Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Cheer Up and Smile
Cheer Up and Smile is a 1930 American pre-Code musical film directed by Sidney Lanfield. The film starred Arthur Lake, Dixie Lee and Olga Baclanova and a 23-year-old John Wayne had a minor uncredited role. Arthur Lake as Eddie Fripp Dixie Lee as Margie Olga Baclanova as Yvonne "Whispering" Jack Smith as Himself Johnny Arthur as Andy Charles Judels as Pierre John Darrow as Tom Sumner Getchell as Paul Franklin Pangborn as Professor Buddy Messinger as Donald The role played by Arthur Lake had been written for "Whispering" Jack Smith. List of American films of 1930 Cheer Up and Smile on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie
The Hound of the Baskervilles (1939 film)
The Hound of the Baskervilles is a 1939 mystery film based on the novel The Hound of the Baskervilles by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. It was released by 20th Century-Fox, it is among the best-known cinematic adaptations of the book, is regarded as one of the best. The film stars Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes, Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson and Richard Greene as Henry Baskerville, Wendy Barrie as Beryl Stapleton. Fox was unsure of the potential of a film about Sherlock Holmes, so top billing went to Richard Greene and not to Rathbone; the Hound of the Baskervilles marks the first of the fourteen Sherlock Holmes films starring Rathbone and Bruce as Holmes and Watson, respectively. It is notable as the earliest known Sherlock Holmes film to be set in the Victorian period of the original stories all known previous Holmes films, up to and including the 1930s British film series starring Arthur Wontner as Holmes, had been updated to a setting contemporaneous with the films' release. Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John H. Watson receive a visit from Dr. James Mortimer, who wishes to consult them before the arrival of Sir Henry Baskerville, the last of the Baskervilles, heir to the Baskerville estate in Devonshire.
Dr. Mortimer is anxious about letting Sir Henry go to Baskerville Hall, owing to a supposed family curse, he tells Holmes and Watson the legend of the Hound of the Baskervilles, a demonic dog that first killed Sir Hugo Baskerville several hundred years ago and is believed to kill all Baskervilles in the region of Devonshire. Holmes dismisses it as a fairy tale, but Mortimer narrates the events of the recent death of his best friend, Sir Charles Baskerville, Sir Henry's uncle. Although he was found dead in his garden without any trace of physical damage, Sir Charles's face was distorted as if he died in utter terror, from heart failure, he alone had noticed footprints at some distance from the body. Holmes decides to send Watson to Baskerville Hall along with Sir Henry, claiming that he is too busy to accompany them himself. Sir Henry develops a romantic interest in Beryl Stapleton, the step-sister of his neighbour Jack Stapleton, a local naturalist. Meanwhile, a homicidal maniac, escaped from Dartmoor Prison, lurks on the moor.
Holmes makes an appearance, having been hiding in the vicinity for some time making his own investigation. An effective scene, not in the original book, occurs when Watson and Sir Henry attend a seance held by Mrs. Mortimer. In a trance, she asks, "What happened that night on the moor, Sir Charles?" The only reply is a lone howl from a hound. After some clever deception by Holmes, he surmises that the true criminal is Stapleton, a long-lost cousin of the Baskervilles, who hopes to claim their vast fortune himself after removing all other members of the bloodline. Stapleton kept a huge, half-starved, vicious dog trained to attack individual members of the Baskervilles after prolonged exposure to their scent. However, when the hound is sent to kill Sir Henry Baskerville and Watson arrive to save him just in time, they kill the hound. Stapleton traps Holmes down in the hound's underground kennel, sends Watson into the moor to meet Holmes. Holmes cuts his way out of the kennel and returns to the house and destroys the poison that Stapleton had just given to the wounded Baskerville.
Stapleton flees. Holmes says ominously, "He won't get far. I've posted constables along the roads and the only other way is across the Grimpen Mire." Holmes is praised for his work on the case, he turns in. Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes Nigel Bruce as Dr. John H. Watson Richard Greene as Sir Henry Baskerville Wendy Barrie as Beryl Stapleton Lionel Atwill as Dr. James Mortimer John Carradine as Barryman, butler Morton Lowry as John Stapleton Eily Malyon as Mrs. Barryman Barlowe Borland as Frankland Beryl Mercer as Mrs. Jennifer Mortimer Ralph Forbes as Sir Hugo Baskerville E. E. Clive as Cabby in London Lionel Pape as Coroner Nigel De Brulier as Convict Mary Gordon as Mrs. Hudson Ian Maclaren as Sir Charles In a contemporary review, the Monthly Film Bulletin described the film as an "excellent film version" of the novel." Noting that the films elements "sustain the suspense until the exciting climax," and that "the atmosphere is well contrived". Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce were praised for their roles, while "only Wendy Barrie seems lifeless as Beryl in a cast, uniformly good."
