The Serbs are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans. The majority of Serbs inhabit the nation state of Serbia, as well as the disputed territory of Kosovo, the neighboring countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro, they form significant minorities in North Slovenia. There is a large Serb diaspora in Western Europe, outside Europe there are significant communities in North America and Australia; the Serbs share many cultural traits with the rest of the peoples of Southeast Europe. They are predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christians by religion; the Serbian language is official in Serbia, co-official in Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina, is spoken by the plurality in Montenegro. The modern identity of Serbs is rooted in traditions. In the 19th century, the Serbian national identity was manifested, with awareness of history and tradition, medieval heritage, cultural unity, despite living under different empires. Three elements, together with the legacy of the Nemanjić dynasty, were crucial in forging identity and preservation during foreign domination: the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Serbian language, Kosovo Myth.
When the Principality of Serbia gained independence from the Ottoman Empire, Orthodoxy became crucial in defining the national identity, instead of language, shared by other South Slavs. The tradition of slava, the family saint feast day, is an important ethnic marker of Serb identity, is regarded their most significant and most solemn feast day; the origin of the ethnonym is unclear. Genetic studies on Serbs show that they have close affinity with the rest of the Balkan peoples, those within former Yugoslavia. Serbia's people are among the tallest in the world, after Montenegro and the Netherlands, with an average male height of 1.82 metres. Slavs settled the Balkans in the 6th and 7th centuries. Up until the late 560s their activity was raiding, crossing from the Danube, though with limited Slavic settlement through Byzantine foederati colonies; the Danube and Sava frontier was overwhelmed by large-scale Slavic settlement in the late 6th and early 7th century. What is today central Serbia was an important geo-strategical province, through which the Via Militaris crossed.
This area was intruded by barbarians in the 5th and 6th centuries. The numerous Slavs assimilated the descendants of the indigenous population; the history of the early medieval Serbian Principality is recorded in the 10th-century work De Administrando Imperio, which describes the Serbs as a people living in Roman Dalmatia, subordinate to the Byzantine Empire. Numerous small Serbian states were created, chiefly under Vlastimorović and Vojislavjević dynasties, located in modern Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. With the decline of the Serbian state of Duklja in the late 11th century, "Raška" separated from it and replaced it as the most powerful Serbian state. Prince Stefan Nemanja conquered the neighbouring territories of Kosovo and Zachlumia; the Nemanjić dynasty ruled over Serbia until the 14th century. Nemanja's older son, Stefan Nemanjić, became Serbia's first recognized king, while his younger son, founded the Serbian Orthodox Church in the year 1219, became known as Saint Sava after his death.
Over the next 140 years, Serbia expanded its borders, from numerous minor principalities, reaching to a unified Serbian Empire. Its cultural model remained Byzantine, despite political ambitions directed against the empire; the medieval power and influence of Serbia culminated in the reign of Stefan Dušan, who ruled the state from 1331 until his death in 1355. Ruling as Emperor from 1346, his territory included Macedonia, northern Greece and all of modern Albania; when Dušan died, his son Stephen Uroš V became Emperor. With Turkish invaders beginning their conquest of the Balkans in the 1350s, a major conflict ensued between them and the Serbs, the first major battle was the Battle of Maritsa, in which the Serbs were defeated. With the death of two important Serb leaders in the battle, with the death of Stephen Uroš that same year, the Serbian Empire broke up into several small Serbian domains; these states were ruled by feudal lords, with Zeta controlled by the Balšić family, Raška, Kosovo and northern Macedonia held by the Branković family and Lazar Hrebeljanović holding today's Central Serbia and a portion of Kosovo.
