Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock, they produced short, fast-paced songs with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; the term "punk rock" was first used by certain American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands and subsequent acts perceived as stylistic inheritors. Between 1974 and 1976 the movement now called. By late 1976, bands such as Television and the Ramones in New York City, the Sex Pistols, the Clash, the Damned in London, the Saints in Brisbane were recognized as forming its vanguard; as 1977 approached, punk became a major and controversial cultural phenomenon in the UK. It spawned a punk subculture expressing youthful rebellion through distinctive styles of clothing and adornment and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.
In 1977 the influence of the music and subculture became more pervasive. It took root in a wide range of local scenes that rejected affiliation with the mainstream. In the late 1970s, punk experienced a second wave as new acts that were not active during its formative years adopted the style. By the early 1980s, faster and more aggressive subgenres such as hardcore punk, street punk and anarcho-punk became the predominant modes of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk pursued other musical directions, giving rise to spinoffs such as post-punk, new wave, indie pop, alternative rock, noise rock. By the 1990s, punk re-emerged in the mainstream with the success of punk rock and pop punk bands such as Green Day, The Offspring, Blink-182; the first wave of punk rock was "aggressively modern" and differed from what came before. According to Ramones drummer Tommy Ramone, "In its initial form, a lot of stuff was innovative and exciting. What happens is that people who could not hold a candle to the likes of Hendrix started noodling away.
Soon you had endless solos. By 1973, I knew that what was needed was some pure, stripped down, no bullshit rock'n' roll." John Holmstrom, founding editor of Punk magazine, recalls feeling "punk rock had to come along because the rock scene had become so tame that like Billy Joel and Simon and Garfunkel were being called rock and roll, when to me and other fans and roll meant this wild and rebellious music." In critic Robert Christgau's description, "It was a subculture that scornfully rejected the political idealism and Californian flower-power silliness of hippie myth." Technical accessibility and a Do. UK pub rock from 1972-1975 contributed to the emergence of punk rock by developing a network of small venues, such as pubs, where non-mainstream bands could play. Pub rock introduced the idea of independent record labels, such as Stiff Records, which put out basic, low-cost records. Pub rock bands put out small pressings of their records. In the early days of punk rock, this DIY ethic stood in marked contrast to what those in the scene regarded as the ostentatious musical effects and technological demands of many mainstream rock bands.
Musical virtuosity was looked on with suspicion. According to Holmstrom, punk rock was "rock and roll by people who didn't have many skills as musicians but still felt the need to express themselves through music". In December 1976, the English fanzine Sideburns published a now-famous illustration of three chords, captioned "This is a chord, this is another, this is a third. Now form a band"; the title of a 1980 single by the New York punk band Stimulators, "Loud Fast Rules!", inscribed a catchphrase for punk's basic musical approach. Some of British punk rock's leading figures made a show of rejecting not only contemporary mainstream rock and the broader culture it was associated with, but their own most celebrated music predecessors: "No Elvis, Beatles or the Rolling Stones in 1977", declared the Clash song "1977"; the previous year, when the punk rock revolution began in Great Britain, was to be both a musical and a cultural "Year Zero". As nostalgia was discarded, many in the scene adopted a nihilistic attitude summed up by the Sex Pistols slogan "No Future".
While "self-imposed alienation" was common among "drunk punks" and "gutter punks", there was always a tension between their nihilistic outlook and the "radical leftist utopianism" of bands such as Crass, who found positive, liberating meaning in the movement. As a Clash associate describes singer Joe Strummer's outlook, "Punk rock is meant to be our freedom. We're meant to be able to do what we want to do."The issue of authenticity is important in the punk subculture—the pejorative term "poseur" is applied to those who associate with punk and adopt its stylistic attributes but are deemed not to share or understand the underlying values and philosophy. Scholar Daniel S. Traber argues that "attaining authenticity in the punk identity can be difficult".
