Parken Stadium, known for sponsorship reasons as Telia Parken, is a football stadium in the Indre Østerbro district of Copenhagen, built from 1990–1992. The stadium, which features a retractable roof has a capacity of 38,065 for football games, is the home ground of FC Copenhagen and the Denmark national football team; the capacity for concerts exceeds the capacity for matches – the stadium can hold as many as 50,000 people with an end-stage setup and 55,000 with a center-stage setup. Telia Parken has been announced as one of 13 host venues of the UEFA Euro 2020, it will host three group stage matches, as well as a round of 16 match. Telia Parken named just Parken, was built on the site of former Denmark national stadium, Idrætsparken, from 1990 to 1992; the last national team match in Idrætsparken was a 0–2 Euro 1992 qualification loss to Yugoslavia on 14 November 1990, on 9 September 1992 Parken was opened with a 1–2 defeat in a friendly game against Germany. The stadium was rebuilt by investors Baltica Finans A/S in turn of the guarantee from the Danish Football Association, that all national matches would be played at Parken for 15 years.
The re-construction, tore down and re-built three of the original four stands, cost 640 million Danish kroner. In 1998, Baltica Finans sold the stadium to F. C. Copenhagen for 138 million DKK, the club now owns both the stadium and the adjacent brothel in the company of Parken Sport & Entertainment. Parken was included in UEFA's list of 4-star stadiums in the autumn of 1993, making Parken eligible for hosting the finals of the Europa League as well as the now defunct Cup Winners' Cup. Being a 4-star stadium, Parken can not apply for the biggest European club game, the UEFA Champions League final, as that demands 50,000 seats. On 2 June 2007, Parken was the venue for the UEFA Euro 2008 qualifier fan attack. On 1 May 2014 a new stadium covering Wi-Fi solution, powered by Telia was published; the deal provides free high speed Wi-Fi for all spectators at any event at the stadium. The agreement includes a 7 year long naming sponsorship, on 17 July 2014, the stadium name was changed to Telia Parken.
Parken is used as a concert venue, hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 2001. As a direct consequence of this, to make Parken a more useful venue in general, a retractable roof was applied to the existing structure in 2000 and 2001. Musicians like Coldplay, Beyoncé, Jay-Z, Whitney Houston, Take That, Madonna, Britney Spears, AC/DC, Pink Floyd, Eric Clapton, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Celine Dion, Tiësto, Depeche Mode, The Rolling Stones, U2, Bon Jovi, The Black Eyed Peas, Pet Shop Boys, Pharrell, Robbie Williams, George Michael, R. E. M. Metallica, Bruce Springsteen, Tina Turner, David Bowie, Roger Waters, Paul McCartney, Lady Gaga, Justin Bieber, One Direction, Guns N' Roses and Michael Jackson have performed at Parken; the biggest concert held in Parken was a performance by Michael Jackson on 14 August 1997, during his HIStory tour, with 60,000 tickets sold. Speedway Grand Prix of Denmark Official website Tourist info from copenhagen.com Stadium Guide Article Parken Stadium
Kit (association football)
In association football, kit is the standard equipment and attire worn by players. The sport's Laws of the Game specify the minimum kit which a player must use, prohibit the use of anything, dangerous to either the player or another participant. Individual competitions may stipulate further restrictions, such as regulating the size of logos displayed on shirts and stating that, in the event of a match between teams with identical or similar colours, the away team must change to different coloured attire. Footballers wear identifying numbers on the backs of their shirts. A team of players wore numbers from 1 to 11, corresponding to their playing positions, but at the professional level this has been superseded by squad numbering, whereby each player in a squad is allocated a fixed number for the duration of a season. Professional clubs usually display players' surnames or nicknames on their shirts, above their squad numbers. Football kit has evolved since the early days of the sport when players wore thick cotton shirts and heavy rigid leather boots.