American Film Institute recognition 2001 - AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills - Nominated 2003 - AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains: Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson - Nominated Heroes 2008 - AFI's 10 Top 10 - Nominated Mystery Film The Hound of the Baskervilles on IMDb The Hound of the Baskervilles at AllMovie The Hound of the Baskervilles at the TCM Movie Database The Hound of the Baskervilles at the American Film Institute Catalog
The Lemon Drop Kid
The Lemon Drop Kid is a 1951 comedy film based on the short story of the same name by Damon Runyon, starring Bob Hope and Marilyn Maxwell. Although Sidney Lanfield is credited as the director, Frank Tashlin was hired, uncredited, to finish the film; the story had been adapted as a 1934 film starring Lee Tracy, with actress Ann Sheridan in a bit part. William Frawley is featured in both versions; the song "Silver Bells," sung by Maxwell, was introduced in this film. On October 19, 2010, the film was released on DVD through Shout! Factory under license from the film's current distributor, FremantleMedia North America; the Lemon Drop Kid, a New York City swindler, is illegally touting horses at a Florida racetrack. The Kid touts across a beautiful woman intending to bet $2,000 on a horse named Iron Bar. Rigging a con, the Kid convinces her to switch her bet, but learns that she was betting for boyfriend and notorious gangster Moose Moran; when the horse finishes dead last, a furious Moran demands the Kid pay him $10,000 by Christmas Eve, or the Kid "won't make it to New Year's."
The Kid decides to return to New York to try to come up with the money. He first tries his off-again girlfriend Brainey Baxter. However, when talk of long-term commitment arises, the Kid makes an escape, he next visits local crime boss Oxford Charlie. However, Charlie is in serious tax trouble and does not care for the Kid anyway; as he leaves Charlie's establishment, the Kid notices a street corner his kettle. Thinking the Kid fashions himself a Santa suit and begins collecting donations, he is recognized by a passing policeman, the Kid is convicted of panhandling and sentenced to ten days in jail when he cannot pay the fine. The Kid learns. After Brainey bails him out, he sets about making his scam legitimate by finding a charity to represent and a city license; the Kid remembers that Nellie Thursday, a kindly neighborhood resident, has been denied entry to a retirement home because of her jailed husband's criminal past. Organizing other small-time New York swindlers and Brainey, both surprised and charmed at the Kid's apparent goodwill, the Kid converts an abandoned casino into the "Nellie Thursday Home For Old Dolls".
A small group of elderly women and makeshift amenities complete the project. The Kid receives the all-important city license. Now free to collect, the Kid and his compatriots dress up as Santa Claus and position themselves throughout Manhattan; the others are unaware. The scheme is a huge success. An overjoyed Brainey decides to leave her job as a dancer and look after the "home" full-time until after Christmas, she informs Oxford Charlie. Seeing a potential gold mine, Charlie decides to muscle in on the operation. Reasoning that the Nellie Thursday home is "wherever Nellie Thursday is", Oxford Charlie and his crew kidnap the home's inhabitants and move them to Charlie's mansion in Nyack; the Kid returns to the home to find it deserted and the money he had hidden in a hollowed-out statue gone. Clued in by oversized Oxford footprints in the snow, the Kid and his friends pay Charlie a visit; when Charlie reveals the Kid's scheme through a phone conversation with Moose Moran, the Kid's accomplices become angry, but he manages to slip away.
