Marburg and District Resident's Association, the Rosewood Scrub Historical Society, the Marburg Show Society, The Marburg Fire and Rescue Station, the Marburg Rural Fire Brigade and the Marburg branch of the State Emergency Services. The'Band in the Park' is an initiative of the Marburg and District Resident's Association on the first Friday of the month at 6.30 pm. Marburg is well known for its'Marburg dances' which take place every Saturday night in the hall on the showgrounds. Harness racing takes place on a regular basis on the Marburg race course.'Woodlands' is Marburg's finest building.
It is listed by the National Trust as a fine example of the nineteenth century plantation owner's residence and for its historic significance in relation to the development of various primary industries in Queensland. It was built between 1888 and 1891 by Thomas Lorrimar Smith, the owner of the sawmill, sugarmill and other business interests in the region. At present the property services as a centre for functions such as weddings, business meetings and conferences. Marburg has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Edmond Street: Marburg Hotel 71 Edmond Street: Marburg Community Centre and First World War Memorial 73 Edmond Street: Rosewood Scrub Historical Society Building Louisa Street: Marburg State School Seminary Road: Woodlands The Ipswich City Council operates a fortnightly mobile library service which visits Edmond Street. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Marburg, Ironbark Information about Marburg Marburg Travel Guide
Shire of Bowen
The Shire of Bowen was a local government area in the North Queensland region of Queensland, Australia. The shire, administered from the town of Bowen, covered an area of 21,184.4 square kilometres, existed as a local government entity from 1879 until 2008, when it amalgamated with the Shire of Whitsunday to form the Whitsunday Region. The Shire's economy was based on tropical agriculture, fishing and coal mining; the Shire of Bowen had its origins in two entities: the Borough of Bowen, constituted as a municipality on 7 August 1863 under the Municipalities Act 1858 to provide local government within the urban area of Bowen the Wangaratta Division, created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 to provide local government in the rural areas surrounding BowenWith the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, the Borough of Bowen became the Town of Bowen and Wangaratta Division became the Shire of Wangaratta on 31 March 1903. On 2 April 1960, the Town of Bowen was abolished, merged into the Shire of Wangaratta, renamed Shire of Bowen.
On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the Shire of Bowen merged with the Shire of Whitsunday to form the Whitsunday Region. The Shire of Bowen included the following settlements: Bowen Collinsville Binbee Bogie Brisk Bay Gumlu Guthalungra Inveroona Merinda Mount Coolon Mount Wyatt Newlands Queens Beach Scottville Springlands 1908: Malcolm Gillies 1927: T. B. Edwards: John Edward Kelly Official website at the Wayback Machine
City of Gladstone
The City of Gladstone is a former local government area in central Queensland, Australia. It covered parts of the surrounding area. Following the report of the Local Government Reform Commission released in July 2007, three former local government areas: City of Gladstone Shire of Calliope Shire of Miriam Valewere amalgamated to form Gladstone Region on 15 March 2008. Being a port city, its local commerce is industrial-based and include large-scale industrial plants include alumina refineries, aluminium smelting, heavy chemicals and shale oil. Gladstone does contain a hospital, providing a range of facilities including: Emergency, General Medicine and Surgery, basic Orthopaedics and Gynaecology, Medical Imaging, Pathology, Central Sterilising; these services are limited. Gladstone has an art gallery owned by the Gladstone Regional Council. Gladstone Regional Council has an airport; the Council took control of the assets of the Gladstone Airport, operated by the Gladstone Calliope Aerodrome Board.