In the twentieth century, boots became lighter and softer, shorts were worn at a shorter length, advances in clothing manufacture and printing allowed shirts to be made in lighter synthetic fibres with colourful and complex designs. With the rise of advertising in the 20th century, sponsors' logos began to appear on shirts, replica strips were made available for fans to purchase, generating significant amounts of revenue for clubs; the Laws of the Game set out the basic equipment which must be worn by all players in Law 4: The Players' Equipment. Five separate items are specified: shirt, socks and shin pads. Goalkeepers are allowed to wear tracksuit bottoms instead of shorts. While most players wear studded football boots, the Laws do not specify. Shirts must have sleeves, goalkeepers must wear shirts which are distinguishable from all other players and the match officials. Thermal undershorts must be the same colour as the shorts themselves. Shin pads must be covered by the stockings, be made of rubber, plastic or a similar material, "provide a reasonable degree of protection".
The only other restriction on equipment defined in the Laws of the Game is the requirement that a player "must not use equipment or wear anything, dangerous to himself or another player". It is normal for individual competitions to specify that all outfield players on a team must wear the same colours, though the Law states only "The two teams must wear colours that distinguish them from each other and the referee and the assistant referees". In the event of a match between teams who would wear identical or similar colours the away team must change to a different colour; because of this requirement a team's second-choice is referred to as its "away kit" or "away colours", although it is not unknown at international level, for teams to opt to wear their away colours when not required to by a clash of colours, or to wear them at home. The England national team sometimes plays in red shirts when it is not required, as this was the strip worn when the team won the 1966 FIFA World Cup. In some cases both teams have been forced to wear their second choice away kits.
Many professional clubs have a "third kit", ostensibly to be used if both their first-choice and away colours are deemed too similar to those of an opponent. Most professional clubs have retained the same basic colour scheme for several decades, the colours themselves form an integral part of a club's culture. Teams representing countries in international competition wear national colours in common with other sporting teams of the same nation; these are based on the colours of the country's national flag, although there are exceptions—the Italian national team, for example, wear blue as it was the colour of the House of Savoy, the Australian team like most Australian sporting teams wear the Australian National Colours of green and gold, neither of which appear on the flag, the Dutch national team wear orange, the colour of the Dutch Royal House. Shirts are made of a polyester mesh, which does not trap the sweat and body heat in the same way as a shirt made of a natural fibre. Most professional clubs have sponsors' logos on the front of their shirts, which can generate significant levels of income, some offer sponsors the chance to place their logos on the back of their shirts.
Depending on local rules, there may be restrictions on how large these logos may be or on what logos may be displayed. Competitions such as the Premier League may require players to wear patches on their sleeves depicting the logo of the competition. A player's number is printed on the back of the shirt, although international teams also place numbers on the front, professional teams print a player's surname above their number; the captain of each team is required to wear an elasticated armband around the left sleeve to identify them as the captain to the referee and supporters. Most current players wear specialist football boots, which can be made either of
Beşiktaş Jimnastik Kulübü known as Beşiktaş, is a Turkish sports club founded in 1903, based in the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul, Turkey. The club's football team is one of the most successful teams in Turkey, having never been relegated to a lower division; the team last won the Turkish Süper Lig championship during the 2016–17 season. The home ground of Beşiktaş is Vodafone Park, a 41,903 capacity all-seater stadium located next to Dolmabahçe Palace; the club competes in other branches including basketball, handball, boxing, chess, gymnastics, table tennis, paralympic sports and beach football. Bereket Gymnastics Club was founded on 4 March 1903 under special permission from the authorities, their sporting activities gained more freedom with the declaration of the Constitutional Monarchy in 1908. After the political events of 31 March 1909, Fuat Balkan and Mazhar Kazancı, who were in Edirne, came to Istanbul with the Movement Army. After the restoration of political order, Fuat Balkan, a proven fencing coach, Mazhar Kazancı, a good wrestler and weight lifter, found the youths involved in gymnastics in Serencebey and persuaded them to train together.
