The Sicarii were a splinter group of the Jewish Zealots who, in the decades preceding Jerusalem's destruction in 70 CE opposed the Roman occupation of Judea and attempted to expel them and their sympathizers from the area. The Sicarii carried sicae, or small daggers, concealed in their cloaks. At public gatherings, they pulled out these daggers to attack Romans and Hebrew Roman sympathizers alike, blending into the crowd after the deed to escape detection; the Sicarii are regarded as one of the earliest known organized assassination units of cloak and daggers, predating the Islamic Hashishin and Japanese ninja by centuries. The derived Spanish term sicario is used in contemporary Latin America to describe a hitman working for a drug cartels. In Latin, Sicarii is the plural form of Sicarius "dagger-man", "dagger-wielder". Sica from Proto-Albanian *tsikā, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- via Illyrian. In Latin usage, "sicarius" was the standard term for a murderer, to this day "sicario" is a salaried assassin in Spanish and a commissioned murderer in Italian.
Sicário in Portuguese. Victims of the Sicarii are thought to have included Jonathan the High Priest, although it is possible that his murder was orchestrated by the Roman governor Antonius Felix; some murders were met with severe retaliation by the Romans on the entire Hebrew population of the country. However, on some occasions, the Sicarii would release their intended victim. Much of what is known about the Sicarii comes from the Romano-Jewish by Josephus, who wrote that the Sicarii agreed to release the kidnapped secretary of Eleazar, governor of the Temple precincts, in exchange for the release of ten captured assassins. At the beginning of the First Roman-Jewish War, the Sicarii, Zealot helpers, gained access to Jerusalem and committed a series of atrocities in an attempt to incite the population into war against Rome. In one account, given in the Talmud, they destroyed the city's food supply, using starvation to force the people to fight against the Roman siege, instead of negotiating peace.
Their leaders, including Menahem ben Yehuda and Eleazar ben Ya'ir, were notable figures in the war, the group fought in many battles against the Romans as soldiers. Together with a small group of followers, Menahem made his way to the fortress of Masada, took over a Roman garrison and slaughtered all 700 soldiers there, they took over another fortress called Antonia and overpowered the troops of Agrippa II. He trained them to conduct various guerrilla operations on Roman convoys and legions stationed around Judea. Josephus wrote that the Sicarii raided nearby Hebrew villages including Ein Gedi, where they massacred 700 women and children; the Zealots and other prominent rebels joined forces to attack and temporarily take Jerusalem from Rome in 66 AD, where they took control of the Temple in Jerusalem, executing anyone who tried to oppose their power. The local populace resisted their control and launched a series of sieges and raids to remove the rebel factions; the rebels silenced the uprising and Jerusalem stayed in their hands for the duration of the war.
The Romans came to take back the city, they led counter-attacks and sieges to starve the rebels inside. The rebels held for some time, but the constant bickering and the lack of leadership led the groups to disintegrate; the leader of the Sicarii, was killed by rival factions during an altercation. Soon, the Romans regained control, destroyed the whole city in 70 AD. Eleazar and his followers returned to Masada and continued their rebellion against the Romans until 73 AD; the Romans took the fortress and, according to Josephus, found that most of its defenders had committed suicide rather than surrender. In Josephus' The Jewish War, after the fall of the Temple in 70 AD, the sicarii became the dominant revolutionary Hebrew faction, scattered abroad. Josephus associates them with the mass suicide at Masada in 73 AD and to the subsequent refusal "to submit to the taxation census when Cyrenius was sent to Judea to make one" as part of their rebellion's religious and political scheme. Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus according to the New Testament, was believed by some to be a sicarius.
This opinion is objected to by modern historians because Josephus in The War of the Hebrews mentions the appearance of the Sicarii as a new phenomenon during the procuratorships of Felix, having no apparent relation with the group called Sicarii by Romans at times of Quirinius. The 2nd century compendium of Jewish oral law, the Mishnah, mentions the word sikrin related to Sicarii, and, explained by the early rabbinic commentators as being related to the Greek: ληστής, to government personnel involved with implementing the laws of Sicaricon. Maimonides, in his Mishnah Commentary, explains the same word sikrin as meaning "people who harass and who are disposed to being violent."
