Sigma1 Ursae Majoris

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Sigma1 Ursae Majoris
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Ursa Major constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg
Location of σ1 Ursae Majoris (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Ursa Major
Right ascension 09h 08m 23.49946s[1]
Declination +66° 52′ 23.6492″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.14[2]
Spectral type K5 III[3]
U−B color index +1.80[2]
B−V color index +1.52[2]
Radial velocity (Rv)14.60±0.19[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −22.68[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −40.11[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)6.26 ± 0.30[1] mas
Distance520 ± 20 ly
(160 ± 8 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−0.93[3]
Radius46[5] R
Luminosity560±20[3] L
Surface gravity (log g)1.66[6] cgs
Temperature3,940[6] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]−0.23[6] dex
Other designations
σ1 UMa, 11 Ursae Majoris, BD+67° 573, HD 77800, HIP 44857, HR 3609, SAO 14769.[7]
Database references

Sigma1 Ursae Majoris (σ1 UMa) is the Bayer designation for a solitary[8] star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major. With an apparent visual magnitude of 5.14[2] it is faintly visible to the naked eye on dark nights. Based upon an annual parallax shift of 6.26 mas,[1] it is located roughly 520 light years from the Sun. At that distance, the visual magnitude of the star is diminished by an extinction factor of 0.06[3] due to interstellar dust.

This is an evolved K-type giant star with a stellar classification of K5 III.[3] It is a suspected variable with an amplitude of 0.03 magnitude.[3] The measured angular diameter of the star after correcting for limb darkening is 2.67±0.04 mas,[9] which, at the estimated distance of this star, yields a physical size of about 46 times the radius of the Sun.[5] The star is radiating around 560[3] times the solar luminosity from its outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 3,940 K.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Mermilliod, J.-C. (1986), "Compilation of Eggen's UBV data, transformed to UBV (unpublished)", Catalogue of Eggen's UBV data, SIMBAD, Bibcode:1986EgUBV........0M. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Groenewegen, M. A. T. (April 2012), "Infrared excess around nearby red giant branch stars and Reimers law", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 540: 21, Bibcode:2012A&A...540A..32G, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201118287, A32. 
  4. ^ de Bruijne, J. H. J.; Eilers, A.-C. (October 2012), "Radial velocities for the HIPPARCOS-Gaia Hundred-Thousand-Proper-Motion project", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 546: 14, arXiv:1208.3048Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..61D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219219, A61. 
  5. ^ a b Lang, Kenneth R. (2006), Astrophysical formulae, Astronomy and astrophysics library, 1 (3rd ed.), Birkhäuser, ISBN 3-540-29692-1.  The radius (R*) is given by:
  6. ^ a b c d Soubiran, C.; et al. (June 2010), "The PASTEL catalogue of stellar parameters", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 515: A111, arXiv:1004.1069Freely accessible, Bibcode:2010A&A...515A.111S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014247. 
  7. ^ "sig01 UMa". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2017-02-25. 
  8. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  9. ^ Richichi, A.; et al. (February 2005), "CHARM2: An updated Catalog of High Angular Resolution Measurements", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 431: 773–777, Bibcode:2005A&A...431..773R, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20042039.