Shivneri Fort is a 17th-century military fortification located near Junnar in Pune district in Maharashtra, India. It is the birthplace of the founder of Maratha Empire. Shivneri is known to be a place of Buddhist dominion from the 1st century AD, its caves, rock-cut architecture and water system indicate the presence of habitation since 1st century AD. Shivneri got its name; this fort was used to guard the old trading route from Desh to the port city of Kalyan. The place passed on to the Bahmani Sultanate after the weakening of Delhi Sultanate during the 15th century and it passed on to the Ahmadnagar Sultanate in the 16th century. In 1595, a Maratha chief named Maloji Bhonsle, the grandfather of Shivaji Bhosale, was enabled by the Ahmadnagar Sultan, Bahadur Nizam Shah and he gave him Shivneri and Chakan. Chatrapati Shivaji was born at the fort on 19 February 1630, spent his childhood there. Inside the fort is a small temple dedicated to the goddess Shivai Devi, after whom Shivaji was named; the English traveller Fraze found it invincible.
According to his accounts the fort was well-stocked to feed thousand families for seven years. The fort came under the control of the British Rule in 1820 after the Third Anglo-Maratha War. Shivneri is a hill fort having a triangular shape and has its entrance from the South-west side of the hill. Apart from the main gate there is an entrance to the fort from side called locally as the chain gate, where in one has to hold chains to climb up to the fort gate; the fort extends up to 1 mi with seven spiral well-defended gates. There are mud walls all around the fort. Inside the fort, the major buildings are a tomb and a mosque. There is an overhanging. There are many gates structures protecting this fort. Mana Daravaja is one of the many gates of the fort. At the centre of the fort is a water pond, called'Badami Talav', to the south of this pond are statues of Jijabai and a young Shivaji. In the fort there are two water springs, called Ganges and Yamuna, which have water throughout the year. Two kilometers away from this fort there are the Lenyadri caves, one of Ashtavinayak temple in Maharashtra.
It has been declared as a protected monument. The nearest town Junnar is well connected by road. Junnar is about 90 km from Pune; the fort is at about 2-3 km from the junnar town. It is easy to reach the fort top via main entrance, however the trekkers with proper climbing equipment can try the chain route, located on the western scarp of the fort. From the top of the fort, Hadsar and Nimgiri forts can be seen. List of forts in Maharashtra Lahu Gaikwad Shivneri kilyacha Itihas Pub. Pushpnand prakashan pune 2011. ISBN 978-81-907033-8-3. Book in Marathi language. Lahu Gaikwad, Junnar Talukyatil Kilyancha Ithis, Pushpnand prakashan Pune 11 March 2011. ISBN 978-81-907033-9-0. Dr. Lahu Kacharu Shivnerichi Jeevangatha, The life-story of fort shivneri, Sanay prakashan, Jan 2015. P. 225. Junnar Tourism's Official Website Parashar Agritourism Website Shivaneri fort detailed article
Fatal Beauty is the official soundtrack album for the 1987 movie Fatal Beauty. Executive producers were Sylvia Rhone. "Donna Allen - Make It My Night" No Pain, No Gain/Unicity Music/Ertloejay Musique/WB Music Corp. ASCAPProduced by Jeff Smith and Peter Lord "LeVert - Casanova" Calloco Music/Hip Trip Music, BMIProduced by Reggie Calloway and Vincent Calloway for Calloco, Inc. "Madame X - Just That Type of Girl" Slap Me One! Music/Cornelio Carlos Music/Spectrum VII Music, ASCAPProduced by Bernadette Cooper for Slap Me One! Productions and Cornelius Mims "Miki Howard - Edge of Love" Dyad Music/Tyrell-Mann Music, BMIProduced by Steve Tyrell and David Kitay for the Tyrell Music Group "Shannon - Criminal" GMPC/Levay Music, ASCAPProduced by Mike Piccirilo "The System - Didn't I Blow Your Mind" Science Lab Music, ASCAPProduced by The System for Science Lab Productions "Debbie Gibson - Red Hot" Creative Bloc Music Ltd./Deborah Ann's Music, ASCAPProduced by John Morales and Sergio Munzibai for Another M+M Production, Inc.
