University of Rochester
The University of Rochester is a private research university in Rochester, New York. The university grants undergraduate and graduate degrees, including doctoral and professional degrees; the University of Rochester enrolls 5,600 undergraduates and 4,600 graduate students. Its 158 buildings house over 200 academic majors. Additionally, the university is the largest employer in the Greater Rochester area and the 6th largest employer in New York. According to the National Science Foundation ranking of total research and development expenditures, the University of Rochester spent $346 million on R&D in 2016, the 66th highest figure, nationally; the College of Arts and Engineering is home to departments and divisions of note. The Institute of Optics was founded in 1929 through a grant from Eastman Kodak and Bausch and Lomb as the first educational program in the US devoted to optics, awards half of all optics degrees nationwide, is regarded as the premier optics program in the nation; the Departments of Political Science and Economics have made a significant and consistent impact on positivist social science since the 1960s, rank in the top 5 in their fields.
The Department of Chemistry is noted for its contributions to synthetic organic chemistry, including the first lab based synthesis of morphine. The Rossell Hope Robbins Library serves as the university's resource for Old and Middle English texts and expertise; the university is home to Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics, a US Department of Energy supported national laboratory. The University of Rochester's Eastman School of Music, ranks first among music schools in the U. S; the Sibley Music Library at Eastman is the largest academic music library in North America and holds the third largest collection in the United States. In its history, 7 university alumni, 4 faculty, 1 senior research associate at Strong Memorial Hospital have been awarded Nobel Prizes; the University of Rochester traces its origins to The First Baptist Church of Hamilton, founded in 1796. The church established the Baptist Education Society of the State of New York renamed the Hamilton Literary and Theological Institution, in 1817.
This institution gave birth to The University of Rochester. Its function was to train clergy in the Baptist tradition; when it aspired to grant higher degrees, it created a collegiate division separate from the theological division. The collegiate division was granted a charter by the State of New York in 1846, after which its name was changed to Madison University. John Wilder and the Baptist Education Society urged that the new university be moved to Rochester, New York. However, legal action prevented the move. In response, dissenting faculty and trustees defected and departed for Rochester, where they sought a new charter for a new university. Madison University was renamed as Colgate University. Asahel C. Kendrick, professor of Greek, was among the faculty. Kendrick served as acting president, he reprised this role until 1853, when Martin Brewer Anderson of the Newton Theological Seminary in Massachusetts was selected to fill the inaugural posting. The University of Rochester's new charter was awarded by the Regents of the State of New York on January 31, 1850.
The charter stipulated that the university have $100,000 in endowment within five years, upon which the charter would be reaffirmed. An initial gift of $10,000 was pledged by John Wilder, which helped catalyze significant gifts from individuals and institutions. Classes began that November, with 60 students enrolled, including 28 transfers from Madison. From 1850 to 1862, the university was housed in the old United States Hotel in downtown Rochester on Buffalo Street near Elizabeth Street, West Main Street near the I-490 overpass. On a February 1851 visit, Ralph Waldo Emerson said of the university:'They had bought a hotel, once a railroad terminus depot, for $8,500, turned the dining room into a chapel by putting up a pulpit on one side, made the barroom into a Pythologian Society's Hall, & the chambers into Recitation rooms, Libraries, & professors' apartments, all for $700 a year, they had brought an omnibus load of professors down from Madison bag and baggage... called in a painter and sent him up the ladder to paint the title "University of Rochester" on the wall, they had runners on the road to catch students.
