Siege of Bonn (1689)

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Siege of Bonn
Part of Nine Years' War
Belagerung Bonn 1689 Plan.jpg
A plan of Bonn in 1689.
Date16 September - 10 October 1689
LocationBonn, Electorate of Cologne
Germany
Result Allied victory. Bonn surrenders.
Belligerents
 France
Cologne
Brandenburg
 Dutch Republic
Commanders and leaders
Frederick III of Brandenburg
Hans Adam von Schöning
Dutch Republic Adriaan van Flodroff

The Siege of Bonn took place in 1689 during the Nine Years' War when the forces of the Dutch Republic and the Elector of Brandenburg besieged and captured Bonn. It was part of the Rhineland campaign which Brandenburg was fighting as part of the Grand Alliance against Louis XIV of France. Following Louis' incursions into the Rhineland the previous year, a coalition of nations had formed to resist French hegemony.

In Germany this involved an advance into the territory of France's ally the Electorate of Cologne, while to the west the large field armies of Waldeck and Humières were manoeuvring against each other. Waldeck, the overall commander of the Allied forces, was wary of taking any offensive action against the French until he received reinforcements from Rhineland, but the Brandenburg forces concentrated on their own operations in Cologne; in June 1689 Brandenburg took Kaiserswerth, leaving Bonn as the only major settlement in Cologne not in Allied hands.[1] Bonn was already under threat and a blockade had been imposed on it.

On 11 July the Allied commanders Hans Adam von Schöning and Adriaan van Flodroff captured a key fort close to Bonn, and eleven days later the main Allied field army arrived outside Bonn. Batteries opened fire, but a formal siege did not begin until the 16 September when Frederick of Brandenburg took over command, on 10 October the defenders surrendered after a very heavy bombardment that left much of Bonn in ruins.

In 1703 Bonn again came under siege during the War of the Spanish Succession.

Siege of Bonn, 1689

References[edit]

  1. ^ Childs p.111

Bibliography[edit]

  • Childs, John. The Nine Years' War and the British Army, 1688-97. Manchester University Press, 1991.
  • Lynn, John A. The Wars of Louis XIV 1667-1714. Routledge, 2013.