A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour
Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour was the eighth concert tour by Australian singer Kylie Minogue. The tour was launched in support of Ultimate Kylie. Beginning March 2005, over 30 concerts were performed in Europe. Performances in the United Kingdom grossed nearly $20 million and at the conclusion of 2005, it placed 46th on Pollstar's 2005 "Top 100 Worldwide Tours" having sold 339,105 tickets throughout the year. Minogue was scheduled to perform in Australia and Asia during the tour, but she was forced to cancel the tour when she was diagnosed with breast cancer, she resumed the tour – renamed Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour – on 11 November 2006, performing at the Sydney Entertainment Centre, with a revised set list and new costumes. On 24 October 2004, it was announced that Minogue would go on tour to promote her compilation album Ultimate Kylie. Minogue described the tour as "a celebration of pop songs and my career, but a long-term relationship with my audience"; the tour was set to visit both Australia and Asia in May and June 2005, with a further 35 shows scheduled for performance.
The shows in Australia were rescheduled for November in the following year under the new title of "Homecoming" and the Asian dates never came to fruition. Minogue was scheduled to be the first female to headline Glastonbury Festival since 1999 in June 2005 but was subsequently forced to withdraw. There were plans to record the show on Minogue's birthday at Melbourne's Rod Laver Arena but plans had to be cancelled after her breast cancer diagnosis; the show was released on DVD by using a recording at the Earls Court Exhibition Centre, meant to be used for UK TV broadcast only. The show was split into seven acts, being them Showgirl, Smiley Kylie, What Kylie Wants, Kylie Gets, Kyliesque, Minx in Space, with the addition of an encore; the show opens with an instrumental introduction that features writing on the video screen introducing Minogue. She rises out of the stage on a platform dressed in a blue showgirl outfit, she begins singing "Better the Devil You Know", followed by performances of "In Your Eyes" and "Giving You Up".
Minogue performs "On a Night Like This", which begins in the style of a ballad, before resuming with the original after the first chorus. The ending is in the same style as the beginning of the song, where Minogue is taken below the stage, closing the section; the second section begins with a dance interlude, that uses excerpts of "Shocked" and "Do You Dare?", before Minogue rises out of the centre of the stage as the DNA intro of "Shocked" is heard. She sings up to the middle eight, before a short segue is played using excerpts of "It's No Secret", "Keep on Pumpin' It", "Give Me Just a Little More Time" and "What Kind of Fool", which leads into a two-verse-two-chorus performance of "What Do I Have to Do", succeeded by another segue using an excerpt of "Over Dreaming" and a performance of "Spinning Around", followed by a dance interlude after the middle eight using excerpts of "Step Back in Time" and "Such a Good Feeling"; the third section begins with a virtual duet with Neil Tennant. This is followed by a performance of "Je Ne Sais Pas Pourquoi", before Minogue closes the act with a performance of "Confide in Me".
The fourth act begins with a spraying sound effect during which fake showers and gym equipment rises onto the stage, before Minogue appears on a box singing "Red Blooded Woman" which features a chorus of "Where the Wild Roses Grow" before the middle eight. Minogue performs "Slow", followed by a small flamenco interlude which precedes a performance of "Please Stay"; the fifth section begins with a cover of "Somewhere Over the Rainbow" where Minogue rises from behind the stage on a sequined moon. This is followed by a torch version of "Come into My World". Minogue performs "Chocolate" on the stage, which morphs at the end of the catwalk to form a "cake", from which Minogue performs "I Believe in You"; the act closes with a performance of "Dreams". The sixth section opens with a performance of "Hand on Your Heart", where Minogue emerges on stage in front of a big heart, she goes on to perform a jazz version of "The Locomotion", followed by a performance of "I Should Be So Lucky". Minogue closes the act with a performance of "Your Disco Needs You".
