Mad is an American humor magazine founded in 1952 by editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines, launched as a comic book before it became a magazine. It was imitated and influential, affecting satirical media, as well as the cultural landscape of the 20th century, with editor Al Feldstein increasing readership to more than two million during its 1974 circulation peak. From 1952 until 2018, Mad published 550 regular issues, as well as hundreds of reprint "Specials", original-material paperbacks, reprint compilation books and other print projects; the magazine's numbering reverted to 1 with its June 2018 issue, coinciding with the magazine's headquarters move to the West Coast. The magazine is the last surviving title from the EC Comics line, offering satire on all aspects of life and popular culture, politics and public figures, its format is divided into a number of recurring segments such as TV and movie parodies, as well as freeform articles. Mad's mascot, Alfred E. Neuman, is the focal point of the magazine's cover, with his face replacing that of a celebrity or character, lampooned within the issue.
Mad began as a comic book published by EC, debuting in August 1952, located in lower Manhattan at 225 Lafayette Street. In the early 1960s, the Mad office moved to 485 Madison Avenue, a location given in the magazine as "485 MADison Avenue"; the first issue was written entirely by Harvey Kurtzman, featured illustrations by Kurtzman, along with Wally Wood, Will Elder, Jack Davis, John Severin. Wood and Davis were the three main illustrators throughout the 23-issue run of the comic book. To retain Kurtzman as its editor, the comic book converted to magazine format as of issue #24; the switchover induced Kurtzman to remain for only one more year, but crucially, the move had removed Mad from the strictures of the Comics Code Authority. After Kurtzman's departure in 1956, new editor Al Feldstein swiftly brought aboard contributors such as Don Martin, Frank Jacobs, Mort Drucker, Antonio Prohías, Dave Berg, Sergio Aragonés; the magazine's circulation more than quadrupled during Feldstein's tenure, peaking at 2,132,655 in 1974.
When Feldstein retired in 1984, he was replaced by the senior team of Nick Meglin and John Ficarra, who co-edited Mad for the next two decades. Long time production artist Lenny “The Beard” Brenner was promoted to Art Director and Joe Raiola and Charlie Kadau joined the staff as junior editors. Meglin retired in 2004, however Ficarra as Executive Editor and Kadau as Senior Editors, Sam Viviano, who had taken over as Art Director in 1999, would continue for the next 13 years. In June 2017, the publishing company, DC Entertainment, announced that Mad would relocate to Burbank, California. None of Mad's veteran New York staff made the move, resulting in a change in editorial leadership and art direction. Bill Morrison succeeded Ficarra in January 2018. However, Morrison's tenure was the shortest of any top editor in Mad's history as he left the magazine in February 2019. To date, Mad has not named a successor. Gaines sold his company in the early 1960s to the Kinney Parking Company, which acquired National Periodicals and Warner Bros. by the end of that decade.
Gaines was named a Kinney board member, was permitted to run Mad as he saw fit without corporate interference. Following Gaines' death, Mad became more ingrained within the Time Warner corporate structure; the magazine was obliged to abandon its long-time home at 485 Madison Avenue, in the mid-1990s it moved into DC Comics' offices at the same time that DC relocated to 1700 Broadway. In 2001, the magazine began running paid advertising; the outside revenue allowed the introduction of improved paper stock. Mad ended its 550-issue/65-year run in Manhattan at the end of 2017, when its offices relocated to DC Entertainment headquarters in Burbank, California; the first issue of Mad under the new editorial team was published as "#1." In its earliest incarnation, new issues of the magazine appeared erratically, between four and seven times a year. By the end of 1958, Mad had settled on an unusual eight-times-a-year schedule, which lasted four decades. Issues would go on sale 7 to 9 weeks before the start of the month listed on the cover.