And they are confident of graduating a class of ten by the time green peas are ripe."For the next 10 years, the college expanded its scope and secured its future through an expanding endowment, student body, faculty. In parallel, a gift of 8 acres of farmland from local businessman and Congressman Azariah Boody secured the first campus of the university, upon which Anderson Hall was constructed and dedicated in 1862. Over the next sixty years, this Prince Street Campus grew by a further 17 acres and was developed to include fraternities houses and academic buildings including Anderson Hall, Sibley Library and Carnegie Laboratories, the Memorial Art Gallery, Cutler Union; the first female students were admitted in 1900, the result of an effort led by Susan B. Anthony and Helen Barrett Montgomery. During the 1890s, a number of women took classes and labs at the university as "visitors" but were not enrolled nor were their records included in the college register. President David Jayne Hill allowed the first woman, Hele
Rochester, New York
Rochester is a city on the southern shore of Lake Ontario in western New York. With a population of 208,046 residents, Rochester is the seat of Monroe County and the third most populous city in New York state, after New York City and Buffalo; the metropolitan area has a population of just over 1 million people. It is about 73 miles east of Buffalo and 87 miles west of Syracuse. Rochester was one of America's first boomtowns due to the fertile Genesee River Valley, which gave rise to numerous flour mills, as a manufacturing hub. Several of the region's universities have renowned research programs. Rochester is the site of many important innovations in consumer products; the Rochester area has been the birthplace to Kodak, Western Union, French's, Bausch & Lomb and Xerox, which conduct extensive research and manufacturing of industrial and consumer products. Until 2010, the Rochester metropolitan area was the second-largest regional economy in New York State, after the New York City metropolitan area.
Rochester's GMP has since ranked just below Buffalo, New York, while exceeding it in per-capita income. The 25th edition of the Places Rated Almanac rated Rochester as the "most livable city" in 2007, among 379 U. S. metropolitan areas. In 2010 Forbes rated Rochester as the third-best place to raise a family in the United States. In 2012 Kiplinger rated Rochester as the fifth-best city in the United States for families, citing low cost of living, top public schools, a low jobless rate. Rochester is a Global city with Sufficiency status; the Seneca tribe of Native Americans lived in and around Rochester until they lost their claim to most of this land in the Treaty of Big Tree in 1797. Settlement before the Seneca tribe is unknown. Development of Rochester followed the American Revolution, forced cession of their territory by the Iroquois after the defeat of Great Britain. Allied with the British, four major Iroquois tribes were forced out of New York; as a reward for their loyalty to the British Crown, they were given a large land grant on the Grand River in Canada.
Rochester was founded shortly after the American Revolution by a wave of English-Puritan descended immigrants from New England who were looking for new agricultural land. They would be the dominant cultural group in Rochester for over a century. On November 8, 1803, Col. Nathaniel Rochester, Maj. Charles Carroll, Col. William Fitzhugh, Jr. all of Hagerstown, purchased a 100-acre tract from the state in Western New York along the Genesee River. They chose the site because its three cataracts on the Genesee offered great potential for water power. Beginning in 1811, with a population of 15, the three founders surveyed the land and laid out streets and tracts. In 1817, the Brown brothers and other landowners joined their lands with the Hundred Acre Tract to form the village of Rochesterville. By 1821, Rochesterville was the seat of Monroe County. In 1823, Rochesterville consisted of 1,012 acres and 2,500 residents, the Village of Rochesterville became known as Rochester. In 1823, the Erie Canal aqueduct over the Genesee River was completed, the Erie Canal east to the Hudson River was opened.
In the early 20th century, after the advent of railroads, the presence of the canal in the center city was an obstacle. By 1830, Rochester's population was 9,200 and in 1834, it was re-chartered as a city. Rochester was first known as "the Young Lion of the West", as the "Flour City". By 1838, Rochester was the largest flour-producing city in the United States. Having doubled its population in only 10 years, Rochester became America's first "boomtown". In 1830-31, Rochester experienced one of the nation's biggest Protestant revivalist movements, led by Charles Finney; the revival has been noted as inspiring other revivals of the Second Great Awakening. A leading pastor in New York, converted in the Rochester meetings gave the following account of the effects of Finney's meetings in that city: "The whole community was stirred. Religion was the topic of conversation in the house, in the office and on the street; the only theater in the city was converted into a livery stable. Grog shops were closed.
