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Sigismund von Herberstein

Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein, was a Carniolan diplomat, writer and member of the Holy Roman Empire Imperial Council. He was most noted for his extensive writing on the geography and customs of Russia and contributed to early Western European knowledge of that area. Herberstein was born in 1486 in Vipava in the Duchy of Carniola, now in Slovenia part of the Habsburg Monarchy, his parents were Leonhard von Herberstein and Barbara von Lueg, members of the prominent German-speaking family which had resided in Herberstein Castle for nearly 200 years. Little is known of his early life apart from the fact that he became familiar with the Slovene language spoken in the region; this knowledge became significant in his life. In 1499 he entered the University of Vienna to study law. In 1506 he served in a number of campaigns. In 1508 he was knighted by Maximilian I, in person. In 1515 he entered the Imperial council, or Parliament, began a long and illustrious diplomatic career. Between 1515 and 1553, Herberstein carried out 69 missions abroad, travelling throughout much of Europe, including Turkey.

He was rewarded with titles and estates. He was twice sent to Russia as ambassador of the Holy Roman Emperor, in 1517 to attempt to arrange a truce between Russia and Lithuania, in 1526 to renew a treaty between the two signed in 1522; these extended visits provided him with the opportunity to study a hitherto unknown Russian society. Herberstein's knowledge of Slovene, acquired in his youth, allowed him to communicate with Russians, as Slovene and Russian both belong to the Slavic languages, he used this ability to question a variety of people in Russia on a wide range of topics. This gave him an insight into Russia and Russians unavailable to the few previous visitors to Russia, he wrote his first account of life in Russia between 1517 and 1527, but no copy of this survives. In 1526, he was asked to produce a formal report on his experiences in Russia, but this remained unnoticed in the archives until he was able to find time to revise and expand it, which he started in the 1530s; the evidence suggests that Herberstein was an capable ethnographer.

He investigated in depth both by questioning locals and by critically examining the scarce existing literature on Russia. The result was his major work, a book written in Latin titled Rerum Moscoviticarum Commentarii, published in 1549; this became the main early source of knowledge in Western Europe on Russia. He was the first to record the spelling of tsar as czar. English and French began to move from the'cz' spelling to the'ts' spelling in the 19th century; the primary source of material on Herberstein is Marshall Poe's publications, particularly'A People Born To Slavery': Russia in Early Modern European Ethnography. Notes upon Russia, the English translation of Herberstein's book by Richard Henry Major, with a long preface.

Eho Hamara Jeevna

Eho Hamara Jeevna is a Punjabi novel written by Dalip Kaur Tiwana. The novel was published in 1968 and it was the author's second novel. For this novel Tiwana received Sahitya Akademi Award in 1972. Bhano, a poor woman belonging to a poor farmer family in rural areas of Punjab, is the female protagonist of the novel. In her village women are treated as commodity and sold for a little money. Bhano's father was ready to sell her daughter and arranges her marriage with Sarban, a resident of Moranwalli village. After her marriage she tortures. Sarban's four unmarried brothers try to abuse her sexually; the friends of Sarban harass her. After the death of Sarban, Bhano's life becomes more miserable and her father tries to sell her once again to the brothers of Sarban. Bhano tries to escape by committing suicide. A man named Narain saves her and accepts her as his wife without denying to give any social recognition; because of circumstances and patriarchal setup in her society Bhano fails to fulfil her simplest goals in life.

Tiwana attempted to portray an ordinary downtrodden Indian woman's tragic life in this novel. Reviewer Harjeet Singh Gill analyzed Bhano's character as- "She has no kith or kin. Once the bargain is struck, her relationship with her parents gets detached, she lives in an island of social outcast in a small village. She belongs to none, but and individually, she does not'exist, she only'floats'. The novel was first published in 1968 and this was Dalip Kaur Tiwana's second novel; the novel was translated into English as. Tiwana received Sahitya Akademi Award in 1972 for this novel; the novel was adapted into a film in 2011. Indian film personality Om Puri directed the serial. Puri told about making a film on the novel- "Eho Hamara Jeevna looks at the condition of women in Punjab and though the novel was written four decades ago, the story still rings true", it was adapted into a television serial

