The Carolinas are the U. S. states of South Carolina, considered collectively. They are bordered by Virginia to the north, Tennessee to the west, Georgia to the southwest; the Atlantic Ocean is to the east. Combining North Carolina's Clusters population of 10,042,802 and South Carolina's of 4,896,146, the Carolinas have a population of 14,938,948 as of 2015. If the Carolinas were a single state of the United States, it would be the fifth-most populous state, behind California, Texas and New York; the Carolinas were known as the Province of Carolina during America's early colonial period, from 1663 to 1710. Prior to that, the land was considered part of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, from 1609 to 1663; the province, named Carolina to honor King Charles I of England, was divided into two colonies in 1729, although the actual date is the subject of debate. The region was claimed as part of the Spanish territory named La Florida by Ponce de Leon in 1513. Santa Elena, a Spanish settlement on what is now Parris Island, South Carolina, was the capital of La Florida from 1566 to 1587.
It was founded by the first governor of Spanish Florida. There had been a number of earlier attempts to establish colonies in the area by both the Spanish and the French, inspired by earlier accounts of the plentiful land of Chicora. Menéndez's Santa Elena settlement shifted the focus of Spanish colonial efforts northward from St. Augustine, established in 1565 to drive the French from their colony of Fort Caroline. Santa Elena was built at the site of the abandoned French outpost of Charlesfort, founded in 1562 by Jean Ribault; the establishment of Santa Elena followed the destruction of the French Fort Caroline by Menéndez in 1565. The Spanish settlement housed a sizeable community, became the base of operations for the Jesuits and military working in the northern zone of Spanish Florida. From this base the Spanish founded a number of other ephemeral forts as far inland as the Appalachian Mountains, but resistance from local Native American tribes and the lack of interest of Spain in the area, caused these to be abandoned, relocated or destroyed.
Santa Elena was abandoned in 1587, with its survivors relocating to St. Augustine; the Spanish never pressed their colonial claims to the area again, focusing on other areas of the American continent. The territory was thereafter left to the native Americans until October 30, 1629, when Charles I granted a patent to his attorney-general, Sir Robert Heath, for the lands south of 36 degrees and north of 31 degrees, "under the name, in honor of that king, of Carolana"." Carolus is Latin for'Charles'. The charter was unrealized and ruled invalid. On March 24, 1663, Charles II issued a new charter to a group of eight English noblemen, granting them the land of Carolina, as a reward for their faithful support of his efforts to regain the throne of England; the eight were called Lords Proprietor or Proprietors. The 1663 charter granted the Lords Proprietor title to all of the land from the southern border of the Virginia Colony at 36 degrees north to 31 degrees north; the establishment of separate colonies did not occur until 1729, when seven of the Lords Proprietors sold their interests in Carolina to the Crown, both North Carolina and South Carolina became royal colonies.
In 1665, the charter was revised with the northerly boundary extended to 36 degrees 30 minutes north to include the lands of the Albemarle Settlements along the Albemarle Sound, settled by Virginians migrating south. The southern boundary was moved south to 29 degrees north, just south of present-day Daytona Beach, which had the effect of including the existing Spanish settlement at St. Augustine, an unenforceable overreach of English power; the charter granted all the land, between these northerly and southerly bounds, from the Atlantic Ocean, westward to the shores of the Pacific Ocean, an more unenforceable overreach. Between 1663 and 1729 there were many disagreements relating to defense and the difference between the two differing agrarian styles employed by the inhabitants of the Colony of Virginia and that practiced by the planters arriving to Charles Town from the West Indies and Barbados. In 1729 the Province of Carolina was divided when the descendants of seven of the eight Lords Proprietors sold their shares back to the Crown.
Only the heirs of Sir George Carteret retained their original rights to what would become the Granville District. Both the Province of North Carolina and the Province of South Carolina became British Crown Colonies in 1729; the culture of the Carolinas is a distinct subset of larger Southern culture. Notably, the coastal Carolina region was settled by Europeans over a century before the inland regions of the South, was influenced by the culture of the Caribbean Barbados. Though the two states both form part of the South, there are a number of differences in the settlement patterns, political development, economic growth of the two states. For example, during the Civil War, South Carolina was the first Southern state to secede from the Union, while North Carolina was the last state to secede; when North Carolina did secede, it did so because North Carolinians refused to provide the federal government men to fight against their sister state, or to allow them passage through North Carolina to make war on South Carolina.