Nurseries ringed the city, the most famous of, started in 1840 by immigrants Georg Ellwanger from Germany and Patrick Barry from Ireland. In 1847, Frederick Douglass founded the abolitionist newspaper The North Star in Rochester. Douglass, a former slave and an antislavery speaker and writer, gained a circulation of over 4,000 readers in the United States and the Caribbean; the North Star served as a forum for abolitionist views. The Douglass home burnt down in 1872, but a marker for it is found in Highland Park off South Avenue. Susan B. Anthony, a national leader of the women's suffrage movement, was from Rochester; the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed the right of women to vote in 1920, was known as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment because of her work toward its passage, which she did not live to see. Anthony's home is a National Historic Landmark known as the National Susan B. Anthony Museum and House. At the end of the 19th century, anarchi
Rush Rhees Library
Rush Rhees Library is the main academic library of the University of Rochester in Rochester, New York. It is one of the most recognizable landmarks on the university's River Campus. Construction began in 1927 with the other original River Campus buildings and the library was dedicated in 1930, it is named after the university's third president. A major addition was added in 1970, which now houses the main computer lab, additional stacks and office space. Rush Rhees is the flagship of the River Campus Libraries System, which holds about 3 million volumes; the library features an elevator original from 1930. Rush Rhees Tower stands 186 feet high and houses the Hopeman Memorial Carillon, the largest musical instrument in the city and one of only six in New York, it weighs in at 6,668 lb. The carillon chimes on the quarter-hour and weekly recitals are given by students and guests. An annual recital series is held during the summer. Located on the 4th floor of Rush Rhees is the Rossell Hope Robbins Library, which houses a non-circulating medieval studies collection of more than 20,000 volumes.
In addition to its holdings in all aspects of Middle English Literature, it contains holdings in Old English, Anglo-Norman, medieval French literature. The collection was donated by medievalist Rossell Hope Robbins and his wife Helen Ann Mins Robbins in 1987 and, at the time, appraised for more than $750,000. Robbins set provisions for new acquisitions and established a trust of $160,000 for a fellowship program. River Campus Libraries Rush Rhees Library Hopeman Memorial Carillon
Kodak Hall at Eastman Theatre is the largest performance venue at the Eastman School of Music of the University of Rochester, located in downtown Rochester, New York. The theatre was established by industrialist George Eastman and opened on September 4, 1922, as a center for music and silent film, with orchestral and organ accompaniment; the theatre is the primary hall for the Eastman School's larger ensembles, including its orchestras, wind ensembles, jazz ensembles, chorale. It contained 3,352 seats, but was revised in 2009 to become a 2,260-seat concert hall with state-of-the-art acoustics optimized for symphonic and chamber music performances; the theatre is the principal performance venue for the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, the Eastman Opera Theatre presents staged operatic productions each spring. A $5 million renovation of the theater building was completed in October 2004. Eastman Kodak Company, founded by George Eastman, donated $10 million for a subsequent renovation, completed in October 2009.
Maxfield Parrish's painting "Interlude" hung in the Eastman Theatre. The original was moved to the Memorial Art Gallery in 1997 to stabilize its temperature and humidity, a full-size color reproduction hung in its place. List of concert halls Theater in New York Eastman School of Music Eastman Theatre University of Rochester
Simon Business School
Simon Business School is the business school of the University of Rochester. It is located on the University's River Campus in New York, it was renamed after William E. Simon, the 63rd United States Secretary of the Treasury, in 1986; the school's present dean is Andrew S. Ainslie. Simon Business School offers full-time, part-time, executive Master of Business Administration Programs, as well as Master of Science Programs; the school is home to substantial academic research enterprises and to a Ph. D. Program in several business disciplines; the University of Rochester started as a small business program in 1958, awarded its first M. B. A. degree in 1962, but the School's impact in the business world can be traced to a decision by University President W. Allen Wallis to create a first-class business school in Rochester. In 1964, he was recruited as dean. Dean Wallis believed in the power of economics to solve a host of problems. William H. Meckling—who would remain dean for 19 years—was a noted economist best known for his analysis and leadership in support of an all-volunteer U.
