In team sports, a shutout or clean sheet is a game in which one team prevents the other from scoring any points. While possible in most major sports, they are improbable in some sports, such as basketball. Shutouts are seen as a result of effective defensive play though a weak opposing offense may be as much to blame; some sports credit individual players goalkeepers and starting pitchers, with shutouts and keep track of them as statistics. A shutout in American football is uncommon but not exceptionally rare. Keeping an opponent scoreless in American football requires a team's defense to be able to shut down both pass and run offenses over the course of a game; the difficulty of completing a shutout is compounded by the many ways. For example, teams can attempt field goals; the range of NFL caliber kickers makes it possible for a team with a weak offense to get close enough to the goalposts and kick a field goal. In the decade of the 2000s there were 89 shutouts in 2,544 NFL regular-season games, for an average of more than one shutout every two weeks in an NFL season.
There are at least five instances in American football in which a team had been shut out throughout an entire season, four in which a team has shut out all of their opponents in the season. The achievement of a shutout is much more difficult in Canadian football, where scoring and offensive movement is more frequent and a single point can be scored by punting the ball from any point on the field into the end zone. In football and other sports with a goalkeeper, the goalie may be said to "keep a clean sheet" if they prevent their opponents from scoring during an entire match; because football is a low-scoring game, it is common for one team, or both teams, to score no goals. A theory as to the term's origin is that sports reporters used separate pieces of paper to record the different statistical details of a game. If one team did not allow a goal that team's "details of goals conceded" page would appear blank, leaving a clean sheet. In Major League Baseball, a shutout refers to the act by which a single pitcher pitches a complete game and does not allow the opposing team to score a run.
If two or more pitchers combine to complete this act, no pitcher will be awarded a shutout, although the team itself can be said to have "shut out" the opposing team. The only exception to this is when a pitcher enters a game before the opposing team scores a run or makes an out and completes the game without allowing a run to score; that pitcher is awarded a shutout, although not a complete game. The all-time career leader in shutouts is Walter Johnson, who pitched for the Washington Senators from 1907 to 1927, he accumulated 110 shutouts, 20 more than second placed Grover Cleveland Alexander. The most shutouts recorded in one season was 16, a feat accomplished by both Grover Alexander and George Bradley; these records are considered among the most secure records in baseball, as pitchers today earn more than one or two shutouts per season with a heavy emphasis on pitch count and relief pitching. Complete games themselves have become rare among starting pitchers; the current active leader in shutouts is Clayton Kershaw of the Los Angeles Dodgers.
Entering his ninth season, he has recorded 13 shutouts. Only four pitchers whose entire careers were in the post-1920 live-ball era threw as many as 60 career shutouts, with Warren Spahn leading those pitchers with 63. In ice hockey, a shutout is credited to a goaltender who stops the other team from scoring during the entire game. A shutout may be shared between two goaltenders, but will not be listed in either of their individual statistics; the record holder for most regular-season career shutouts in the National Hockey League is Martin Brodeur with 125. The modern-day record for a team being shut out in a season is held by the Columbus Blue Jackets at 16, during the 2006–07 season. In the event a shutout happens while using several goaltenders, the shutout will be credited to the team who shut out the opponent. However, no single goaltender will be awarded the shutout; this has happened several times in NHL history, including: During the 1982–83 Washington Capitals season, the Washington Capitals and their goalies Al Jensen and Pat Riggin shared a shutout.
