Siege of Bristol

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Siege of Bristol
Part of Despenser wars
Isabella oversees the siege.
Date18–26 October 1326
LocationBristol, England
Result Isabella and Mortimer's victory
Marcher Lords Royalists
Commanders and leaders
Isabella of France
Roger Mortimer
Edward II of England
Hugh Despenser the Elder 
1,500 unknown
Casualties and losses
unknown unknown

In Siege of Bristol (18–26 October 1326) Bristol was besieged by the forces of Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March during the Despenser wars. Isabella and Mortimer's forces fought the garrison under Hugh Despenser the Elder for 8 days in a siege. They captured the fort after several attacks.

Siege of Bristol[edit]

Hugh Despenser the Elder was expecting an attack by the rebels. He ordered his walls to be double-positioned with archers, and for the civilians to relocate inside of the castle. Isabella's troops were prepared to march. Isabella personally marched to the castle and began to attack it on 18 October. Her troops were mowed down by longbow, but she continued to charge. Despenser's garrison held out against several more assaults. Again, Isabella continued her attacks. Her forces used battering rams to break down the gates, and Isabella rescued her daughters, Eleanor of Woodstock and Joan of the Tower from Despenser's custody.[1] After one final attack, Despenser was forced to surrender, and he was hanged the next day. Isabella's men had taken the greatest city in western England.


Isabella captured the city of Cardiff near the Welsh Border on 16 November, after she established a base at Hereford. Her campaign was a success, and it ended the Despenser wars. Hugh Despenser the younger and Edmund Fitzalan were captured. Fitzalan was executed on November 17 by hanging, and Despenser was hanged on 24 November. With the end of the war, Edward II was deposed in parliament, imprisoned, and later died—probably murdered—in Berkeley Castle.[2]


  1. ^ Doherty, p.92; Weir, pp233-4>.
  2. ^ Valente 1998, pp. 852–881.


  • Valente, C. (1998). "The Deposition and Abdication of Edward II". The English Historical Review. 113: 852–881. OCLC 2207424. 

Coordinates: 51°27′21″N 2°35′13″W / 51.4558°N 2.5869°W / 51.4558; -2.5869