S. armed service. As dean, he committed the school to an economics-based approach to problem solving, recruited a leading faculty, required that all research at the school have an empirical orientation, initiated new finance and accounting journals that incorporated economics, eliminated traditional boundaries between functional departments, transformed what had been a small and evening business school into a leading graduate business program; as a result of work by Meckling and Michael C. Jensen—one of the faculty members he recruited—and other faculty members, the Simon became known for its contributions to the areas of finance and organizational theory; the faculty's contributions, in turn, helped shape the research agenda of a generation of business scholars around the world, influencing teaching in graduate business programs and changing how many companies and executives in the US and abroad conduct business. In 1986, another milestone in the school's history occurred when the school was renamed the William E. Simon Graduate School of Business Administration.
William E. Simon, a financial entrepreneur and former U. S. Treasury Secretary, believed in the principles and ideals of the school, he offered an enduring financial commitment to the school's continued success. He chaired the Executive Advisory Committee from its inception in 1986 until his death in June 2000. Today, Andrew S. Ainslie—who succeeded Mark A. Zupan in 2014—serves as dean of Simon Business School; the Full-Time Master of Business Administration Program is the flagship two-year program and begins in August. With an average full-time M. B. A. enrollment of 100 students per class, the Full-time M. B. A. program is 50 percent international. The Full-Time M. B. A. degree requires 67 hours of study, consisting of a total of 20 classes and an additional 3-credit course on Business Communication and Career Success. Full-time students complete the M. B. A. course requirements in six academic quarters of varying lengths with an internship in the summer between the first and second years of study. The first year of the Full-Time M.
B. A. Program is divided into three quarters, followed by a summer-long internship. During each of the first three quarters students are assigned to teams of four-to-five students. During the second year, which consists of electives that allow students to focus on their preferred concentrations, students form their own teams; the full-time M. B. A program is among the top 50 in the U. S. as rated by several prestigious publications. Simon is according to Times Higher Education. Students in the M. B. A. program have the opportunity to graduate with one or several concentrations. Some of the major areas of study include: • Competitive and Organizational Strategy, including tracks in Strategy and Organizations and Pricing • Corporate Accounting • Entrepreneurship • Finance • Marketing, including tracks in Marketing Strategy and Brand Management • Business Systems Consulting • Computers and Information Systems • Health Sciences Management • International Management • Operations Management • Public Accounting Simon's Part-Time Professional M.
B. A. Program offers the same educational opportunities and choices for a concentration as the Full-Time M. B. A. Program, but through evening courses, tailored for individuals who are working while completing the degree; the program delivers a cohort-style experience for core courses, with assigned study teams, support services, scholarships to support the accelerated timeline. The program begins each September or March, with students taking two courses per quarter and completing the program in 2.5 academic years. Simon's Executive M. B. A. program is offered on the Rochester campus, as well as in Bern, Switzerland, in conjunction with the Institut für Finanzmanagement at the Universität Bern. The Bern program is equivalent to the Rochester program and is taught by Simon School faculty and European scholars. Students are sponsored by their organizations and earn a University of Rochester degree. Like Rochester's Executive M. B. A. students, the students of the Rochester-Bern Executive M. B. A. program in Switzerland come from a wide variety of cultures.
Bern students spend their four-week summer term in Rochester studying alongside American students. Simon Master of Science Programs only require one year of full-time study. Students have the opportunity
George Eastman Museum
The George Eastman Museum, the world's oldest museum dedicated to photography and one of the world's oldest film archives, opened to the public in 1949 in Rochester, New York. World-renowned for its collections in the fields of photography and cinema, the museum is a leader in film preservation and photograph conservation, educating archivists and conservators from around the world. Home to the 500-seat Dryden Theatre, the museum is located on the estate of entrepreneur and philanthropist George Eastman, the founder of Eastman Kodak Company; the estate was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1966. The Rochester estate of George Eastman was bequeathed upon his death to the University of Rochester. University presidents occupied Eastman's mansion as a residence for ten years. In 1948, the university transferred the property to the museum and the Georgian Revival Style mansion was adapted to serve the museum's operations. George Eastman House was chartered as a museum in 1947. From the outset, the museum's mission has been to collect and present the history of photography and film.