Refik and Şerafettin Beys, friends of Fuat Bey, were good fencers. Fuat Balkan made the first floor of his home in Ihlamur the Club’s headquarters, the title of Bereket Gymnastics Club was changed to Beşiktaş Ottoman Gymnastics Club. Thus, a stronger sports club, where gymnastics, boxing and athletics were emphasized, was formed. Founding member Mehmet Şamil Şhaplı was elected the first president of the club. In the meantime, Beşiktaş Ottoman Gymnastics Club became the first registered Turkish sports club on 13 January 1910 with the encouragement of Beyoğlu Governor Muhittin Bey; the interest among the youths of the neighborhood in the sports club grew and the number of members involved in sports grew to 150. The headquarters of the club was moved from Ihlamur to Building 49 in Akaretler; when this building became too small, Building 84 in Akaretler, became their headquarters. The yard behind this building was turned into a sports pitch; some of the young patriots from the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul formed two football clubs called "Valideçeşme" and "Basiret" under the leadership of Şeref Bey.
The Valideçeşme and Basiret football clubs joined under the roof of Beşiktaş Ottoman Gymnastics Club in 1911. In a short time, football became the foremost branch in the club. For years, the original colours of Beşiktaş were believed to be White. Although most written sources endorse this claim, a detailed study carried out for Beşiktaş’s 100th anniversary documentary had shown that red was never used in club’s first colors. With football becoming the main sport of the Ottoman Empire around 1910, Beşiktaş members started to give more attention to football. In August 1911, Ahmed Şerafettin started the football team. With the outbreak of World War I following the Balkan Wars, sporting activities at the club came to a halt as many athletes left to serve on the front lines. While the end of the war allowed surviving athletes to return, the team faced a difficult period during the Occupation of Istanbul, but was able to recover with the hard work of Şeref Bey. Beşiktaş didn't enter the Istanbul Friday and Sunday leagues, didn't have any championships until 1918, when they won the Istanbul Turkish 1st Sports League.
In 1921, that particular league's final season, they won it again. In 1924, Beşiktaş entered the Istanbul Football League along with Galatasaray, Fenerbahçe and other Istanbul teams. Beşiktaş became the league's first champion in 1924, but was not able to have more success in the league. Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe were the two dominant teams through the middle of the 1930s. Beşiktaş won their second Istanbul League championship in 1934, as well as their first Turkish Football Championship in the same year. In 1937, the Turkish National League was formed. In the Istanbul League season prior to the National League's inaugural season, Beşiktaş finished in fourth place, which earned them a berth in the National League. Beşiktaş finished third place behind Fenerbahçe and Galatasaray. In 1938, Beşiktaş finished in third place in the Istanbul League and second place in the National League, behind Güneş. Beşiktaş won a record five consecutive Istanbul League championships between 1939 and 1943. In the National League, Beşiktaş finished fourth in 1939, fifth in 1940, first in 1941 and third in 1943.
