Tirana /tᵻˈrɑːnə/ is the capital and largest city of Albania and as well the heart of Albanias cultural and governmental activity. It is located on the center of the country surrounded by hills with the Dajti Mountain on the east. The city is located some 700 kilometres north of Athens,290 km west of Skopje,250 km south-east of Pristina and 160 km south of Podgorica. Tirana is a city with a history dating from the Paleolithic times back 10,000 to 30,000 years ago to the present day. The oldest settlement located in the area of the city was the Cave of Pellumbas, as argued by various archaeologists and its suburbs are filled with ancient Illyrian toponyms as its precincts are some of the earliest regions in Albania to be inhabited. One of the ancient monuments, the Tirana Mosaic is believed to have part of a 3rd century ancient Roman house. Later, in the 5th and 6th centuries, a Paleo-Christian Basilica was built around this site, Tirana was founded as a city in 1614 although the area has been continuously inhabited since antiquity.
An almost unimportant centre until the beginning of the 20th century, the Congress of Lushnjë proclaimed Tirana as the capital of Albania, Tirana is one of largest cities in the Balkan Peninsula ranking 7th with a population of 800,000 and the largest Albanian-speaking city in the world. The municipality, has a population of 800,986. It is the biggest Metropolitan area in Albania and the one with a population of over 800.000. Being Albanias primate city, Tirana is the political and cultural center of Albania. Almost all of the largest companies and scientific institutions have their headquarters in the city, the city is ranked in the Top 10 of the sunniest cities in Europe with a total of 2,544 hours of sun. As argued by various archaeologists and its suburbs are filled with Illyrian toponyms, as its precincts are some of the earliest inhabited regions in Albania. A castle possibly called Tirkan or Theranda, whose remnants are found along Murat Toptani Street, was built by Emperor Justinian in 520 A. D.
the area had no special importance in Illyrian and classical times. Records from the first land registrations under the Ottomans in 1431–32 show that Tirana consisted of 60 inhabited areas, Tirana is mentioned since 1572 as Borgo di Tirana. In 1614, Sulejman Bargjini, a ruler, built the Old mosque, a small commercial centre. During this period, the Ethem Bey Mosque, built by Molla Bey of Petrela, was constructed and it employed the best artisans in the country and was completed in 1821 by Mollas son Etëhem, who was Sulejman Bargjinis grandnephew. In 1800, the first newcomers arrived in the settlement, the so-called ortodoksit and they were Vlachs from villages near Korçë and Pogradec, who settled around modern day Park on the Artificial Lake
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are generally positioned on the field between their teams defenders and forwards, some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, and are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being mobile and efficient in passing, they are commonly referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box. The number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the teams formation, most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing teams attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who typically travel the greatest distance during a match, central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided roughly equally between attack and defence. When the opposing team has the ball, a midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward. The 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders, the 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, and in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder.
The term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who have abilities and are skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots. A good box-to-box midfielder needs good passing, control, stamina and marking in defence and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch. They may be asked to cross the ball into the penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1, a notable example of a right midfielder is David Beckham. Defensive midfielders are players who focus on protecting their teams goal. These players may defend a zone in front of their teams defence, defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude, The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someones position, great. A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their teams defence, a player in this role will try to protect their goal by disrupting the opponents attacking moves and stopping long shots on the goal.
The holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball and this player will make mostly short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the teams strategy
Arben Minga was an Albanian footballer, who played as a centre-forward and a central defender. He was known as Beni i madh and he was a six-time Albanian title winner. He began his career in Albanian Championship with KF Tirana, known as 17 Nëntori, in the early 1990s, Minga moved abroad to play in Romania in the 1992–1994, but came back to KF Tirana in the last two years. Capped 28 times by Albania, he played 20 games in European competition and he had represented his country in 12 FIFA World Cup qualification matches Scores and results list Albanias goal tally first. He subsequently went to Canada with his wife Nora Goxhi, a professional basketballer. It was there that he was diagnosed with a terminal illness, Minga died on 31 January 2007 of pancreatic cancer. Players in the 18th round of the 2006–07 Albanian Superliga games wore black armbands in his memory, ben Minga in memoriam video on YouTube His friend and fellow footballer Mirel Josa remembered that he had his Tirana debut in 1981 because Minga was suspended.