This Board was a statutory body made up of representatives of the City of Gladstone and Shire of Calliope. It is being refurbished and provides both indirect and direct flights only to Brisbane Airport; these services are provided by Qantas Strategic Airlines. 1881: Walter Benjamin Prizeman 1904: Walter James Prizeman 1913: Walter James Prizeman 1914: Walter James Prizeman 1916: Walter James Prizeman 1917: John Henry Kessell 1918: John Henry Kessell 1925 Edward Matthew Breslin 1927: Edward Matthew Breslin 1929–1930: W. H Ferris 1933–1941: Edward Matthew Breslin 1941: Gideon George Dennis Thomas de Lacey Kellett, son of William Kellett 1946–1961: John Francis O'Malley 1979–1994: Colin Brown Gladstone, Queensland Queensland Department of Local Government & Planning – Local Government Directory. – Queensland Government: Queensland Health 2010
Town of Goondiwindi
The Town of Goondiwindi was a local government area of Queensland, Australia. It was on the Queensland-New South Wales border on the Great Dividing Range, it was first proclaimed a municipality, the Borough of Goondiwindi, on 20 October 1888. The Shire of Waggamba headquartered in Goondiwindi and managing areas to the north and east of the town, provided many functions in partnership with the Town, including libraries and area promotion. In 1937, the Goondiwindi Civic Centre was erected as the town hall at 100 Marshall Street, Goondiwindi, it was built by Thomas Charles Clarke. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 9 July 1993. On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the Town of Goondiwindi merged with the Shires of Waggamba and Inglewood to form the Goondiwindi Region. 1915: J. F. Gibson 1927: James Dowling Hindmarsh Media related to Town of Goondiwindi at Wikimedia Commons
Queensland Government Gazette
The Queensland Government Gazette is the government gazette of the Government of Queensland in Australia. It lists appointments and public notices including new legislation. Traditionally, publication in the gazette was a legal requirement for an announcement to be official, it is published weekly, but extraordinary editions can be published in between the regular weekly issues if there is an urgent need. The first Queensland Government Gazette was published on Saturday 10 December 1859 following the separation of Queensland, proclaimed on 9 December 1859 with the arrival of the first Queensland Governor George Bowen with the Letters Patent signed by Queen Victoria; the first issue of the Gazette includes the Letters Patent. The 1859 to 1900 editions of the Queensland Government Gazette have been digitised and are available online. Since 2003, the Gazette has been published online; the last printed edition of the gazette was published on Friday 30 November 2012 with only online and CD-ROM formats being available since then.
List of government gazettes Digitised editions from 1859 to 1900 Online gazettes from 2003
Lowood is a town and locality in the Somerset Region in south-east Queensland, Australia. The town is on the Brisbane River, 66 km west of the state capital, 31 km north of Ipswich. In the 2011 census, Lowood had a population of 3,336 people. Lowood was established as the first terminus of the Brisbane Valley branch railway in 1884 and the town grew from the subdivision around the new station; the name is derived from the "low woods" of brigalow in the Lowood area, as opposed to the taller trees elsewhere in the Brisbane Valley. Lowood Post Office opened on 15 October 1888; the Lowood public library opened in 2000. At the 2006 census, Lowood had a population of 1,010. Due to its proximity to Brisbane and Ipswich, Lowood is becoming an area for hobby farmers and residential commuters. Nearby Lake Wivenhoe is a popular place for activities such as fishing. Lowood has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 12 Railway Street: former Royal Bank of Queensland, built sometime between 1901 and 1917, the former bank is now a dental surgery.
During World War II, an airfield called Lowood, located at Mount Tarampa, was the site of a military airfield operated by the Royal Australian Air Force. No. 71 Squadron operated from the airfield during 1943, conducting coastal patrol and naval convoy escort missions. After the war, the airfield was converted into a motor-racing circuit, the Lowood Airfield Circuit, operated for 20 years, the highlight hosting the 1960 Australian Grand Prix; the airfield no longer exists. Following the withdrawal of the railmotor service to Toogoolawah in 1989, a substitute bus service to Ipswich was introduced by Queensland Rail. Two services are in the morning and return services are in the late afternoon. Time tables are available from QR; the Somerset Regional Council operates a public library at the corner of Main Streets. The Lowood branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 106 Main Street. No. 71 Squadron RAAF University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Lowood Lowood District Community Website Somerset Region Travelmate Lowood Tourism Association Information about Lowood, Queensland
Ipswich is an urban region in south-east Queensland, located in the south-west of the Brisbane metropolitan area. Situated on the Bremer River, it is 40 kilometres west of the Brisbane CBD. A local government area, the City of Ipswich has a population of 200,000; the city is renowned for its architectural and cultural heritage. Ipswich preserves and operates from many of its historical buildings, with more than 6000 heritage-listed sites and over 500 parks. Ipswich began in 1827 as a mining settlement. Prior to the arrival of European settlers, what is now called Ipswich was home to many indigenous language groups, including the Warpai tribe and Ugarapul Indigenous Australian groups; the area was first explored by European colonists in 1826, when Captain Patrick Logan, Commandant of the Moreton Bay penal colony, sailed up the Brisbane River and discovered large deposits of limestone and other minerals. The town began in 1827 as a limestone mining settlement and grew as a major inland port. Ipswich was named "The Limestone Hills" and shortened to "Limestone", however in 1843 it was renamed after the town of Ipswich in England.
