Epcot is a theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, Florida. It is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company through its Parks and Products division. Inspired by an unrealized concept developed by Walt Disney, the park opened on October 1, 1982, as EPCOT Center, was the second of four theme parks built at Walt Disney World, after the Magic Kingdom. Spanning 305 acres, more than twice the size of the Magic Kingdom park, Epcot is dedicated to the celebration of human achievement, namely technological innovation and international culture, is referred to as a "permanent world's fair". Epcot was conceived by Walt Disney during the early development of Walt Disney World, as an experimental planned community that would serve as a center for American innovation and urban living. Known as "EPCOT", the idea included an urban city center, residential areas, a series of mass transportation systems that would connect the community. After Disney's death in 1966, the "EPCOT" concept was abandoned as the company had uncertainty about maintaining an operating city.
In the 1970s, WED Enterprises began developing a second theme park for the resort to supplement Magic Kingdom, as that park's popularity grew. The new park maintained the idea of showcasing modern innovation through avant-garde edutainment attractions, as well as the addition of a world nations exposition; the newly-designed park, featuring two sections—Future World and World Showcase—opened as EPCOT Center in 1982. In 2017, Epcot hosted about 12.2 million guests, ranking it as the fourth-most-visited theme park in North America and the seventh-most-visited theme park in the world. The park is represented by Spaceship Earth, a geodesic sphere; the theme park opened on October 1, 1982. The dedication plaque near the entrance states: To all who come to this place of joy and friendship, welcome. Epcot is inspired by Walt Disney's creative vision. Here, human achievements are celebrated through imagination, wonders of enterprise and concepts of a future that promises new and exciting benefits for all.
May EPCOT Center entertain and inspire and above all, may it instill a new sense of belief and pride in man's ability to shape a world that offers hope to people everywhere. The park's name, was an acronym for Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, a utopian city of the future planned by Walt Disney interchanging "city" and "community." In Walt Disney's words: "EPCOT will take its cue from the new ideas and new technologies that are now emerging from the creative centers of American industry. It will be a community of tomorrow that will never be completed but will always be introducing and testing, demonstrating new materials and new systems, and EPCOT will always be a showcase to the world of the ingenuity and imagination of American free enterprise."His original vision was for a model community which would have been home to twenty thousand residents and a test bed for city planning as well as organization. It was to have been built in the shape of a circle with businesses and commercial areas at its center with community buildings and recreational complexes around it while residential neighborhoods would line the perimeter.
This radial plan concept is influenced by British planner Ebenezer Howard and his Garden Cities of To-morrow. Transportation would have been provided by PeopleMovers. Automobile traffic would be kept underground; the original model of EPCOT can still be seen by passengers riding the Tomorrowland Transit Authority attraction in the Magic Kingdom park. Walt Disney was not able to obtain funding and permission to start work on his Florida property until he agreed to first build Magic Kingdom, he died. After Walt Disney's death, Walt Disney Productions decided that it did not want to be in the business of running a city without Walt's guidance; the model community of Celebration, Florida has been mentioned as a realization of Disney's original vision, but Celebration is based on concepts of new urbanism, radically different from Disney's modernist and futurist visions. However, the idea of EPCOT was instrumental in prompting the state of Florida to create the Reedy Creek Improvement District and the cities of Bay Lake and Reedy Creek, a legislative mechanism allowing Disney to exercise governmental powers over Walt Disney World.