The penultimate section opens with a performance version of "Put Yourself in My Place", a performance of "Can't Get You Out of My Head" closes the main body of the show. Minogue performed a two-song encore, talking to the audience before performing a sing-a-long version of "Especially for You", with the audience invited to sing Jason Donovan's part. Minogue closed the show with a performance of "Love at First Sight", with a video montage of her career shown on the video screens behind her. Melody Club Act 1: Showgirl "Overture" "Better the Devil You Know" "In Your Eyes" "Giving You Up" "On a Night Like This"Act 2: Smiley Kylie "Shocked" "What Do I Have to Do" "Spinning Around" Act 3: Denial "In Denial" (virtual duet with Neil T
Over the Rainbow
"Over the Rainbow" is a ballad composed by Harold Arlen with lyrics by Yip Harburg. It was written for the movie The Wizard of Oz and was sung by actress Judy Garland in her starring role as Dorothy Gale, it became Garland's signature song. About five minutes into the film, Dorothy sings the song after failing to get Aunt Em, Uncle Henry, the farm hands to listen to her story of an unpleasant incident involving her dog and the town spinster, Miss Gulch. Aunt Em tells her to "find yourself a place where you won't get into any trouble"; this prompts musing to Toto, "Some place where there isn't any trouble. Do you suppose there is such a place, Toto? There must be. It's not a place you can get to by a train. It's far away. Behind the moon, beyond the rain...", at which point she begins singing. The "Over the Rainbow" and Kansas scenes were directed by the uncredited King Vidor; the song was deleted from the film after a preview in San Luis Obispo because MGM chief executive Louis B. Mayer and producer Mervyn LeRoy thought it "slowed down the picture" and sounded "like something for Jeanette MacDonald, not for a little girl singing in a barnyard".
But the song was returned to the film due to the persistence of associate producer Arthur Freed and Roger Edens, Judy Garland's vocal coach and mentor. At the start of the film, part of the song is played by the MGM orchestra over the opening credits. A reprise of it was deleted after being filmed. An additional chorus was to be sung by Dorothy while she was locked in the Witch's castle, helplessly awaiting death as the hourglass ran out. However, although the visual portion of that reprise is lost, the soundtrack of it survives and was included in the 2-CD Deluxe Edition of the film's soundtrack released by Rhino Entertainment in 1995. In that intense rendition, Dorothy cries her way through it, unable to finish, concluding with, "I'm frightened, Auntie Em, I'm frightened!" This phrase was retained in the film and is followed by Aunt Em's brief appearance in the crystal ball, where she is soon replaced by the visage of the witch and taunting Dorothy before turning toward the camera to cackle.
Another instrumental version is played in the underscore in the final scene and over the closing credits. On October 7, 1938, Judy Garland recorded the song on the MGM soundstage with an arrangement by Murray Cutter. In September 1939, a studio recording of the song, not from the film soundtrack, was recorded and released as a single for Decca. In March 1940, that same recording was included on a Decca 78 four-record studio cast album entitled The Wizard of Oz. Although this isn't the version that appeared in the film, Decca continued to release the "cast album" into the 1960s after it was reissued on disc, a 331⁄3-rpm album; the film version of "Over the Rainbow" was unavailable to the public until the soundtrack was released by MGM in 1956 to coincide with the television premiere of The Wizard of Oz. The soundtrack version has been re-released several times over the years, including a deluxe edition by Rhino in 1995. After The Wizard of Oz appeared in 1939, "Over the Rainbow" became Garland's signature song.
She performed it for thirty years. She said she wanted to remain true to the character of Dorothy and to the message of being somewhere over the rainbow. An introductory verse, omitted from the film is sometimes used in theatrical productions of The Wizard of Oz and is included in the piano sheet music from the film, it was used in versions by Tony Bennett, Al Bowlly, Doris Day, Ella Fitzgerald, Frank Sinatra, Sarah Vaughan, Trisha Yearwood, Norma Waterson. Judy Garland sang the introductory verse only once, on a 1948 radio broadcast of The Louella Parsons Show. Lyrics for a second verse appeared in the British edition of the sheet music. In March 2017, "Over the Rainbow" sung by Judy Garland was entered in the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress as music, "culturally or artistically significant"; the Recording Industry Association of America and the National Endowment for the Arts ranked it number one on their Songs of the Century list. The American Film Institute named it best movie song on the AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs list.