During the war, South Carolina was one of the strongest supporters of the Confederacy. The war began in Charleston, South Carolina, where cadets of the South Carolina Military Academ
Huntersville, North Carolina
Huntersville is a large suburban town in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, United States. A part of the Charlotte metropolitan area, the population was 46,773 at the 2010 census, had increased to 52,704 according to the 2015 census annual estimate, making Huntersville the 17th largest municipality in North Carolina, it is located 14 mi north of Charlotte. It is thought that the town derives its name from the Rev. Humphrey Hunter, a minister at Steele Creek and Unity Presbyterian Churches and a local Revolutionary War hero. Others debate that it is either named for Robert B. Hunter, a local cotton farmer, or the generous and kind grade-school teacher Elizabeth Hunter and her husband, Travis Hunter, the town's first Crossing Guard. Elizabeth and Travis are known as the parents of the first baby boy born in Huntersville, Cason Shaffer Hunter. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total non-contiguous area of 31.2 square miles, of which, 31.1 square miles of it is land and 0.03% is water.
As of the 2010 census, there were 46,773 people, 9,171 households, 6,859 families residing in the town. The population density was 801.4 people per square mile. There were 9,859 housing units at an average density of 316.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 88.42% White, 7.47% African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.50% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.88% of the population. There were 9,171 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.6% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.2% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.09. Despite the rapid growth and 9,171 households, 6,859 families as of 2010, crime has been kept to a minimum. Residents consider the town a safe place to raise a family.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 40.7% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $71,932, the median income for a family was $80,821 Males had a median income of $53,553 versus $33,877 for females; the per capita income for the town was $30,256. 3.1% of the population and 1.9% of families were below the poverty line. Joe Gibbs Racing operates four Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series teams; the Carolina Renaissance Festival operates Sundays in October and November. The town is known recreationally as a lake community because of its proximity to Lake Norman, a large man-made lake created by Duke Power to serve the nuclear power plant, Mountain Island Lake, a smaller man-made lake, used as Charlotte's city water source and located along the southwest border of Huntersville.
The lakes attract both water-skiers from several surrounding states. Huntersville is home to one private golf course, NorthStone Country Club; these two courses are owned and operated by the IRI group and are a part of the 6-course Carolina Trail where package deals are available. The town is governed by an elected Mayor and a Board of Commissioners and elections are conducted on a non-partisan basis. Elections are held every two years with the Commissioners being elected separately. There is the Board of Commissioners. Voters are allowed to vote for up to six Commissioner candidates and the six candidates receiving the highest number of votes are elected; the current Mayor and Town Board after the November 7, 2017 election: Mayor John Aneralla and Commissioners Melinda Bales, Brian Hines, Nick Walsh, Dan Boone, Mark Gibbons, Danny Phillips. Melinda Bales received the highest number of votes for commissioner with 3,078 and is the current Mayor Pro Tem. School age children in Huntersville attending public schools are part of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools system.
Barnette Elementary Huntersville Elementary Legette Blythe Elementary Torrence Creek Elementary Grand Oak Elementary Long Creek Elementary School Hornets Nest Elementary School Francis Bradley Middle John M Alexander Middle Bailey Middle Hopewell High School North Mecklenburg High School William A. Hough High School Lake Norman Charter School Children's Community School SouthLake Christian Academy St Mark Catholic School Christ the King Catholic High School Cannon School Central Piedmont Community College The town is served by six weekly newspapers, including "The Herald Citizen." Huntersville and the surrounding area is served by the North County Regional branch of the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Huntersville is one of three towns located north of Charlotte, North Carolina, but still within Mecklenburg County; these three towns make up the area known as "North Meck." Express bus transportation and an interstate with HOV lanes that ends five miles south of Huntersville provide access to the downtown business areas of Charlotte, making Huntersville a town of commuters.