Control over the RCID is vested in the landowners of the district, the promise of an actual city in the district would have meant that the powers of the RCID would have been distributed among the landowners in EPCOT. Because the idea of EPCOT was never implemented, Disney remained the sole landowner in the district allowing it to maintain control of the RCID and the cities of Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista; the original plans for the park showed indecision over the park's purpose. Some Imagineers wanted it to represent the cutting edge of technology, while others wanted it to showcase international cultures and customs. At one point, a model of the futuristic park was pushed together against a model of a World's Fair international theme, the two were combined; the park was named EPCOT Center to reflect the ideals and values of the city. It was constructed for an estimated $800 million to $1.4 billion and took three years to build, at the time the largest construction project on Earth. The parking lot serving the park is 141 acres (
Vestfold is a county in Norway, on the western shore of the Oslofjord. It borders Telemark; the county administration is in Tønsberg, Norway's oldest city, the largest city is Sandefjord. With the exception of the city-county of Oslo, Vestfold is the smallest county in Norway by area. Vestfold is located west of the Oslofjord, it includes many smaller, but well-known towns in Norway, such as Larvik, Sandefjord, Tønsberg and Horten. The river Numedalslågen runs through the county. Many islands are located at the coast. Vestfold is dominated by lowland and is among the best agricultural areas of Norway. Winters last about three months, while pleasant summer temperatures last from May to September, with a July average high of 17 °C. Vestfold is traditionally known for sailing. Sandefjord was a headquarters for the Norwegian whaling fleet, Horten used to be an important naval port; the coastal towns of Vestfold now engage in shipbuilding. Some lumbering is carried on in the interior; the area includes some of the best farmland in Norway.
Vestfold is the only county in which all municipalities have declared Bokmål to be their sole official written form of the Norwegian language. Vestfold will merge with neighboring Telemark County on January 1, 2020 as part of a nationwide municipal reform; the new county name is Vestfold og Telemark. Vestfold is the old name of the region, revived in modern times. Fold was the old name of the Oslofjord, the meaning of the name Vestfold is the region west of the Fold. Before 1919, the county was called Jarlsberg og Larvik Amt; the amt was created in 1821, consisting of the two old counties of Larvik. In the Viking age, Vestfold referred to Eiker, Kongsberg, now in Buskerud. Vestfold is mentioned for the first time in a written source in 813, when Danish kings were in Vestfold to quell an uprising amongst the Fürsts. There may have been as many as six political centers in Vestfold. At that time Kaupang, located in Tjølling near Larvik, had been functioning for decades and had a chieftain. Kaupang, which dates from the Viking Era, is believed to be the first town in Norway, although Tønsberg is the oldest town in Norway still in existence.
At Borre, there was a site for another chieftain. That site held chieftains for more than one hundred years prior to 813; the stone mounds at Mølen have been dated to the Viking Age. The mounds at Haugar in present-day Tønsberg's town centre have been dated to the Viking period. At Farmannshaugen in Sem there seems to have been activity at the time, while activity at Oseberghaugen and Gokstadhaugen dates from a few decades later. An English source from around 890 retells the voyage of Ottar "from the farthest North, along Norvegr via Kaupang and Hedeby to England", where Ottar places Kaupang in the land of the Dane - danenes land. Bjørn Brandlien says that "To the degree that Harald Hårfagre gathered a kingdom after the Battle of Hafrsfjord at the end of the 9th century -, connected to Avaldsnes - it does not seem to have made such a great impression on Ottar". Kaupang is mentioned under the name of Skiringssal in Ottar's tales. By the 10th century, the local kings had established themselves; the king or his ombudsman resided in the old Royal Court at Sæheim i Sem, today the Jarlsberg Estate in Tønsberg.
The farm Haugar became the seat for Haugating, the Thing for Vestfold and one of Norway's most important place for the proclamation of kings. The family of Harald Fairhair, most the first king of Norway, is said to have come from this area; the Danish kings seem to have been weak in Vestfold from around the middle of the 9th century until the middle of the 10th century, but their rule was strengthened there at the end of the 10th century. The Danish kings seem to have tried to control the region until the 13th century. Erik Agnarsson Halfdan Hvitbeinn Eystein Halfdansson Halfdan the Mild Gudrød the Hunter Halfdan the Black, together with his brother, Olaf Gudrødsson Ragnvald the Mountain-High, Cousin of Harold Fairhair Harald Fairhair Bjørn Farmann Olaf Haraldsson Geirstadalf, brother of Bjørn Harald Gudrødsson Grenske, 976–987 Whaling was an important 19th century industry in coastal cities such as Larvik, Tønsberg, Sandefjord, the world centre for the world's modern whaling industry. Not only did men from Vestfold County make up all the crew on the Norwegian whaling fleet, but many were involved in the whaling industry in other nations.
