Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012
Roman Lob represented Germany with the song Standing Still, which placed 8th in the final, scoring 110 points. One week after the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 in Düsseldorf, ARD confirmed their participation in the Eurovision 2012 in Baku, on 15 June, ARD officially presented the national selection. The method was the same as in 2010 and he was replaced by Thomas Dürr, better known as Thomas D, singer of the German hip hop band Die Fantastischen Vier. On 25 November 2011, ARD announced several changes in the national selection, sandra Rieß and Steven Gätjen replaced Matthias Opdenhövel and Sabine Heinrich as the hosts. The final of Unser Star für Baku took place on 16 February 2012, a unique voting system was introduced. The singer, who had the fewest votes then, perform first and had therefore the longest time to convince with their talent, color key Superfinal As a Big Five member, Germany was automatically qualified for the final, held on 26 May. Roman Lob was awarded 110 points in total and finished in 8th place, Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest Eurovision Song Contest 2012 Unser Star für Baku - Official site
With an estimated population of around 15.8 million, it is the most populated state in Central America. Guatemala is a democracy, its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción. The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Maya civilization, most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, from the mid to late 19th century, Guatemala experienced chronic instability and civil strife. Beginning in the early 20th century, it was ruled by a series of dictators backed by the United Fruit Company, in 1944, authoritarian leader Jorge Ubico was overthrown by a pro-democratic military coup, initiating a decade-long revolution that led to sweeping social and economic reforms. A U. S. -backed military coup in 1954 ended the revolution, from 1960 to 1996, Guatemala endured a bloody civil war fought between the US-backed government and leftist rebels, including genocidal massacres of the Maya population perpetrated by the military.
As of 2014, Guatemala ranks 31st of 33 Latin American and Caribbean countries in terms of the Human Development Index, Guatemalas abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems includes a large number of endemic species and contributes to Mesoamericas designation as a biodiversity hotspot. The country is known for its rich and distinct culture. The name Guatemala comes from the Nahuatl word Cuauhtēmallān, or place of many trees and this was the name the Tlaxcaltecan soldiers who accompanied Pedro de Alvarado during the Spanish Conquest gave to this territory. The first evidence of habitation in Guatemala dates back to 12,000 BC. Evidence, such as obsidian arrowheads found in parts of the country. There is archaeological proof that early Guatemalan settlers were hunters and gatherers, pollen samples from Petén and the Pacific coast indicate that maize cultivation had been developed by 3500 BC. Sites dating back to 6500 BC have been found in the Quiché region in the Highlands, archaeologists divide the pre-Columbian history of Mesoamerica into the Preclassic period, the Classic period, and the Postclassic period.
Until recently, the Preclassic was regarded as a period, with small villages of farmers who lived in huts. This period is characterized by urbanisation, the emergence of independent city-states and this lasted until approximately 900 AD, when the Classic Maya civilization collapsed. The Maya abandoned many of the cities of the lowlands or were killed off by a drought-induced famine. The cause of the collapse is debated, but the Drought Theory is gaining currency, supported by such as lakebeds, ancient pollen. A series of prolonged droughts, among other such as overpopulation, in what is otherwise a seasonal desert is thought to have decimated the Maya
GfK Entertainment Charts
The GfK Entertainment Charts are the official music charts in Germany and are gathered and published by GfK Entertainment GmbH on behalf of Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Following a lawsuit in March 2014 by Media Control AG, Media Control® GfK International had to change its name, dissemination of the charts is conducted by various media outlets, some of which include VIVA music channel, and the Swiss charts website. Other entities that present the charts are MusicLoad and MIX1, furthermore, GfK Entertainment runs a dedicated website providing chart-related news and access to most of the charts. Charts have been published in Germany since 1959, in a magazine called Der Musikmarkt, since 1959, the growing desire to have a well-developed music program has made Bundesverband Musikindustrie work together with charts providers to improve the way the charts are determined. For this purpose, different research institutes were tested, out of which Media Control, the first official charts were made available in the magazine Der Musikmarkt in September 1977.
