House of Wittelsbach
The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. Members of the family reigned as Dukes of Merania, Dukes and Kings of Bavaria, Counts Palatine of the Rhine, Margraves of Brandenburg, Counts of Holland and Zeeland, Elector-Archbishops of Cologne, Dukes of Jülich and Berg, Kings of Sweden and Dukes of Bremen-Verden; the family provided two Holy Roman Emperors, one King of the Romans, two Anti-Kings of Bohemia, one King of Hungary, one King of Denmark and Norway and one King of Greece. The family's head, since 1996, is Duke of Bavaria. Berthold, Margrave in Bavaria, was the ancestor of Otto I, Count of Scheyern, whose third son Otto II, Count of Scheyern acquired the castle of Wittelsbach; the Counts of Scheyern left Scheyern Castle in 1119 for Wittelsbach Castle and the former was given to monks to establish Scheyern Abbey. The Wittelsbach Conrad of Scheyern-Dachau, a great-grandson of Otto I, Count of Scheyern became Duke of Merania in 1153 and was succeeded by his son Conrad II.
It was the first Duchy held by the Wittelsbach family. Otto I's eldest son Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern was father of the Count palatine of Bavaria Otto IV, the first Count of Wittelsbach and whose son Otto was invested with the Duchy of Bavaria in 1180 after the fall of Henry the Lion and hence the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach. Duke Otto's son Louis I, Duke of Bavaria acquired the Electorate of the Palatinate in 1214; the Wittelsbach dynasty ruled the German territories of Bavaria from 1180 to 1918 and the Electorate of the Palatinate from 1214 until 1805. On Duke Otto II's death in 1253, his sons divided the Wittelsbach possessions between them: Henry became Duke of Lower Bavaria, Louis II Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine; when Henry's branch died out in 1340 the Emperor Louis IV, a son of Duke Louis II, reunited the duchy. The family provided two Holy Roman Emperors: Louis IV and Charles VII, both members of the Bavarian branch of the family, one German King with Rupert of the Palatinate, a member of the Palatinate branch.
The House of Wittelsbach split into these two branches in 1329: Under the Treaty of Pavia, Emperor Louis IV granted the Palatinate including the Bavarian Upper Palatinate to his brother Duke Rudolf's descendants, Rudolf II, Rupert I and Rupert II. Rudolf I in this way became the ancestor of the older line of the Wittelsbach dynasty, which returned to power in Bavaria in 1777 after the extinction of the younger line, the descendants of Louis IV; the Bavarian branch kept the duchy of Bavaria until its extinction in 1777. The Wittelsbach Emperor Louis IV acquired Brandenburg, Holland and Hainaut for his House but he had released the Upper Palatinate for the Palatinate branch of the Wittelsbach in 1329, his six sons succeeded him as Duke of Bavaria and Count of Holland and Hainaut in 1347. The Wittelsbachs lost the Tyrol with the death of duke Meinhard and the following Peace of Schärding – the Tyrol was renounced to the Habsburgs in 1369. In 1373 Otto, the last Wittelsbach regent of Brandenburg, released the country to the House of Luxembourg.
On Duke Albert's death in 1404, he was succeeded in the Netherlands by William. A younger son, John III, became Bishop of Liège. However, on William's death in 1417, a war of succession broke out between John and William's daughter Jacqueline of Hainaut; this last episode of the Hook and Cod wars left the counties in Burgundian hands in 1432. Emperor Louis IV had reunited Bavaria in 1340 but from 1349 onwards Bavaria was split among the descendants of Louis IV, who created the branches Bavaria-Landshut, Bavaria-Straubing, Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Bavaria-Munich. With the Landshut War of Succession Bavaria was reunited in 1505 against the claim of the Palatinate branch under the Bavarian branch Bavaria-Munich. From 1549 to 1567 the Wittelsbach owned the County of Kladsko in Bohemia. Catholic by upbringing, the Bavarian dukes became leaders of the German Counter-Reformation. From 1583 to 1761, the Bavarian branch of the dynasty provided the Prince-electors and Archbishops of Cologne and many other Bishops of the Holy Roman Empire, namely Liège.