"War - Sin City" Kileauea Musikverlag GmbH/Yellow Brick Road Music/Valevista Music, ASCAPProduced by Harold Faltermeyer
The Red Pyramid called the North Pyramid, is the largest of the three major pyramids located at the Dahshur necropolis in Cairo, Egypt. Named for the rusty reddish hue of its red limestone stones, it is the third largest Egyptian pyramid, after those of Khufu and Khafra at Giza, it is believed to be Egypt's first successful attempt at constructing a "true" smooth-sided pyramid. Local residents refer to the Red Pyramid as el-heram el-watwaat; the Red Pyramid was not always red. It used to be cased with white Tura limestone, but only a few of these stones now remain at the pyramid's base, at the corner. During the Middle Ages much of the white Tura limestone was taken for buildings in Cairo, revealing the red limestone beneath; the Red Pyramid was the third pyramid built by Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu, is located one kilometer to the north of the Bent Pyramid. It is built at the same shallow 43 degree angle as the upper section of the Bent Pyramid, which gives it a noticeably squat appearance compared to other Egyptian pyramids of comparable scale.
Construction is believed to have begun during the thirtieth year of Sneferu's reign. Egyptologists disagree on the length of time it took to construct. Based on quarry marks found at various phases of construction, Rainer Stadelmann estimates the time of completion to be 17 years while John Romer, based on this same graffiti, suggests it took only ten years and seven months to build. Archaeologists speculate its design may be an outcome of engineering crises experienced during the construction of Sneferu's two earlier pyramids; the first of these, the Pyramid at Meidum, collapsed in antiquity, while the second, the Bent Pyramid, had the angle of its inclination altered from 54 to 43 degrees part-way through construction. Some archaeologists now believe that the Meidum pyramid was the first attempt at building a smooth-sided pyramid, that it may have collapsed when construction of the Bent Pyramid was well under way — and that the pyramid may by have begun to show alarming signs of instability itself, as evident by the presence of large timber beams supporting its inner chambers.
The outcome of this was the change in inclination of the Bent Pyramid, the commencement of the Red Pyramid at an inclination known to be less susceptible to instability and therefore less susceptible to catastrophic collapse. The Red Pyramid is 105 metres high. A rare pyramidion, or capstone, for the Red Pyramid has been uncovered and reconstructed, is now on display at Dahshur. However, whether it was ever used is unclear, as its angle of inclination differs from that of the pyramid for which it was intended; the Red Pyramid, along with the Bent Pyramid, was closed to tourists for many years because of a nearby army camp. It is now open for tourists and a somewhat intrusive ventilation has been installed which pipes air down the entrance shaft to the interior chambers. Visitors climb steps cut in or built over the stones of the pyramid to an entrance high on the north side. A passage, 3 feet in height and 4 feet wide, slopes down at 27° for 200 feet to a short horizontal passage leading into a chamber whose corbelled roof is 40 feet high and rises in eleven steps.
At the southern end of the chamber, but offset to the west, another short horizontal passage leads into the second chamber. This passage was closed at one time and the offset was a measure intended to confuse potential robbers; the second chamber lies directly beneath the apex of the pyramid. High in the southern wall of the chamber is an entrance, now reached by a large wooden staircase built for the convenience of tourists; this gives onto a short horizontal passage that leads to the third and final chamber with a corbelled roof 50 feet high. The first two chambers have their long axis aligned north-south, but this chamber's long axis is aligned east-west. Unlike the first two chambers, which have fine smooth floors on the same level as the passages, the floor of the third chamber is rough and sunk below the level of the access passage, it is believed that this is the work of robbers searching for treasure in what is thought to have been the burial chamber of the pyramid. World's tallest free standing structure on land Great Pyramid of Giza List of Egyptian pyramids List of megalithic sites Romer, John.