However, Brainey voices her disgust. After a few days of stewing in self-pity, the Kid is surprised to meet Nellie, he decides sneaking into Charlie's home in the guise of an elderly woman. He finds that his crew are moving the women to a more secure location; the Kid confronts Charlie in his office. After a brief struggle, the Kid overpowers Charlie and makes off with the money, narrowly avoiding the thugs Charlie has sent after him; the ensuing chaos allows the others to escape. That night, the Kid returns to the original Nellie Thursday home to meet with Moose Moran; the deal appears to be in jeopardy. Charlie demands. However, the Kid hits a switch. All are occupied by the escaped women; the Kid and his still-loyal friends hold off the gangsters. Moran and Oxford Charlie are arrested; the Kid assures the judge who sentenced him earlier that he will focus his attention on the home, which he will make a reality. Nellie's husband Henry, free on parole, is joyously reunited with his wife; the Lemon Drop Kid at the TCM Movie Database The Lemon Drop Kid on IMDb The Lemon Drop Kid at AllMovie The Lemon Drop Kid at the American Film Institute Catalog
Sing, Baby, Sing
Sing, Sing is a 1936 American film. Richard A. Whiting and Walter Bullock received an Academy Award nomination in Best Original Song at the 9th Academy Awards for their song "When Did You Leave Heaven". After Joan Warren is fired from her singing job at the Ritz Club, where she performs with the Ritz Brothers, she seeks help from theatrical agent, Nicky Alexander. Nicky, however, is in the process of being evicted from his office suite, so he tells her to find another agent; when she insists that he represent her, he takes her to Mr. Brewster, president of the Federal Broadcasting Company, Joan auditions, but Brewster refuses to hire her because she is not of the upper class. Back at the club, Joan packs her bags, while in the street, a crowd gathers around drunken actor Bruce Farraday. Nicky leads Farraday into the club, where Farraday orders a huge feast and hears Joan perform her last song. After more wine, Farraday passes out, they take him to a hospital, where he babbles lines of Shakespeare.
To create some publicity, Nicky tells Joan to play "Juliet" to Farraday's "Romeo." While Al Craven, the brother of Nicky's secretary Fitz, searches for alcohol to keep Farraday from sobering up, Nicky calls the newspapers, saying that Farraday is on his deathbed. When the doctor arrives and forbids visitors, Al pretends to be Farraday's personal physician and relieves him of the case. Nicky sneaks Joan in to see Farraday, while cynical reporter Ted Blake and Joe, a photographer, climb onto the fire escape and photograph them. Al accompanies Farraday home, the puzzled Farraday wonders why he can't remember hiring a personal physician; the newspapers print the story, Brewster decides that he wants to hire Joan on the condition that Farraday will perform as well. At their new home at the Madison Towers, the group learns that Farraday is about to return to Hollywood at the behest of his cousin and business manager, Robert Wilson, furious over the publicity. Nicky goes to Farraday and suggests that he show his cousin that he has a head for business by getting the lucrative radio contract.
Robert arrives, tells the newspapers that Joan is a gold digger and escorts Farraday onto the train leaving for California. As a result of the new story, Brewster no longer wants to sign Joan. Ted explains that to be the first to print a retraction of Robert's statement, his newspaper will fly Joan out to Farraday, they fly to Kansas City to trick Robert into leaving without Farraday. They arrange with Brewster to broadcast that evening from Kansas City, they round up some performers for the show, including the Ritz Brothers. As Farraday prepares to go on the air, Robert returns and locks himself in the hotel room with Farraday, but Farraday escapes, he arrives at the station in the nick of time and exonerates Joan, securing for her the radio contract with Brewster. Sing, Sing on IMDb
Hold 'Em Yale
Hold'Em Yale is a 1935 American comedy film directed by Sidney Lanfield and written by Damon Runyon, Paul Gerard Smith and Eddie Welch. The film stars Patricia Ellis, Cesar Romero, Buster Crabbe, William Frawley, Andy Devine and George Barbier; the film was released on April 1935, by Paramount Pictures. A racketeer known as "Sunshine Joe" specializes in ticket scalping, his gang of colorfully nicknamed thugs includes Liverlips, Sam the Gonoph and Bennie South Street, as well as "Georgie the Chaser,", dubbed that way because of his penchant for chasing after women. On a train, Georgie happens upon Clarice Van Cleve, an heiress who loves to fall in love with men in uniform; this has created many a headache for her father, who has seen Clarice elope three times with military types, each tryst ending badly. Mr. Van Cleve diverts his daughter to a New Jersey health resort, where he introduces her to his friend Mr. Wilmot and handsome son Hector, in the hope that Clarice and Hector will hit it off.
