Shiv Sena, also known by the name Sena, is an Indian far-right regional political party. Its ideology is based on ideology and Hindu nationalism, founded on 19 June 1966 by political cartoonist Bal Thackeray. The party originally emerged from a movement in Mumbai demanding preferential treatment for Maharashtrians over migrants to the city and it is currently headed by Thackerays son, Uddhav Thackeray. Members of Shiv Sena are referred to as Shivsainiks, although the partys primary base is still in Maharashtra, it has tried to expand to a pan-Indian base. In the 1970s, it moved from advocating a pro-Marathi ideology to one supporting a broader Hindu nationalist agenda. The party started taking part in Mumbai Municipal elections since its inception and it has been a coalition partner in the National Democratic Alliance since 1998, including the Vajpayee Government during 1998–2004 and the present Narendra Modi Government. The party has a hold over the Bollywood film industry. It has been referred to as an extremist, chauvinist, as well as a fascist party, Shiv Sena founder, Bal Thackeray, has taken comparisons with fascism as compliments as well as openly stated that he didnt believe in democracy. Shiv Sena and its supporters have been known to resort to violence with impunity, Shiv Sena has been blamed for the 1970 communal violence in Bhiwandi, the 1984 Bhiwandi riot and violence in the 1992-1993 Bombay riots. 80% of Shiv Sena MPs in the 15th Lok Sabha face criminal charges, after the Independence of India in 1947, regional administrative divisions from the colonial era were gradually changed and states following linguistic borders were created. Within the Bombay Presidency, a popular struggle was launched for the creation of a state for the Marathi-speaking people. In 1960, the presidency was divided into two linguistic states - Gujarat and Maharashtra, moreover, Marathi-speaking areas of the erstwhile Hyderabad state were joined with Maharashtra. Mumbai, in ways the economic capital of India, became the state capital of Maharashtra. On one hand, people belonging to the Gujarati community owned the majority of the industry, on the other hand, there was a steady flow of South Indian migrants to the city who came to take many white-collar jobs. In 1960 Bal Thackeray, a Mumbai-based cartoonist, began publishing the cartoon weekly Marmik. Through this publication, he started disseminating anti-migrant sentiments, on 19 June 1966, Thackeray founded the Shiv Sena as a political organisation. The Shiv Sena especially attracted a number of unemployed Marathi youth. Shiv Sena cadres became involved in attacks against the South Indian communities, vandalizing South Indian restaurants
Shiv Sena Logo
A poster from Shiv Sena campaign against Valentine's Day in Kolkata.