Gaines felt. Mad began producing additional issues, until it reached a traditional monthly schedule with the January 1997 issue. With its 500th issue, amid company-wide cutbacks at Time Warner, the magazine temporarily regressed to a quarterly publication before settling to six issues per year in 2010. Throughout the years, Mad remained a unique mix of political humor. In November 2017, Rolling Stone wrote, "operating under the cover of barf jokes, Mad has become America’s best political satire magazine." Though there are antecedents to Mad's style of humor in print and film, Mad became a pioneering example of it. Throughout the 1950s, Mad featured groundbreaking parodies combining a sentimental fondness for the familiar staples of American culture—such as Archie and Superman—with a keen joy in exposing the fakery behind the image, its approach was described by Dave Kehr in The New York Times: "Bob Elliott and Ray Goulding on the radio, Ernie Kovacs on television, Stan Freberg on records, Harvey Kurtzman in the early issues of Mad: all of those pioneering humorists and many others realized that the real world mattered less to people than the sea of sounds and images that th
The DC Chronicles is a line of trade paperbacks, chronologically reprinting the earliest stories starring some of the most well-known DC Comics superheroes. Stories are reprinted in color with no ads, providing readers access to original Golden and Silver Age comic book stories, reprinted in the DC Archives format; the volumes were priced lower than the Archives series in order to be more affordable for the reader, with each one priced at $14.99 USD. The final volumes were released in 2013. Since DC has been re-publishing these stories in the same chronological format in the bigger DC Omnibus series; the Batman Chronicles, Volume 1 collects Detective Comics #27–38 and Batman #1, April 2005, ISBN 978-1-4012-0445-7 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 2 collects Detective Comics #39–45, Batman #2–3, The New York World's Fair Comics #2, September 2006, ISBN 978-1-4012-0790-8 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 3 collects Detective Comics #46–50, Batman #4–5, World's Best Comics #1, May 2007, ISBN 978-1-4012-1347-3 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 4 collects Detective Comics #51–56, Batman #6–7, World's Finest Comics #2–3, October 2007, ISBN 978-1-4012-1462-3 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 5 collects Detective Comics #57–61, Batman #8–9, World's Finest Comics #4, April 2008, ISBN 978-1-4012-1682-5 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 6 collects Detective Comics #62–65, Batman #10–11, World's Finest Comics #5–6, October 2008, ISBN 978-1-4012-1961-1 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 7 collects Detective Comics #66–70, Batman #12–13, World's Finest Comics #7, March 2009, ISBN 978-1-4012-2134-8 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 8 collects Detective Comics #71–74, Batman #14–15, World's Finest Comics #8–9, October 2009, ISBN 978-1-4012-2484-4 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 9 collects Detective Comics #75–77, Batman #16–17, World's Finest Comics #10, March 2010, ISBN 978-1-4012-2645-9 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 10 collects Detective Comics #78–81, Batman #18–19, World's Finest Comics #11, December 2010, ISBN 978-1-4012-2895-8 The Batman Chronicles, Volume 11 collects Detective Comics #82–85, Batman #20–21, World's Finest Comics #12, January 2013, ISBN 978-1-4012-3739-4 The series is technically incomplete due to Volume 8 missing the World's Finest Comics #5 story.
The Superman Chronicles: Volume 1 collects material from Action Comics #1–13, The New York World's Fair Comics #1, Superman #1. The Green Lantern Chronicles: Volume 1 collects material from Showcase #22–24, Green Lantern vol. 2, #1–3. 2, #4–9. 2, #10–14, The Flash #131. 2, #15–20. The Flash Chronicles: Volume 1 collects material from Showcase #4, 8, 13–14.
Hal Jordan known as Green Lantern, is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created in 1959 by writer John Broome and artist Gil Kane, first appeared in Showcase #22. Hal Jordan is a reinvention of the previous Green Lantern who appeared in 1940s comic books as the character Alan Scott. Hal Jordan is a fighter pilot, a member and leader of an intergalactic police force called the Green Lantern Corps, as well as a founding member of the Justice League, DC's flagship superhero team, alongside well-known heroes such as Batman and Wonder Woman, he fights evil across the universe with a ring that grants him a variety of superpowers, but is portrayed as one of the protectors of Sector 2814, the sector where Earth resides. His powers derive from his power ring and Green Lantern battery, which in the hands of someone capable of overcoming great fear allows the user to channel their will power into creating all manner of fantastic constructs.
Jordan uses this power to fly through the vacuum of space. Jordan and all other Green Lanterns are monitored and empowered by the mysterious Guardians of the Universe, who were developed from an idea editor Julius Schwartz and Broome had conceived years prior in a story featuring Captain Comet in Strange Adventures #22 entitled "Guardians of the Clockwork Universe". During the 1990s, Jordan appeared as a villain; the story line Emerald Twilight saw a Jordan traumatized by the supervillain Mongul's destruction of Jordan's hometown Coast City, adopt the name "Parallax", threaten to destroy the universe. In subsequent years, DC Comics rehabilitated the character, first by having Jordan seek redemption for his actions as Parallax, by revealing that Parallax was in fact an evil cosmic entity that corrupted Jordan and took control of his actions. Between the character's stint as Parallax and his return to DC Comics as a heroic Green Lantern once more, the character briefly served as the Spectre, a supernatural character in DC Comics stories who acts as God's wrathful agent on Earth.