"Over the Rainbow" was given the Towering Song Award by the Songwriters Hall of Fame and was sung at its dinner on June 12, 2014, by Jackie Evancho. In April 2005, the United States Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp honoring Yip Harburg that includes a lyric, it was sent as an audio wakeup call to astronauts about the STS-88 space shuttle mission on Flight Day 4, dedicated to astronaut Robert D. Cabana by his daughter Sara. "Over the Rainbow" reached number 12 on the Billboard Hot Digital Tracks chart during the week of January 31, 2004. In the U. S. it was certified Platinum for 1,000,000 downloads sold. As of October 2014 it had sold over 4.2 million digital copies. In the UK, "Over the Rainbow" was released as a single under the title "Somewhere Over the Rainbow", it entered the UK Official Singles Chart in April 2007 at number 68. In Germany, the single returned to the German Singles Chart in September 2010. After two weeks on that chart, it received gold status for selling 150,000 copies.
In October 2010, it reached number one on the German charts. In 2011 was certified 5x gold for selling over 750,000 copies, it stayed 12 non-consecutive weeks at the top spot and was the most successful single in Germany in 2010. In March 2010 it was the second best-selling download in Germany with digital sales betw
Red Blooded Woman
"Red Blooded Woman" is a song by Australian recording artist Kylie Minogue, taken from her ninth studio album Body Language. Written by Johnny Douglas and Karen Poole and produced by the former, it is a hip hop and synth-pop track, it contains a vocoded "Boy! Boy!" Hook and backing vocals from a choir. It was released globally by Parlophone as the second single from the album on 1 March 2004; the song was well received by music critics, many of whom praised its production and compared it to the work of American music artists Justin Timberlake and Timbaland. Commercially, the single fared well in Minogue's main markets and the United Kingdom, as it debuted inside the top five of the singles chart in both countries, it peaked inside the top ten in countries including Denmark and Italy and the top twenty in Germany and New Zealand. It was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand for completing sales of 7,500 units. A music video for "Red Blooded Woman" was directed by Jake Nava and features Minogue seductively dancing to the track in various locations such as a traffic jam and in front of a truck.
Minogue performed it live at the one-off concert show Money Can't Buy and at TV shows like the Late Show with David Letterman and Top of the Pops. It has been performing during three of Minogue's concert tours – Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour, Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour, For You, for Me tour. Following the global success of her eighth studio album Fever, Minogue began working on her ninth studio album Body Language. Aiming to create a dance-pop album inspired by electronic music from the 1980s, Minogue enlisted collaborators such as Johnny Douglas and Karen Poole; the duo wrote "Red Blooded Woman" together, while Douglas handled the production of the song. It was selected as the second single from Body Language and was released globally on 1 March 2004. In the United Kingdom, it was released on 10 March 2004. "Red Blooded Woman" is a hip hop and synthpop track, the former being a genre Minogue newly experimented with on the album. It features a vocoded "Boy! Boy!" Hook and "candy-coated la la la's" which are repeated during the bridge.
A choir of men provide backing vocals in a "ghostly" manner, according to Slant Magazine editor Sal Cinquemani. Similar to numerous songs from the album, "Red Blooded Woman" contains a reference to music from the 1980s: its line "You got me spinning round, round, round like a record" alludes to British band Dead or Alive's 1985 song "You Spin Me Round". Remixes by English electronica artists Narcotic Thrust and Whitey were included on the 12-inch picture single. Billboard critic Keith Claufield singled out the song as a highlight from the album and called it "a cousin of Justin Timberlake's'Cry Me a River'." From Billboard, Michael Paoletta called it a "sexy, beat-driven hip-pop number that sounds like a Timbaland production". He concluded that " deserves a shot at mainstream top 40 and rhythmic success". Like Paoletta, Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine too compared the production of the song to that of Timbaland; the "Boy! Boy" hook of the song and its synthpop style were praised by Spin magazine, who felt that they "demonstrate that in the 21st century, Kylie wears the 1980s well."