As an example, the first phase of modern Australian whaling was entirely based on workers from Larvik. While the first whaling station in the Faroe Islands was established by Sandefjordians, Larvik played a similar role for the Shetland Islands. Tønsberg initiated much of the whaling industry in Iceland and the Hebrides; the largest settlement in South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, was established by Carl Anton Larsen of Sandefjord on November 16, 1904. Sandefjordian Nils Larsen's expeditions to Antarctica in the early 20th century led to the Norwegian annexation of Bouvet Island and Peter I Island. A cove on Peter I Island is named Sandefjord Cove in honor of Nils Larsen's hometown. Sandefjord Harbor is now home to Southern Actor, the only whale-catcher from the Modern Whaling Epoch still to be in its original order; the museum ship is owned by Sandefjord Whaling Museum, Europe's only museum dedicated to wh
Spellemannprisen referred to as the Norwegian Grammy Awards in English, is a Norwegian music award presented to Norwegian musicians. The award was established by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, an organization that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide. First awarded in 1973, the prize honours musicians from the previous year; the Spellemann committee, composed of members of IFPI Norway and FONO, manages the award and acts as the judge. Twenty-one categories are awarded and the committee may award additional honorary and industry awards; the awards are held in January or February. Separate juries convene for each category. Members are confidential from both the other juries; the juries score each nominee separately convene to deliberate until there is a winner. Three nominees are presented to the jury; the Spellemanns committee nominates three categories: Newcomer of the Year, Fiddler of the Year and Hit Artist. A nomination jury nominates the rest of the videos, which are presented to the juries.
Starting in 2007, the winner of the Newcomer of the Year Award takes home a prize of 200 000 kroner. The scholarship is awarded by a Norwegian music industry funding agency; as of 2014, sixteen artists have won the prize more than five times. Leif Ove Andsnes has the most wins with 10 awards. In 2011, the live award show returned to NRK for the first time since 2001, remained on the same channel afterwards. From 2002 to 2010, the show was broadcast on TV 2. Nominees and winners: Barnemusikk Karoline Krüger og Fru Nitters Rytmeorkester: Labyrinter! Naboen Min: Rockesock Tonje Unstad: Musling med melk Mandarinsaft: På vei te en vennBluesUlf Myrvold: Old Memories Geir Bertheussen Blues Express: Southside JT Lauritsen & The Buckshot Hunters: Blue Eyed Soul Volume 1 Jørgen Sandvik: Permanent Vacation CountryHege Øversveen: Goodbye Yellow Roses Country Heroes: Honky Tonk Tears Malin Pettersen: References Pt. 1 The Northern Belle: Blinding Blue NeonElektronika Fakethias: Attune Sex Judas feat. Ricky: Go Down Judas Bjørn Torske: Byen Smerz: Have FunFolkemusikk/tradisjonsmusikk Aslak Brimi Kvartett: Vev Johanne Flottorp: Johanne Flottorp Sudan Dudan: Heimen der ute Marja Mortensson: Mojhtestasse – Cultural Heirlooms Indie/alternativ Okay Kaya: Both Thea Hjelmeland: Kulla Boy Pablo: Soy Pablo Fay Wildhagen: BordersJazzGurls: Run boy, run Moskus: Mirakler Atomic: Pet Variations Hanna Paulsberg Concept + Magnus Broo: Daughter Of The SunKlassisk Frida Fredrikke Waaler Wærvågen & Ingrid Andsnes: Metamorfose Tora Augestad & Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra: Portraying Passion Christian Ihle Hadland: Christian Ihle Hadland plays Domenico Scarlatti Stavanger Symfoniorkester: Symphonic