Wittelsbach princes served for example as Bishops of Regensburg, Freising, Liège, Münster, Hildesheim and Osnabrück, as Grand Masters of the Teutonic Order. In 1623 under Maximilian I the Bavarian dukes were invested with the electoral dignity and the duchy became the Electorate of Bavaria, his grandson Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria served as Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands and as Duke of Luxembourg. His son Emperor Charles VII was king of Bohemia. With the death of Charles' son Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria the Bavarian branch died out in 1777; the Palatinate branch kept the Palatinate until 1918, having succeeded to Bavaria in 1777. With the Golden Bull of 1356 the Counts Palatine were invested with the electoral dignity, their county became the Electorate of the Palatinate. Princes of the Palatinate branch served as Bishops of the Empire and as Elector-Archbishops of Mainz and Elector-Archbishops of Trier. After the death of the Wittelsbach king
Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
Duke Albert IV of Bavaria-Munich, was Duke of Bavaria-Munich from 1467, Duke of the reunited Bavaria from 1503. Albert was Duke of Bavaria and Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Einbeck. After the death of his older brother John IV, Duke of Bavaria he gave up his spiritual career and returned from Pavia to Munich; when his brothers Christoph and Wolfgang had resigned Albert became sole duke, but a new duchy Bavaria-Dachau was created from Bavaria-Munich for his brother Duke Sigismund in 1467. After Sigismund's death in 1501, it reverted to Bavaria-Munich; the marriage of Kunigunde of Austria to Albert IV, was a result of intrigues and deception, but must be counted as a defeat for Emperor Frederick III. Albert illegally took control of some imperial fiefs and asked to marry Kunigunde, offering to give her the fiefs as a dowry; the Emperor agreed at first, but after Albert took over yet another fief, Emperor Frederick III withdrew his consent. On January 2, 1487, before the Emperor's change of heart could be communicated to his daughter, Kunigunde married Albert.
A war was prevented only by intermediation by the Emperor's son, Maximilian I. For Albert's wedding, Grünwald Castle was extended in 1486/87 under the direction of Jörg von Weikertshausen. Albert decided to return territorial acquisitions in Swabia in 1492 to avoid a war with the Habsburg and the Swabian League, he also had to release Regensburg, reunited with Bavaria in 1486, had to reluctantly renounce Further Austria when Archduke Sigismund of Austria tried to make it over to Albert. After the death of the last duke of Bavaria-Landshut, George in 1503, Albert managed to reunite the whole of Bavaria in a dreadful war against George's heirs, the Palatinate line of his Wittelsbach family but had to transfer the most southern districts of Bavaria-Landshut to his brother-in-law Emperor Maximilian as compensation for his support: Kufstein, Kitzbühel and Rattenberg passed to Maximilian in 1506 and were united with Tyrol. For the Palatinate branch a new duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg was created. To avoid any future division of Bavaria, Albert decreed the everlasting succession of the firstborn prince in 1506.
His oldest son and successor William IV, Duke of Bavaria had to share his power from 1516 onwards with his younger brother Louis X, Duke of Bavaria. After the death of Louis X in 1545, the edict became effective until the end of Bavarian monarchy in 1918. Albert is buried in the Frauenkirche in Munich. On 3 January 1487 he married Archduchess Kunigunde of Austria, daughter of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Eleonor of Portugal, they had eight children: Sidonie Sibylle, married in 1511 to Louis V, Elector Palatine Sabina, married in 1511 to Duke Ulrich I of Württemberg William IV, Duke of Bavaria Louis X, Duke of Bavaria Susanne Ernest of Bavaria, an eclassiastical official in Passau, Archbishop in Salzburg and Eichstädt administrator and owner of the County of Kladsko Susanne, married: in 1518 to Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth in 1529 to Otto Henry, Elector Palatine
Monarchy of Germany
The Monarchy of Germany was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the German Empire from 1871 to 1918. The Monarch of Germany was created with the proclamation of the President of the North German Confederation and the King of Prussia, William I of Prussia, as "German Emperor" during the Franco-Prussian War, on 18 January 1871 at the Palace of Versailles; the title German Emperor was chosen by Minister President of Prussia and Chancellor of the North German Confederation Otto von Bismarck after discussion until the day of the proclamation. William I accepted this title grudgingly as he would have preferred "Emperor of Germany", however, unacceptable to the federated monarchs, which would have signalled a claim to lands outside of his reign; the title Emperor of the Germans, as had proposed at the Frankfurt Parliament in 1848, was ruled out as he considered himself chosen "By the Grace of God", not by the people as in a democracy. By this ceremony, the North German Confederation was transformed into the German Empire.