Outside of comics, Hal Jordan has appeared in various animated projects, video games and live-action. Jordan's original design in the comics was based on actor Paul Newman, the character is ranked 7th on IGN's in the Top 100 Comic Book Heroes in 2011. In 2013, Hal Jordan placed 4th on IGN's Top 25 Heroes of DC Comics. After achieving great success in 1956 in reviving the Golden Age character The Flash, DC editor Julius Schwartz looked toward recreating the Green Lantern from the Golden Age of Comic Books. Drawing from his love for science-fiction, Schwartz intended to show the new Green Lantern in a more modern light, enlisting writer John Broome and artist Gil Kane, who in 1959 would reintroduce Green Lantern to the world in Showcase #22 by creating Hal Jordan; the character was a success, it was decided to follow up his three-issue run on Showcase with a self-titled series. Green Lantern #1 began in July–August 1960 and would continue until #84 in April–May 1972. Starting in issue #17, Gardner Fox joined the book to share writing duties with John Broome.
The quartet of Schwartz, Broome and Kane remained the core creative team until 1970. Starting with issue #76, Dennis O'Neil took over scripting and Neal Adams, who had drawn the cover of issue #63, became the series' artist. O'Neil and Adams had begun preparation for the classic run in the form of their re-workings of another DC superhero, the archer Green Arrow. In an introduction to the 1983 reprinting of this O'Neil/Adams run, O'Neil explains that he wondered if he could represent his own political beliefs in comics and take on social issues of the late sixties and early seventies. O'Neil devised the idea of portraying Hal Jordan an intergalactic law enforcement officer, as an establishment gradualist liberal figure against Oliver Queen, who O'Neil had characterized as a lusty outspoken anarchist who would stand in for the counter-culture movement; the first of these motivated Green Lantern/Green Arrow stories was written with Gil Kane slated to be the artist, but Kane dropped out and was replaced by Neal Adams.
The stories tackled questions of power, racism and exploitation, remain viewed in the comics community as the first socially-conscious superhero stories. Despite the work of Adams and O'Neil, Green Lantern sales had been in a major decline at the time Green Arrow was brought on as co-star, their stories failed to revive the sales figures. Green Lantern was canceled with issue #89, the climactic story arc of the Green Lantern/Green Arrow series was published as a back-up feature in The Flash #217 through #219. In sharp contrast to the relevant tales which preceded it, this story centered on emotional themes, with Green Arrow struggling to deal with the guilt of having killed a man. Green Lantern continued to appear in backup stories of Flash from 1972 until the Green Lantern title was resumed in 1976. In Green Lantern #151 through #172, Jordan is exiled into space for a year by the Guardians in order to prove his loyalty to the Green Lantern Corps, having been accused of paying too much attention to Earth when he had an entire "sector" of the cosmos to patrol.
When he returns to Earth, he finds himself embroiled in a dispute with Carol Ferris. Faced with a choice between love and the power ring, Jordan resigns from the Corps; the Guardians call John Stewart, to regular duty as his replacement. In 1985, the "Crisis on Infinite Earths
The Doom Patrol is a superhero team appearing in publications from DC Comics. The original Doom Patrol first appeared in My Greatest Adventure #80, was created by writers Arnold Drake and Bob Haney, artist Bruno Premiani; the Doom Patrol has since adapted to other media. Although not one of the most popular superhero teams, they have never been out of print more than a few years since their introduction; the first Doom Patrol consisted of super-powered misfits whose "gifts" caused them alienation and trauma. Dubbed the "World's Strangest Heroes", the original team included The Chief, Elasti-Girl, Negative Man; the team remained the featured characters of My Greatest Adventure, soon retitled Doom Patrol from issue #86 onwards. The original series was canceled in 1968 when Drake killed the team off in the final issue, Doom Patrol #121. Since there have been six Doom Patrol series, with Robotman as the only character to appear in all of them; the Doom Patrol first appeared in 1963, when the DC title My Greatest Adventure, an adventure anthology title, was being converted to a superhero format.