Two exits from Interstate 77 serve Huntersville. Exit 23 connects the expressway with the original town. Exit 25 provides access to the Birkdale
Matthews, North Carolina
Matthews is a town in southeastern Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. It is a suburb of Charlotte; the population was 27,198 according to the 2010 Census. In the early 19th century, the early settlement that would become Matthews was unofficially named Stumptown for the copious amount of tree stumps left from making way for cotton farms; the community's name changed to Fullwood, named after appointed area postmaster John Miles Fullwood. The establishment of a sawmill and the cotton and timber industry helped Fullwood change into a town. Prior to the first train arriving on December 15, 1874, Fullwood acted as a stagecoach stop between Charlotte and Monroe; the town was incorporated into a municipal corporation in 1879 and was renamed to Matthews for Edward Watson Matthews, a prominent resident, director of the Central Carolina Railroad, which would become known as the Seaboard Air Line Railroad. The Seaboard Air Line Fell Into Seaboard On July 1st, 1967. Seaboard Then Merged With Chessie System To Create CSX Matthews is located at 35°7′1″N 80°42′59″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 17.2 square miles, all of it land. As of the 2006-2008 American Community Survey, there were 26,901 people, 11,349 households, 7,904 families residing in the town. According to the Census Bureau of 2000, The population density was 1,557.1 people per square mile. There were 138 housing units at an average density of 572.7 per square mile. According to the 2006-2008 American Community Survey, The racial makeup of the town was 82.3% White, 10.1% African American or Black.3% American Indian or Alaska Native, 3.7% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.8% of other race, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population. There were 7,904 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were Married/couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.5% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08. In the town, the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 19, 3.2% from 20 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, 11% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. The median income for a household in the town was $77,981, the median income for a family was $88,600. Males had a median income of $65,909 versus $44,665 for females; the per capita income for the town was $35,250. About 2.8% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over. Matthews is in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School system. Schools include Matthews Elementary, Crown Point Elementary, Elizabeth Lane Elementary. Public charter schools include Socrates Academy. Religious schools nearby include Covenant Day School, Charlotte Christian School, Carmel Christian, Blessed Sacrament Academy, Greyfriars Classical Academy. Matthews is served by a branch of the Charlotte Mecklenburg Library.
The library is located on the first floor of the Matthews Town Hall and is one of the most active in the system. Companies with headquarters in Matthews include: Family Dollar Stores, a store chain. Harris Teeter, a grocery store chain. Pokertek, a gaming device manufacturer. Jamar Adams, former NFL safety Daniel "Chipp" Bailey, former sheriff Jarrett Boykin, former NFL and CFL wide receiver Dion Byrum, former cornerback in the NFL Brooklyn Decker and actress best known for appearances on the cover of Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue Riley Ferguson, NFL quarterback Jordan Lloyd, winner of the reality TV show Big Brother 11 and contestant on Big Brother 13 and The Amazing Race 16 Channing Stribling, cornerback in the NFL and the AAF Matthews is twinned with: Sainte-Maxime, France Town of Matthews official website Matthews Chamber of Commerce Matthews Historical Foundation Matthews Athletic & Recreation Association Matthews Alive Festival Matthews Playhouse of the Performing Arts Matthews Help Center
Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2017, the U. S. Census Bureau estimated the population was 859,035, making it the 17th-most populous city in the United States; the Charlotte metropolitan area's population ranks 22nd in the U. S. and had a 2016 population of 2,474,314. The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a sixteen-county market region or combined statistical area with a 2016 census-estimated population of 2,632,249. Between 2004 and 2014, Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest-growing metro area, with 888,000 new residents. Based on U. S. Census data from 2005 to 2015, it tops the 50 largest U. S. cities as the millennial hub. It is the second-largest city in the southeastern United States, just behind Florida, it is the third-fastest-growing major city in the United States. It is listed as a "gamma" global city by World Cities Research Network. Residents are referred to as "Charlotteans".
Charlotte is home to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo, which along with other financial institutions has made it the second-largest banking center in the United States since 1995. Among Charlotte's many notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Carolina Panthers of the NFL, the Charlotte Hornets of the NBA, the Charlotte Checkers of the AHL, the Charlotte Independence of the USL, the Charlotte Hounds of Major League Lacrosse, two NASCAR Cup Series races and the NASCAR All-Star Race, the Wells Fargo Championship, the NASCAR Hall of Fame, the Charlotte Ballet, Children's Theatre of Charlotte, Carowinds amusement park, the U. S. National Whitewater Center. Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate, it is located several miles east of the Catawba River and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city; the Catawba Native Americans were the first known historic tribe to settle Mecklenburg County and were first recorded around 1567 in Spanish records.
By 1759 half the Catawba tribe had died from smallpox, endemic among Europeans, because the Catawba had no acquired immunity to the new disease. At the time of their largest population, Catawba people numbered 10,000, but by 1826 their total population had dropped to 110; the European-American city of Charlotte was developed first by a wave of migration of Scots-Irish Presbyterians, or Ulster-Scot settlers from Northern Ireland, who dominated the culture of the Southern Piedmont Region. They made up the principal founding European population in the backcountry. German immigrants settled the area before the American Revolutionary War, but in much smaller numbers, they still contributed to the early foundations of the region. Mecklenburg County was part of Bath County of New Hanover Precinct, which became New Hanover County in 1729; the western portion of New Hanover split into Bladen County in 1734, its western portion splitting into Anson County in 1750. Mecklenburg County formed from Anson County in 1762.