Josa discovered he had no boots to play in, but recalled that Beni gave me his boots and said put them on, shyqyri Rreli, his coach at KF Tirana called Minga, The best captain and leader I ever had. Team-mate Millan Baçi added, His shot was like a bullet, his former colleague on the national side, Skënder Gega, labelled him the hardest forward to defend against and the best person to have in your team. His one-time youth coach Fatmir Frasheri said, I never heard him say Im tired and he would always be the first in for training and would give everything he had in every game. com
FK Dinamo Tirana
Futboll Klub Dinamo Tirana is an Albanian football club based in the capital city Tiranë. They currently compete in the Albanian First Division and they play their games primarily at the Selman Stërmasi Stadium. The club was founded on 3 March 1950 by the Interior Ministry of Albania during the communist regime under dictator Enver Hoxha. In 1995 the team were renamed KS Olimpik Tirana, in 1997 they returned to their original name, in the 2006–07 first qualifying round for the UEFA Cup the club were eliminated by PFC CSKA Sofia of Bulgaria. After finishing third in the table in 2005–06 season, Dinamo Tirana named Faruk Sejdini as their new coach, one of Albanias best teachers of footballing fundamentals, he had a spell at the club last term before being dismissed by president Besnik Sulaj. Having returned following a spell at Shkumbini Peqin, Sejdini said, on 23 October 2006, Faruk Sejdini was fired. At the start of the 2007–08 season, Agim Canaj took over as head coach and he has been replaced by Ilir Daja who led Dinamo towards the championship title, after a dramatic win against Partizani 2–1 in the final match, playing for 36 minutes with 9 players.
In the summer of 2008, Ilir Daja moved into a position as director in order to place for Marcelo Javier Zuleta from Argentina. The Argentinian coach brought him four Argentinian players, goalkeeper Daniel Bertoya, defender Alejandro Palladino, midfielder Agustín González. Zuleta only lasted for the first Champions League qualification match against Bosnians FK Modriča before he was replaced as coach by Artan Mërgjyshi, together with Zuleta, the four Argentinian players left the club. After Mërgjyshi left, Zlatko Dalić, the coach of Croatia U-21, was appointed as new coach for Dinamo. He signed a contract with the club. That deal was broken when Dinamo lost its game in the re-beginning of the 2008–09 season against Partizani. Shkëlqim Muça was appointed manager of the five days after of Zlatko Dalićs leave. In the 2009–10 season Dinamo won the championship again, registering its 18th success, Blue Boys Blue Boys are an Ultras group for the Albanian football team, Dinamo Tirana. The group were formed in 2008 and have hundreds of members in first few years and they organise meetings and trips to matches in Tirana and away matches in Albania and even abroad.
They promote Dinamo Tirana to the public and influence fans of the club in a number of ways
Albania national football team
The Albania national football team is the mens football team that has represented Albania in international competition since 1946. It is controlled by the Albanian Football Federation, the body for football in the country. Albania was the winner of the 1946 Balkan Cup and the 2000 Malta Rothmans International Tournament, at the UEFA Euro 2016, Albania made its first debut at a major mens football tournament. Albania scored their first ever goal in a tournament and secured first ever win in European Championship. The National Arena will be after its completion in 2018, the ground of the national team. Albanias highest FIFA World Rankings was 22nd in August 2015, although it never played any matches, the Albanian national football team existed before the Albanian Football Association was created in 1930. FSHF was founded on 6 June 1930, and in, Albania joined FIFA, Albania played its first international match against Yugoslavia in 1946 which ended in a 3–2 home defeat at Qemal Stafa Stadium. In 1946, Albania participated for the first time in Balkan Cup in which Albania won by beating Romania 1–0 in the final, in 1954, Albania was one of the founding members of UEFA.
At the end of the tournament Albania ranked 9th in Europe, Albania participated for the first time in a qualifying phrase of a World Cup in the qualifiers of the 1966 edition in England. The team was drawn in the Group 5 which finished in the last position only one point from six matches. In the qualifiers of the UEFA Euro 1968 Albania had a draw 0–0 against West Germany that denied the Germans the participation to the UEFA Euro 1968 finals. In years, Albania did not participate in the qualifiers of the World Cup 1970, UEFA Euro 1972, UEFA Euro 1976, World Cup 1978 and UEFA Euro 1980 for unknown political reasons. The qualifiers of the World Cup 1990 were probably the worst qualifier in Albanias history as there were 6 losses in as many games with no memorable matches. In the qualifiers of the World Cup 2002, Albania recorded a 2–0 win over Greece which was the team that they beat during the qualifiers. Albania was able to make impact in the qualifying of the UEFA Euro 2004 by beating 3–1 Russia at Loro Boriçi Stadium.
This match was the debut of the German coach Hans-Peter Briegel who led Albania to a run at home matches. Albania finished the group in the spot with only eight points. In the qualifiers of the World Cup 2006 Albania recorded some historical results, two months after Greece beat Portugal to win the European Championship, Albania defeated Greece 2–1 in a match which Albania scored goals in the 2nd and 11th minutes
Albanians are an ethnic group, native to Albania and neighboring countries. The term is used to refer to the citizens of the Republic of Albania. Ethnic Albanians speak the Albanian language and more than half of ethnic Albanians live in Albania, a large Albanian population lives in the Republic of Macedonia and Italy, with smaller Albanian populations located in Serbia and Montenegro. The majority of Albanians are nominally Muslims, and a minority are nominally Christians, during the 17th and 18th century Albanians in large numbers converted to Islam, often to escape higher taxes levied on Christian subjects. As Muslims, some Albanians attained important political and military positions within the Ottoman Empire, Albania gained its independence in 1912 and between 1945–1992, Albanians lived under a repressive communist regime. Between the 11th and 18th centuries, sizable numbers of Albanians migrated from the area of contemporary Albania to escape either various socio-political difficulties and/or the Ottoman conquest.