This empire was a federal monarchy. Some organisations such as Tradition und Leben advocate a return to monarchy. Despite the abolition of the monarchy in 1918, the House of Hohenzollern never relinquished their claims to the thrones of Prussia and the German Empire; these claims are linked by the Constitution of the German Empire: according to this, whoever was King of Prussia was German Emperor. However, these claims are not recognised by the Federal Republic of Germany or anyone else, this included the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and West or East Germany. In 1933 Prince William renounced his claim to the former throne when he married Dorothea von Salviati, in 1940 William II accepted Dorothea and his daughters Felicitas and Christa as dynastic members thus styled HRH Dorothea, Princess of Prussia, HRH Felicitas, Princess of Prussia and HRH Christa, Princess of Prussia, Prince William was killed in 1940. Prince Louis Ferdinand, third in line of the succession by 1933, his first son Prince Friedrich Wilhelm renounced his claim in 1967 to marry Waltraud Freytag whom he divorced in 1975 and his second son Prince Michael renounced his claim in 1966 to marry Jutta Jörn like his brother he divorced her in 1982 his third son Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, jr. was involved in a severe accident during military maneuvers when he was pinned between two vehicles.
Although his leg was amputated, he succumbed several weeks to the trauma and died in 1977. Prince George Frederick inherited from his grandfather, during his time as head of House of Hohenzollern his two uncles Princes Friedrich Wilhelm and Michael challenged him to a lawsuit claiming that, despite their renunciations as dynasts at the time of their marriages, the loss of their inheritance rights based on their selection of spouse was discriminatory and unconstitutional, his uncles were successful, the Regional Court of Hechingen and the higher Regional Court of Stuttgart ruling in their favour in 1997 on the grounds that the requirement to marry was "immoral". However, the Federal Court of Justice of Germany overturned the original rulings in favour of Georg Friedrich's uncles, the case being remanded to the courts at Hechingen and Stuttgart; this time both courts ruled in favour of Georg Friedrich. His uncles took their case to the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany which overruled the previous court rulings in Georg Friedrich's favour.
On 19 October 2005, a German regional court ruled that Georg Friedrich was indeed the principal heir of his grandfather, Louis Ferdinand, but concluded that each of the children of Louis Ferdinand was entitled to a portion of the Prussian inheritance. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Princess Victoria, Princess Royal Princess Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia Princess Sophie of Isenburg German State Crown Crown of Wilhelm II List of heads of state of Germany List of heirs to the Prussian throne List of monarchs of Prussia List of Prussian consorts
International Gothic is a period of Gothic art which began in Burgundy and northern Italy in the late 14th and early 15th century. It spread widely across Western Europe, hence the name for the period, introduced by the French art historian Louis Courajod at the end of the 19th century. Artists and portable works, such as illuminated manuscripts, travelled around the continent, leading to a common aesthetic among the royalty and higher nobility and reducing the variation in national styles among works produced for the courtly elites; the main influences were northern France, the Netherlands, the Duchy of Burgundy, the Imperial court in Prague, Italy. Royal marriages such as that between Richard II of England and Anne of Bohemia helped to spread the style, it was a style of courtly sophistication, but somewhat more robust versions spread to art commissioned by the emerging mercantile classes and the smaller nobility. In Northern Europe "Late Gothic" continuations of the style in its decorative elements, could still be found until the early 16th century, as no alternative decorative vocabulary emerged locally to replace it before Renaissance revival of Classicism.