Writing for NME, John Robinson found "Red Blooded Woman" to be better than "Slow", the lead single from the album, called it "excellent cutting edge pop in a great single by the Justin Timberlake or Sugababes way." Adrien Begrand from PopMatters favoured its "almost garage-like beat" and appreciated the lyric "You'll never get to Heaven if you're scared of getting high." Louis Vartel from the LGBT oriented website NewNownext, ranked it at number 46 on his list of the singer's 48 greatest songs, in honor of her 48th birthday. He hailed it a "sweaty dip in self-possession and sex appeal". A reviewer from Sputnikmusic called it "equally as strong as" lead single "Slow"."Red Blooded Woman" debuted and peaked at number four on the ARIA Singles Chart in Australia. The following week, it dropped out of the top ten to number eleven; the single had a short run on the chart. In New Zealand, it entered the singles chart at number 34 and peaked at number 19, it charted for 12 weeks and received a gold certification from the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand for completing sales of 7,500 units.
In Europe, the song reached the top twenty in numerous countries. In both Denmark and Italy, "Red Blooded Woman" peaked at number ten and appeared in the top twenty for three weeks. In Germany, the song charted for a total of 10 weeks, it debuted at number eight on the Spanish Singles Chart and fell one place to number nine the next week. It appeared on the chart for a short period of time of four weeks. In Switzerland, "Red Blooded Woman" peaked higher than its preceding single "Slow", reaching number 15 on the Schweizer Hitparade. "Red Blooded Woman" entered the UK Singles Chart at number five, becoming Minogue's 26th top-ten hit in the country. It was a moderate success; the music video for "Red Blooded Woman" was directed by Jake Nava, an English film director who had worked with artists like Beyoncé and Kelis. It was filmed in Los Angeles, California, in December 2003, it begins with a scene of a congested traffic jam. She is shown seated in her car singing to the song in a sensual manner, with the camera focusing on her eyes and lips.
Her outfit is composed of a black and white singlet, a satin waist cincher, jeans with chain fringes, a black sheepskin shrug (this outfit was donate
White Diamond: A Personal Portrait of Kylie Minogue
White Diamond: A Personal Portrait of Kylie Minogue is a 2007 documentary film directed and produced by William Baker and chronicling the life of Australian singer Kylie Minogue during her concert tour Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour. It was March 2007 in both Australia and the United Kingdom. Intended as an account of Minogue's return to the stage following her recovery from cancer, the film features on-stage and back-stage footage and interviews with several of Minogue's tour crew, including the director, William Baker. Kylie's sister Dannii and U2 lead singer Bono are featured; the film had a one-night premiere in each country, starting in the United Kingdom on 16 October 2007 and ending on 16 November 2007 in New Zealand. It was released on DVD in two editions: the European/United Kingdom edition and the Australian/New Zealand edition; these were followed by a two-disc edition. The title White Diamond was taken from one of Kylie's songs; this song is the sole new song performed by her during Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour.
The film opens with a reworked ballad version of it. Two new songs, are on the movie's soundtrack. On the soundtrack is "Alone Again", a unrecorded 2002 song, co-written by Madonna and Rick Nowels. At the beginning of White Diamond, the director, William Baker, says: "For most people, Neighbours,'I Should Be So Lucky,' Michael Hutchence, gold hot pants,'Can't Get You Out of My Head,' and cancer equals Kylie. I want to rip that surface away."On 17th of May, 2005, Kylie Minogue was forced to cancel the Australian leg of her Showgirl tour after being diagnosed with breast cancer. This is the story of her homecoming. White Diamond started out when Kylie's creative director and close friend William Baker was filming her for a personal record, to be used as backstage bonus footage for the Showgirl: Homecoming Tour DVD, they had so much footage by the end of the tour, that they decided it would be better suited to a feature-length documentary format. The original plan was to release it directly to DVD, but it was given a single-day cinema release in some territories.