The Great Pyramid: Ancient Egypt Revisited. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-521-87166-2. Lehner, Mark; the Complete Pyramids. Thames and Husdon. ISBN 0-500-05084-8. Mendelssohn, Kurt; the Riddle of the Pyramids. Praeger. ISBN 978-0-500-05015-6. Verner, Miroslav, "The Pyramids – Their Archaeology and History", Atlantic Books, 2001, ISBN 1-84354-171-8 The Red Pyramid of Snofru
Victoria Sekitoleko is a former Minister of Agriculture in the Ugandan government, a post she held from 1986 to 1995. She was a representative for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization in China and South Korea She served as the FAO's representative in Ethiopia to the African Union, to the Economic Community for Africa, she was FAO Sub Regional Representative to Eastern and Southern Africa, based at Harare, Zimbabwe.. Appointed to the Biyinzika Poultry International Limited Board in June 2017. Sekitoleko was educated at Makerere University in Kampala, where she attained a BSc in Agriculture majoring in Farm Management and Extension. In 1983, she attended the Eastern and Southern Africa Management Institute where she obtained a Certificate in Agriculture Project Identification and Management. In 2003 she attended the Zimbabwe Institute of Systemic Counseling, obtaining a Certificate in Systemic Counselling. In 2004, she attended the Limpopo University RSA where she obtained a Certificate in Micro Enterprise and Development.
In Parliament Sekitoleko was a member of the National Resistance Council. Victoria Sekitoleko is Chairperson of the governing board of Uganda Agribusiness Alliance; the purpose of the Uganda Agribusiness Business Alliance is to unite all those involved in the industry to best optimize their ability to profitably and sustainably pursue the many global opportunities that present themselves as part of competing in the world's largest industry. Victoria Sekitoleko joined the Business and Professional Women Kampala in 2013, she joined Uganda Women Entrepreneurs Association Limited in the same year. In 2010 Victoria Sekitoleko founded the Uganda Community Cultural Center which trades as Speakers Forum. Under the Speakers Forum, she does Public Community libraries; the offices are found at Victoria House in Bukoto opposite Kadic Hospital. She founded the forum to provide a platform for professionals to become world class presenters. To date, she spends most of her time at the Speakers Forum where she directs the training of her clientele in public speaking.
She provides for them a platform to participate in debates and discussions. At the speakers forum, people of all walks of life gather every end of month to share ideas and discuss issues that affect their lives. During her time as a diplomat in China, Sekitoleko became inspired by the Chinese culture, loved to travel and always maintained a travelogue. Through the Speakers Forum, Victoria Sekitoleko established and supports community libraries, offering a wide selection of books to empower young people with quality information to improve their reading culture; such libraries include the one at a suburb in Kampala. This Bukoto library provides comprehensive information about Chinese culture and Uganda culture. Others are at Budondo Headquarters, Namulesa trading center and facilitated the library at Life Skills Center, Bugembe where high school students go for training during Holidays; the former diplomat has helped the launching of many other libraries for example at Uphill Nursery and Primary School in Bugobya in Jinja district, Kigalagala community libraries in Busede subcounty, Bugodi in Mayuge District, Kasambira in Kamuli District, Buyende district, Bubaale Primary School, Kamuli District.
Victoria Sekitoleko continues to work for the community as she believes that giving back to the community is part and parcel of Development. In 2012, Sekitoleko became a Rotarian, she is the Charter President of Rotary Club of Kampala-Impala. She resides in Ntinda at her retirement home, her main mission is: To enhance Social, Economic Development of the poor through empowering them to take charge of their destiny. Activities at the Community Cultural Center
Pottippara is a small village located in the Malappuram district of Kerala state. It is located near Chenguvetty Kottakkal; this is a small barren rock land with no inhabitants in the late 1970s. The village came into existence once the settlers from nearby places started shifting their homes to higher lands. Pottippara village is a predominantly Muslim populated area. Hindus are exist in comparatively smaller numbers. So the culture of the locality is based upon Muslim traditions. Duff Muttu and Aravanamuttu are common folk arts of this locality. There are many libraries attached to mosques giving a rich source of Islamic studies; some of the books are written in Arabi-Malayalam, a version of the Malayalam language written in Arabic script. People gather in mosques for the evening prayer and continue to sit there after the prayers discussing social and cultural issues. Business and family issues are sorted out during these evening meetings; the Hindu minority of this area keeps their rich traditions by celebrating various festivals in their temples.