The museum opened its doors on November 9, 1949, displaying its core collections in the former public rooms of Eastman's house. In October 2015, the museum changed its name from George Eastman House to the George Eastman Museum; the museum's original collections included the Medicus collection of Civil War photographs by Alexander Gardner, Eastman Kodak Company's historical collection, the massive Gabriel Cromer collection of nineteenth-century French photography. The Eastman Museum has received donations of entire archives and individual collections, the estates of leading photographers, as well as thousands of motion pictures and massive holdings of cinematic ephemera. By 1984, the museum's holdings were considered by many to be among the world's finest, but with the collections growing at a rapid pace, the museum was burdened by its own success. Additional space became critical to study the increasing number of collected objects; the museum's expansion facility opened to the public in January 1989.
In 1999, the George Eastman Museum launched the Mellon Advanced Residency Program in Photograph Conservation, made possible with grant support from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation; the program trained conservators from around the world. In 1996, the museum opened the Louis B. Mayer Conservation Center in New York. One of only four film conservation centers in the United States, the facility houses the museum's rare 35 mm prints made on cellulose nitrate; that same year, the Eastman House launched the first school of film preservation in the United States to teach restoration and archiving of motion pictures. The L. Jeffrey Selznick School of Film Preservation was founded with support from The Louis B. Mayer Foundation. George Eastman Museum has organized numerous groundbreaking exhibitions, including New Topographics: Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape in 1975; the current director of the George Eastman Museum is Bruce Barnes, appointed in September 2012. The George Eastman Museum is headed by a board of trustees.
Kevin Gavagan is the current chair of board. The George Eastman Museum's annual budget is $10 million; as of December 2014, its endowment exceeded $35 million. The museum's holdings comprise more than 400,000 photographs and negatives dating from the invention of photography to the present day; the photography collection embraces numerous landmark processes, objects of great rarity, monuments of art history that trace the evolution of the medium as a technology, as a means of scientific and historical documentation, as one of the most potent and accessible means of personal expression of the modern era. More than 14,000 photographers are represented in the collection, including all the major figures in the history of the medium; the collection includes original vintage works produced by nearly every process and printing medium employed. Notable holdings include: One of the world's largest collection of daguerreotypes, including more than 1,000 by Southworth & Hawes A major collection of nineteenth-century photographs of the American West by photographers including Carleton Watkins, Eadweard Muybridge, Timothy H. O'Sullivan, William Henry Jackson A major collection of ca.
1890s–1910s glass negatives from French photojournalist Charles Chusseau-Flaviens The photographic estates of Lewis Hine, Edward Steichen, Alvin Langdon Coburn, Nickolas Muray and Victor Keppler A major collection of Ansel Adams’ early and vintage printsThe museum's collection includes works by leading contemporary artists, including Andy Warhol, Candida Höfer, David Levinthal, Cindy Sherman, Adam Fuss, Vik Muniz, Gillian Wearing, Ori Gersht, Mickalene Thomas, Chris McCaw, Matthew Brandt. The George Eastman Museum Motion Picture Collection is one of the major moving image archives in the United States, it was established in 1949 by the first curator of film, James Card who helped to build the George Eastman Museum as a leading force in the field with holdings of over 25,000 titles and a collection of stills and papers with over 3 millio
Eastman School of Music
The Eastman School of Music is the professional school of music of the University of Rochester in Rochester, New York. It was established in 1921 by philanthropist George Eastman, it offers Bachelor of Music degrees, Master of Arts degrees, Master of Music degrees, Doctor of Philosophy degrees, Doctor of Musical Arts degrees in many musical fields. The school awards a "Performer's Certificate" or "Artist's Diploma". In 2015, there were more than 900 students enrolled in the collegiate division of the Eastman School. Students came from every state of the United States, with 25% foreign students; each year 2000 students apply. The acceptance rate was 13% in 2011 and about 1,000 students are enrolled in the Eastman School’s Community Music School. Alfred Klingenberg, a Norwegian pianist, was the school's first director, he was succeeded by composer Howard Hanson in 1924, who had an enormous impact on the development of the school, holding his post for four decades and continuing his involvement at Eastman after his retirement.