The club won the Istanbul League in 1945 and 1946, as well as the national league in 1944 and 1947. In 1959, the Turkish First League was formed, the nation's first professional football league. In the inaugural year, Beşiktaş came in third place. In 1960, the club participated in the European Cup, becoming the first Turkish team to participate in the tournament. In subsequent years, Beşiktaş finished third in both 1961 and 1962, as well as second in 1963, 1964 and 1965. In 1966 and 1967, the club won back-to-back championship titles, in the year, they won their first Turkish Super Cup. In 1968, Beşiktaş finished second. After 1967, Beşiktaş's performance declined finishing in 8th, 12th, 5th, 4th many times, while Trabzonspor, Fenerbahçe and Galatasaray continued their success. Beşiktaş only finished in second place once in the decade, in 1975. Beşiktaş put an end to their p
Brøndby IF is a Danish football club based in Brøndbyvester, Brøndby, on the western outskirts of Copenhagen. The club is known as Brøndbyernes Idrætsforening, or Brøndby and BIF for short; the club was founded in 1964 as a merger between two local clubs and was promoted to the Danish top-flight football league in 1981. Brøndby IF has won 7 Danish Cups. Brøndby's most successful period was from 1985 to 2005 where, in twenty years, they won ten Danish Championships. In 1991, Brøndby reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup and became the first Danish club to reach a European semi-final. Since the founding of fellow Copenhagen club F. C. Copenhagen in 1992, the two clubs have had a fierce rivalry, the matches between the two sides is called the Copenhagen Derby. Brøndby IF was founded in 1964 as an amateur club in the 6th tier of the 11 Danish leagues, the Serie 1, where they finished their two first seasons in fourth place. Among the players of the early years was team captain Per Bjerregaard, a doctor who had moved to Copenhagen from Jutland, Hans Gregersen, the mascot of the team until his death by syphilis in 1967.
In 1967, the club hired coach Leif Andersen who secured promotion to Sjællandsserien. After a few mediocre years, a new coach, John Sinding, was brought in, the club won promotion to Danmarksserien. In 1973, Per Bjerregaard stopped his active career at 27 years of age and became chairman of Brøndby. In his place, Brøndby hired former professional and Denmark national team player Finn Laudrup, who took over as head coach while he still took part in the matches as a player. Laudrup joined his brother-in-law Ebbe Skovdahl in the Brøndby team, he brought his two young sons Brian and Michael Laudrup with him to the club. Under Finn Laudrup's influence, the club's playing style was changed to a more attacking strategy though Laudrup decided to concentrate his efforts as a player after only a year. After winning promotion in 1974, Laudrup left Brøndby in the 3rd Division in 1976 to play for KB in the Danish top-flight league and a year Michael Laudrup, the brightest talent in Danish football, followed.
In 1977, Brøndby moved up into the 2nd Division, were one of the clubs who adapted to the new times of paid football in the best Danish leagues in 1978. Per Bjerregaard persuaded Finn Laudrup into returning to Brøndby in 1981 on a professional contract, following a season of 85 goals in 30 matches, Brøndby won promotion to the top-flight 1st Division under coach Tom Køhlert. Finn Laudrup subsequently ended his career at age 36, but in his place Michael Laudrup returned for the 1982 season, being one of ten players leaving KB that year. Brøndby won their 1st Division debut match 7–1 over fellow promoted team B 1909 in a match which featured two goals from Michael Laudrup, he was subsequently called up for the Denmark national team, on 15 June 1982 he became the first Brøndby player to win a cap for the national team. Brøndby finished their first 1st Division season in fourth place with Laudrup the league's third top goal scorer with 15 goals, earning him the Danish Player of the Year award. In 1983, Laudrup was sold to Juventus in the then-biggest transfer deal in Denmark, giving Brøndby the economic foundation to expand further.
After four years in the top division, Brøndby won their first Danish championship in 1985 and played its first European match when the club beat Hungarian champions Budapest Honvéd 4–1 in the 1986 European Cup. In 1986, Brøndby became the first Danish club of professionals when ten players were signed full-time, the club was introduced at the Copenhagen Stock Exchange in 1987. Throughout the second half of the 1980s, the team dominated the league and did not finish lower than second place until 1992; the team was built around talented Danish players, from 1987 to 1991 players from Brøndby won the Danish Player of the Year award every year. The recipients formed the backbone of the Denmark national team which won UEFA Euro 1992, was the first goalscorer in the 2–0 Euro 1992 final win John "Faxe" Jensen, national team captain Lars Olsen, the World's Best Goalkeeper 1992 and 1993 award winner Peter Schmeichel, four-time Danish Player of the Year award winner Brian Laudrup and the second goalscorer of the Euro 1992 final Kim Vilfort.