Melodic hardcore is a broadly defined subgenre of hardcore punk with a strong emphasis on melody in its guitar work. It incorporates fast rhythms and distorted guitar riffs, vocal styles tending towards shouting and screaming; the genre has been diverse, with different bands showcasing different styles. Of the pioneering melodic hardcore bands such as Bad Religion and Descendents, some have proven influential across the spectrum of punk rock, as well as rock music more generally; the term "melodic punk" is used to describe both melodic hardcore and skate punk bands. Melodic hardcore is broadly defined, however incorporates fast rhythms and distorted guitar riffs, vocal styles tending towards shouting and screaming. Many notable bands, such as Dag Nasty and Lifetime use minor interval chords on guitar, such as minor ninth and seventh chords, as well as fifth or ninth harmonies on vocals. Many groups drop tune their instruments, with tempos ranging from 180 to 210 beats per minute, with few bands ranging outside of a 4/4 time signature.
Many modern melodic hardcore bands are incorporating elements of melodic hardcore and emo, relying more upon melody than their hardcore punk predecessors. There are bands take influence from post-hardcore and melodic metalcore. Canadian melodic hardcore heavyweights Comeback Kid put out their 6th full length "Outsider" in 2017 after being in the scene for 17 years. In this album, Comeback Kid are collaborating fast and furious thrash metal Slayer-esque riffs, 90’s punk and grunge flavors and tight and bouncy melodic hardcore rhythms to bring new energy to the modern melodic hardcore scene; as modern melodic hardcore diverges into one more metalcore leaning track as well as one more emotive track, terms such as "melodic emotive hardcore" and "melodic metallic hardcore" have been suggested to distinguish modern melodic hardcore bands with different sounds that still fall into the same genre. Bands such as the Ghost Inside, Blood Youth and Hundredth, have been described as both metalcore and melodic hardcore while While She Sleeps is considered as merging melodic hardcore elements with metalcore.
Casey, La Dispute and Being as an Ocean, who are active in the modern melodic hardcore scene, incorporate elements of post-rock/post-black metal and/or spoken word into their music. The earliest melodic hardcore emerged from the Californian hardcore punk scene by the early 1980s; this includes Descendents, who formed in 1978. Their earliest work was simple, pop-influenced punk rock, but they went on to mix this melodic approach with hardcore, inspiring both melodic hardcore and pop punk groups. Bad Religion, who formed in Los Angeles in 1979, played in a somewhat similar vein, but their approach was more "angry" and politically charged, they recorded their debut album, How Could Hell Be Any Worse?, in 1981. The Faith's 1983 EP Subject to Change is thought of as one of the first melodic hardcore records, as significant as the music of Bad Religion or the Descendents. On the release, the band added and moved away from the more straightforward hardcore punk of their earlier work towards a more complex and melodic sound, accompanied by introspective lyrics.
Dag Nasty are a key melodic hardcore band that formed during the mid-1980s as part of the Washington, D. C. hardcore scene, with Brian Baker on guitar. In 1988, the band All formed; the band made music in a broadly similar vein to the Descendents, were fronted by Dave Smalley of Dag Nasty. Gorilla Biscuits came out of the late 1980s New York hardcore scene, played a melodic form of the hardcore subgenre known as youth crew. Youth crew itself takes a lot of influence from 7 Seconds, who ventured into melodic hardcore on albums such as The Crew. Turning Point, a New Jersey hardcore band emerged from the youth crew movement, but their material moved towards melodic hardcore, with more complex music and introspective lyrics. In 1994, H2O formed, mixing melodic elements of Washington D. C. with New York & California hardcore punk. Lifetime was a notable emo group whose sound drew on pop punk and melodic hardcore. Along with other melodic hardcore groups, they had much influence on subsequent pop punk, including bands such as Fall Out Boy and Saves the Day.