Hindu rituals are done here with a regular devotion like other parts of Kerala. Pottippara village connects to other parts of India through Kottakkal town. National highway No.66 passes through Tanur and the northern stretch connects to Goa and Mumbai. The southern stretch connects to Trivandrum. State Highway No.28 starts from Nilambur and connects to Ooty and Bangalore through Highways.12,29 and 181. National Highway No. 966 connects to Coimbatore. The nearest airport is at Kozhikode; the nearest major railway station is at Tirur
Wheeler Antabanez is the alter-ego and pen name for Montclair, New Jersey-based writer Matt Kent. Antabanez is best known as the author of best selling special issue of Weird NJ, Nightshade on the Passaic and gasstationthoughts and The Daily Journal of Wheeler Antabanez, published by Barricade Books. Growing up in West Caldwell, New Jersey, Kent discovered the abandoned Essex Mountain Sanatorium near his parents’ house at a young age, he became obsessed with the decaying and damaged buildings and created a website in honor of the sanatorium. The site, ‘welcometohell.net’ became the online home of Kent's developing alter ego, Wheeler Antabanez. On April 19, 2000 Kent was arrested in the lead up to the first anniversary of the Columbine High School massacre for his alter ego's writings about the school shooting on welcometohell; the charges were dropped and Kent took welcometohell offline, transforming Antabanez's daily journal into a book. “gasstationthoughts and the daily journal of wheeler antabanez” was published by Barricade Books, the controversial publisher of The Anarchist Cookbook and The Turner Diaries.
For two years, Antabanez traveled up and down the Passaic River with his daughter, Star, as first mate, exploring abandoned buildings on its shores as well as the river itself. The Passaic is one of the most polluted waterways in the US and is home to the world's largest collection of the deadly chemicals, dioxins. Seeking out the worst possible places, Antabanez chronicles his exploration of abandoned buildings in Paterson, New Jersey, such as the old Colt Mill, which made 5,000 firearms between 1836 and 1841. In addition to the river and the decaying structures that surround it, he researched murders that involved the Passaic River, including the horrific case of Jonathan Zarate who attempted to dump the mutilated body of his 16-year-old neighbor in the river, but was thwarted by a police officer who happened to pass by at the time; the 78-page magazine follows Antabanez as he explores homeless haunts along the river's shore as well as the infamous “Buttonwoods” neighborhood in Lincoln Park, New Jersey.
Nightshade on the Passaic was released as a special issue of Weird NJ magazine in July 2008. The Passaic River continues to be full of unusual stories, including the discovery of a child's body, taken from a grave in Connecticut as part of a suspected Palo Mayombe ritual. With no one more familiar with its macabre history, Wheeler serves as an expert to curious reporters interested in the river. In September 2010, Wheeler co-hosted a live broadcast from the last working boat yard on the Passaic for Billy Jam's Put the Needle on the Record show on WFMU. Guests included WMFU's X-Ray Burns and Mark and Mark from Weird NJ. Wheeler's adventures on the Passaic River caught the eye of NPR in late 2010. National Public Radio sent a two-person crew to NJ to travel the Passaic River and its shoreline with Wheeler as their guide; the resulting stories and interviews turned into a feature on All Things Considered with a radio segment, written article and video. The Passaic River overran its banks in the spring of 2010 and again in 2011.
For both floods, Wheeler was on-site to capture the destruction. In March 2010 Wheeler talked with those affected. A year the neighborhoods surrounding the river flooded again. Wheeler traveled the streets by canoe and followed the flood for seven days to create a short documentary, Following the Flood. Wheeler states in the video that he is filming a movie, Wheeler on the Passaic. In addition to his published works, Wheeler has Matt & Jess Forever; the story follows a young couple through drugs, murder and an intense love and is available online in its entirety. In March 2009, Wheeler returned to his roots writing online and began a photo-based novella, Lucky Cigarette. With a new photo and entry each day, the website is a combination of Wheeler's skills as a photographer/videographer as well as novelist. Wheeler is seeking a publishing deal for Matt & Jess Forever, Lucky Cigarette and a collection of short stories. In early 2010, Wheeler added them to Lucky Cigarette. In his childhood writings, it is clear to see the start of Wheeler's style and his flair for storytelling.