Initially, there used to be 50 positions only, which in January 1980, was extended to 75 slots, since 1989, however, GfK Entertainment has adapted the international standards providing 100 positions, now called Offizielle Top 100 Charts. In 2001, the Top-100 singles charts was modified to reflect the sales of the singles, Media Control developed Music Video charts in 2001, which later, in 2004, was renamed as DVD charts. While music-videos have their own charts, in 2001, GfK Entertainment made it possible for the music-video singles to have the ability to enter the Top-100 singles chart. Similarly, in 2002, it was available for music-video albums to chart on the Top-100 album chart. If not, the DVD album could qualify for the DVD chart only, in the same vein, if an audio CD contains at least 50% of video recording, then, it could qualify to chart on the DVD chart. In 2003, Media Control joined forces with GfK, thus the name officially being changed to Media Control GfK International GmbH. In 2004, Germany became one of the first music markets wherein sales charts were reflected by online digital downloads, digital-only releases came into existence on 13 July 2007, for online downloads only, which altered the way the sales figures were conducted up to that point.
Consequently, chart positions would no longer be affected by the number of music downloads as before. Thus, the albums would not necessarily be the ones ending up in the number-one position on the charts. In March 2014, GfK announced that the official chart providers name in Germany will change from Media Control GfK International GmbH to GfK Entertainment, there are currently 3,000 outlets that report their sales on weekly bases in Germany. The weekly sales data is transmitted to GfK Entertainment via communication network channel and this is the list of categories, for each of which charts are provided by GfK Entertainment
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid 1950s. The terms popular music and pop music are used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular. Pop and rock were synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they were used in opposition from each other. Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music. Pop music is eclectic, and often borrows elements from other such as urban, rock, Latin. Identifying factors include generally short to medium-length songs written in a format, as well as the common use of repeated choruses, melodic tunes. David Hatch and Stephen Millward define pop music as a body of music which is distinguishable from popular, according to Pete Seeger, pop music is professional music which draws upon both folk music and fine arts music. Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music, the music charts contain songs from a variety of sources, including classical, jazz and novelty songs.
Pop music, as a genre, is seen as existing and developing separately, pop music continuously evolves along with the terms definition. The term pop song was first recorded as being used in 1926, Hatch and Millward indicate that many events in the history of recording in the 1920s can be seen as the birth of the modern pop music industry, including in country and hillbilly music. The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that while pops earlier meaning meant concerts appealing to a wide audience. Since the late 1950s, pop has had the meaning of non-classical mus, usually in the form of songs, performed by such artists as the Beatles. Grove Music Online states that, in the early 1960s pop music competed terminologically with beat music, while in the USA its coverage overlapped with that of rock and roll. From about 1967, the term was used in opposition to the term rock music. Whereas rock aspired to authenticity and an expansion of the possibilities of music, pop was more commercial, ephemeral. It is not driven by any significant ambition except profit and commercial reward, and, in musical terms, it is essentially conservative.
It is, provided from on high rather than being made from below, pop is not a do-it-yourself music but is professionally produced and packaged. The beat and the melodies tend to be simple, with limited harmonic accompaniment, the lyrics of modern pop songs typically focus on simple themes – often love and romantic relationships – although there are notable exceptions
Only Teardrops is a song recorded by Danish singer Emmelie de Forest. The song was written by Lise Cabble, Julia Fabrin Jakobsen and Thomas Stengaard and it is best known as Denmarks winning entry to the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 held in Malmö, Sweden. The song competed in the first semi-final on 14 May 2013, the song competed in the final against 25 other songs, and finished in first place with 281 points. The song was an instant hit in de Forests home country of Denmark, following its victory in the Eurovision Song Contest, the song re-entered the singles chart at number one. It has since been certified gold by IFPI Denmark for sales of 15,000 digital copies and it was the fourteenth best-selling digital single in Denmark in 2013. In the United Kingdom, Only Teardrops debuted at number 99, a week later, the single rose to a high of #15 in the UK. In its third week, it dropped to No.84, according to The Official Charts Company, Only Teardrops is the seventh most downloaded Eurovision song to date in the United Kingdom.
Emmelie posted several photographs onto her Facebook account from the shooting of the video, the video is directed by Michael Sauer Christensen. It has been filmed in the forest and on the beach and it was released on 13 June 2013, in DRs official website
Estonia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012
Estonia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 in Baku, Azerbaijan. The Estonian entry was selected through Eesti Laul 2012, a selection that consisted of two semifinals and a final, organised by the Estonian broadcaster ERR. Ott Lepland represented Estonia with the song Kuula, which qualified from the second semi-final and went on to place 6th in the final, Eesti Laul 2012 was the fourth edition of the Estonian national selection to select the Estonian entry for the Eurovision Song Contest. On 26 September 2011, ERR opened the period for Estonian nationals to submit their entries. The submission period came to a close on 12 December 2011 with 159 entries being received, on 15 December 2011 a selection committee of 11 music experts selected 20 songs from the submissions to participate in the semi-finals of Eesti Laul 2012. The semi-finalists were announced by the producer of Eesti Laul, Heidy Purga. The selection committee consisted of Owe Petersell, Toomas Puna, Erik Morna, Iiris Vesik, Valner Valme, Siim Nestor, Henry Kõrvits, Olavi Paide, Koit Raudsepp, Ingrid Kohtla.