"Big Girls Don't Cry" is the eighteenth episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and is the fifth of the show's second season. It was written by Terence Winter, directed by Tim Van Patten and aired on February 13, 2000. James Gandolfini as Tony Soprano Lorraine Bracco as Dr. Jennifer Melfi Edie Falco as Carmela Soprano Michael Imperioli as Christopher Moltisanti Dominic Chianese as Corrado Soprano, Jr. Vincent Pastore as Pussy Bonpensiero Steven Van Zandt as Silvio Dante Tony Sirico as Paulie Gualtieri Robert Iler as Anthony Soprano, Jr. Jamie-Lynn Sigler as Meadow Soprano * Drea de Matteo as Adriana La Cerva David Proval as Richie Aprile Aida Turturro as Janice Soprano Nancy Marchand as Livia Soprano ** = credit only Jerry Adler as Hesh Rabkin Kathrine Narducci as Charmaine Bucco John Ventimiglia as Artie Bucco Adriana is proud of Christopher's screenwriting and encourages it. For his birthday, she enrolls him in an "Acting for Playwrights" course, he is applauded for his acting an emotional scene in which he plays a son with his father.
When a student asks him how he manages to cry, he walks out and embarrassed. In the next lesson, playing another scene with the student who played his father, he snaps, he hits him hard, kicks him as he lies on the floor. At home that night, he throws away everything. Furio Giunta is now in a soldier with the Soprano crime family. Christopher has been making collections from the owner of a massage parlor/brothel but has not been using enough pressure, the payments are short. Tony sends Furio instead, he ruthlessly assaults customers and girls, breaks the owner's arm and shoots him in the kneecap, hits his wife and spits on her. With Furio's arrival, Tony raises Paulie and Silvio in status, lowers Pussy. Pussy complains about this betrayal, as he sees it, to Agent Lipari, who feels he has been passed over himself. Sympathizing with each other, each complains about the declining standards of his own organization. Tony is getting violent, he is enflamed when he learns that Janice is negotiating a loan with their mother's house as security.
He goes to the house early one morning to confront her. He is taken aback when the door is opened by Richie, who says that he and she have revived the relationship they had many years ago. Tony says it was like Palestine, he leaves, saying with disgust, "She's your fucking problem now." Tony visits Hesh Rabkin. Hesh is sympathetic, tells him that his father had panic attacks. However, Hesh gets bored. Dr Melfi consults Dr. Kupferberg, tries to understand her feelings about her gangster client, she decides to take him back. At their first session, while questions are being asked and answered, it seems they cannot stop smiling at each other; the episode's title is taken from the name of a song by Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons, which can be heard in the background during the restaurant scene during the episode. Valli would have a role on the series as Rusty Millio; the song played in the background of Artie's restaurant is the title of the episode, "Big Girls Don't Cry" by Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons.
The song playing when Christopher enters the massage parlor is "Touch It" by Monifah. The song from Dr. Melfi's dream about Tony Soprano is "Optimistic Voices", a selection from the 1939 film classic, The Wizard of Oz; the song played during Furio's party is "Rock the Boat" by The Hues Corporation. The song played over the end credits is "White Mustang II" by Daniel Lanois. "Big Girls Don't Cry" at HBO "Big Girls Don't Cry" on IMDb "Big Girls Don't Cry" at TV.com
The National Pork Producers Council is a trade association representing U. S. pork producers and other industry stakeholders. It conducts public policy outreach on behalf of its affiliated state associations from its headquarters in Des Moines, Iowa; the NPPC's supports the industry's standard practice of housing pregnant pigs in gestation crates, criticized by The Humane Society and other animal welfare groups. The National Pork Producers Council was formed in 1954 as a 501 charitable organization. In 1970, it established itself as a 501, a trade association, allowed to lobby, unlike the previous designation of charitable organization. On January 1, 1986, it became the national-level recipient of pork checkoff funds. According to NPPC's website, its mission is to "fight for legislation and regulations, develop revenue and market opportunities and protect the livelihoods of America’s 67,000 pork producers. Public policy issues agriculture and industry, animal health and food safety and energy, international trade."