Since the founding of the Eastman School of Music in 1921, the school has been directed by six men. Alfred Klingenberg served as the school’s first director from 1921 to 1923. After a one-year interim under Acting Director Raymond Wilson, the young American composer and conductor Howard Hanson was appointed director of the school in 1924. Dr. Hanson is credited for transforming the Eastman School into a top school. Upon his retirement in 1964, after serving as director of the school for 40 years, Hanson was succeeded by conductor Walter Hendl. Hendl served as director from 1964 to 1972, was succeeded by pianist and musicologist Robert Freeman who served from 1972 to 1996. Associate Director Daniel Patrylak served as the acting director from the time of Mr. Hendl’s resignation until Robert Freeman assumed the position in July 1973. Following the resignation of Robert Freeman in 1996, James Undercofler was appointed Director and Dean of the Eastman School, held that position until he resigned in 2006 to accept the position of C.
E. O. and President of the Philadelphia Orchestra. Jamal Rossi, an Eastman alumnus, was appointed Interim Dean of the Eastman School in April 2006. On May 21, 2007, composer/conductor Douglas Lowry the dean of the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music, was appointed Dean of the Eastman School, to begin serving in 2007. Following Lowry's death in 2013, Rossi was appointed Dean; the Eastman School occupies parts of five buildings in New York. The main hall includes the renovated 3,094-seat Eastman Theater, the 455-seat Kilbourn Hall, the 222-seat Hatch Recital Hall, offices for faculty; the Eastman Theatre opened in 1922 as a center for music and silent film with orchestral and organ accompaniment. Today, the 3,094-seat theatre is the primary concert hall for the Eastman School's larger ensembles, including its orchestras, wind ensembles, jazz ensembles, chorale; the Eastman Opera Theatre presents staged operatic productions in the theatre each spring. It is the principal performance venue for the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra.
A $5 million renovation of the theatre was completed in 2004. The theatre is located on the corner of Main and Gibbs Streets. Due to a $10 million donation by Eastman Kodak Inc. in April 2008, the Eastman Theatre was renamed "Kodak Hall at Eastman Theatre" upon the renovation's completion in 2010. The Sibley Music Library—the largest academic music library in North America—is located across the street from the main hall. Hiram Watson Sibley founded the library in 1904 using the fortune he made as first president of Western Union, it moved to its current location in 1989, occupies 45,000 square feet on the 2nd, 3rd and 4th floors of the Miller Center known as Eastman Place. The Sibley Music Library holds 750,000 items, ranging from 11th century codices to the latest compositions and recordings. Considered among its jewels are the original drafts of Debussy's impressionistic masterpiece, "La Mer." The Student Living Center, located at 100 Gibbs Street, is the dormitory building of the Eastman School of Music.
In 1991, the new building was opened at the corner of Main and Gibbs Streets, replacing the University Avenue dormitories built nearly 70 years earlier. It is a four-story quadrangle and 14-story tower surrounding a landscaped inner courtyard, contains its own dining hall; the majority of students enrolled in the undergraduate program live on campus in this building. The school offers Bachelor of Music degrees, Master of Arts degrees, Master of Music degrees, Doctor of Philosophy degrees, Doctor of Musical Arts degrees in many musical fields; the school awards a "Performer's Certificate" or "Artist's Diploma" to students who demonstrate exceptionally outstanding performance ability. The Institute for Music Leadership, formed in 2001, offers a variety of diploma programs designed to educate and give students the skills and experience necessary to meet the demands of performance and education in today’s changing musical world. In 2018, The Institute for Music Leadership created a Master of Arts degree in Music Leadership, designed for musicians who seek to lead traditional and/or non-traditional musical arts organizations.
This new degree program combines intense classroom study, courses from Eastman’s rich performance and scholarly offerings, hands-on experiences through internships and mentorships. Eastman alu