The club became used to winning the national title and turned its attention towards European success. In 1990, Brøndby hired former national team captain Morten Olsen as coach, under his reign, the 1990–91 UEFA Cup became the high point in the short history of the club; the meriting wins over German sides Eintracht Frankfurt and Bayer Leverkusen, Russian club Torpedo Moscow saw the many Danish profiles shine, the club was minutes from qualifying for the final match of the tournament. In the 88th minute of the semi-final, however, a Rudi Völler goal denied Brøndby a trip to the UEFA Cup final in favour of Roma. Following the impressive European display by the comparatively small club, important members of the team, including Lars Olsen, top scoring striker Bent "Turbo" Christensen and star goalkeeper Peter Schmeichel, left the club; the following year, 1992, was the worst year in the club's history as the intended takeover of the Danish bank Interbank went awry. It was expected that European Cup success would boost the Brøndby stock value in order to finance the buy, but as the club was beaten by Dynamo Kyiv in the 1991–92 European Cup qualification, the stocks never reached the value necessary to finalize t
Bolton Wanderers F.C.
Bolton Wanderers Football Club is a professional football club in Bolton, Greater Manchester, which competes in the EFL Championship, the second tier of English football. Formed as Christ Church Football Club in 1874, it adopted its current name in 1877 and was a founder member of the Football League in 1888. Bolton have spent more seasons than any other club in the top flight without winning the title, they finished third in the First Division in 1891–92, 1920–21 and 1924–25. Bolton won three FA Cups in the 1920s, a fourth in 1958; the club spent a season in the Fourth Division in 1987-88 before regaining top-flight status in 1995 and qualifying for the UEFA Cup twice, reaching the last 32 in 2005–06 and the last 16 in 2007–08. The club played at Burnden Park for 102 years from 1895. On 9 March 1946, 33 Bolton fans lost their lives in the Burnden Park disaster when a human crush occurred. In 1997, Bolton moved to the Reebok Stadium, renamed the Macron Stadium in 2014, now known as the University of Bolton Stadium.
The club was founded by the Reverend Joseph Farrall Wright, Perpetual curate of Christ Church Bolton, Thomas Ogden, the schoolmaster at the adjacent church school, in 1874 as Christ Church F. C, it was run from the church of the same name on Deane Road, Bolton, on the site where the Innovation factory of the University of Bolton now stands. The club left the location following a dispute with the vicar, changed its name to Bolton Wanderers in 1877; the name was chosen as the club had a lot of difficulty finding a permanent ground to play on, having used three venues in its first four years of existence. Bolton were one of the 12 founder members of the Football League, which formed in 1888. At the time Lancashire was one of the strongest footballing regions in the country, with 6 of the 12 founder clubs coming from within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire. Having remained in the Football League since its formation, Bolton have spent more time in the top flight than out of it. In 1894 Bolton reached the final of the FA Cup for the first time, but lost 4–1 to Notts County at Goodison Park.
A decade they were runners-up a second time, losing 1–0 to local rivals Manchester City at Crystal Palace on 23 April 1904. The period before and after the First World War was Bolton's most consistent period of top-flight success as measured by league finishes, with the club finishing outside the top 8 of the First Division on only two occasions between 1911–12 and 1927–28. In this period Bolton equalled their record finish of third twice, in 1920–21 and 1924–25, on the latter occasion missing out on the title by just 3 points. On 28 April 1923, Bolton won their first major trophy in their third final, beating West Ham United 2–0 in the first Wembley FA Cup final; the match, famously known as The White Horse Final was played in front of over 127,000 supporters. Bolton's centre-forward, David Jack scored the first goal at Wembley Stadium. Driven by long-term players Joe Smith in attack, Ted Vizard and Billy Butler on the wings, Jimmy Seddon in defence, they became the most successful cup side of the twenties, winning three times.