Georgie the gigolo still has Clarice's eye, pretending to be a combat pilot. But when Clarice turns up and begins acting like a homemaker, driving him crazy, learning she's been disinherited by her dad, leaves by claiming he's needed by "the King" to fly a mission. Sunshine Joe runs off with money earned from scalped tickets to the Harvard-Yale college football game, it so happens Hector is a member of the Yale team, so all of Joe's goons go to New Haven, Connecticut for the game and place bets. Shocked to find Hector is a benchwarmer, they pull a gun on the coach, demanding Hector be permitted to play, he kicks a field goal to win the game ends up, a man in another kind of uniform, in the arms of Clarice. Patricia Ellis as Clarice Van Cleve Cesar Romero as Gigolo Georgie Buster Crabbe as Hector Wilmot William Frawley as Sunshine Joe Andy Devine as Liverlips George Barbier as Mr. Van Cleve Warren Hymer as Sam The Gonoph George E. Stone as Bennie South Street Hale Hamilton as Mr. Wilmot Guy Usher as Coach Jennings Hold'Em Yale on IMDb
Red Salute (1935 film)
Red Salute is a 1935 American comedy film directed by Sidney Lanfield and starring Barbara Stanwyck and Robert Young. Based on a story by Humphrey Pearson, the film is about the daughter of a US Army general who becomes involved with a suspected communist agitator. Drue Van Allen, the daughter of an American general, is in love with communist graduate student Leonard Arner; when Leonard is ejected from a college campus for speaking to the students, a newspaper photographer takes a picture of him in Drue's car and prints it on the front page. When Drue refuses to listen to reason, the general tricks her into boarding an airplane bound for Mexico to see her aunt Betty off locks her in, she is stuck in Juarez with no money to get home. After a rowdy soldier, Jeff overhears a border policeman warn her not to try to cross into the US, whom she nicknames "Uncle Sam", strikes up a conversation, telling her he thinks she should be shot. Despite their disdain for each other, they run up a large bar bill, but neither has any money.
They drive away. When they reach a border crossing, Jeff tries to stop, but Drue presses the gas pedal and they speed into Texas, they crash into a tree. They kidnap P. J. Rooney, an easy-going, henpecked husband, to ride in his homemade trailer, he is glad to get away from Edith. They con Baldy, a caretaker, into believing they are friends of his employer, Colonel Turner, letting them stay in Turner's house. After Jeff and Drue dance, he tells her, she sneaks out and tries to drive away, but the authorities show up and arrest them both. General Van Allen gets Drue out of jail, he is worried about a newspaper story reporting that Drue and Leonard are going to get married and about information he received from an immigration official that Leonard is not a citizen, but rather a suspected "paid propagandist" in the country on a student visa. When the general realizes that Drue has feelings for Jeff, he sends for Jeff. After speaking to him informally, the general sends him down to a meeting at which Leonard is supposed to speak.
Jeff pretends to have changed his opinion to get Arner to let him talk to the audience. He starts out agreeing with Leonard's position shows people what he stands for. A riot breaks out, Arner is taken into custody for deportation. Drue realizes, they get married and honeymoon in P. J.'s trailer. Barbara Stanwyck as Drue Van Allen Robert Young as Jeff Hardie Albright as Arner Cliff Edwards as Rooney Ruth Donnelly as Mrs. Rooney Gordon Jones as Lefty Paul Stanton as Louis Martin Purnell Pratt as General Van Allen Nella Walker as Aunt Betty Arthur Vinton as Joe Beal Edward McWade as Baldy Henry Kolker as Dean Henry Otho as Border Policeman Allan Cavan as Army Officer Ferdinand Gottschalk as League Speaker Selmer Jackson as Army Officer David Newell as Student The original working title of the film was Her Uncle Sam; the film was made to cash in on the rise of radicalism in US colleges in the 1930s. Filming started in June 1935; the film features the song "I Wonder", sung by Edwards. It was one of the first anti-communist movies made in the US.
This saw. The film is known by its reissue title Her Enlisted Man. Writing for The Spectator in 1935, Graham Greene praised the film, describing it as "one of the best comedies of the screen since It Happened One Night", characterizing the acting of Stanwyck and Young as "admirable performances". Red Salute on IMDb Red Salute is available for free download at the Internet Archive