The film focuses on Kylie during Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour. But during that tour, it was announced on 17 May 2005 that she had been diagnosed with breast cancer; this led to the postponement of the remainder of that tour and to her withdrawal from the Glastonbury Festival. After having had surgery on 21 May 2005, her tour resumed in November 2006 in Australia, under the name Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour. Yet, while on this tour, Kylie was diagnosed with a respiratory tract infection; the tour was postponed to January 2007. Kylie stated that White Diamond was "a good way to thank the fans for their support and see where all their good wishes went; this started as quite a humble little project, in many ways it still is." She had written on her website earlier in 2007: "I have to admit I was a little nervous to work on such a revealing project and I did pull the plug several times, but due to Willie's persistence it is now finished. It gives a great insight into the world of touring and the touring family."
Kylie Minogue – the Showgirl William Baker – director and Kylie's best friend Dannii Minogue – Kylie's sister, who appeared in the film for the duet "Kids" Bono – who appeared for the duet "Kids" Oliver Martinez – Kylie's former boyfriend, who made an appearance in some short scenes Jason Beitel, Marco da Silva, Jamie Karitzis, Alan Lambie, Claire Meehan, Welly Locoh-Donou, Jason Piper, Nikoletta Rafaelisova, Andile Sotiya, Nikki Trow, Anoulka Yanminchey, Rachel Yau, Terry Kvasnik A portion of White Diamond was shot in August 2007 in London, where Kylie had been living for 20 years. Kylie had travelled to Sadler's Wells studios for her dancing and choreography preparation for the Showgirl: Homecoming Tour. After that, the group went to Ealing, for musical rehearsals and to hold a promotional photo shoot. Ruary McPhie filmed the England portion of the film because William Baker, the director, could not film there. While at Sadler's Wells, Baker said that the tour would become a "bumpy ride" and would be emotional for everyone.
The group went to Milan, for the designing of Kylie's outfits and costumes. While there, Kylie visited the fashion design company Dolce & Gabbana, who designed a cat-suit for her with gloves featuring "KM" on each glove. Kylie visited Chanel, they had travelled to Paris to get her custom-made Chanel Red Disc Dress. She had had been invited to Paris Fashion Week. Kylie commented in the film that she was "blown away" and that she "loved it." In November 2006, the group travelled to Australia. While in Sydney, Kylie launched her perfume Darling, she performed in Brisbane, where she visited the Cancer Council. She said that the people there had "looked up to me and have been thinking about what I had been through," and that all of them had been "very brave" while fighting cancer. After leaving Brisbane, she travelled to Byron Bay for a two-day break, she commented that her stay there was "freedom at last." Kylie travelled back to London and to the Wembley Arena for New Year's Eve. She celebrated there with the audience.
The last filming location was in Acapulco, where Kylie did a commercial shoot and said that she would take a holiday there. Most of the songs in the film were performed by Kylie Minogue
EMI Group Limited was a British Transnational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London. At the time of its break-up in 2012, it was the fourth largest business group and record label conglomerate in the music industry, was one of the big four record companies; the company was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, but faced financial troubles and US$4 billion in debt, leading to its acquisition by Citigroup in February 2011. Citigroup's ownership was temporary, as EMI announced in November 2011 that it would sell its music arm to Vivendi's Universal Music Group for $1.9 billion and its publishing business to a Sony/ATV consortium for around $2.2 billion. Other members of the Sony consortium include the Estate of Michael Jackson, The Blackstone Group, the Abu Dhabi–owned Mubadala Development Company. EMI's locations in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada were all disassembled to repay debt, but the primary head office located outside those countries is still functional, it is owned by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, the music publishing division of Sony Music which bought another 70% stake in EMI Music Publishing.