Their second victory of the decade came in 1926, beating Manchester City 1–0 in front of over 91,000 spectators, the third came in 1929 as Portsmouth were beaten 2–0 in front of nearly 93,000 fans. In 1928 the club faced financial difficulties and so was forced to sell David Jack to Arsenal to raise funds. Despite the pressure to sell, the agreed fee of £10,890 was a world record, more than double the previous most expensive transfer of a player. From 1935 to 1964, Bolton enjoyed an uninterrupted stay in the top flight – regarded by fans as a golden era – spearheaded in the 1950s by Nat Lofthouse; the years of the Second World War saw most of the Wanderers' playing staff see action on the front, a rare occurrence within elite football, as top sportsmen were assigned to physical training assignments, away from enemy fire. However, 15 Bolton professionals, led by their captain Harry Goslin, volunteered for active service in 1939, were enlisted in the 53rd Bolton Artillery regiment. By the end of the war, 32 of the 35 pre-war professionals saw action in the British forces.
The sole fatality was Goslin, who had by risen to the rank of Lieutenant and was killed by shrapnel on the Italian front shortly before Christmas 1943. 53rd Bolton Artillery took part in the Battle of Dunkirk and served in the campaigns of Egypt and Italy. Remarkably, a number of these soldiers managed to carry on playing the game in these theatres of war, taking on as'British XI' various scratch teams assembled by, among others, King Farouk of Egypt in Cairo and Polish forces in Baghdad. On 9 March 1946, the club's home was the scene of the Burnden Park disaster, which at the time was the worst tragedy in British football history. 33 Bolton Wanderers fans were crushed to death, another 400 injured, in an FA Cup quarter-final second leg tie between Bolton and Stoke City. There was an estimated 67,000-strong crowd crammed in for the game, though other estimates vary with a further 15,000 locked out as it became clear the stadium was full; the disaster led to Moelwyn Hughes's official report, which recommended more rigorous control of crowd sizes.
In 1953 Bolton played in one of the most famous FA Cup finals of all time – The Stanley Matthews Final of 1953. Bolton lost the game to Blackpool 4–3 after gaining a 3–1 lead. Blackpool were victorious thanks to the goals of Stan Mortensen. Bolton Wanderers have not won a major trophy since 1958, when two Lofthouse goals saw them overcome Manchester United in the FA Cup final in front of a 100,000 crowd at Wembley Stadium; the closes
Politiken is a leading Danish daily broadsheet newspaper, published by JP/Politikens Hus in Copenhagen, Denmark. It played a role in the formation of the Danish Social Liberal Party. Since 1970 it maintains a liberal stance, it now runs politiken.dk. The paper's design has won several international awards, a number of its journalists have won the Cavling Prize. Dagbladet Politiken was founded on 1 October 1884 in Copenhagen by Viggo Hørup, Edvard Brandes and Hermann Bing. Hørup and Brandes formed the newspaper after being fired as editors from the Morgenbladet over political differences. Hørup led the paper as editor-in-chief for fifteen years from its start in 1884. In 1904, the tabloid Ekstra Bladet was founded as a supplement to Politiken and was spun off as an independent newspaper on 1 January 1905; the paper established its present location in central Copenhagen at The City Hall Square in 1912. In 1987 Politiken started its business supplement; the paper was published by Politikens Hus until 1 January 2003 when the company merged with Jyllands-Posten A/S to form JP/Politikens Hus.
Thus, Jyllands-Posten became its sister paper. Politiken is published in broadsheet format; the newspaper publishes an international edition named Politiken Weekly which compiles the most important stories of the week for Danes living abroad. On 28 April 1940, three weeks after the German invasion of Denmark, Politiken ran an editorial in which Winston Churchill was called "a dangerous man"; the editorial was written by foreign affairs editor Einard Schou after a conversation in the editor-in-chief's office with chairman of the board and soon-to-be-again Danish foreign minister Erik Scavenius. The aim is thought to have been to please the German occupation force, though no other Danish newspaper took such steps at the time, it was enough to keep within the newly introduced censorship. The article led to 15,000 readers, about 10% of subscribers, cancelling their subscriptions in protest. During the early 1900s Politiken had a cultural radical political stance; the paper was connected to the Danish Social Liberal Party, but the newspaper declared its political independence in 1970.