Hrebeljanović was subsequently accepted as the titular leader of the Serbs because he was married to a member of the Nemanjić dynasty. In 1389, the Serbs faced the Ottomans at the Battle of Kosovo on the plain of Kosovo Polje, near the town of Pristina. Both Lazar and Sultan Murad; the battle most ended in a stalemate, afterwards Serbia enjoyed a short period of prosperity under despot Stefan Lazarević and resisted failing to the Turks until 1459. The Serbs had taken an active part in the wars fought in the Balkans against the Ottoman Empire, organized uprisings. After allied Christian forces had captured Buda from the Ottoman Empire in 1686 during the Great Turkish War, Serbs from Pannonian Plain joined the troops of the Habsburg Monarchy as separate units known as Serbian Militia. Serbs, as volunteers, massively joined
The George Foster Peabody Awards program, named for the American businessman and philanthropist George Peabody, honor the most powerful and invigorating stories in television and online media. Programs are recognized in seven categories: news, documentaries, children's programming, interactive programming, public service. Peabody Award winners include radio and television stations, online media, producing organizations, individuals from around the world. Established in 1940 by a committee of the National Association of Broadcasters, the Peabody Award was created to honor excellence in radio broadcasting, it is the oldest major electronic media award in the United States and some say the most prestigious, sometimes competing for recognition with the Alfred I. duPont–Columbia University Award. Final Peabody Award winners are selected unanimously by the program's Board of Jurors. Reflecting excellence in quality storytelling, rather than popularity or commercial success, Peabody Awards are distributed annually to 30 out of 60 finalists culled from more than 1,000 entries.
Because submissions are accepted from a wide variety of sources and styles, deliberations seek "Excellence On Its Own Terms". Each entry is evaluated on the achievement of standards established within its own context. Entries, for which a US$350 fee is required, are self-selected by those making submissions. In 1938, the National Association of Broadcasters formed a committee to recognize outstanding achievement in radio broadcasting. Committee member Lambdin Kay, public-service director for WSB radio in Atlanta, Georgia, at the time, is credited for creating the award, named for businessman and philanthropist George Foster Peabody, who donated the funds that made the awards possible. Fellow WSB employee Lessie Smithgall introduced Lambdin to John E. Drewry, of the University of Georgia's Henry W. Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication, who endorsed the idea; the Peabody Award was established in 1940 with the Grady College of Journalism as its permanent home. The Peabody Awards were issued only for radio programming, but television awards were introduced in 1948.
In the late 1990s additional categories for material distributed via the World Wide Web were added. Materials created for theatrical motion picture release are not eligible; the Peabody Awards judging process is unusually rigorous. Each year, more than 1,000 entries are evaluated by some 30 committees composed of a number of faculty and students from the University of Georgia and other higher education institutions across the country; each committee is charged with screening or listening to a small number of entries and delivering written recommendations to the Peabody Board of Jurors, a ~17-member panel of scholars and media-industry professionals. Board members discuss recommended entries as well as their own selections at intensive preliminary meetings in California and Texas; the Board convenes at the University of Georgia in early April for final screenings and deliberations. Each entrant is judged on its own merit, only unanimously selected programs receive a Peabody Award. For many years, there was no set number of awards issued.
However, in 2016 the program instituted the Peabody 30, representing the best programs out of a field of 60 nominees. Prior to this, the all-time record for Peabody Award recipients in a single year was 46 in 2013. George Foster Peabody, namesake of the awards, was a successful investment banker who devoted much of his fortune to education and social enterprise. Lambdin Kay was the awards chairman for The National Association of Broadcasters when he was asked to create a prize to honor the nation's premier radio programs and performances. John E. Drewry was the first dean of the University of Georgia's Henry W. Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication, he accepted the position of dean when it was created in 1940. That same year he helped Lambdin Kay, general manager of Atlanta's WSB Radio, create the Peabody Awards recognizing excellence in broadcasting. Dr. Worth McDougald served as Director of the Peabody Awards program from 1963 until his retirement in 1991. Barry Sherman was the Director of the George Foster Peabody Awards program at the University of Georgia from 1991 until his death in 2000.