Electric and Musical Industries Ltd was formed in March 1931 by the merger of the Columbia Graphophone Company and the Gramophone Company, with its "His Master's Voice" record label, firms that have a history extending back to the origins of recorded sound. The new vertically integrated company produced sound recordings as well as recording and playback equipment; the company's gramophone manufacturing led to forty years of success with larger-scale electronics and electrical engineering. In 1934, the company developed the electronic Marconi-EMI system for television broadcasting, which replaced Baird's electro-mechanical system following its introduction in 1936. After the war, the company resumed its involvement in making broadcasting equipment, notably providing the BBC's second television transmitter at Sutton Coldfield, it manufactured broadcast television cameras for British television production companies as well as for the BBC. The commercial television ITV companies used them alongside cameras made by Pye and Marconi.
Their best-remembered piece of broadcast television equipment was the EMI 2001 colour television camera, which became the mainstay of much of the British television industry from the end of the 1960s until the early 1990s. Exports of this piece of equipment were low, EMI left this area of product manufacture. Alan Blumlein, an engineer employed by EMI, conducted a great deal of pioneering research into stereo sound recording many years prior to the practical implementation of the technique in the early 1950s, he was killed in 1942 whilst conducting flight trials on an experimental H2S radar set. During and after World War II, the EMI Laboratories in Hayes, Hillingdon developed radar equipment, microwave devices such as the reflex klystron oscillator, electro-optic devices such as infra-red image converters, guided missiles employing analogue computers; the company was for many years an internationally respected manufacturer of photomultipliers. This part of the business was transferred to Thorn as part of Thorn-EMI later became the independent concern Electron Tubes Ltd.
The EMI Electronic Business Machine, a valve and magnetic drum memory computer, was built in the 1950s to process the British Motor Corporation payroll. In 1958 the EMIDEC 1100, the UK's first commercially available all-transistor computer, was developed at Hayes under the leadership of Godfrey Hounsfield, an electrical engineer at EMI. In the early 1970s, with financial support by the UK Department of Health and Social Security as well as EMI research investment, Hounsfield developed the first CT scanner, a device which revolutionised medical imaging. In 1973 EMI was awarded a prestigious Queen's Award for Technological Innovation for what was called the EMI scanner, in 1979 Hounsfield won the Nobel Prize for his accomplishment. After brief, but brilliant, success in the medical imaging field, EMI's manufacturing activities were sold off to other companies, notably Thorn. Subsequently and manufacturing activities were sold off to other companies and work moved to other towns such as Crawley and Wells.
Emihus Electronics, based in Glenrothes, was owned 51% by Hughes Aircraft, of California, US, 49% by EMI. It manufactured integrated circuits electrolytic capacitors and, for a short period in the mid-1970s, hand-held calculators under the Gemini name. Early in its life, the Gramophone Company established subsidiary operations in a number of other countries in the British Commonwealth, including India and New Zealand. Gramophone's Australian and New Zealand subsidiaries dominated the popular music industries in those countries from the 1920s until the 1960s, when other locally owned labels began to challenge the near monopoly of EMI. Over 150,000 78-rpm recordings from around the world are held in EMI's temperature-controlled archive in Hayes, some of which have been released on CD since 2008 by Honest Jon's Records. In 1931, the year the company was formed, it opened the legendary recording studios at Abbey Road, London. During the 1930s and 1940s, its roster of artists included Arturo
Kylie Ann Minogue known mononymously as Kylie, is an Australian-British singer and actress. She achieved recognition starring in the Australian soap opera Neighbours, where she played tomboy mechanic Charlene Robinson. Appearing in the series for two years, Minogue's character married Scott Robinson in an episode viewed by nearly 20 million people in the United Kingdom, making it one of the most watched Australian TV episodes ever. Since Minogue has been a recording artist and has achieved commercial success and critical acclaim in the entertainment industry. Minogue has been recognised with several honorific nicknames, most notably the "Princess of Pop." She is recognised as the highest-selling Australian artist of all time by the Australian Recording Industry Association. Born and raised in Melbourne, Minogue has worked and lived in the United Kingdom since the 1990s, she released her first studio album Kylie the next year. In 1992, she left PWL and signed with Deconstruction Records where she released her self-titled studio album and Impossible Princess, both of which received positive reviews from critics.