Al'an Fahimtkum

Al'an Fahimtkum is a Tunisian play. The play derives its name from the famous phrase of the Tunisian President Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali, when he announced to the Tunisian people in 2011 that he understood them, before he was deposed in January 2011; the play was written by the Jordanian satirist and columnist, Ahmad Hasan Al-Zu'bi in 2011. The prominent Jordanian actor, Musa Hijazeen, played the main character in Abu Saqer, he works as a driver for the government. Abu Saqer is a controlling father whose children, in the wake of Arab spring, decide to unite ranks and demand that he give them more freedoms; when their mother joined them, Abu Saqer decided to give concessions, including financial allowances. In the play, Abu Saqer’s brother returns to Jordan after living for 30 years in Canada. Not aware of the Jordanian domestic affairs, he asks his brother, Abu Saqer, to explain to him the situation. Abu Saqer explains how things work in Jordan by satirically alluding to array of controversial issues of interest to all Jordanians the frequent ministerial re-shuffles, political parties and national unity.

The play addresses several local political issues privatization and corruption. One of the powerful messages that resonated among Jordanians after the play was the phrase: “They sold it”, this phrase was repeated throughout the play in reference to the wide-scale privatization of the Jordanian public institutions. After Jordanians watched the play on Roya TV, they repeat it whenever the topic of privatization is being discussed. Al Zu'bi gives a voice to critics of the government who last year took to the streets demanding an end to political corruption and calling for deep reforms; the play can be seen as a result of the movements' in the Arab streets. On that Al-Zoubi said that the play was written by 300 million Arabs

Made in Heaven (song)

"Made in Heaven" is the third single recorded by Freddie Mercury, his fourth release as a solo artist. Featured in Mercury's debut album, the song was edited and published as a 45rpm paired with "She Blows Hot and Cold", described on the record sleeve as'A Brand New Track'; the single reached #57 on the UK Singles Chart. After Mercury's death, the song's title gave the name to Queen's 1995 posthumous album Made in Heaven; the song was chosen, along with "I Was Born to Love You", to be re-recorded for the album, with the previous vocals over a newly recorded instrumental track. Original versionFreddie Mercury - lead vocals, synthesiser Fred Mandel - piano, guitar Paul Vincent - lead guitar Curt Cress - drums Stephan Wissnet - bass guitar, Fairlight CMI Reinhold Mack - Fairlight CMIQueen versionFreddie Mercury - lead vocals, keyboards Brian May - electric guitar, slide guitar Roger Taylor - drums, percussion John Deacon - bass guitar The single was released in 7" and 12" format. 7" single releaseThe 7" single was released as a shaped picture disc.

12" single release The song's video was realized with the help of David Mallet involved in the making of the music video for "I Was Born to Love You", as well as five Queen clips. A Royal Opera House replica was built inside a warehouse in North London, where Mercury wanted to recreate scenes from Stravinskij's The Rite of Spring and Dante's Inferno; the most remarkable element is the 67-foot tall rotating globe on top of which the singer stands in the last part of the video clip. The outfit that Mercury wears in this music video is quite similar to the outfit worn in the music video for the Queen single "Radio Ga Ga". Mr. Bad Guy Made in Heaven Offcial music video on YouTube

Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint George's in Grenada

The Roman Catholic Diocese of St. George's in Grenada is a diocese, of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Caribbean, which encompasses only and the entirety of Grenada, it is a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Castries and a member of the Antilles Episcopal Conference, het depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. Its cathedral episcopal see is Immaculate Conception Cathedral, in national capital St. George's, Grenada, it was erected on 20 February 1956 as Diocese of St. George's in Grenada, on British Antillian territory split off from the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Port of Spain It lost territory on 1970.03.07 to establish the Diocese of Bridgetown-Kingstown. As per 2014, it pastorally served 46,485 Catholics on 340 km² in 20 parishes and 1 mission with 23 priests, 8 deacons and 53 lay religious. Suffragan Bishops of Saint George’s in Grenada Justin James Field, Dominican Order Patrick Webster, Benedictine Order, succeeding as former Titular Bishop of Otočac, Auxiliary Bishop of Saint George’s in Grenada and Apostolic Administrator of Saint George’s in Grenada.