Usage of the terms by art historians varies somewhat, with some using the term more restrictively than others. Some art historians feel the term is "in many ways... not helpful... since it tends to skate over both differences and details of transmission." The important Bohemian version of the style developed in the court of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor in Prague, which for a brief period became a leading force in the development of European art. Charles came from the Luxembourg dynasty, was tutored by the future Pope Clement VI, as a youth spent seven years at the French court, as well as visiting Italy twice; this and family relationships gave him intimate links with the various courts of France, including that of the Avignon Papacy, from 1363 the separate Valois Duchy of Burgundy under Philip the Bold. The Bohemian style lacked the elongated figures of other centres, but had a richness and sweetness in female figures that were influential. Charles had at least one Italian altarpiece made in Italy and sent to Prague, near where it remains today in his showpiece Karlštejn Castle.
For St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague, he first used a French architect, the German Peter Parler. Much of the development of the style occurred in Italy, it spread north of the Alps to influence France through the colony of Italian artists attached to the Papal Court at Avignon, the works displayed from the residence there in the 1330s and 1340s of Simone Martini, a Sienese precursor of the style. Republican Siena had a large influence on the development of the style, but kept to its own dignified Gothic style throughout the period, afterwards, while the flamboyant Visconti court at Milan closely related to the French royal family, was the most important Italian centre of the courtly style; as the style developed in Northern Europe, Italian artists were in turn influenced by it. The marriage in 1384 between the young King Richard II of England and Charles IV's daughter Anne of Bohemia helped to connect Prague and London, bring the style to England, although Anne died in 1394. A number of central works of International Gothic work are votive portraits of monarchs with a sacred figure – in some cases being received into Heaven by them, as with a miniature of Jean, Duc de Berry, some of his relatives, being welcomed by Saint Peter in the Grandes Heures du Duc de Berry.
From this period come the earliest surviving panel portraits of monarchs, royal manuscripts show a increased number of realistic portraits of the monarch who commissioned them. In architecture, where the style was long-lasting, local varieties of it are known as Perpendicular architecture in England, as Sondergotik in Germany and Central Europe, Flamboyant Gothic in France, the Manueline in Portugal, the Isabelline in Spain. In painting and sculpture, the style is sometimes known in German as the "Schöne Stil" or "Weicher Stil". Stylistic features are a dignified elegance, which replaces monumentality, along with rich decorative colouring, elongated figures and flowing lines, it makes a more practised use of perspective and setting. Figures begin to be given more space in their settings, interest is taken in realistically depicted plants and animals. In some works, above all the famous calendar scenes of the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, the beginnings of real landscape painting are seen.
Decoration became ornate as the style developed in Northern Europe, whereas in Italy the increased sophistication of figure painting was absorbed into Early Renaissance painting. In sculpture the leading Italian artists remained closer to classicism, were less affected by the movement. Claus Sluter was the leading sculptor in Burgundy, was one artist able to use the style with a monumental effect. Most sculptors are unknown, the style tended to survive longer in Northern sculpture than painting, as the detailed realism of Early Netherlandish painting was harder to translate into sculpture. Smaller painted wood figures, most of the Madonna, were significant, being portable helped to disseminate the style across Europe. Notable painters included Master Theoderic and the Master of the Třeboň Altarpiece in Bohemia, the Master of the Parement, Jacquemart de Hesdin and the Netherlandish Limbourg brothers in France, Gentile da Fabriano, Lorenzo Monaco and Pisanell
Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
Otto the Evil was a member of the House of Guelph. He was a Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1367 Duke in the Principality of Göttingen, his father was Ernest I, who assumed power in the Principality of Göttingen in 1345. After several years of co-regency in 1367, Otto took up government in this small and economically weak principality. Otto resided in the city of Göttingen, where he held several large jousting tournaments. Over time, however, he had a number of disputes with the citizens of the city. Otto's contemporaries called him der Quade, Low German for "the evil", he received this nickname due to the unbroken series of feuds he was involved in. Otto has been described as a prominent representative of the former knighthood, he allied himself with noble Knights to fight against other princes or against the cities, whose burgeoning power was anathema to him. During these clashes, Otto changed sides. Sometimes, he fought several feuds simultaneously. From 1367 onwards, he pursued hereditary claims to the Landgraviate of Hesse.