Returning to more mainstream dance-oriented music, Minogue signed to Parlophone and released Light Years. The followup, was a hit in many countries, including the United States; the lead single "Can't Get You Out of My Head" became one of the most successful singles of the 2000s, selling over ten million units. It is recognised as her "signature song" and was named "the catchiest song ever" by Yahoo! Music. Other successful singles by Minogue include "I Should Be So Lucky", "The Loco-Motion", "Especially for You", "Hand on Your Heart", "Better the Devil You Know", "Confide in Me", "Spinning Around", "Love at First Sight", "Slow", "2 Hearts" and "All the Lovers". In 2005, while Minogue was on her Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour, she was diagnosed with breast cancer. After treatment, she resumed the tour under the title Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour, which critics viewed as a "triumph". Minogue made her film debut in The Delinquents and portrayed Cammy in Street Fighter. Minogue has appeared in the films Moulin Rouge!, Jack & Diane, Holy Motors.
In 2014, she appeared as a judge on the third series of The Voice Australia. Her other ventures include children's books and fashion; as of 2015, Minogue has had worldwide record sales of more than 80 million. She has mounted several successful and critically acclaimed concert world tours and received a Mo Award for "Australian Entertainer of the Year" for her live performances. Minogue was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2008 New Year Honours for services to Music, she was appointed by the French government as a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres for her contribution to the enrichment of French culture. Minogue was awarded an honorary Doctor of Health Science degree by Anglia Ruskin University for her work in raising awareness for breast cancer. In November 2011, on the 25th anniversary of the ARIA Music Awards, she was inducted by the Australian Recording Industry Association into the ARIA Hall of Fame. In December 2016, Billboard ranked her as the 18th most successful dance artist of all-time.
Minogue signed a new global recording contract with BMG Rights Management in early 2017. Her latest album Golden was released on 6 April 2018, debuting at No. 1 in the Australia. Kylie was born to Ronald Charles Minogue and Carol Ann Jones in Melbourne, Australia, on 28 May 1968, her father is a fifth generation Australian, has Irish ancestry, while her mother came from Maesteg, Wales. Jones had lived in Wales until age ten when her mother and father and Denis Jones, decided to move to Australia for a better life. Just before Kylie's birth, Ron qualified as an accountant and worked through several jobs while Carol worked as a professional dancer. Kylie's younger brother, Brendan, is a news cameraman in Australia, while her younger sister Dannii Minogue is a singer and television host; the Minogue family moved around various suburbs in Melbourne to sustain their living expenses, which Kylie found unsettling as a child. After the birth of Dannii, the family moved to South Oakleigh; because money was tight, Ron worked as an accountant at a family-owned car company and Carol worked as a tea lady at a local hospital.
After moving to Surrey Hills, Minogue attended Studfield Primary School before attending Camberwell Primary School. She went on to Camberwell High School. During her schooling years, Minogue found it difficult to make friends, she got her HSC with subjects including English. Minogue described herself as being of "average intelligence" and "quite modest" during her high school years. From the age of 11, Kylie appeared in small roles in soap operas including The Sullivans and Skyways. In 1985, she was cast in one of the lead roles in The Henderson Kids. Minogue took time off school to film The Henderson Kids and while Carol was not impressed, Minogue felt that she needed the independence to make it into the entertainment industry. During filming, co-star Nadine Garner labelled Minogue "fragile" after producers yelled at her for forgetting her lines. Minogue was dropped from the second season of the show after producer Alan Hardy felt the need for her character to be "written off". In retrospect, Hardy stated that removing her from the showing "turned out to be the best thing for her".
Interested in following a career in music, Minogue made a demo tape for the producers of weekly music programme Young Talent Time, which featured Dannii as a regular performer