When Lifetime broke up, some of their members formed Kid Dynamite. During the 1990s, the "Epi-Fat" sound was popular, key bands such as NOFX, Pennywise and Strung Out bordered on melodic hardcore influenced by the likes of Descendents and Bad Religion. Rise Against, formed in 1999, achieved widespread commercial success with the release of their major label debut Siren Song of the Counter Culture in 2004, along with bands such as Strike Anywhere, Ignite, Belvedere and A Wilhelm Scream, who continued the traditional style of melodic hardcore. Whereas, in the early to mid-2000s, the genre was transformed through the work of newly formed bands including Killing the Dream, Modern Life Is War, The Hope Conspiracy, Sinking Ships, Have Heart, The Carrier, This Is Hell, as well as the Canadian band Comeback Kid, many of which are housed by key hardcore labels Bridge 9 Records and Deathwish Inc. Thereafter by about 2009, "the likes of Defeater, Touché Amoré, the Ghost Inside, Being as an Ocean, Stick to Your Guns and many more became the new faces of melodic, emotional hardcore", creating an overlap with post-hardcore and metalcore in current melodic hardcore.
Many bands have crossed over into or out of the ge
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Bellingham is the county seat and most populous city of Whatcom County in the U. S. state of Washington. Located 52 miles southwest of Vancouver, 90 miles north of Seattle, 21 miles south of the Canada-US border, Bellingham is in between two major metropolitan areas and Vancouver, British Columbia; the city’s population was 80,885 at the 2010 United States Census. With an April 1, 2018 population estimate of 88,500 per the Washington State Office of Financial Management, Bellingham is the twelfth-most populous city in the state of Washington; the city of Bellingham was incorporated in 1903 through the consolidation of Fairhaven, Whatcom and Bellingham: four historic towns that settled beside Bellingham Bay. The bay, where the present-day city and the former town of the same name derive their names from, was named Bellingham Bay by George Vancouver upon arriving to it in June 1792, its namesake, Sir William Bellingham, was the Controller of Storekeeper Accounts of the Royal Navy during the Vancouver Expedition.
Today, Bellingham is the northernmost city with a population of more than 50,000 people in the contiguous United States. The city is a popular tourist destination known for its easy access to outdoor recreation in the San Juan Islands and North Cascades. Bellingham is undergoing redevelopment on more than 100 acres of former industrial land in its Waterfront District with a hotel, conference center, retirement living and commercial development planned for the site. Prior to Euro-American settlement, Bellingham was in the homeland of Coast Salish peoples of the Lummi and neighboring tribes; the first Caucasian immigrants reached the area in 1854. In 1858, the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush caused thousands of miners and scalawags to head north from California. Whatcom grew overnight from a small northwest mill town to a bustling seaport, the basetown for the Whatcom Trail, which led to the Fraser Canyon goldfields, used in open defiance of colonial Governor James Douglas's edict that all entry to the gold colony be made via Victoria, British Columbia.
Coal was mined in the Bellingham area from the mid-19th to the mid-20th centuries. It was Henry Roeder who had discovered coal off the northeastern shore of Bellingham Bay, in 1854 a group of San Francisco investors established the Bellingham Bay Coal Company; the mine extended to hundreds of miles of tunnels as deep as 1200 feet. It ran southwest to Bellingham Bay, on both sides of Squalicum Creek, an area of about one square mile. At its peak in the 1920s, the mine employed some 250 miners digging over 200,000 tons of coal annually, it was closed in 1955. Bellingham was incorporated on December 28, 1903 as a result of the incremental consolidation of four towns situated around Bellingham Bay during the final decades of the 19th Century. Whatcom is today's "Old Town" area and was founded in 1852. Sehome was an area of downtown founded in 1854. Bellingham was further south near Boulevard Park, founded in 1853. In 1890, Fairhaven developers bought Bellingham. Whatcom and Sehome had adjacent borders and both towns wanted to merge.
On October 27, 1903, the word "New" was dropped from the name, because the Washington State Legislature outlawed the use of the word new in city and town names. At first, attempts to combine Fairhaven and Whatcom failed, there was controversy over the name of the proposed new city. Whatcom citizens wouldn't support a city named Fairhaven, Fairhaven residents would not support a city named Whatcom, they settled on the name Bellingham, which remains today. Voting a second time for a final merger of the four towns into a single city, the resolution passed by 2163 votes for and 596 against. In the early 1890s, three railroad lines arrived, connecting the bay cities to a nationwide market of builders; the foothills around Bellingham were clearcut after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake to help provide the lumber for the rebuilding of San Francisco. In time and shingle mills sprang up all over the county to accommodate the byproduct of their work. In 1889, Pierre Cornwall and an association of investors formed the Bellingham Bay Improvement Company.