It conducts public policy outreach on behalf of its 43 affiliated state associations. Beyond legislation and regulation, NPPC is involved in the political process through a political action committee, PorkPAC; the PAC seeks to educate the public and support candidates at the state and federal levels who support the industry. In 2014, the PAC received $465,009 in donations, the highest amount since figures were available in 1990; the largest amount went to Senator Jack Kingston, followed by $10,000 each to the Representatives John Boehner, Jim Costa Ron Kind, Steven King, David Rouzer and Adrian Smith. In 2016, 80 % of the PAC's contributions went to 20 % to Democrats. Senator Chuck Grassley, again Adrian Smith and David Rouzer received the largest amounts. NPPC is governed by Board of Directors, composed of 15 members, pork producer delegates from the states. Recommendations for new policies and for changes to existing policies are considered annually, in March, at the National Pork Industry Forum.
NPPC creates ad hoc task forces to study or provide guidance on industry issues. NPPC receives advice and works with the meat packing industry and animal health and feed companies, as well as the National Pork Board. Together the NPPC and NPB have formed joint task forces on certain issues; the pig farmers represented by NPPC adhere to a set of We Care guidelines, including: Produce safe food Promote and protect animal well-being Ensure practices to ensure public health Safeguard natural resources in all our practices Provide a work environment, safe and consistent with our other ethical principles Contribute to a better quality of life in our communities The NPPC supports a variety of housing systems, including gestation crates and open pen housing, each of which has advantages and disadvantages concerning animal welfare, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association. The Humane Society and other animal welfare groups have criticized NPPC's support for allowing hog farmers the right to determine the type of housing that's best for their sows
Sarpsborg or Borg, is a city and municipality in Viken county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Sarpsborg. Sarpsborg is part of the fifth largest urban area in Norway when paired with neighbouring Fredrikstad; as of 1 January 2018, according to Statistics Norway these two municipalities have a total population of 136,127 with 55,840 in Sarpsborg and 81,278 in Fredrikstad. Borregaard Industries is, always has been, the most important industry in the city; the city is the home of Borg Bryggerier, part of the Hansa Borg Bryggerier, Norway's second largest brewery-group. In Norse times the city was just called Borg; the background for this was the fortification built by Olav Haraldsson. The genitive case of the name of the waterfall Sarpr was added. In Norse times Østfold county was called Borgarsýsla which means "the county of Borg" and the law district of southeast Norway was called Borgarþing meaning "the thing/court of Borg"; the old name has been revived in Borgarting Court of Appeal.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times and was granted on 13 November 1991. It shows a bear above a castle; the bear was introduced as early as some time in the 13th century, by the earl of Sarpsborg, Alv Erlingsson. He used the bear to symbolise his strength; the castle symbolises the fortress. The city was founded as Borg by the Viking King Olav Haraldsson in 1016, it was burned to the ground by Swedish invaders in 1567 during the Northern Seven Years' War. Half the population was evacuated down the river to what is today known as Fredrikstad, about 15 kilometres downstream. Much of the rebuilt town disappeared into the river Glomma during a 1702 mudslide. Again Borg was rebuilt, it was recreated as a city in 1839, separated from Tune as a municipality of its own; the rural municipalities of Tune and Varteig were merged with the city on 1 January 1992. The population is growing, during the summer of 2005 it reached 50,000 inhabitants. In 2016 the town celebrated its 1,000th anniversary, the entire year was commemorated by a special programme that encouraged historic preservation within the town.