Further apportionment was made in 1792, after the American Revolutionary War, with Cabarrus County formed from Mecklenburg. In 1842, Union County formed from Mecklenburg's southeastern portion and a western portion of Anson County; these areas were all part of one of the original six judicial/military districts of North Carolina known as the Salisbury District. The area, now Charlotte was settled by people of European descent around 1755, when Thomas Spratt and his family settled near what is now the Elizabeth neighborhood. Thomas Polk, who married Thomas Spratt's daughter, built his house by the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers. One path was part of the Great Wagon Road. Nicknamed the "Queen City", like its county a few years earlier, Charlotte was named in honor of German princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland in 1761, seven years before the town's incorporation. A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents.
He wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion", leading to the nickname "The Hornet's Nest". Within decades of Polk's settling, the area grew to become "Charlotte Town", incorporating in 1768; the crossroads in the Piedmont became the heart of Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked the streets in a grid pattern for future development; the east–west trading path became Trade Street, the Great Wagon Road became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina. The intersection of Trade and Tryon—commonly known today as "Trade & Tryon," or "The Square"—is more properly called "Independence Square". While surveying the boundary between the Carolinas in 1772, William Moultrie stopped in Charlotte Town, whose five or six houses were "very ordinary built of logs". Local leaders came together in 1775 and signed the Mecklenburg Resolves, more popularly known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. While not a true declaration of independence from British rule, it is among the first such declarations that led to the American Revolution.
May 20, the traditional date of the signing of the declaration, is celebrated annually in Charlotte as "MecDec", with musket and cannon fire by reenactors in Independence Square. North Carolina's state flag and state seal bea
Tega Cay, South Carolina
Tega Cay is a planned city in York County, South Carolina, United States, located west of Fort Mill and north of Rock Hill. It is an affluent suburb of the city of Charlotte in North Carolina; the population was recorded at 7,621 as of the 2010 U. S. Census; the City of Tega Cay is located on a peninsula along Lake Wylie, twenty miles south of Uptown Charlotte. The name Tega Cay is Polynesian for “Beautiful Peninsula.” Tega Cay is located at 35°2′14″N 81°1′29″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles, of which 2.5 square miles is land and 0.7 square mile is water. The city has 13 mi of shoreline. Tega Cay's ZIP code is 29708 and the area code is 803; the hilly terrain is densely forested, containing many species of hardwoods and pines, wildlife. Recreational facilities located in Tega Cay include a public 27-hole, award winning golf course with a clubhouse and pavilion, a croquet court, seven lighted tennis courts, two lighted pickleball courts, several miles of walking trails, thirteen city owned parks of which three have baseball and/or soccer fields available for public use.
Two of the parks are lake side and the City owns swimming pool facility, adjacent to Lake Wylie. Along with those lakeside amenities, there is a owned marina, three areas to launch boats; the City is engineering and fundraising for a 62-acre park for passive and active recreation along the Catawba River. Included at that park will be miles of walking trails, four baseball/softball diamonds, six youth soccer fields, inclusive playgrounds, an amphitheater and a paddle boat launch onto the river just below the Lake Wylie hydro-electric dam; the climate of Tega Cay is that of a Humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and cool, dry winters. Snow falls 3-4 times a year on average. Tega Cay is run under a manager-council government framework; the City Manager is chief executive position in this form of Government. The Council of Tega Cay is composed of four members plus the Mayor who serves as a member of Council, selected from at-large districts; the city maintains its own Police Department, Fire Department, Parks & Recreation Department, Development Services Department, Utilities Department and Public Works Department.