Horace Newcomb held the Lambdin Kay Chair for the Peabodys in the Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Georgia from 2001 to 2013. Jeffrey P. Jones succeeded Horace Newcomb in July 2013 as the Lambdin Kay Chair for the Peabodys in the Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Georgia; each spring, the Peabody Awards Board of Jurors announce award recipients for work released during the previous year. Traditionally, the winners' announcements have been made via a simple press release and/or a press conference. In recent years, organizers have taken to television to reveal some Peabody Award recipients in an effort to expand public awareness of the awards. An April 2014 segment of CBS This Morning included an announcement of 2013 Peabody winners. In April 2015, the 2014 Peabodys were revealed over an 8-day period, with the entertainment-based recipients revealed on ABC's Good Morning America. Formal presentation of the Peabody Awards are traditionally held in early June.
For many years, the awards were given during a luncheon in New York City. The ceremony moved to a red carpet evening event for the first time on May 31, 2015, with Fred Armisen serving as host. Several famous names have served as Peabody Awards ceremony hosts over the years, among them Walter Cronkite, Lesley Stahl, Jackie Gleason, Jon Stewart, Morley Safer, Cr
Pretty Village, Pretty Flame
Pretty Village, Pretty Flame is a 1996 Serbian film directed by Srđan Dragojević with a screenplay based on an article written by Vanja Bulić. Set during the Bosnian War, the film tells the story of Milan, part of a small group of Serb soldiers trapped in a tunnel by a Bosniak force. Through flashbacks, the lives of the trapped soldiers in pre-war Yugoslavia are shown Milan and his Bosniak best friend Halil becoming enemies after having to pick opposing sides in the conflict; the plot was inspired by real-life events that took place in the opening stages of the Bosnian War, with the film's screenplay being based on an article written by Vanja Bulić for Duga magazine about the actual event. Following the success of the movie, Bulić wrote a novel named Tunel that's an expanded version of his magazine article. Pretty Village, Pretty Flame features a non-linear plot line, the scenes change between time periods from 1971 to 1999 which cut back and forth in no particular order; the main time periods include the "present" with a hospitalized Milan, with flashbacks to both his childhood and his early adulthood in the 1980s until the war begins, subsequent service as a soldier where he is trapped in the tunnel.
The film opens with a faux newsreel, showing the opening of the Tunnel of Brotherhood and Unity by visiting President Josip Broz Tito and local dignitary Džemal Bijedić on 27 June 1971. During the ribbon-cutting ceremony, President Tito accidentally cuts his thumb with the scissors. At the beginning of the Bosnian War in 1992, Milan, a Bosnian Serb, his best friend Halil, a Bosniak Muslim, live a quiet life in a small village in eastern Bosnia, playing basketball at a kafana owned by Slobo. While Milan and Halil are taking a break, Nazim, a Bosniak neighbour of Slobo, asks him if he can look after his house while he is visiting his sister in Tuzla. Halil makes comments to Nazim about moving away rather than visiting his relatives as many of their belongings can be seen in their car and trailer, which Nazim denies. A wounded Milan is shown in bed at a military Hospital in Belgrade, where he taunts a wounded young Bosniak soldier in the neighbouring room, whom he threatens to kill if his friend in the next bed dies.
In 1994 during the conflict, Milan joins the Army of Republika Srpska and is attached to a squad that includes: Velja: a career criminal and thief from Belgrade, who did most of his work in West Germany. During a visit home the authorities came to conscript a promising student. Velja pretended to be his brother, knowing full well he would have been taken to the front lines for draft-dodging, becoming a soldier in his place. Petar "Professor": a Bosnian Serb school teacher from Banja Luka, he seems to have nostalgic feelings towards SFR Yugoslavia. While some of the others loot houses, he is more interested in literature and intermittently reads from a burnt diary he found in one of the villages the squad passed through. Brzi "Speedy": a heroin addict from Belgrade, the son of a Yugoslav People's Army officer and the only one in the group who speaks English. While high on drugs one night, he walked to a highway overpass in Belgrade where the people have gathered to cheer on the troops going to war, jumping off only to land in a JNA truck headed towards the Croatian border.
