Silk Stalkings is an American crime drama television series that premiered on CBS on November 7, 1991, as part of the network's late-night Crimetime After Primetime programming package. Broadcast for two seasons until CBS ended the Crimetime experiment in June 1993, the remaining six seasons ran on USA Network until the series finale on April 18, 1999; the show was creator Stephen J. Cannell's longest-running series, its title is a wordplay on silk stockings. The series portrays the daily lives of two detectives who solve sexual-based crimes of passion among the ultra rich of Palm Beach, Florida. Most episodes were shot in San Diego, while others were filmed in Scottsdale, Arizona. From 1991 to 1995, the lead characters were played by Rob Estes and Mitzi Kapture, as detectives Christopher Lorenzo and Rita Lee Lance, respectively; the story lines were told in a first-person perspective focusing on Lance, who would speak in voiceovers throughout the episodes. Early in the series, Ben Vereen played Captain Hutchinson.
Vereen was compelled to retire from the show during the second season due to an off-screen accident, but he returned for a few guest appearances. His successor was Lt. Hudson, played by Robert Gossett. Chris and Rita's new boss, who would stay with the show for its duration, was Charlie Brill as Captain Harry Lipschitz. Brill went on to appear in the most episodes of any actor, 129, ahead of Kapture's 101 and Estes' 100, he was promoted to the opening credits starting with season six. Brill's real-life wife Mitzi McCall played Lipschitz's free-spirited wife Frannie on the series, the two provided some occasional comic relief amid the dramatic tension of the storylines, they appeared in the second season playing different characters. Working prominently with Lorenzo and Lance was assistant district attorney George Donovan. Various recurring characters came and went, notably Dennis Paladino as mob boss Donnie "Dogs" DiBarto. Actress Freda Foh Shen took over Lin's role in episodes. In the first season, Rita was shown to suffer from intense headaches, which were caused by a blood bubble in her brain.
Rita opted not to have surgery to fix this. However, as the series went on, this condition was phased out of the plot and was never mentioned again. Estes and Kapture were equal co-stars; the opening credits alternated, one week showing Estes first and Kapture, the following week showing Kapture first and Estes. The opening montage of quick cuts had "teasers" that suggested the sexy and violent subject matter of the show, but were not taken from any of the show's actual episodes. According to Stephen Cannell, in a DVD extra, they were developed as a promotion and assembled by Ralph Hemecker in a single day of filming, featuring a leggy blonde actress/model whom Cannell said was named Avalon Jones. In the first two episodes of the series, Kapture was shown first, Estes. Two off-screen events in the summer of 1995 were pivotal to the show and were worked into the storyline. Both actors were ready to leave the series, Estes to pursue other acting opportunities and Kapture to take time off for her first child.
Estes had first flirted with departure at the end of the third season. The season ended in a cliffhanger episode, "Dark Heart", with Chris being shot by an obsessed woman, played by Crystal Chappell. Chris was rushed to the hospital in an ambulance. After negotiations, Estes decided to renew his contract, the fourth season began with Chris' recovery from his near-fatal wounds in a two-part episode, "Natural Selection", released on VHS as a two-hour film. In the fifth season and Rita's mutual attraction moved from friendship to love in a two-part episode in November, called "Partners". Nick Kokotakis, as detective Michael Price, was introduced during that episode. Rita, promoted to lieutenant, was soon confirmed to be pregnant, Chris and Rita were married in an early December episode titled "Till Death Do Us Part"; the next week's episode, "The Last Kiss Goodnight", ended with Chris being shot and killed in the line of duty. Kapture appeared in one more episode, "Dead Asleep"; this episode's credits featured Kapture but not Estes, as well as Kokotakis and Tyler Layton, introduced in the previous episode as Chris's new partner, detective Holly Rawlins.
