Siege of Johor (1587)

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Siege of Johor
DateJuly 1587-August 1587
Location
Result Portuguese victory
Belligerents
Flag of Portugal (1495).svg Portuguese Empire Sultanate of Johor
Commanders and leaders
Dom Paulo de Lima
Dom António de Noronha
Ali Jalla Abdul Jalil Shah II of Johor
Strength
600 Portuguese soldiers
5 galleons
1 carrack
2 galleys
2 half-galleys
about 25 craft
12,000 men[1]
Casualties and losses
80 dead 4,000 dead from military action + 3,000 dead in the retreat[2]

The Siege of Johor of 1587 was a military operation in which Portuguese forces successfully sieged, sacked and razed Johor (Jor, in Portuguese), capital of its eponymous Sultanate. The city would later be rebuilt in a different location.

Because of a dearth of personnel then available in Malacca, in 1586 naval forces of Johore had begun diverting shipping to the Strait of Singapore.[3] Malacca itself was threatened by a large Johor fleet, but it was driven back by the presence of heavily armed Portuguese galleons in its harbour.[4] For these reasons, the captain of Malacca João da Silva requested from the Viceroy in Goa, Dom Duarte de Meneses, urgent reinforcements to deal with the threat. These numbered 500 men and 3 galleons, under the command of Dom Paulo de Lima.

The forces of Johor were incapable of preventing the heavy Portuguese infantry from landing and storming the city after a naval bombardment, and it's Sultan was forced to retreat into the jungle in a rout.[5] The Portuguese captured ample spoils, which included over 1000 cannon, the great majority of them of small caliber, 1500 firearms, and burned upwards to 2000 craft of many sizes[6]. Following the attack, Dom Pedro de Lima (brother of Dom Paulo de Lima) also sacked Bintan, then a vassal of Johor.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diogo do Couto: Da Ásia, Década Nona 1788 edition, volume II, p.471
  2. ^ Diogo do Couto: Da Ásia, Década Nona 1788 edition, volume II, p. 506
  3. ^ Saturnino Monteiro (2011), Portuguese Sea Battles 1580-1603 pp.170-174
  4. ^ Saturnino Monteiro (2011), Portuguese Sea Battles 1580-1603 pp.176-179
  5. ^ Couto, pp. 473-503
  6. ^ Diogo do Couto Da Ásia, Década Nona 1788 edition, volume II, p. 507.
  7. ^ Diogo do Couto Da Ásia, Década Nona 1788 edition, volume II, p. 629.