P. Clyde Martin Harvey, no previous prelature. Patrick Webster, O. S. B. Appointed Bishop here List of Catholic dioceses in Grenada GCatholic with Google map - data for all section "Diocese of Saint George's in Grenada". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2007-02-24

Toy District, Los Angeles

The Toy District is a 12-block area in eastern Downtown Los Angeles, bounded by Los Angeles Street on the west and Fifth streets on the north and south and San Pedro Street on the east. It is a multilingual, multicultural area that consists of one- and two-story buildings painted in pastel shades and is home to five hundred toy- and electronics-related businesses. Before the arrival of the first toy merchants, the area was considered to be part of a Los Angeles skid row – an impoverished area habituated by the homeless – and one contemporary account described it as lying between Third and Main streets and the Los Angeles River. Taiwanese and Vietnamese immigrants of Chinese descent opened up the first toy stores in the early 1980s, at first these merchants sold toys only during holiday periods. Among them was the Woo family, the most successful entrepreneur of that clan was Charles Woo, born in Hong Kong and settling in Los Angeles as a teenager in 1968. Woo was a physics student at UCLA when he took a summer off to help other family members launch ABC Toys, a wholesale business operated by Shu Woo.

By 1998 Woo and his family owned 10 Toy District buildings and a distribution company, Mega Toys, with $30 million in annual sales. Charles Woo was considered to be the Toy District's "founding father." Woo said he built up the Toy District by encouraging other Asian-immigrant entrepreneurs who were buying toys from him to open their own businesses in the district. Predominantly a wholesale district for midrange to low-end stores nationwide, the 12-block area is popular with individual bargain hunters. About a thousand shops and curbside stands fill the bustling area bounded by 3rd Street on the north, San Pedro Street on the east, 5th Street on the south and Los Angeles Street on the west. Along with toys, the shops are filled with housewares, sporting goods, silk flowers and clothing imported from such places as Thailand and Pakistan as well as China. Ninety percent of the stores sell at wholesale prices. Charles Woo said that he built up volume in his business by halving the 40 to 50 percent markup sought by traditional small toy wholesalers.

The growth of the toy industry in this area helped revive these economically stricken areas of Downtown Los Angeles, the process gave birth to the Toy District, which by 2003 was home to hundreds of resellers of Asian-made toys and other goods, with more than a billion dollars in sales each year. Los Angeles County has emerged as the gateway to most of the toys sold in U. S. retail stores and abroad. More than five hundred companies make up the toy industry in the county – not only in the Toy District – and they are wholesalers who import dolls, radio-controlled cars and other goods from Pacific Rim countries, they are small, they employ few workers each. Around 1998, a business improvement district, or BID, was established by property owners in the neighborhood to clean streets and improve security, but by 2009 there was widespread discontent among the owners about the role of the district, paying for trash pickup and security patrols through special assessments on the properties; the Central City East Association, the nonprofit organization that managed the district, had been trying to husband the district's dwindling funds so a street-trash problem grew worse.

The district went out of business in 2009 when property owners defeated a proposal to renew its mandate. On January 1, 2010, the Central City East Association stopped providing trash removal and other services in the Toy District. Before that date, cardboard boxes and other garbage began to pile up on neighborhood streets. Workers from the BID had hauled more than five tons of garbage daily from the area. Many landlords cited the poor economy and a dip in the rental market, saying they could not afford the BID's annual dues, which ranged from a few hundred to more than one hundred thousand dollars. Several factors contributed to the trash problem. Stores received large shipments of merchandise, some business owners dumped the packing materials on the streets at the end of each day, assuming the city would take care of it. Additionally, many of the district's cramped shops were housed in larger, subdivided storefronts and they did not have ready access to alleys or other areas large enough to hold dumpsters.

The district is home to a portion of downtown's homeless population, with homeless people sleeping at night on the sidewalks. By 2010 street lights had been stripped of salable metal parts and entire blocks were left in darkness; some of the links may require the use of a library card