The task assigned to writer Arnold Drake was to create a team. With fellow writer Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani, he created the Doom Patrol, a team of super-powered misfits regarded as freaks by the world at large. According to Drake, editor Murray Boltinoff told him My Greatest Adventure was in danger of cancellation and he wanted him to create a new feature which might save it. Boltinoff was enthusiastic about Drake's initial pitch with Elasti-Girl and Automaton, but Drake wanted a third character and enlisted Haney's help in coming up with Negative Man; the team was announced as "The Legion of the Strange". The Doom Patrol feature began in My Greatest Adventure #80, cover dated June 1963. Drake and Haney devised the plot for the issue together, each scripted half the issue independently. Doctor Niles Caulder motivated the original Doom Patrol, bitter from being isolated from the world, to use their powers for the greater good. My Greatest Adventure was retitled The Doom Patrol beginning with issue #86.
The members of the Doom Patrol quarreled and suffered personal problems, something, common among superhero teams published by Marvel Comics but was novel among the DC lineup. The Doom Patrol's rogues gallery matched the weird tone of the series. Villains included the immortality-seeking General Immortus, the shape-shifting Animal-Vegetable-Mineral Man, the Brotherhood of Evil led by the Brain, a disembodied brain kept alive by technology; the Brotherhood of Evil included the intelligent gorilla Monsieur Mallah and Madame Rouge, given powers similar to those of Elongated Man, with the extra attribute of a malleable face, allowing her to impersonate various people. The Doom Patrol had two crossovers: one with the Challengers of the Unknown, teaming up to fight Multi-Man and Multi-Woman; the popularity of the book waned and the publisher canceled it. Drake killed off the entire Doom Patrol in the final issue, Doom Patrol #121; the Doom Patrol sacrificed their lives to Madame Rouge and General Zahl to save the small fishing village of Codsville, Maine.
This marked the first time in comic book history that a canceled book ended by having most of its cast of main characters die. Artist Bruno Premiani and editor Murray Boltinoff appeared at the beginning and the end of the story, asking fans to write to DC to resurrect the Doom Patrol, although the latter was supposed to have been Drake. According to the writer, he was replaced with the editor because he had just resigned over a pay dispute and moved to Marvel Comics, he finished the script only out of friendship for Boltinoff. A few years three more issues appeared, reprints of earlier issues. A proper Doom Patrol revival did not occur nine years after the original's demise; some similarities exist between Marvel Comics' original X-Men. Both include misfit superheroes shunned by society and both are led by men of preternatural intelligence who use wheelchairs; these similarities led series writer Arnold Drake to argue that the concept of the X-Men must have been based on the Doom Patrol. Drake stated:...
I've become more convinced that knowingly stole The X-Men from The Doom Patrol. Over the years I learned that an awful lot of writers and artists were working surreptitiously between; therefore from when I first brought the idea into Murray Boltinoff’s office, it would’ve been easy for someone to walk over and hear that working on a story about a bunch of reluctant superheroes who are led by a man in a wheelchair. So over the years, I began to feel, he may well have had four, five, or six months. In an interview shortly before his death in 2007, Drake took a more moderate position, stating that while it is possible Lee took his ideas from Doom Patrol, he could have arrived at a similar concept independently: "Since we were working in the same vineyards, if you do enough of that stuff, sooner or you will kind of look like you are imitating each other." Writer Paul Kupperberg, a longtime Doom Patrol fan, artist Joe Staton introduced a new team in Showcase #94 (August–September
Metamorpho is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. He was created by artist Ramona Fradon, he is a founding member of the Outsiders, has joined multiple incarnations of the Justice League. The character has been moderately popular since his introduction in 1965. Adventurer Rex Mason, he is converted into a man made of a shifting mass of chemicals after being cursed by an ancient artifact that he has retrieved. Metamorpho's creator, Bob Haney, had seen success with DC Comics in 1963 with the titles Metal Men and Doom Patrol, featuring bands of superheroes exhibiting fantastic powers. Under the editorial management of George Kashdan, Haney was asked to capitalize on these titles' popularity with a similar character. Metamorpho, the Element Man, debuted in The Brave and the Bold #57; as first conceived, Metamorpho was a parody of the fantastic characters that populated comic books in the 1960s. Artist Ramona Fradon was coaxed out of maternity retirement to illustrate Metamorpho's first appearances.