Other positions in the town include Assistant City Manager, Finance Director, Municipal Clerk, Clerk of Court, Planning & Development Manager, Building Inspectors, administrative staff. The City has a Fire Department with an ISO rating of 2. Several other governmental positions in the town, including the Beautification Committee, the Planning Commission, the Storm Water Committee and the Board of Zoning Appeals, are all staffed by volunteers as well. Based on the mini-cities concept, trash collection, curbside recycling and similar requirements are contracted out; the fiscal year runs from October 1 through September 30. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,044 people, 1,509 households, 1,228 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,630.0 people per square mile. There were 1,577 housing units at an average density of 635.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.87% White, 2.13% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population. There were 1,509 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.6% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.6% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $80,227, the median income for a family was $82,926. Males had a median income of $61,745 versus $35,082 for females; the per capita income for the city was $37,275. About 1.3% of families and 1.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Students attend Fort Mill schools, which are located nearby and are considered among the best in the state. Lake Wylie, South Carolina Fort Mill, South Carolina South Carolina Tega Cay, South Carolina home page
A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare. It includes anything conducted by surface ships, amphibious ships and seaborne aviation, as well as ancillary support, communications and other fields; the strategic offensive role of a navy is projection of force into areas beyond a country's shores. The strategic defensive purpose of a navy is to frustrate seaborne projection-of-force by enemies; the strategic task of the navy may incorporate nuclear deterrence by use of submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Naval operations can be broadly divided between riverine and littoral applications, open-ocean applications, something in between, although these distinctions are more about strategic scope than tactical or operational division. In most nations, the term "naval", as opposed to "navy", is interpreted as encompassing all maritime military forces, e.g. navy, naval infantry/marine corps, coast guard forces. First attested in English in the early 14th century, the word "navy" came via Old French navie, "fleet of ships", from the Latin navigium, "a vessel, a ship, boat", from navis, "ship".
The word "naval" came from Latin navalis, "pertaining to ship". The earliest attested form of the word is in the Mycenaean Greek compound word, na-u-do-mo, "shipbuilders", written in Linear B syllabic script; the word denoted fleets of both commercial and military nature. In modern usage "navy" used alone always denotes a military fleet, although the term "merchant navy" for a commercial fleet still incorporates the non-military word sense; this overlap in word senses between commercial and military fleets grew out of the inherently dual-use nature of fleets. Although nationality of commercial vessels has little importance in peacetime trade other than for tax avoidance, it can have greater meaning during wartime, when supply chains become matters of patriotic attack and defense, when in some cases private vessels are temporarily converted to military vessels; the latter was important, common, before 20th-century military technology existed, when adding artillery and naval infantry to any sailing vessel could render it as martial as any military-owned vessel.
Such privateering has been rendered obsolete in blue-water strategy since modern missile and aircraft systems grew to leapfrog over artillery and infantry in many respects. Naval warfare developed. Prior to the introduction of the cannon and ships with sufficient capacity to carry the large guns, navy warfare involved ramming and boarding actions. In the time of ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, naval warfare centered on long, narrow vessels powered by banks of oarsmen designed to ram and sink enemy vessels or come alongside the enemy vessel so its occupants could be attacked hand-to-hand. Naval warfare continued in this vein through the Middle Ages until the cannon became commonplace and capable of being reloaded enough to be reused in the same battle; the Chola Dynasty of medieval India was known as one of the greatest naval powers of its time from 300 BC to 1279 AD. The Chola Navy, Chola kadarpadai comprised the naval forces of the Chola Empire along with several other Naval-arms of the country.
The Chola navy played a vital role in the expansion of the Chola Tamil kingdom, including the conquest of the Sri Lanka islands, Sri Vijaya, the spread of Hinduism, Tamil architecture and Tamil culture to Southeast Asia and in curbing the piracy in Southeast Asia in 900 CE. In ancient China, large naval battles were known since the Qin dynasty, employing the war junk during the Han dynasty. However, China's first official standing navy was not established until the Southern Song dynasty in the 12th century, a time when gunpowder was a revolutionary new application to warfare. Nusantaran thalassocracies made extensive use of naval power and technologies; this enabled the seafaring Malay people to attack as far as the coast of Tanganyika and Mozambique with 1000 boats and attempted to take the citadel of Qanbaloh, about 7,000 km to their West, in 945-946 AD. In 1350 AD Majapahit launched its largest military expedition, the invasion of Pasai, with 400 large jong and innumerable smaller vessels.