It is left ambiguous. Brzi was given an ambulance truck to drive and he now sees his involvement in the war as an attempt to get himself off drugs. Laza: a simple-minded and impressionable family man with old-fashioned values. Laza was so outraged by a Serbian TV news report about atrocities against Serbs that he walked to the nearest highway and hitchhiked to Belgrade to volunteer for combat. On the way there he vents his anger to the truck driver that picked him up, telling him among other things "never again shall a German or Turk set foot here" unaware that the person behind the wheel is a Turkish trucker driving through Serbia. Viljuška "Fork": a cheerful and jovial Chetnik sympathizer from central Serbia whose only motive for fighting was looking out for his brother-in-law Laza, he is nicknamed Fork because he carries a fork around his neck symbolizing Serbian sophistication in the 14th century, contrasts Serbian kings to English and German kings at the time, who he says ate using their hands..
Gvozden: the squad's captain and a professionally trained Yugoslav People's Army officer. Although fighting for the Serbian side, in his heart he still believes in its ideals. In 1980, after the death of Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito, Gvozden made the national news when he ran a 350-kilometer marathon alone across the country to attend Tito's funeral. Marko: a young man, foolish and seeking the approval of his colleagues, he is shown to be fond of foreign culture. Milan, disturbed with the way the war is being conducted, is frustrated by the fact that profiteers are looting Halil's property. Milan shoots three of the profiteers out of anger after they set fire to the auto-repair shop he and Halil had built together, wounding them, is shocked to find Slobo is looting the property too. Slobo tells him that
Details was an American monthly men's magazine published by Condé Nast, founded in 1982 by Annie Flanders. Though a magazine devoted to fashion and lifestyle, Details featured reports on relevant social and political issues. In November 2015 Condé Nast announced that the magazine would cease publication with the issue of December 2015/January 2016. Alan Patricof bought the magazine in 1988. Condé Nast bought the magazine a year for $2 million, its current format stems from an October 2000, relaunch of the title, following a transfer of the magazine from Condé Nast to sibling division Fairchild Publications. Between its last issue at Condé Nast and first at Fairchild, publication of Details was temporarily suspended; this allowed for extensive redesign and strategic repositioning of the magazine. Frequent contributors included Augusten Burroughs, Michael Chabon, Bill Cunningham, its editor was the former husband of Australian actress Sarah Wynter. He was appointed to the post in 2000. Previous contributors have included Beauregard Houston-Montgomery.
In 2004, Details published a piece titled "Gay or Asian?" that featured a photo of an East Asian man, "tips" on how to tell the difference. Some of the text that accompanied the photo: "One cruises for chicken. Whether you're into shrimp balls or shaved balls, entering the dragon requires imperial tastes." The article generated protests over its racism and homophobia—and over how it erased the existence of gay Asian men. To protest, LGBT Asian American individuals and groups held demonstrations. From 1991 to 1999 the magazine produced sampler CDs which were sent out to current subscribers free of charge. While the CDs concentrated on current music, older songs were included as well; the initial CD was produced by Andrea Norlander of MTV, who oversaw concept, musical content and marketing of the project. Official website
Lothaire Bluteau is a Canadian actor. He was born in Montreal and performs in both French and English. Lothaire Bluteau has worked in theatre and television throughout Canada and internationally, he abandoned medicine for the theatre and was first noticed for his performance as a mentally challenged youth in Yves Simoneau’s In the Shadow of the Wind. After receiving great acclaim for the lead in the stage version of Being at Home with Claude, he won a best actor Genie Award for his performance in Denys Arcand's Oscar-nominated Jésus de Montréal, he has since appeared in Black Robe and Robert Lepage's Le Confessionnal, his international credits include Orlando and I Shot Andy Warhol. He had a recurring role in the third season of the television series 24 as the character Marcus Alvers. In the fourth season of The Tudors, he played Charles de Marillac, the French ambassador to the court of King Henry VIII. In July 2014, it was announced he was cast in the History Channel series Vikings as the 9th century King of France, Charles the Bald.