The BBIC invested in several diverse enterprises such as shipping, mining, railroad construction, real estate sales and utilities. Though their dreams of turning Bellingham into a Pacific Northwest metropolis never came to fruition, the BBIC made an immense contribution to the economic development of Bellingham. BBIC was not the only outside firm with an interest in Bellingham utilities; the General Electric Company of New York purchased Bellingham's Fairhaven Line and New Whatcom street rail line in 1897. In 1898 the utility merged into the Northern Railway and Improvement Company which prompted the Electric Corporation of Boston to purchase a large block of shares. Bellingham was the site of the Bellingham riots against East Indian immigrant workers in 1907. A mob of 400–500 white men, predominantly members of the Asiatic Exclusion League, with intentions to exclude East Indian immigrants from the work force of the local lumber mills, attacked the homes of the South Asian Indians; the Indians were Sikhs but were labelled as Hindus by much of the media of the day.
Bellingham's proximity to the Strait of Juan de Fuca and to the Inside Passage to Alaska helped keep some cannery operations here. Pacific American Fisheries, for example, shipped empty cans to Alaska, where they were packed with fish and shipped back; the mean annual salary of a wage earner in Bellingham is $46,114, below the Wa
Shook Ones (Part II)
"Shook Ones" is the lead single from Mobb Deep's 1995 album The Infamous. In 2010 Pitchfork Media included the song at number 25 on their Top 200 Tracks of the 90s. Rolling Stone magazine placed the song on its list of The 50 Greatest Hip-Hop Songs of All Time; the song is a sequel to the group's 1994 promotional single "Shook Ones", with similar lyrics, but less profanity. The original song is featured on the b-side of some releases of "Shook Ones part II" and was included on the international version of the group’s album Hell on Earth; the song is told from the perspective of inner-city youths engaged in territorial warfare and struggling for financial gains. An uncensored version of this song was never released; this censorship could have been played on the radio stations. Complex ranked "Shook Ones" at #23 on their list of the 25 most violent rap songs of all time; the song was sampled by Skillz using a line from Havoc's verse in his minor single "Move Ya Body" from his album From Where???.
The song was sampled by Mariah Carey in her single "The Roof". For its single remix, Mobb Deep recorded additional raps and appeared in the music video; the song was sampled by Sublime in its song "April 29, 1992". The song was sampled by Canadian R&B singer Keshia Chanté in her 2003 single "Shook"; the song was sampled in Mims' debut single "This Is Why I'm Hot". New Kids On The Block singer Jordan Knight sampled the song on the album track "Don't Run" from his 1999 self-titled debut, though in the liner notes it was improperly credited to another Mobb Deep song "Survival Of The Fittest"; the Fat Joe song "The Crack Attack," samples a line from the song to form the chorus. It was used in the G-Unit diss song 300 Bars and Runnin by The Game; the Group Home song "Tha Realness" from their album Livin' Proof samples bits of Prodigy's vocals. British Emcee Akala samples it in his track'This Is London' on 2004's The War Mixtape. A sample from the end of Prodigy's verse, "take these words home and think it through", is used by East Coast Avengers in their song, "Dear Michelle", a response to Michelle Malkin's criticism of their single, "Kill Bill O'Reilly.