DancesMetalAura Noir: Aura Noire Obliteration: Cenotaph Obscure Beaten To Death: Agronomicon Sylvaine: Atoms Aligned, Coming UndonePopartist Sigrid: Raw EP Sondre Justad: Ingenting i paradis Amanda Delara: Running Deep + Soldiers Emilie Nicolas: Tranquille Emile Popgruppe Band of Gold: Where’s The Magic Razika: Sånn kjennes verden ut Lemaitre: Lemaitre 2018 Seeb: Nice To Meet YouRockOslo Ess: Frie radikaler The Good The Bad and The Zugly: Misanthropical House Årabrot: Who Do You Love Turbonegro: Rock’n’roll MachineSamtid Kjell Tore Innervik: UTOPIAS — Radical Interpretations of Iconic Musical Works for Percussion Telemark kammerorkester, dirigent Lars-Erik ter Jung: Chasing Strings Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra: Ørjan Matre: Konsert for orkester Cikada strykekvartett / Knut Olaf Sunde: Vertigo RoomUrbanMARS: MARS EMIR: Mer av deg Lil Halima: Lil Halima 2018 Unge Beirut: Hevnen er søt, men jeg tilgir degViser Ingeborg Oktober: Skjømmingsboka Ellen Sofie Hovland: Og solen renner over Erik Lukashaugen: Vi eier skogene Masåva: MasåvaÅpen klasse Anja Garbarek: The Road Is Just A Surface Geir Sundstøl: Brødløs Harpreet Bansal: Samaya Amgala Temple: Invisible AirshipsTonos komponistpris Anja Garbarek: The Road Is Just A Surface Geir Holmsen: Et stille sted Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra – Ørjan Matre: Konsert for orkester Arve Henriksen/Eivind Aarset/Jan Bang/Jez riley French: The Height Of The ReedsÅrets låtskriver Stig Joar Haugen: Midt Imellom Magisk Og Manisk Dagny Norvoll Sandvik: Dagny Låtskriver 2018 Ina Wroldsen: Hex Thea Hjelmeland: KullaÅrets musikkvideo Aurora / director: Kinga Burza: "Queendom" Hkeem / director: Thor Brenne: "Ghettoparasitt" Sigrid / director: AB/CD/CD: "Sucker Punch" Sondre Justad / director: Trond Kvig Andreassen: "Ikke som de andre"Årets produsent Aksel Carlson: For example MARS, Emilie Nicolas, Arif & Unge Ferrari Fay Wildhagen: Borders Kai Gundelach: Baltus Kåre Christoffer Vestrheim: For example Anja Garbarek, Emilie Nicolas, Håkon Kornstad, BatagrafÅrets tekstforfatter Eduardo Andersen: La oss ta en idealist Lars Saabye Christensen: Et stille sted Ina Wroldsen: Hex Odd Nordstoga: KløyvdÅrets album Emilie Nicolas: Tranquille Emilie Rotlaus: På vei Sondre Justad: Ingenting i paradis Unge Ferrari: Midt Imellom Magisk Og ManiskÅrets gjennombrudd & Gramo-stipend Boy Pablo Lise Davidsen Kamelen Rotlaus RubenÅrets låt Alan Walker feat.
Tomine Harket, Au/Ra: "Darkside" Astrid S: "Emotion" Ina Wroldsen: "Strongest" K-391 feat. Alan Walker, Julie Bergan, Seungri: "Ignite" Kygo, Miguel: "Remind Me to Forget" Mads Hansen: "Sommerkroppe
BIBSYS is an administrative agency set up and organized by the Ministry of Education and Research in Norway. They are a service provider, focusing on the exchange and retrieval of data pertaining to research and learning – metadata related to library resources. BIBSYS are collaborating with all Norwegian universities and university colleges as well as research institutions and the National Library of Norway. Bibsys is formally organized as a unit at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, located in Trondheim, Norway; the board of directors is appointed by Norwegian Ministry of Research. BIBSYS offer researchers and others an easy access to library resources by providing the unified search service Oria.no and other library services. They deliver integrated products for the internal operation for research and special libraries as well as open educational resources; as a DataCite member BIBSYS act as a national DataCite representative in Norway and thereby allow all of Norway's higher education and research institutions to use DOI on their research data.