Bluteau won the 1990 Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role for his work on Jesus of Montreal and was nominated for the same award in 1996 for his work in the film The Confessional. He was nominated for the AFI Award for Best Actor for his work on Black Robe. Bluteau won the award for Best Actor at the 1997 Gijón International Film Festival for his work on Bent. Les Fils de la liberté, 1980 Jeune délinquant series, 1980 Just a Game, 1983 Un Gars d’la place, 1983 Les Années de rêves, 1984 Les Enfants mal aimés, 1984 Un Gars d’la place, 1985 Sonia, 1986 Miami Vice series, 1986 In the Shadow of the Wind, 1987 La Nuit avec Hortense, 1987 Bonjour Monsieur Gauguin, 1988 Mourir, 1988 La Nuit avec Hortense, 1988 Jesus of Montreal, 1989 Black Robe, 1991 The Persistence of Memory, 1991 Orlando, 1992 The Silent Touch, 1992 Mrs. ‘Arris Goes to Paris, 1992 The Confessional, 1995 Other Voices, Other Rooms, 1995 I Shot Andy Warhol, 1996 Nostromo, 1997 Bent, 1997 Conquest, 1998 Animals with the Tollkeeper, 1998 Shot Through the Heart, 1998 Senso unico, 1999 Law & Order: Criminal Intent series, 1999 Restless Spirits, 1999 Urbania, 2000 Oz series, 2000 Solitude, 2001 Law & Order: Criminal Intent, 2001 Dead Heat, 2002 Julie Walking Home, 2002 On Thin Ice, 2003 24, 2004 Gérald L’Ecuyer: A Filmmaker’s Journey, 2004 Third Watch, 2004 Desolation Sound, 2005 Law & Order: Trial by Jury series, 2006 Disappearances, 2006 Walk All Over Me, 2007 Race to Mars The Funeral Party, 2007 The Tudors, Charles de Marignac, 2007–2010 Missing, 2012 The Storm Within, 2013 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit series, 2014 Vikings, 2015 Regression, 2015 Criminal Minds: Beyond Borders, 2016 The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, Young Inna/Defendant Fish The Cherry Orchard, Gaev Lothaire Bluteau on IMDb
Vincent Perez is a Swiss actor and photographer. He is best known internationally for playing the title character, Ashe Corven, in The Crow: City of Angels, for starring in Queen of the Damned, playing Marius de Romanus; some of his notable films in French cinema include Cyrano de Bergerac, Le Bossu, La Reine Margot and Indochine. Perez was born on 10 June 1964 in Switzerland, to a Spanish father and a German mother, his mother was his father worked in the import-export business. He commenced acting studies in Geneva, followed by the CNSAD and completed his training at the school of the Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers, he started acting in theatre before starring in films. His breakthrough role was starring as Christian opposite Gérard Depardieu in Cyrano de Bergerac, he was nominated for a César Award. He has since appeared in various films and his onscreen leading ladies have included Catherine Deneuve, Kim Basinger, Isabelle Adjani and Aaliyah. On television, he starred in Paris enquêtes criminelles, the French remake of Law & Order: Criminal Intent.
Perez starred as Lieutenant Vincent Revel. He has gone into directing. Two of his shorts, L'échange and Rien à dire, have been nominated for the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, he has exhibited his photographic work in art galleries. For example, his exhibition entitled Face to Face, which featured photographs of Carla Bruni, Johnny Hallyday and Gerard Depardieu, was unveiled at Rencontres d'Arles, an annual photography festival in Arles, France. In December 2012, he exhibited his photographs of dancers of the Bolshoi Ballet at the RuArts in Moscow, Russia. Two years in December 2014, he exhibited them again at the Accademia Fine Art Gallery in Monte Carlo, Monaco, he is married to French actress Karine Silla, ex-partner of Gerard Depardieu and sister of French producer Virginie Besson-Silla. Perez and Silla have three children together, his daughter Iman Perez is a well known model. Vincent Perez on IMDb The Vincent Perez Archives An Interview with Vincent Perez about Paris enquêtes criminelles