The popularity of Metamorpho's appearances in The Brave and the Bold led to a 17-issue ongoing series between 1965 and 1968. Metamorpho appeared during this time in two issues of Justice League of America and became the second superhero to decline an invitation to join that organization, though he did become a reservist being called in during a Justice League/Justice Society crossover to help find and rescue the Seven Soldiers of Victory. Metamorpho appears on the cover of Aquaman #30 as one of the pallbearers at the "Sea King's Funeral". Metamorpho appears in a series of backup stories in Action Comics #413–418 and World's Finest Comics #218–220 and #229. In 1975, Metamorpho appeared in 1st Issue Special #3, a brief anthology series consisting of one-shots; that issue was illustrated by Ramona Fradon, Metamorpho's creators. Haney and Fradon had met at the 1974 San Diego Comic-Con, while reminiscing, it emerged that both of them regarded Metamorpho as one of the features they'd most enjoyed working on, leading them to ask DC if they could do one more Metamorpho story together.
Fradon commented, "I think we both felt that Metamorpho was our baby. I never had an experience, it was like our minds were in perfect synch... it was one of those wonderful collaborations that doesn't happen often."After becoming a charter member of the Outsiders in 1983, member of the European branch of the Justice League International, Metamorpho received his own four-issue mini-series in 1993. In 2005, DC Comics reprinted Metamorpho's early The Brave and the Bold appearances and the entirety of the 1965 series as one of the company's volumes of Showcase Presents. In 2007, Dan Jurgens launched the six-issue series Metamorpho: Year One; as part of a Wednesday Comics, Neil Gaiman wrote a 12-page Metamorpho story that Mike Allred illustrated. In 2016 he starred in a new comic book series titled DC's Legends of Tomorrow. Rex Mason is an adventurer, hired by Stagg Enterprises CEO, Simon Stagg, to retrieve a rare Egyptian artifact, the Orb of Ra. Shortly after hiring him, Simon Stagg learns that Mason has been dating his daughter, Sapphire Stagg.
This and other incidents begin to fuel in Stagg a dislike for Mason that leads to a plot to kill him. In an Egyptian pyramid, Rex Mason is knocked out by Simon's brutish bodyguard Java and is exposed to a radioactive meteorite from which the Orb of Ra was fashioned. A tremendous flare-up of its radiation transforms Mason into the Element Man, he gains the ability to shapeshift and change himself into any element or combination of elements found in the human body. It is established in his origin story that Metamorpho is invulnerable in his inert state, when Stagg, afraid that Rex is going to kill him, shoots him point-blank without effect; the Orb of Ra, has the same effect on Rex that kryptonite has on Superman. Thus Stagg continues to control Metamorpho using the Orb, it is revealed that Mason is but one of many metamorphae, created by the sun god Ra – using the meteorite – to serve as warriors in his battle against the god Apep, "the serpent who never dies."Metamorpho, unlike most super-humanoids described in DC Comics, cannot assume a normal human appearance, being no longer composed of flesh and bone.
As such, he seeks a cure for his condition. Because he considers himself a freak and wishes only to be restored to his former human state, he rejects an offer of membership from the Justice League of America in JLA #42. Green Lantern attempts to change him back using his power ring, but due to a "yellow" component of the meteorite radiation, is unable to make him normal again. Metamorpho has a crimefighting partner named Urania "Rainie" Blackwell, a woman who deliberately exposed herself to the Orb to gain its powers, she works with him on a number of cases. Issues #16–17 were intended to show a new direction for the series, with Sapphire marrying a man named Wally Bannister and Metamorpho going off with a mysterious Mr. Shadow to deal with an immortal queen. Bent on world conquest, the queen marries Metamorpho, she steps outside her mystic city and ages 2,000 years. When Wally Bannister is murdered by Algon, Metamorpho is framed. Instead of coming to his defense against the false a
Newsprint is a low-cost, non-archival paper consisting of wood pulp and most used to print newspapers and other publications and advertising material. Invented in 1844 by Charles Fenerty of Nova Scotia, Canada, it has an off white cast and distinctive feel, it is designed for use in printing presses that employ a long web of paper rather than individual sheets of paper. Newsprint is favored by publishers and printers as it is low cost and can accept four-color printing at qualities that meet the needs of typical newspapers. Charles Fenerty began experimenting with wood pulp around 1838, making his discovery in 1844. On October 26, 1844, Fenerty took a sample of his paper to Halifax's top newspaper, the Acadian Recorder, where he had written a letter on his newly invented paper saying: The web of paper is placed on the printer, in the form of a roll of paper, from a paper mill. World demand of newsprint in 2006 totaled about 37.2 million metric tonnes, according to the Montreal-based Pulp & Paper Products Council.