The first semifinal of Eesti Laul 2012 took place on 18 February 2012 at ERR Studios and was hosted by Piret Järvis, the live portion of the show included all competing artists awaiting the results in the green room while the actual performances were pre-recorded earlier. Ten songs competed for five spots in the final with the outcome decided by combining the votes of a jury panel, the five qualifiers were August Hunt, Loss Paranoias, Ott Lepland, Liis Lemsalu and POP Maniacs. The second semifinal of Eesti Laul 2012 took place on 25 February 2012 at ERR Studios and was hosted by Piret Järvis, the live portion of the show included all competing artists awaiting the results in the green room while the actual performances were pre-recorded earlier. Ten songs competed for five spots in the final with the outcome decided by combining the votes of a jury panel, the five qualifiers were Traffic, Teele Viira, Birgit Õigemeel and Violina and Tenfold Rabbit. The final of Eesti Laul 2012 took place on 3 March 2012 at the Nokia Concert Hall in Tallinn, hosted by Piret Järvis, Taavi Teplenkov, on 27 February, the draw for the running order occurred and was hosted by Piret Järvis at the Solaris Centre in Tallinn.
The public vote in the first round registered 48,995 votes, Ott Lepland and the song Kuula was the winner in the super final, a result determined exclusively by a public vote between the two finalists which registered 46,670 votes. The jury panel for the final was composed of, Ivo Linna, Hanna-Liina Võsa, Toomas Puna, Siim Nestor, Ewert Sundja, Heini Vaikmaa, Helen Sildna, Madis Aesma, Owe Petersell and Koit Toome. Estonia competed in the half of the second semi-final, on 24 May 2012, following Turkey. Ott Lepland received 100 points and placed 4th, thus qualifying for the final on 26 May, in the final, Estonia was drawn to perform 11th, following Italy and preceding Norway. The Estonian entry scored a total of 120 points and placed 6th in the final, in the Semi-final Estonia came 4th with 100 points, the public awarded Estonia 5th place with 88 points and the jury awarded 4th place with 102 points. In the Final Estonia came 6th with 120 points, the public awarded Estonia 12th place with 78 points, Eesti Laul Estonia in the Eurovision Song Contest Eurovision Song Contest 2012
In music, a single or record single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record, an album or an EP record. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats, in most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular, in other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album. As digital downloading and audio streaming have become prevalent, it is often possible for every track on an album to be available separately. Nevertheless, the concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a heavily promoted or more popular song within an album collection. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks on them.
The biggest digital music distributor, iTunes, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as well as popular music player Spotify following in this trend. Any more than three tracks on a release or longer than thirty minutes in total running time is either an Extended Play or if over six tracks long. The basic specifications of the single were made in the late 19th century. Gramophone discs were manufactured with a range of speeds and in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch,78 rpm shellac disc had become the most commonly used format, the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers increasingly tailored their output to fit the new medium, the breakthrough came with Bob Dylans Like a Rolling Stone. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, less common, formats include singles on digital compact cassette, DVD, and LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc.
Some artist release singles on records, a more common in musical subcultures. The most common form of the single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its speed,45 rpm. The 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable, the first 45 rpm records were monaural, with recordings on both sides of the disc. As stereo recordings became popular in the 1960s, almost all 45 rpm records were produced in stereo by the early 1970s
Mikkel Johan Imer Sigvardt better known as Remee, is a Danish producer and songwriter. Throughout his career Remee has written more than 60 hits around the world and has sold over 25 million records and he has co-written several songs with Thomas Troelsen. In 2003, he helped write Jamelias international hit Superstar, which was released by Danish singer Christine Milton. Later that year, he co-hosted the first Junior Eurovision Song Contest alongside Camilla Ottesen, in 2005, Remee and Nicolai Seebach and Rasmus Seebach composed the tribute song for the victims of the Boxing Day tsunami. Remee, along with several Danish celebrities, performed the song Hvor små vi er, the song went 13 times platinum and raised more than 3 million Danish kroner for the tsunami victims. In 2008, he one of the original judges with Thomas Blachman. He mentored the Under 25s category, which consisted of Martin Hoberg Hedegaard, Laura Arensbak Kjaergaard, all of his acts reached the semi-final, with Hedegaard and Kjaergaard finishing as winner and runner-up respectively.