Another population, who became the Arbëreshë settled in southern Italy and form the oldest continuous Albanian diaspora producing influential, smaller populations dating to migrations during the 18th century are located on Croatias Dalmatian coast and scattered communities across southern Ukraine. The Albanian diaspora exists in a number of other countries, one of these is located in Turkey. Due to the Ottoman legacy, smaller populations of Albanians exist in Egypt, in Western countries, a large and influential Albanian population exists in the United States formed from continuous emigration dating back to the 19th century. The Albanians and their country Albania have been identified by many ethnonyms, from these ethnonyms, names for Albanians were derived in other languages that were or still are in use. The term for a people located in the area of contemporary Albania is first encountered in the works of Byzantine historian Michael Attaliates. He referred to them as Albanoi having taken part in a revolt against the Byzantine Empire in 1043 and these references have been disputed as to whether they refer to Albanians in an ethnic sense.
A reference to Albanians from the same Attaliates regarding the participation of Albanians in a rebellion around 1078 is undisputed. In Byzantine usage, the terms Arbanitai and Albanoi with a range of variants were used interchangeably, the first reference to the Albanian language dates to the latter 13th century. The ethnonym Albanian has been hypothesized to be connected to and stem from the Albanoi, linguists believe that the alb part in the root word originates from an Indo-European term for a type of mountainous topography, of which other words such as alps is derived from. Through the root word alban and its rhotacized equivalents arban and arbar, the Albanian language was referred to as Arbnisht and Arbërisht. Two etymologies have been proposed for this ethnonym, derived from the etymology from the Albanian word for eagle, in Albanian folk etymology, this word denotes a bird totem, dating from the times of Skanderbeg as displayed on the Albanian flag. The other is within scholarship that connects it to the verb to speak from the Latin excipere, in this instance the Albanian endonym like Slav and others would originally have been a term connoting those who speak
KF Tirana is an Albanian football club based in the countrys capital city, Tirana. The mens football club is part of the sports club SK Tirana. They play their games at the Selman Stërmasi Stadium in Tirana and they compete in Albanias highest tier of football. They have competed under the name of SK Tirana between 1927 and 1947, when the communist regime renamed the club 17 Nëntori Tirana, Puna Tirana. In 1991 KF Tirana retook its pre-1947 name and was divided into two branches, the multi disciplinary SK Tirana and the branch of KF Tirana. KF Tirana is the most successful Albanian team in European competitions, the club holds the record of being the highest ever ranking Albanian club according to IFFHS, having been ranked 31st in the world in 1987, as a result of the success in their 1986–87 campaign. In addition, KF Tirana is an ECA member, although still an unofficial event in the official FSHF footballing history, in 2012 historians revealed what is believed to be the first ever competitive football tournament in the country.
It took place in Fier between 7 and 14 April 1911, the tournament featured 8 teams and was played in a one-legged format, similar to that of other European competitions at the time. Erebara, P. Jakova, A. Hoxha, Anastas Koja, P. Berisha, Avni Zajmi, H. Fortuzi, pazari, L. Berisha, S. Frasheri, H. Alizoti, A. Gjitomi, and V. Fekeci. The captain was Erebara, and the name of the team was Gjurmuesit Republikanë, the name Agimi, was taken from the building in the centre of Tirana where they would hold meetings near to. The club was formed as a multi disciplinary one, but the emphasis on football was far greater than that of other sports, in 1925 the associations governing council was elected and its members were Avni Zajmi, Selman Stërmasi, B. Toptani, Irfan Gjinali and Anastas Koja, shortly after in the same year, the club played its first international match against Yugoslav team Crnogorac Cetinje from Montenegro. On 16 August 1927, which was the anniversary of the formation of the Agimi Sports Association, the clubs name changed into Sportklub Tirana.
On that day the president of the club was Teki Selenica, the club reached the championship final after winning 5 games, drawing 4 and losing just one, to finish joint top, along with Skënderbeu Korçë, albeit with a slightly better goal difference. SK Tirana was awarded both games 2–0, and were crowned champions of Albania for the first time. Maçi and Hainali won the golden boot for being the joint top goal scorers with 3 goals each. As multi-disciplinary club, this was the national championship that Tirana won, as the athletics team had already won the national championship a year earlier. The team was received by Zog of Albania, and is, the following season the club introduced former Fenerbahçe goalkeeper Vasfi Samimi into the team, who had represented Sportklub Vlorë the previous season