All their products and services are developed in cooperation with their member institutions. BIBSYS began in 1972 as a collaborative project between the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters Library, the Norwegian Institute of Technology Library and the Computer Centre at the Norwegian Institute of Technology; the purpose of the project was to automate internal library routines. Since 1972 Bibsys has evolved from a library system supplier for two libraries in Trondheim, to developing and operating a national library system for Norwegian research and special libraries; the target group has expanded to include the customers of research and special libraries, by providing them easy access to library resources. BIBSYS is a public administrative agency answerable to the Ministry of Education and Research, administratively organised as a unit at NTNU. In addition to BIBSYS Library System, the product portfolio consists of BISBYS Ask, BIBSYS Brage, BIBSYS Galleri and BIBSYS Tyr. All operation of applications and databases is performed centrally by BIBSYS.
BIBSYS offer a range of services, both in connection with their products and separate services independent of the products they supply. Open access in Norway Om Bibsys
Walt Disney World
The Walt Disney World Resort called Walt Disney World and Disney World, is an entertainment complex in Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, Florida, in the United States, near the cities Orlando and Kissimmee. Opened on October 1, 1971, the resort is owned and operated by Disney Parks and Products, a division of The Walt Disney Company, it was first operated by Walt Disney World Company. The property, which covers nearly 25,000 acres, only half of, used, comprises four theme parks, two water parks, twenty-seven themed resort hotels, nine non-Disney hotels, several golf courses, a camping resort, other entertainment venues, including the outdoor shopping center Disney Springs. Designed to supplement Disneyland, in Anaheim, which had opened in 1955, the complex was developed by Walt Disney in the 1960s. "The Florida Project", as it was known, was intended to present a distinct vision with its own diverse set of attractions. Walt Disney's original plans called for the inclusion of an "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow", a planned community intended to serve as a test bed for new city-living innovations.
Walt Disney died on December 1966, during construction of the complex. Without him spearheading the construction, the company built a resort similar to Disneyland, abandoning the experimental concepts for a planned community. Magic Kingdom was the first theme park to open in the complex, in 1971, followed by Epcot, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Disney's Animal Kingdom. Today, Walt Disney World is the most visited vacation resort in the world, with average annual attendance of more than 52 million; the resort is the flagship destination of Disney's worldwide corporate enterprise and has become a popular staple in American culture. In 1959, Walt Disney Productions began looking for land to house a second resort to supplement Disneyland in Anaheim, which had opened in 1955. Market surveys at the time revealed that only 5% of Disneyland's visitors came from east of the Mississippi River, where 75% of the population of the United States lived. Additionally, Walt Disney disliked the businesses that had sprung up around Disneyland and wanted more control over a larger area of land in the next project.
Walt Disney flew over a potential site in Orlando, Florida – one of many – in November 1963. After witnessing the well-developed network of roads and taking the planned construction of both Interstate 4 and Florida's Turnpike into account, with McCoy Air Force Base to the east, Disney selected a centrally-located site near Bay Lake. To avoid a burst of land speculation, Walt Disney World Company used various dummy corporations to acquire 30,500 acres of land. In May 1965, some of these major land transactions were recorded a few miles southwest of Orlando in Osceola County. In addition, two large tracts totaling $1.5 million were sold, smaller tracts of flatlands and cattle pastures were purchased by exotically-named companies such as the "Ayefour Corporation", "Latin-American Development and Management Corporation" and the "Reedy Creek Ranch Corporation". Some are now memorialized on a window above Main Street, U. S. A. in Magic Kingdom. The smaller parcels of land acquired were called "outs".
They were 5-acre lots sold to investors. Most of the owners in the 1960s were happy to get rid of the land, swamp at the time. Another issue was the mineral rights to the land. Without the transfer of these rights, Tufts could come in at any time and demand the removal of buildings to obtain minerals. Disney's team negotiated a deal with Tufts to buy the mineral rights for $15,000. Working in secrecy, real estate agents unaware of their client's identity began making offers to landowners in April 1964 in parts of southwest Orange and northwest Osceola counties; the agents were careful not to reveal the extent of their intentions, they were able to negotiate numerous land contracts with some including large tracts of land for as little as $100 an acre. With the understanding that the recording of the first deeds would trigger intense public scrutiny, Disney delayed the filing of paperwork until a large portion of the land was under contract. Early rumors and speculation about the land purchases assumed possible development by NASA in support of the nearby Kennedy Space Center, as well as references to other famous investors such as Ford, the Rockefellers, Howard Hughes.
