Sidereal year

A sidereal year is the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun once with respect to the fixed stars. Hence, it is the time taken for the Sun to return to the same position with respect to the fixed stars after travelling once around the ecliptic, it equals 365.256 363 004 Ephemeris days for the J2000.0 epoch. The sidereal year differs from the tropical year, "the period of time required for the ecliptic longitude of the Sun to increase 360 degrees", due to the precession of the equinoxes; the sidereal year is 20 min 24.5 s longer than the mean tropical year at J2000.0. Before the discovery of the precession of the equinoxes by Hipparchus in the Hellenistic period, the difference between sidereal and tropical year was unknown. For naked-eye observation, the shift of the constellations relative to the equinoxes only becomes apparent over centuries or "ages", pre-modern calendars such as Hesiod's Works and Days would give the times of the year for sowing, so on by reference to the first visibility of stars using the sidereal year.

The South and Southeast Asian solar New Year, based on Indic influences, is traditionally reckoned by the Sun's entry into Aries and thus the sidereal year, but is supposed to align with the spring equinox and have relevance to the harvesting and planting season and thus the tropical year. As these have grown apart, in some countries and cultures the date has been fixed according to the tropical year while in others the astronomical calculation and sidereal year is still used. Anomalistic year Gaussian year Julian year Orbital period Precession § Astronomy Sidereal time Solar calendar Tropical year "Glossary". Astronomical Almanac for the Year 2017. Washington, D. C. and London: United States Naval Observatory, HM Nautical Almanac Office. 2016. P. M19. "Useful Constants". International Earth rotation and Reference systems Service. February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 29, 2020

Joe Carr

Joseph Benedict Carr was an Irish amateur golfer. Carr was born in Inchicore, a suburb of Dublin, Ireland, to George and Margaret Mary "Missie" Waters. At 10 days old, he was adopted by his maternal aunt and her husband, James Carr, who were childless and had returned home from India; the Carrs had just been appointed steward and stewardess of the Portmarnock Golf Club, allowing young Joe to play golf from a early age. Carr won his first major tournament, the East of Ireland Amateur, at the age of 19 in 1941, which started one of Ireland's greatest golfing careers, he went on to win twelve East of Ireland titles, twelve West of Ireland titles, six Irish Amateur Close Championships, four Irish Amateur Opens, three South of Ireland titles. Carr won The Amateur Championship three times, in 1953, 1958, 1960, was runner-up in 1968, he was a semi-finalist at the U. S. Amateur in 1961, was low amateur at The Open Championship in both 1956 and 1958. In 1967, he became the first Irishman to play in the Masters Tournament.

Carr received the Bob Jones Award in 1961, the USGA's highest honour, given for "distinguished sportsmanship in golf". He was the first non-American to win the award. Internationally, Carr represented Ireland in numerous amateur golfing events, he was a member of a record eleven Walker Cup teams from 1947 to 1967, including non-playing captain in 1965 and playing captain in 1967, amassing a record of 5–14–1. After several years of playing against the United States' top-ranked players, he was moved down in the order for the 1961 event—only to be paired against Jack Nicklaus, he played and captained on multiple Eisenhower Trophy teams, represented Ireland in the Men's Home Internationals every year from 1947 to 1969. Carr retired from competitive golf in 1971, after his son Roddy played for the winning Great Britain & Ireland Walker Cup team. In 1991, Carr was named Captain of The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, the first Irishman to hold the post. In July 2007, Carr was elected to the World Golf Hall of Fame in the Lifetime Achievement category, was inducted in November 2007.

From 1992 until his death in 2004, Carr was president of Mount Juliet Golf Club in Kilkenny. Mount Juliet still hosts the annual J. B. Carr Trophy for its members. 1941 East of Ireland Amateur 1943 East of Ireland Amateur 1945 East of Ireland Amateur 1946 Irish Amateur Open Championship, West of Ireland Amateur, East of Ireland Amateur 1947 West of Ireland Amateur 1948 West of Ireland Amateur, East of Ireland Amateur, South of Ireland Amateur 1950 Irish Amateur Open Championship 1951 West of Ireland Amateur, Golf Illustrated Gold Vase 1953 British Amateur, West of Ireland Amateur 1954 Irish Amateur Open Championship, Irish Amateur Close, West of Ireland Amateur 1955 Gleneagles-Saxone Foursomes Tournament 1956 Irish Amateur Open Championship, West of Ireland Amateur, East of Ireland Amateur 1957 Irish Amateur Close, East of Ireland Amateur 1958 British Amateur, West of Ireland Amateur, East of Ireland Amateur 1959 Berkshire Trophy 1960 British Amateur, West of Ireland Amateur, East of Ireland Amateur 1961 West of Ireland Amateur, East of Ireland Amateur 1962 West of Ireland Amateur 1963 Irish Amateur Close 1964 Irish Amateur Close, East of Ireland Amateur 1965 Irish Amateur Close 1966 West of Ireland Amateur, South of Ireland Amateur 1967 Irish Amateur Close 1969 East of Ireland Amateur, South of Ireland Amateur LA = low amateur CUT = Missed the half-way cut "T" indicates a tie for a place R256, R128, R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in match play Sources: Masters, U.

S. Open and U. S. Amateur, Open Championship, 1948 British Amateur, 1949 British Amateur, 1950 British Amateur, 1951 British Amateur, 1952 British Amateur, 1954 British Amateur, 1955 British Amateur, 1956 British Amateur, 1957 British Amateur, 1959 British Amateur Walker Cup: 1947, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1967 Eisenhower Trophy: 1958, 1960 Amateurs–Professionals Match: 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 St Andrews Trophy: 1956, 1968 Gilleece, Dermot. Breaking 80: The Life and Times of Joe Carr. ISBN 1-84223-153-7 World Golf Hall of Fame profile Biography page on the Carr family business website Irish Examiner obituary Golf Union of Ireland article


Parkbeg is a hamlet in Wheatlands Rural Municipality No. 163, Canada. The hamlet is located at the junction of Highway 1 and Highway 627 58 km directly west of the City of Moose Jaw on the Trans Canada Highway. Parkbeg, like so many other small communities throughout Saskatchewan, has struggled to maintain a sturdy population causing it to become a semi ghost town with only a few citizens. Prior to December 31, 1957, Parkbeg was incorporated under village status, but was restructured to hamlet status under the jurisdiction of the Rural municipality of Wheatlands on that date. Parkbeg has a café that serves as a post office, a grain elevator owned by Paterson Grain, serviced by the Canadian Pacific Railway. Gainer the Gopher is the mascot of a Canadian Football League team, he is from Parkbeg. List of communities in Saskatchewan Hamlets of Saskatchewan Parkbeg Reflections Ghost towns list Ghost Towns Canada Saskatchewan City & Town Maps Saskatchewan Gen Web - One Room School Project Post Offices and Postmasters - ArchiviaNet - Library and Archives Canada Saskatchewan Gen Web Region Online Historical Map Digitization Project GeoNames Query