Trip hop musician Emancipator produced a mashup of "Shook Ones" and Sigur Rós's song "untitled 1 / Vaka" Atmosphere sampled, did a slight variation of the intro of "Shook Ones" on their intro of "Always Coming Back Home To You". Atmosphere sampled and did a slight variation of the hook of "Shook Ones" in their song "Party For The Fight To Write". Rick Ross samples this song for his song "Audio Meth", in an iTunes Pre-Order version of Teflon Don; the song was sampled by Donell Jones in his song "The Only One You Need". American Pop star Lady Gaga samples the opening instrumental and a couple of verses in an interlude known as "Paws Up" or "Antler Film"; the song was mixed with Fancy Footwork. This song was sampled in the song "#sheplife" by Briggs and was featured on the Golden Era Mixtape 2012 Kaotic Sypher sampled one line from this song in a song with Bogus, True and P. L. Crazee, called "Tight Situation", he sampled Prodigy's line: "Gettin' closer to God in a tight situation". Krumb Snatcha's song "Gettin' Closer To God" sample the same line from Prodigy's verse.
German Hip-hop duo Eins Zwo used Prodigy's line "Take these words home and think it through" on "Flaschenpost", the 3rd track of their 1998 debut EP "Sport". The Broadway play Hamilton uses elements of it in the songs “My Shot” and “Dear Theodosia”. Drum and bass producer Liminal sampled the a cappella on "back in tha house" released in 2015 on cymbalism recordings Drum and bass DJ and producer DJ Hype sampled Prodigy's line "Gettin' closer to God, in a tight situation" for his track "Closer to God" released in 1998 on True Playaz Records; the song was sampled by Portuguese hip hop group Dealema in their songs "A Fundação" and "Quem fui, quem sou". Rapper Everlast performs a modified but faithful version of the lyrics over the original track, billed as a collaboration on the Loud Rocks compilation album; the song was covered by Grav over a modified version of the instrumental. Bay Area rapper Ya Boy performed a rap over the instrumental on his mixtape The Fix Atlanta artist B.o. B recorded a freestyle over the instrumental, entitled "The Biz" on his mixtape May 25th Finnish rap group SMC Hoodrats performed a self-titled rap over the instrumental, sharing the original song's theme and lyrical content about inner-city youths living in infamous neighborhoods.
The beat of the song was used for "Wachuwannado", a song by The Game. The song was included in the soundtrack of various video games, including True Crime: New York City, Marc Eckō's Getting Up: Contents Under Pressure, Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories, NBA 2K13 and NBA 2K18; this was used as the entrance song for Rashad Evans at UFC 114. In his song "Ebonics", in which he explains the meanings of popular slang words in the 1990s, Big L claims that "Mobb Deep explained the meaning of'Shook'", referencing Shook Ones & Shook Ones Pt. II; the lines "I keep them shook crews running, like they supposed to. You come around. I can see it inside your face, you're in the wrong place," were referenced in the Emmure song "R2deepthroat" as an homage to Mobb Deep; the instrumental was used by the NBA as a commercial to promote the 2012 NBA Playoffs for the San Antonio Spurs. The instrumental was used for TDE's cypher at the 2013 BET Hip Hop Awards; the Song April 29, 1992 by Sublime samples the line "long as I'm alive I'ma live illegal" from the song.
The song was used in Eminem's 8 Mile during opening credits and as the beat for the final rap battle, i
Band (rock and pop)
A rock band or pop band is a small musical ensemble which performs rock music, pop music or a related genre. The four-piece band is the most common configuration in pop music. Before the development of the electronic keyboard, the configuration was two guitarists, a bassist, a drummer. Another common formation is a vocalist who does not play an instrument, electric guitarist, bass guitarist, a drummer. Instrumentally, these bands can be considered as trios; the smallest ensemble, used in rock music is the trio format. Two-member rock and pop bands are rare, because of the difficulty in providing all of the musical elements which are part of the rock or pop sound. In a hard rock or blues-rock band, or heavy metal rock group, a "power trio" format is used, which consists of an electric guitar player, an electric bass guitar player and a drummer, one or more of these musicians sing; some well-known power trios with the guitarist on lead vocals are the Jimi Hendrix Experience, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble, the Jam, ZZ Top, Green Day, while power trios with the bass guitarist on lead vocals include Cream, The Police and Motörhead.