Hasle Sandbakken Sarpsborg Ise Skjeberg Alvim Sannesund Greåker Grålum Borgenhaugen Klavestadhaugen Yven Høysand Varteig Hafslund Hannestad Gleng Fritznerbakken Kurland Lande Valaskjold Brevik Opsund During the 1950s and 1960s, Sarpsborg was famous for its football team, Sarpsborg FK, but is now more known for its ice hockey team, Sparta Warriors. In football, Sarpsborg 08 FF has taken over the local throne playing at the highest national level. On 6 November 2009, they sent arch-rival FFK down from the top division in a play-off game in Fredrikstad stadion. Sarpsborg 08 has a women's football team, promoted to the women's Division 1 at the end of 2011, at the same time as the club's under-19 girls reached the Junior Cup Final. Sarpsborg BK plays in the highest bandy division. Sarpsborg is famous for its two elite leagues teams in floorball, Sarpsborg IBK and Greåker IBK. Apoptygma Berzerk Artch At Your Leisure Jan Groth Ragnarok Robert Normann Sarpsborg Janitsjarkorps Tonic Breed Witchhammer Walther Aas, artist Lene Alexandra Øien, glamour model Roald Amundsen, first person to reach the South Pole John Anderson, Major League Baseball player for fifteen seasons in the United States Arne Arnardo, circus owner Jan Groth, vocalist/songwriter/artist Stephan Groth, artist Jonas Holøs, ice hockey player Raymond Kvisvik, soccer player.
Åge Sten Nilsen artist/vocalist/songwriter Nils Ole Oftebro, actor Josephine Ryan, jewelry designer Per-Åge Skrøder, ice hockey player Jens Arne Svartedal, international skiing champion Oscar Torp, former Prime Minister of Norway Jasmin Haugstuen Please Actress Occultus black metal musician Ulrikke Brandstorp, Eurovision Song Contest 2020 And MGP 2020, artistHarald Dahl, father of the British writer Roald Dahl came from Sarpsborg. Sarpsborg has several sister cities: Media related to Sarpsborg at Wikimedia Commons Sarpsborg travel guide from Wikivoyage
Caitlin Cooper is an Australian footballer, who plays for the Western Sydney Wanderers in the Australian W-League. She has played for Central Coast Mariners, Canberra United and Sydney FC. Caitlin was the inaugural captain for the Mariners and she made her debut against Melbourne Victory on Saturday, 25 October 2008. In three season at Canberra United, Cooper scored 3 goals. In the 2011 -- 12 season Canberra won the W-League Championship. Cooper joined the Western Sydney Wanderers ahead of the 2013–14 season, she made 40 appearances for the club over 4 seasons. Cooper joined Sydney FC ahead of the 2017–18 season. Sydney FC made it all the way to the 2018 Grand Final, where they lost to Melbourne City 2–0. Cooper would return to the Western Sydney Wanderers for the 2018–19 season. Cooper made her debut for the Matildas in 2007 in a 2008 Olympic Qualifying game against Hong Kong, her next call-up did not occur until June 2012. Cooper was part of the Matildas squad that won the 2017 Tournament of Nations and defeated the United States for the first time ever.
In April 2018, Cooper was named to the Australian team for the 2018 AFC Women's Asian Cup, but she did not appear in any games. Australia qualified for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup. Canberra UnitedW-League Championship: 2011–12 W-League Premiership: 2011–12 AFC Olympic Qualifying Tournament: 2016 Tournament of Nations: 2017 Caitlin Cooper at Soccerway Caitlin Cooper – FIFA competition record
Pray for Mojo is the fourth album by Mustard Plug. The title comes from an episode of The Simpsons, wherein Homer buys a pet helper monkey named Mojo, whom he anticipates will do all his chores for him. After he introduces Mojo to fatty foods, the monkey's cholesterol shoots up. Homer runs away; the owner rushes up to him and yells, "Mojo, what have they done to you?" to which Mojo feebly types onto a talking computer "Pray for Mojo". At that time lead singer Dave said "We're going to make our final tour and our final album", which led to their final album "Yellow #5" in 2002, until their album of 2007, "In Black and White". "Send You Back" – 2:11 "Not Giving In" – 2:45 "Someday, Right Now" – 3:25 "Everything Girl" – 3:05 "Away from Here" – 3:27 "Throw a Bomb" – 2:27 "Lolita" – 2:51 "Mend Your Ways" – 2:19 "So Far to Go" – 2:11 "Time Will Come" – 2:58 "Yesterday" – 3:10 "We're Gonna Take on the World" – 2:10 Pray for Mojo at YouTube