An Orlando Sentinel news article published weeks on May 20, 1965, acknowledged a popular rumor that Disney was building an "East Coast" version of Disneyland. However, the publication denied its accuracy based on an earlier interview with Disney at Kennedy Space Center, in which he claimed a $50 million investment was in the works for Disneyland, that he had no interest in building a new park. In October 1965, editor Emily Bavar from the Sentinel visited Disneyland during the park's 10th-anniversary celebration. In an interview with Disney, she asked him if he was behind recent land purchases in Central Florida, his reaction, combined with other research obtained during her Anaheim visit, led Bavar to author a story on October 21, 1965, where she predicted that Disney was building a second theme park in Florida. Three days after gathering more information from various sources, the Sentinel published another article headlined, "We Say:'Mystery Industry' Is Disney". Walt Disney had planned to publicly reveal Disney World on November 15, 1965, but in light of the Sentinel story, Disney asked
Danish National Symphony Orchestra
The Danish National Symphony Orchestra, is a Danish orchestra based in Copenhagen. The DNSO is the principal orchestra of DR; the DRSO is based at the Copenhagen Concert Hall. The roots of the orchestra date back to the singer Emil Holm, who expressed a wish to establish a full-time symphony orchestra in Denmark. In collaboration with fellow musicians Otto Fessel, Rudolf Dietz Mann and Folmer Jensen, the orchestra was founded in 1925, with 11 players in the ensemble and conductor Launy Grøndahl having a leadership role, though without a formal title; the orchestra grew to 30 players within a year. The orchestra performed its first public concert was in 1927, began to give weekly concerts in 1928. In 1930, Holm recruited Nikolai Malko to a similar key role like Grøndahl as conductor with the orchestra, though again without Malko having a formal title. Early concerts were at the Axelborg building. In 1931, the orchestra began to give concerts at the Stærekassen hall of the Royal Danish Theatre. After going into exile from Germany in the 1930s, Fritz Busch worked extensively as a major conductor of the orchestra in parallel with Malko, though again with no formal title.
By 1948, the orchestra had attained membership of 92 musicians. The first conductor to have the formal title of principal conductor with the orchestra was Herbert Blomstedt, from 1967 to 1977, his recording work with the orchestra included recordings of the orchestral works of Carl Nielsen. Blomstedt now has the title of æresdirigent with the DNSO; the second principal conductor, after an interregnum of 9 years, was Lamberto Gardelli, from 1986 to 1988. Thomas Dausgaard, the DNSO's principal guest conductor from 2001 to 2004, became principal conductor of the DNSO in 2004, the first Danish conductor to hold the title. In October 2009, Dausgaard chose to conclude his principal conductorship of the DNSO at the close of the 2010-2011 season and to take the title of æresdirigent. Past principal guest conductors of the DRSO besides Dausgaard have included Yuri Temirkanov, Michael Schønwandt, Dmitri Kitaenko. In 2010, the orchestra appointed Søren Nils Eichberg as its first-ever composer-in-residence.
The orchestra has performed compositions by Eichberg such as the premiere of his Symphony No 3. In February 2011, the DNSO appointed Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos as its next principal conductor, as of the 2012-2013 season, with an initial contract of three years through 2015. On 4 June 2014, Frühbeck de Burgos resigned as chief conductor of the orchestra, with immediate effect, in parallel with his retirement from conducting, because of health problems. In August 2014, the orchestra appointed Fabio Luisi as its next principal conductor, effective in 2017, with an initial contract through 2020. In May 2018, the orchestra announced the extension of Luisi's contract through 2023; the orchestra has recorded commercially for such labels as DaCapo and Chandos, including music of Danish composers such as August Enna, Niels Gade, Rued Langgaard, Per Nørgård. The orchestra has commercially recorded such composers as Johannes Brahms. Herbert Blomstedt Lamberto Gardelli Leif Segerstam Ulf Schirmer Gerd Albrecht Thomas Dausgaard Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos Fabio Luisi Launy Grøndahl Emil Reesen Erik Tuxen Mogens Wöldike Thomas Jensen Official DRSO Danish-language page DRSO English-language official page