Most of the episode, which began with Rita and Frannie Lipschitz, Price and Donovan at Chris' burial, was spent focusing on Michael and Holly's first case. At the end of the show, the grief-stricken Rita spends one final scene talking to Chris at his gravesite and saying goodbye to Lipschitz, leaves the force for parts unknown. With Estes and Kapture gone from the show and Layton took over the lead roles. Fans of the show did not embrace the new characters, they
Ronald Lee Kline was a professional baseball player. He was a right-handed pitcher over parts of seventeen seasons with the Pittsburgh Pirates, St. Louis Cardinals, Los Angeles Angels, Detroit Tigers, Washington Senators, Minnesota Twins, San Francisco Giants, Boston Red Sox and Atlanta Braves. For his career, he compiled a 114–144 record in 736 appearances, most as a relief pitcher, with a 3.75 earned run average and 989 strikeouts. Kline missed the 1953–1954 baseball seasons due to military service. Kline was born in Callery and returned there to serve as mayor after leaving baseball, he died in Callery in June 2002, aged 70. He had kidney problems at the time of his death. List of Major League Baseball annual saves leaders List of Major League Baseball all-time saves leaders List of Major League Baseball career wins leaders Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Ron Kline at SABR
The Dark Energy Survey is a visible and near-infrared survey that aims to probe the dynamics of the expansion of the Universe and the growth of large-scale structure. The collaboration is composed of research institutions and universities from the United States, Brazil, the United Kingdom, Germany and Switzerland; the survey uses the 4-meter Victor M. Blanco Telescope located at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile, outfitted with the Dark Energy Camera; this camera allows for more sensitive images in the red part of the visible spectrum and in the near infrared, in comparison to previous instruments. DECam has one of the widest fields of view available for ground-based infrared imaging; the survey has imaged 5,000 square degrees of the southern sky in a footprint that overlaps with the South Pole Telescope and Stripe 82. The survey took 758 observing nights spread over six years to complete, covering the survey footprint ten times in five photometric bands. DES began in August 2013 and completed its last observing session on the 9th of January 2019.
The Dark Energy Survey investigates the dynamics and large scale structure of the Universe using four probes: Type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations, the number of galaxy clusters, weak gravitational lensing. Type Ia supernovae are believed to be thermonuclear explosions that occur when white dwarf stars in binary systems accrete mass from their companion stars; these events are important for the study of cosmology because they are bright, which allows astronomers to detect them at large distance. The expansion of the universe can be constrained based on observations of the luminosity distance and redshift of distant type IA supernova; the other three techniques used by the Dark Energy Survey allow scientists to understand the expansion of the universe and the evolution of the dark matter density field perturbations. These perturbations were intrinsically tied to the formation of galaxies and galaxy clusters; the standard model of cosmology assumes that quantum fluctuations of the density field of the various components that were present when our universe was young were enhanced through a rapid expansion called inflation.
Gravitational collapse enhances these initial fluctuation as baryons fall into the gravitational potential field of more dense regions of space to form galaxies. The growth rate of these dark matter halos is sensitive to the dynamics of the expansion of the Universe and DES will use this connection to probe the properties of that expansion. DECam, the new camera installed at the Victor M. Blanco Telescope by the DES collaboration, brings new observational possibilities that were not available for previous surveys, such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. One significant difference between previous CCD at the Victor M. Blanco Telescope and DECam is the improved quantum efficiency in the red part of the visible spectra and in the near infrared; this is a important property for the observation of distant sources, like Type IA supernovae or galaxy cluster, because the expansion of the universe shifts the photons emitted from a given source towards redder wavelengths. On the other hand, the main element used to make CCDs, becomes transparent for infrared light, this issue made the development of the DECam CCD a technological challenge.
The director of DES is Josh Frieman and the collaboration is composed of many research institutes and universities. The DES collaboration itself is divided into a number of science working groups; some of the primary working groups are: the weak lensing working group, the galaxy clusters working group, the large-scale structure working group, the supernova working group, the galaxy evolution working group, the strong lensing working group. Other science topics include simulations, photometric redshifts and Milky Way science. A large responsibility of the DES collaboration was the mechanical and optical development of the DECam; the collaboration has a website, where scientist can release new results and articles. Some of the releases in this website are open for the general public. DECam, short for the Dark Energy Camera, is a large camera built to replace the previous prime focus camera on the Victor M. Blanco Telescope; the camera consists of three major components: mechanics, CCDs. The mechanics of the camera consists of a filter changer with shutter.
There is an optical barrel that supports 5 corrector lenses, the largest of, 98 cm in diameter. These components are attached to the CCD focal plane, cooled to −100 °C with liquid nitrogen in order to reduce thermal noise in the CCDs; the focal plane is kept in an low vacuum of 10−6 Torr to prevent the formation of condensation on the sensors. The entire camera with lenses, CCDs weighs 4 tons; when mounted at the prime focus it will be supported with a hexapod system allowing for real time focal adjustment. The camera is outfitted with u, g, r, i, z, Y filters similar to those used in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey; this allows DES to obtain photometric redshift measurements to z≈1, using the 400 nm break for galaxies, a step-like spectral feature that occurs due to a number of absorption lines from ionized metals, light curve fitting techniques for Type Ia supernova. DECam contains five lenses acting as corrector optics to extend the telescope's field of view to a diameter of 2.2°. The scientific sensor array on DECam is an array of 62 2048×4096 pixel back-illuminated CCDs totaling 520 mega