Siddhachalam

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Siddhachalam
Siddhachalam
The main temple at Siddhachalam, Digambara on the left and Śvētāmbara on the right
Religion
AffiliationJainism
FestivalsMahavir Jayanti
Location
Location65 Mud Pond Road, Blairstown, New Jersey, United States
USA New Jersey
USA New Jersey
Location within New Jersey
Geographic coordinates40°57′17″N 74°57′07″W / 40.95478°N 74.95188°W / 40.95478; -74.95188Coordinates: 40°57′17″N 74°57′07″W / 40.95478°N 74.95188°W / 40.95478; -74.95188
Architecture
CreatorSushil Kumarji
Date established1983
Temple(s)2
Website
www.siddhachalam.org

Siddhachalam is the first Jain Tirtha (pilgrimage site) located outside of India. Founded in 1983 by Acharya Sushil Kumarji, it is located on a 108-acre (44ha) site in rural New Jersey, United States.[1] Siddhachalam (Hindi: siddha, liberated souls; achal, a permanent place, as a mountain) literally means the abode of liberated souls.

History[edit]

In 1980, Muni Sushil Kumar, a well-known Jain monk encouraged his disciples to acquire a long-abandoned children summer camp and founded an ashram there to teach ahimsa. A self-taught yogi, Muni Sushil Kumar reportedly engaged there in extended samadhi meditation.[2] Twelve years later, he encouraged the community to establish temples in homage to Jinas; the ashram maintains the only Jain monastery outside India.[3] Siddhachalam has become an important center of Jain conferences and an important Jain pilgrimage;[4] the center houses idols from all Jain sects, given that American Jains have sought to not bring in sectarian differences from India.[5]

In 2012, Siddhachalam became the site for the world's first full-scale, complete replication of Shikharji, the most important place of pilgrimage for the Jains. Shikharji at Siddhachalam is the first Jain place of pilgrimage outside India.[6]

The main temple has idols of the tirthankaras Rishabha, Pārśva, Mahāvīra, Chandraprabha and Shantinatha. There is also a small temple where the main idol is Pārśva.

The ashram is also a nature preserve and wildlife sanctuary.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Critical Companion to George Orwell".
  2. ^ "About Siddhachalam". Siddhachalam. International Mahavira Jain Mission. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  3. ^ "Strangers in This Land".
  4. ^ "Williams on South Asian Religions and Immigration".
  5. ^ "Indians in America".
  6. ^ [1]

External links[edit]