The same year, he co-wrote the German entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2008, Disappear, in 2009, Remee returned to the judging panel alongside Blachman and Rafn for the shows second season. Remee mentored the Groups category for his season, which consisted of Alien Beat Club, Asian Sensation. Alien Beat Club reached the final, but lost out to Rafns last act Linda Andrews, Remee continued as a judge for the third season, with Soulshock and Pernille Rosendahl replacing Blachman and Rafn. He mentored the Under 25s category, which consisted of Tine Midtgaard Madsen, Jesper Boesgaard, Nygaard was eliminated in week 5 of the live shows, Boesgaard was eliminated in week 6 and Nygaard lost out to Thomas Ring Petersen, mentored by Rosendahl. Remee confirmed his departure after the final of season 3 and his replacement for the season was Cutfather. In September 2013, it was confirmed that Remee would return as a judge for the season of X Factor alongside fellow original judges Thomas Blachman and Lina Rafn.
For his fourth year on the show, Remee was given the Over 23s category, Gilmartin was eliminated in week 4, Nortorp was eliminated in week 6 and Mardou lost out in the final to Anthony Jasmin, mentored by Blachman. O. C. / Niarn Gravøl Martin Hoberg Hedegaard Show the World, Report to the Dancefloor S. O. A. P,2008 BMI Awards for Corbin Bleu Deal with It. 2008 Comet Awards Germany Song of the Year for Monrose Hot Summer,2008 Eurovision Winner Germany for No Angels Disappear. 2008 TV Awards Denmark - TV show of the year for X-factor
Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012
Romania participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 in Baku, Azerbaijan. The Romanian entry was selected through a final, organised by the Romanian broadcaster Romanian Television. Mandinga represented Romania with the song Zaleilah, which qualified 3rd from the first semi-final and went on to place 12th in the final, in early January 2012, Romanias participation remained unconfirmed. It was subsequently announced that Romania would take part in the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest, TVR pressured the European Broadcasting Union to lower the entry fee and stated that participation was only possible if 40% of all the costs that may occur could be funded by a sponsor. The TVR had said officially the rules in the Romanian television on February 5,2012, If rules are not to have been obeyed. If the jury considers the artist as not appropriate for the song, a participation fee of 150 RON is being perceived. The grand final was in Bucharest on March 10 and they came third two years ago. In November 2011, a rumor started on the internet that Romania will withdraw from the Eurovision Song Contest 2012, none of the TVR officials commented the rumors until mid-January,2012 when it was officially announced that Romania will compete in that years edition of the contest.
The plan of a final was partly abolished, as TVR approached Inna to represent Romania in the competition. She eventually refused the participation, claiming full agenda and schedules in the prior to the final as the only reason for her resignation. As the internal selection didnt go well, on February 5,2012 it was announced that TVR opened a pre-selection of entries for the edition of Selecția Națională. On February 6, SRTV published a wishlist for composers, encouraging them to compose entries for the following 84 artists, Candidates in bold confirmed their participation. Candidates crossed turned down the offer, Both White and Inna cited upcoming projects as the reason for their absence, promising a return in 2013. During the Semi-Final Allocation draw which was held on 25 January 2012, on 20 March 2012 the Running Order draw was held, which determined the order of which the participants performed. Romania performed 6th overall in the first semi-final and at the close of the voting, mandinga achieved 3rd place with 120 points.
In the final on May 26, Romania performed 14th, Romania ended up on 12th position scoring at the end of voting, with 71 points. Macedonia had scored 71 points and came 13th in the grand final, Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest Eurovision Song Contest 2012
Isam Bachiri is a Danish vocalist and songwriter for the multi-award winning hip hop group Outlandish. Isam Bachiri is a Muslim of Moroccan descent born in 1977 in Copenhagen, Bachiri came into contact with music in his youth through the developing hip hop scene and subculture in America. From 1997, Bachiri joined Waqas Ali Qadri and Lenny Martinez in the creation of Outlandish, a group that takes influences from the three members various backgrounds
Acoustic music is music that solely or primarily uses instruments that produce sound through acoustic means, as opposed to electric or electronic means. The retronym acoustic music appeared after the advent of electric instruments, such as the guitar, electric violin, electric organ. It has its origins in the music of the 1960s. The trend has dubbed as acoustic rock in some cases. Navigating the Music Industry, Current Issues & Business Models and the Modern Condition, Investigating the Boundaries