He tried to enforce his claims in a military alliance with the knights in the Star League. At the same time, he fought in the Lüneburg War of Succession. At first, he fought on the side of Magnus II against the House of Ascania, he was able to secure the reign of Brunswick from 1374 to 1381. He failed in both Hesse and Brunswick and had to withdraw in exchange for financial compensation. In 1387, he had little success. In April, the citizens of Göttingen stormed the ducal castle inside the city walls. In return, Otto devastated farmsteads in the area. In July, the citizens under captain Moritz von Uslar defeated him in a pitched battle between Rosdorf and Grone. In August, Otto was forced to recognize the freedom of Göttingen's possessions in the area. After he was expelled from Göttingen, Otto had to reside in Hardegsen, where he had acquired Hardeg Castle in 1379 from the Lords of Rosdorf. By this time, he had been excommunicated, why he was buried in unhallowed ground north of the church of Wiebrechtshausen monastery at Northeim.
He was posthumously released from the excommunication. After that, a tomb was erected over his burial place and a chapel was built around it; the chapel was connected to the church. The final verdict on Otto I is negative, because he overestimated his powers and left himself weakened when he fought too many fights at once, he left a indebted and politically disorganized country to his only son, Otto II. In 1379, he married a daughter of Duke William VII of Jülich-Berg, they had one son: Otto II. Their daughter Elisabeth married Eric Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen. Paul Zimmermann, "Otto der Quade", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 24, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 677–682 Dietrich Denecke, Helga-Maria Kühn: Göttingen. Geschichte einer Universitätsstadt, vol. 1, Göttingen, 1987, ISBN 3-525-36196-3. Paul Ehrenpfordt: Otto der Quade, Herzog von Braunschweig zu Göttingen, Hannover, 1913. Edgar Kalthof: Geschichte des südniedersächsischen Fürstentums Göttingen und des Landes Calenberg im Fürstentum Calenberg 1285–1584, Verlag Otto Zander, Herzberg -Pöhlde, 1982, ISBN 3-923336-03-9.
Joachim Lehrmann: Raubritter zwischen Heide, Harz und Weser, Lehrte 2007, ISBN 978-3-9803642-6-3. The House of Guelph
The Frauenkirche is a church in the Bavarian city of Munich that serves as the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising and seat of its Archbishop. It is considered a symbol of the Bavarian capital city. Although called "Münchner Dom" on its website and URL, the church is always referred to as "Frauenkirche" by locals; the church towers are visible because of local height limits. According to the narrow outcome of a local plebiscite, city administration prohibits buildings with a height exceeding 99 m in the city center. Since November 2004, this prohibition has been provisionally extended outward and as a result, no buildings may be built in the city over the aforementioned height; the south tower, open to those wishing to climb the stairs, will, on completion of its current renovation, offer a unique view of Munich and the nearby Alps. Right next to the town's first ring of walls, a Romanesque church was added in the 12th century, replacing a former, late romanesque building and serving as a second city parish following Alter Peter church, the oldest.
The current late Gothic construction replaced this older church and was commissioned by Duke Sigismund and the people of Munich in the 15th century. The cathedral was erected in only 20 years' time by Jörg von Halsbach. For financial reasons and due to the lack of a nearby stone pit, brick was chosen as building material. Construction began in 1468. Since the cash resources were exhausted in 1479, Pope Sixtus IV granted an indulgence; the two towers were completed in 1488 and the church was consecrated in 1494. However, due to lack of funds, the planned, open-work spires typical of the Gothic style could not be built and the towers had to stay unfinished until 1525. Hartmann Schedel printed a view of Munich including the uncovered towers in his famous Nuremberg Chronicle known as Schedel's World Chronicle. However, because rainwater was penetrating the temporary roofing in the tower's ceilings, a decision was made to complete them in a budget-priced design; this is how the building got its famous domes atop each tower and the church became such a non-interchangeable landmark.