This was about 1.6% less than in 2000. Between 2000 and 2006, the biggest changes were in Asia—which saw newsprint demand grow by about 20%—and North America, where demand fell by about 25%. Demand in China doubled during the period, to about 3.2 million metric tonnes. About 35% of global newsprint usage in 2006 was in Asia, with 26% being in North America and about 25% in Western Europe. Latin America and Eastern Europe each represented about 5% of world demand in 2006, according to PPPC, with smaller shares going to Oceania and Africa. Among the biggest factors depressing demand for newsprint in North America have been the decline in newspaper readership among many sectors of the population—particularly young adults—along with increasing competition for advertising business from the Internet and other media. According to the Newspaper Association of America, a United States newspaper trade group, average U. S. daily circulation in 2006 on a typical weekday was 52.3 million, compared with 62.5 million in 1986 and 57.0 million in 1996.
According to NAA, daily ad revenues reached their all-time peak in 2000, by 2007 had fallen by 13%. Newsprint demand has been affected by attempts on the part of newspaper publishers to reduce marginal printing costs through various conservation measures intended to cut newsprint usage. While demand has been trending down in North America in recent years, the rapid economic expansion of such Asian countries as China and India benefited the print newspaper, thus their newsprint suppliers. According to the World Association of Newspapers, in 2007 Asia was the home to 74 of the world's 100 highest-circulation dailies. With millions of Chinese and Indians entering the ranks of those with disposable income, newspapers have gained readers along with other news media. Newsprint is used worldwide in the printing of newspapers and other printed material intended for mass distribution. In the U. S. about 80% of all newsprint, consumed is purchased by daily newspaper publishers, according to PPPC. Dailies use a large majority of total demand in most other regions as well.
In North America, newsprint is purchased by a daily newspaper publisher and is shipped from the mill to the publisher's pressroom or pressrooms, where it is used to print the main body of the newspaper. The daily newspaper publisher may be hired by outside companies such as advertisers or publishers of weekly newspapers or other daily newspapers to produce printed products for those companies using its presses. In such cases the press owner might purchase newsprint from the mill for such contract printing jobs. For the 20% of demand, not purchased by a daily newspaper, common end uses include the printing of weekly newspapers, advertising flyers and other printed products by a commercial printer, a company whose business consists of printing products for other companies using its presses. In such a case, the newsprint may be purchased by the printer on behalf of an advertiser or a weekly newspaper publisher, or it may be purchased by the client and ordered to be shipped to the printer's location.
The biggest inputs to the newsprint manufacturing process are energy and labor. Mill operating margins have been affected in the 2006–2008 time-frame by rising energy costs. Many mills' fiber costs have been affected during the U. S. housing market slowdown of 2007–8 by the shutdown of many sawmills in Canada, since the virgin fiber used by mills comes from nearby sawmills in the form of wood chips produced as a residual product of the saw milling process. Another consideration in the newsprint business is delivery, affected by energy cost trends. Newsprint around the world may be delivered by truck. All things being equal, for domestic shipments in areas like North America or Europe where modern road and rail networks are available, trucks can be more economical than rail for short-haul deliveries, while rail may be more economical for longer s
Paul Levitz is an American comic book writer and executive. The president of DC Comics from 2002–2009, he has worked for the company for over 35 years in a wide variety of roles. Along with publisher Jenette Kahn and managing editor Dick Giordano, Levitz was responsible for hiring such writers as Marv Wolfman and Alan Moore, artists such as George Pérez, Keith Giffen, John Byrne, editor Karen Berger, who contributed to the 1980s revitalization of the company's line of comic book heroes. Levitz was raised in New York. During which time he revived the defunct comic news fanzine, The Comic Reader, which according to Levitz, was the first published comics industry news fanzine. Under Levitz's editorship The Comic Reader won two Best Fanzine Comic Art Fan Awards. One of Levitz's teachers, Frank McCourt, was impressed enough with Levitz's work that he arranged for Levitz to appear on McCourt's brother's radio show. During the course of his research for The Comic Reader, Levitz became well known at the offices of DC Comics, where in December 1972, editor Joe Orlando gave him his first freelance work writing text pages and letter pages, working as a per diem assistant editor before writing stories.