Two-member rock and pop bands are rare, because of the difficulty in providing all of the musical elements which are part of the rock or pop sound. Two-member rock and pop bands omit one of these musical elements. In many cases, two-member bands will omit a drummer, since guitars, bass guitars, keyboards can all be used to provide a rhythmic pulse. Examples of two-member bands are The White Stripes, Pet Shop Boys, Flight of the Conchords, the Ting Tings, Hall & Oates, Twenty One Pilots and T. Rex; when electronic sequencers became available in the 1980s, this made it easier for two-member bands to add in musical elements that the two band members were not able to perform. Sequencers allowed bands to pre-program some elements of their performance, such as an electronic drum part and a synth bass line. Two-member pop music bands such as Soft Cell and Yazoo used pre-programmed sequencers. Other pop bands from the 1980s which were ostensibly fronted by two performers, such as Wham!, Eurythmics and Tears for Fears, were not two-piece ensembles, because other instrumental musicians were used "behind the scenes" to fill out the sound.
Modern bands that use this format include Ninja Sex Death Grips. Two-piece bands in rock music are quite rare. However, starting in the 2000s, blues-influenced rock bands such as the White Stripes and the Black Keys utilized a guitar-and-drums scheme. Death from Above 1979 featured a bass guitarist. Tenacious D is a two-guitar band. Ratatat are a two-guitar band. W. A. S. P. Guitarist Doug Blair is known for his work in the two-piece progressive rock band signal2noise, where he acts as the lead guitarist and bassist at the same time, thanks to a special custom instrument he invented. Heisenflei of Los Angeles duo the Pity Party plays drums and sings simultaneously. Royal Blood is a two-piece band that drums along with electronic effects; the smallest ensemble, used in rock music is the trio format. In a hard rock or blues-rock band, or heavy metal rock group, a "power trio" format is used, which consists of an electric guitar player, an electric bass guitar player and a drummer, one or more of these musicians sing.
Some well-known power trios with the guitarist on lead vocals are Campsite 85, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble and Muse. A handful of others with the bassist on vocals include Thin Lizzy, Rush, Motörhead, the Police and Cream; some power trios feature two lead vocalists. For example, in the band Blink-182 vocals are split between bassist Mark Hoppus and guitarist Matt Skiba, or in the band Dinosaur Jr. guitarist J. Mascis is the primary songwriter and vocalist, but bassist Lou Barlow writes some songs and sings as well. An alternative to the power trio are organ trios formed with an electric guitarist, a drummer and a keyboardist. Although organ trios are most associated with 1950s and 1960s jazz organ trio groups such as those led by organist Jimmy Smith, there are organ trios in rock-oriented styles, such as jazz-rock fusion and Grateful Dead-influenced jam bands, for instance Medeski Martin & Wood. In organ trios, the keyboard player plays a Hammond organ or similar instrument, which permits the keyboard player to perform bass lines and lead lines.
A variant of the organ trio are trios formed with an electric bassist, a drummer and an electronic keyboardist such as the progressive rock band Emerson, Lake & Palmer. A power trio with the guitarist on lead vocals is a popular record company lineup, as the guitarist and singer will be the songwriter. Therefore, the label only has to present one "face" to the public; the backing band may or may not be featured in publici
Shook Ones (song)
"Shook Ones" is a 1994 promotional single by hip-hop group Mobb Deep. The song was the group's debut on Loud Records, RCA Records, BMG Records after leaving their previous label, 4th & B'way Records. A sequel titled "Shook Ones, Pt. II" was the first official single of the group's second album, The Infamous. "Shook Ones" was featured on the b-side, retitled "Shook Ones Pt. I." The cut made its way on the International version of the group’s album Hell on Earth. The song was released by Think Differently Records on its compilation Originals, which featured 24 tracks including original versions, uncleared-sample versions, unreleased-verse versions. Lyrics from this song were sampled in the song "O-Zone" by O. C. in 1994, the same year this song was released. A sample was used in the song "Beware" from Big Pun's album Capital Punishment in 1998 and a sample was used as the hook in Ice-T's song "Forced to Do Dirt" from his 1996 album VI - Return of the Real. Shook Ones Pt. I lyrics