December 8, 2001: the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim won 4–0 over the Minnesota Wild with Jean-Sébastien Giguère and Steve Shields in goal. November 23, 2006: the Nashville Predators won 6–0 over the Vancouver Canucks with Tomáš Vokoun, who left the game injured, he was replaced by Chris Mason. December 12, 2007: the Ottawa Senators won 6–0 over the Carolina Hurricanes with Ray Emery, who left the game injured after making one save, he was replaced by Martin Gerber. December 1, 2009: the Toronto Maple Leafs won 3–0 over the Montreal Canadiens with Jonas Gustavsson, who left the game after the first period because of heart problems, he was replaced by Joey MacDonald. February 2, 2011: The Pittsburgh Penguins defeated the New York Islanders 3–0. With 16 seconds remaining in the game, Islanders goaltender Rick DiPietro interfered with Penguins forward Matt Cooke. Penguins starter Brent Johnson, who at that point had stopped all twenty Islander shots, would leave his crease to engage DiPietro, sending him to the ice with one punch
"In Love wit Chu" is the lead single from Da Brat's fourth studio album, Luv & Niteclubz. The song featured R&B group Cherish, in. Released on June 8, 2003, "In Love wit Chu" was the first and only single from Limelite, Luv & Niteclubz and was produced and co-written by L. T. Hutton, becoming Da Brat's first single to not be produced or written by Jermaine Dupri; the song peaked at No. 44 on the Billboard Hot 100 during the summer of 2003, narrowly missing becoming her seventh top 40 single. The song featured the debuting Cherish, who made their first appearance on this song in the year Da Brat returned the favor by appearing on Cherish's "Miss P.", their solo debut. The music video features cameo appearances by boxer Roy Jones Jr. and Jermaine Dupri. "In Love wit Chu" - 4:13 "World Premiere" - 3:18 "In Love wit Chu"- 4:08
Locomotives of New Zealand is a complete list of all locomotive classes that operate or have operated on New Zealand's national railway network. It does not include locomotives used on bush tramways. KiwiRail operates 148 diesel-electric locomotives, 15 electric locomotives, 2 railcars and 82 shunting locomotives. There are 10 diesel multiple units and 57 electric multiple units operated by Auckland Transport, 83 electric multiple units operated by the Greater Wellington Regional Council. Additionally, there are diesel-electric and steam locomotives and railcars in working order owned by private companies or preservation societies. All New Zealand's main-line locomotives are 1067 mm gauge. Steam locomotives were categorised with just a single letter, such as the "F class"; when a new class was built as an enhancement of an old class, the old class's letter was re-used, followed by a superscript upper-case letter. For example, the 1906 A class was followed by the AB classes. Diesel-electric and electric locomotive classifications consisted of an upper-case D or E followed by a second and sometimes a third letter.
The second and third letters are sometimes represented as smaller-sized upper case. New classes were not always given the classification that alphabetically followed that of the previous class that had most been acquired. For example, the DJ class was followed by the DX class followed by the DF class. If an entire class had been withdrawn from service and the classification no longer in use, it was sometimes re-used. Following the introduction of the computer-based Traffic Monitoring System and consequent renumbering, classes were identified by the two upper-case letters with the first letter remaining D or E and sub-classes being indicated by a third upper-case letter, such as DAA, DAR, DFT, DXR and so on. Most diesel-electric shunting locomotives have a three-letter classification with DS as the first two letters, following on from the original diesel-electric shunting class, known as the DS class. For electric locomotives the second letter referred to where the locomotive was based, such as EC in Christchurch, EO in Otira and EW in Wellington.
The EM class in Wellington stands for Electric Motor and the ET stands for Electric Trailer. The DM class units were an exception to this. Most railcars were classified RM, individual classes were known by alternate names such as the Vulcan railcars of the South Island and the Wairarapa railcars that ran over the Rimutaka Incline. Wellington electric multiple units operate on 1500 V DC overhead. Auckland's electric multiple units run on 25 kV AC overhead. Livery: The first railcars were painted "carnation red" with a yellow stripe; the Silver Fern railcars appeared in stainless steel. All railcars, unless otherwise stated, are designated RM class. Here, they are classified under their common names. Experimental railcars included the following: Livery: New Zealand steam locomotives after the late 1920s were completely black with red buffer beams at each end. Earlier steam locomotives were more varied in colour with a contrasting lining on the cab sides and side tanks, for example the green of the F class Peveril.
Steam locomotive notes: ^ Two other types of locomotives built in the 1870s were included in the A class. All three were technically and aesthetically quite different; the other A types are known as the Shanks A and the Mills A, after their respective builders. ^ A different type of locomotive was nominally classified as being the solitary member of the S class in 1877, but it was known as Robina. New Zealand Railways Steam Locomotives New Zealand Diesel and Electric Traction New Zealand Locomotives Current New Zealand Locomotive Assignments