Levitz studied business at New York University but had taken no formal education in writing, other than a journalism course. He dropped out after three years. After serving as Joe Orlando's assistant editor, in 1976 Levitz "fulfilled a lifelong dream" by becoming the editor of Adventure Comics on the eve of his 20th birthday. In 1978, he succeeded Julius Schwartz as the editor of the Batman line of comics; as a writer, Levitz is best known for his work on the title The Legion of Super-Heroes, which he wrote from 1977–1979 and 1981–1989. Levitz wrote All-New Collectors' Edition #C-55, a treasury-sized special drawn by Mike Grell, in which longtime Legion members Saturn Girl and Lightning Lad were married. Levitz and artists James Sherman and Joe Staton crafted "Earthwar" a five-issue storyline in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #241–245, he and Keith Giffen produced "The Great Darkness Saga", one of the best known Legion stories, in Legion of Super-Heroes vol. 2, #290–294. Comics historian Les Daniels observed that "Working with artist Keith Giffen, Levitz completed the transformation of Legion into a science-fiction saga of considerable scope and depth."
In August 1984, a new Legion of Super-Heroes series was launched by Giffen. With artist Steve Ditko, Levitz co-created the characters Stalker and the Prince Gavyn version of Starman, he wrote the Justice Society series in All Star Comics during the late 1970s and co-created the Earth-2 Huntress with artist Joe Staton. He and Staton provided the JSA with an origin story in DC Special #29. Lucien the Librarian, a character used in Neil Gaiman's The Sandman series, was created by Levitz and artist Nestor Redondo. Levitz was one of the contributors to the DC Challenge limited series in 1986. Levitz became an editor, served as vice president and executive vice president, before assuming the role of president in 2002. In 2006, Levitz returned to writing the Justice Society with issue #82 of JSA, completing that volume before writer Geoff Johns' relaunch. On September 9, 2009, it was announced that Levitz would step down as president and publisher of DC Comics to serve as the Contributing Editor and Overall Consultant for the newly formed DC Entertainment, become the writer of both Adventure Comics vol. 2 and Legion of Super-Heroes vol.
6. Levitz mentioned in an August 2010 interview that he was working on "my first genuine book." His 75 Years of DC Comics: The Art of Modern Mythmaking was published by Taschen America, LLC in November 2010. In addition to Legion of Super-Heroes, Levitz wrote the Worlds' Finest series, drawn by George Pérez and Kevin Maguire. Levitz and Keith Giffen collaborated on the Legion of Super-Heroes issues #17 and 18 in 2013. Levitz wrote a biography of comics creator Will Eisner, scheduled for release in 2014, he joined the board of directors of Boom! Studios in February 2014, he wrote a new five-page story titled "The Game", drawn by Neal Adams, for the Action Comics: 80 Years of Superman hardcover collection. Levitz received an Inkpot Award at the San Diego Comic-Con in 2002 and the "Dick Giordano Hero Initiative Humanitarian of the Year Award" in September 2013 at the Baltimore Comic-Con. Levitz has three children: a public health executive. Levitz has named the run of All-Star Comics featuring the Justice Society of America as his favorite.
He names Roger Zelazny as his favorite science fiction writer, J. R. R. Tolkien as his favorite fantasy writer, David McCullough as his favorite history writer and Agatha Christie as his favorite mystery writer. Shoot — completed by Warren Ellis et al as the 141st issue of John Constantine, Hellblazer in 1999, Paul Levitz canceled "Shoot" before publication due to the theme of attacking the root cultural and societal causes of school shootings, it was released in 2010, after many more school shootings, to enormous critical praise and condemnation of Levitz's timidity. The editorial interference resulted in Ellis' resignation as series writer, aborting a critically acclaimed run on the comic. "DC Profiles #13: Paul Levitz" at the Grand Comics Database Rik Offenberger. "Paul Levitz: Living In An Amazing World". First Comics News. Paul Levitz at the Grand Comics Database Paul Levitz at the Comic Book DB Paul Levitz at Mike's Amazing World of Comics