Their design was modelled on the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, which in turn took a lead from late Byzantine architecture and was at that time falsely considered to be Solomon's original temple. The building has a volume of about 200,000 m³, it is said to have had the capacity to house 20,000 standing people. This is quite remakable for a town that, besides having had another parish church, counted only 13,000 inhabitants at the end of the 15th century and for a church, erected to serve but a modest city parish repacing an earlier, yet smaller construction; the cathedral suffered severe damage during World War II due to the Allied forces' aerial raids during the latter stages of the war — the roof collapsed, one of the towers suffered severe damage and a lion's share of the immensely precious interior from all centuries since the foundation of the parish was lost either due to bomb raids or in their aftermath, when tons of debris had to be removed. Major restoration efforts began after the war and were carried out in several stages, the last of which came to an end in 1994.
The Frauenkirche was constructed from red brick in the late Gothic style within only 20 years. The building is designed plainly, without rich Gothic ornaments and its buttresses moved into and hidden in the interior. This, together with the two tower's special design, lets the construction, mighty anyway, look more enormous and gives it a near-modern appearance according to the principle of "less is more"; the Late Gothic brick building with chapels surrounding the apse is 109 metres long, 40 metres wide, 37 metres high. Contrary to a widespread legend that says the two towers with their characteristic domes are one meter different in height, they are equal: the north tower is 98.57 metres while the south tower is only 98.45 metres, 12 centimetres less. The original design called for pointed spires to top the towers, much like Cologne Cathedral, but those were never built because of lack of money. Instead, the two domes were constructed during the Renaissance and do not match the architectural style of the building, however they have become a distinctive landmark of Munich.
With an enclosed space of about 200,000 m³, with 150,000 m³ up to the height of the vault, it is the second among the largest hall churches in general and the second among the largest brick churches north of the Alps. Catholic Mass is held in the cathedral, which still serves as a parish church, it is among the largest hall churches in southern Germany. The interior does not overwhelm despite its size; the hall is divided into 3 sectors (the main nave and two side aisles of equal height by a double-row of 22 pillars that help enclose the space. These are voluminous, but appear quite slim due to their impressive height and the building's height-to-width ratio; the arches were designed by Heinrich von Straubing. From the main portal the view seems to be only the rows of columns with no windows and translucent "walls" between the vaults through which the light seems to shine; the spatial effect of the church is connected with a legend about a footprint in a square tile at the entrance to the nave, the so-called "devil's footstep".
Meinhard VI of Gorizia
Meinhard VI of Gorizia a member of the Meinhardiner dynasty, an Imperial Prince and a Count of Gorizia. His parents were Count Albert II of Euphemia of Mätsch. From 1338 to 1365, he ruled Gorizia jointly with his brothers Albert III and Henry V, after inheriting the county from their uncle John Henry IV. From 1362 when Henry V of Gorizia died, he ruled alongside Albert III. From 1365, Meinhard VI ruled Gorizia alone, he failed in a claim over the County of Tyrol when his 2nd cousin Margaret “Maultasch” was forced to cede Tyrol to Rudolf IV Dyke of Austria and Carinthia in 1363. This ended the "dominium Tyrolis" which had existed since 1254, he managed to reduce the power of the Patriarchate of Aquileia, the Republic of Venice became the beneficiary of the Patriarchate, which led to sharp contrasts between the parties involved. Meinhard retreated from Gorizia Castle to Burg Bruck in Lienz. Meinhard's reign marked the beginning of the decline of the County of Gorizia; the princes of Gorizia had to mortgage and sell more and more of their possessions to salvage their worsening financial position.
Meinhard was involved in power struggles with his ecclasiastical neighbours, in disputes with the Habsburg dynasty about the succession in the Duchy of Carinthia and the County of Tyrol. Meinhard's first marriage was with the daughter of Count Ulrich V of Pfannberg. After her death, he married the daughter of Vogt Ulrich IV of Mätsch, he had the following children: Anna of Zwarscheneck, married to Count Johann Frankopan of Veglia, Ban of Croatia Catherine of Gorizia, married to Duke John II of Bavaria-Munich Ursula of Schoeneck and Uttenstein, married to Count Henry III of Schauberg Elisabeth Henry VI of Gorizia John Meinhard VII, Count Palatine of Carinthia, Count of Kirchberg, married: Magdalena, a daughter of the Duke Frederick "the Wise" of Bavaria Agnes of Pettau-Wurmberg Enrtry for Meinhard VI at genealogie-mittelalter.de