The second largest military expedition, invasion of Singapura in 1398, Majapahit deployed 300 jong with no less than 200,000 men. The mass and deck space required to carry a large number of cannon made oar-based propulsion impossible, ships came to rely on sails. Warships were designed to carry increasing numbers of cannon and naval tactics evolved to bring a ship's firepower to bear in a broadside, with ships-of-the-line arranged in a line of battle; the development of large capacity, sail-powered ships carrying cannon led to a rapid expansion of European navies the Spanish and Portuguese navies which dominated in the 16th and early 17th centuries, helped propel the age of exploration and colonialism. The repulsion of the Spanish Armada by the English fleet revolutionized naval warfare by the succe
Fort Mill, South Carolina
Fort Mill known as Fort Mill Township, is a town in York County in the U. S. state of South Carolina. It is located south of the city of North Carolina and north of Rock Hill; as of 2015 13,662 people live inside the town's corporate limits with a total of 36,119 people residing within the entire township. Some businesses and residents in the Indian Land community of neighboring Lancaster County share a Fort Mill mailing address, but the official town boundary extends only in York County; the Fort Mill area is home to notable businesses such as the headquarters of Carolina Crown Drum and Bugle Corps, DCI World Champions in 2013, LPL Financial, Continental Tire the Americas, LLC. Domtar, Mood Media, Springs Industries, AECOM, Red Ventures, Daimler Trucks North America; the town of Fort Mill was established in 1873, getting its name from its location between two points, the first, a fort constructed by British in colonial times to protect the Catawba Indians from marauding tribes to the north, the second point of Webb's Mill.
The Catawba Indians made their home in present-day Fort Mill for many years. Scotch-Irish settlers began arriving in a small settlement soon developed. Fort Mill grew in the late 19th century as textile mills were established. After many textile mill shut-downs the town continued to grow and became a major suburb of Charlotte. Highlights in Fort Mill's history include: In the mid-18th century, Thomas Spratt and his wife Elizabeth were traveling through upper South Carolina in their wagon, they spent a night among the friendly Catawba Indians and were invited to stay and live in the area on a large tract of land given to them. They became the first white settlers in the Fort Mill area and their descendants still reside there, their descendant, John Spratt, represented the area in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1983 to 2011; the town of Fort Mill was the site of the last Confederate Government Cabinet meeting. Jefferson Davis and the Confederate Cabinet passed through the area during their flight from Richmond in 1865.
The last meeting of the full Confederate Cabinet was held at the White Homestead in Fort Mill. Fort Mill's Confederate Park contains the nation's only monument to slaves fighting on the Confederate side of the American Civil War. In the 1970s and 1980s, Fort Mill was the home to TV evangelist Jim Bakker's now defunct Heritage USA; the Banks-Mack House, Fort Mill Downtown Historic District, Mack-Belk House, Mills House, Nation Ford Road, National Guard Armory, Spratt Cemetery, Springfield Plantation House, Thornwell-Elliott House, Unity Presbyterian Church Complex, John M. White House, William Elliott White House, Wilson House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.6 square miles, of which 4.6 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. Interstate 77 passes through the western portions of the town, exit 85 is signed "South Carolina Highway 160/Fort Mill." SC 160 is the main east-west street in Fort Mill.
The town of Fort Mill held a final public hearing in October 2008 on a proposed annexation that doubled the town's physical size. Fort Mill has three golf courses; the city maintains six parks, Harris Street Park, Steele Street Park, Doby Bridge Park, Calhoun Street Park, Veterans Park and Walter Elisha Park. Three of the six parks have picnic shelters, children's playgrounds, restrooms. Doby Bridge and Harris Street Parks have lighted baseball fields, Steele Street and Harris Street Parks have basketball courts, Steele Street Park has a small water park; the town maintains a banquet hall rentable through the parks and recreation department. Fort Mill is located in Cfa in the Köppen climate classification; this means that the city experiences four distinct seasons, although the variation between the seasons is not as pronounced as in other parts of the United States. Daytime maximum temperatures in the summer are around 90 °F, with nighttime low temperatures of 70 °F. In winter, daytime maxima average around 50 °F while nighttime low temperatures are near 30 °F.
Occasional readings as high as 105 °F are seen, reaching a high of 108 °F in 2007 or as low as −5 °F in 1989. Summers are humid and prone to thunderstorms, while winters are rainy with sleet and occasional snow. Snow might fall during the winter, but does not accumulate or persist as ground cover. Fort Mill experiences rainfall related to tropical cyclones but is too far inland to experience damaging winds. Fort Mill has not had any direct hits from any tropical systems since 1989, when Hurricane Hugo devastated the area; the most common soil in Fort Mill is Cecil series. The government of Fort Mill takes place within the framework of a Council-Manager Form; the town council of Fort Mill consists of six board members, two of whom serve from at-large districts, while the remainder of the council represent each of four wards. Elections are held in accordance with United States election regulations every two years, council members serve staggered four year terms; the town council meets the second Monday of each month.
The town of Fort Mill has four boards and commissions. These are the Zoning Board of Appeals, the Planning Commission, the Historical Review Board, the Housing Authority Board. Members of boards and commissions are appointed on a volunteer basis. Fort Mill is the primary community within the Fort Mill School