The population was 932 in 1851 and had risen to 2459 by 1856. It became a municipality in 1858. Ipswich was a prime candidate for becoming the capital of Queensland, but Brisbane was instead chosen in 1859, it was proclaimed a city in 1904. The city became a major coal-mining area in the early 19th Century, contributing to the development of railways in the region as a means of transport; the first recorded coal mines in the central Ipswich area started at Woodend in 1848. From the 1840s onward, Ipswich was becoming an important river port for growing local industries such as coal and wool from the Darling Downs and a regular paddlesteamer service from Brisbane Town, The Experiment, was established in 1846. This, other steamer services, remained the primary form of mass/bulk transport between the two cities until 1876, when the construction of the original Albert Bridge, spanning the Brisbane River at Indooroopilly, completed the railway line begun between Ipswich and Brisbane in 1873. Ipswich was proclaimed a municipality on 2 March 1860 and became a city in 1904.
Several members of the British Royal Family have visited Ipswich. 1868 – Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh1920 – Prince of Wales 1927 – Duke and Duchess of York 1958 – Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother1962 – Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone2011 – Prince William 2014 – Duke and Duchess of Cambridge Damaging flooding has occurred on numerous occasions in Ipswich, the largest being the 1893 Brisbane flood peaking at 24.5 m, more during the 1974 Brisbane Flood, 2010–11 Queensland floods on 12 January 2011. Around 35 people died in the floods in the 1893 Brisbane flood; the Brisbane River burst its banks on three occasions in February of that year and a fourth event several months later. 7 workers were killed at a colliery in north Ipswich. 14 people died in flooding during the Australia Day weekend. Two people were killed in Ipswich. At least 6,700 homes flooded across the region. Thousands of homes in Ipswich and Brisbane could not be recovered; the Bremer River at Ipswich reached a height of 19.5 metres on 12 January, inundating the central business district and thousands of houses.
38 people died as a result of the floods. At Minden, on the border of Ipswich City, a four-year-old boy was swept away by floodwaters when he fell from a rescue boat. A man in his fifties died when he accidentally drove into floodwaters in the Ipswich suburb of Wulkuraka; the worst affected areas of Ipswich were the suburbs of Gailes. The flooding allowed bull sharks to reach the centre of Goodna. A multibillion-dollar class action lawsuit is underway against dam operators Seqwater, SunWater and the State of Queensland. Law firm Maurice Blackburn have lodged the suit on behalf of 5,500 Ipswich and Brisbane residents who lost their homes or businesses during the floods. Modelling released in 2013 claimed flooding of Ipswich CBD would not have been as extreme if Wivenhoe Dam operators had operated the dam correctly; the Ipswich Central Library building opened in 1994. The Ipswich Historical Society was established in 1966 and is located at Cooneana Heritage Centre, 11041 Redbank Plains Rd, New Chum, Ipswich.
The Ipswich branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 84 Limestone Street. Ipswich experiences a humid subtropical climate with hot and humid summers, mild to warm winters with cool overnight temperatures and heavy summer storms, it is cooler than the Brisbane CBD in terms of overnight temperatures, in winter, whilst being warmer in summer. Ipswich was a major mining centre coal mining; the city is the'cradle of coal mining in Queensland'. Other secondary manufacturing industries included earthenware works, sawmills and foundries, while the region is rich agriculturally. Ipswich remains a strong manufacturing region, with more than 14% of workers employed in the manufacturing industry, compared to just 7.6% for regional Queensland. Extensive growth is predicted in Ipswich and the Western Corridor region in years to come, the economy is projected to be worth $12.7 billion by 2026. Global giant General Electric moved its Queensland headquarters into a $72 million building in Springfield in 2015.
Ipswich is the site of RAAF Base Amberley, the Royal Australian Air Force's largest operatio