The paper has a far-leaning social and centre-left stance. In February 2010 the editor in chief at the time Tøger Seidenfaden apologized to anyone, offended by the newspaper's decision to reprint the cartoon drawing by Kurt Westergaard depicting Muhammed with a bomb in his turban, published in Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten. Seidenfaden explained that "Politiken has never intended to reprint the cartoon drawing as a statement of editorial opinion or values but as part of the newspaper's news coverage". Politiken started with a daily circulation of 2,000 copies, its circulation was 23,142 copies in 1901. In 1910 its circulation rose to 41,400 copies, it became one of Denmark's leading newspapers in terms of both circulated copies and number of readers. Its circulation was 165,615 copies in 1950. During the last six months of 1957 the paper had a circulation of 148,169 copies on weekdays, it fell to 142,847 copies in 1960. The circulation of the paper was 134,728 in 1970, 138,921 copies in 1980 and 152,435 copies in 1990.
During the second half of 1997 its circulation was 146,000 copies on weekdays. Politiken had a circulation of 143,000 copies on weekdays and 185,000 copies on Sundays in the first quarter of 2000, making it the third best selling newspaper in the country, it was 142,780 copies in 2000. In 2002 it was the third best-selling newspaper in the country with a circulation of 142,000 copies; the circulation of the paper was 137,000 copies in 2003, making it again the third best selling newspaper in the country. In 2004 the paper had a circulation of 134,000 copies; the circulation of Politiken was 110,230 copies in 2007. The number of copies sold per day in the first half of 2012 were 97,820 on weekdays and Saturdays, 120,411 on Sundays; the same year the number of readers were 375,000 on weekdays and Saturdays, 479,000 readers on Sundays. The paper had a circulation of 88,597 copies in 2013, its online newspaper, politiken.dk, received around 800,000 monthly users in 2011 and was the tenth most viewed page among the members of the Association of Danish Interactive Media.
Internationally, Politiken has received recognition for its design through the form of several awards. In 2012 Politiken was declared'World's Best' along with four other newspapers in a competition carried out by the Society for News Design. In 2014 the paper was chosen as one of Scandinavia’s best-designed newspapers in the Best of Scandinavian News Design competition; the paper's design and brand was given as the reason, when in 2010, the European Newspapers Congress awarded Politiken with the European Newspaper Award in the national newspaper category. Politiken has been known for its photography. Jan Grarup, winner of several World Press Photo Awards and numerous other prizes, was a staff photographer from 2003 until 2009. Anselm Hüwe is one of the contemporary awarded photographers. Cavlingprisen is a Danish honorary award for journalism, it was named after a former editor-in-chief at Politiken Henrik Cavling. Cavling award winners at Politiken: 1945 Henrik V. Ringsted 1946 Kristian Find 1962 Jørgen Hartmann-Petersen 1966 Herbert Pundik 1967 Sune Skallerup Sørensen 1968 Erik Nørgaard 1974 Anne Wolden-Ræthinge 1976 Inger Østergaard 1982 J. B.
Holmgaard 1992 Svend Bjering Schmidt 2006 Miriam Dalsgaard and Olav Hergel Politiken has had a number of editors in chief since its inception. In some periods there were more than one edit
Odense Boldklub is a Danish professional football club based in the city Odense. The club has won five Danish Cup trophies. OB play in the Danish Superliga and their home field is Nature Energy Park. OB's clubhouse is located in Ådalen near Odense River. OB were founded on 12 July 1887 as Odense Cricketklub, with cricket the only sport. In 1889, football and tennis departments were included in the club, it changed name to the present Odense Boldklub; the club were located in Munke Mose in Odense. OB moved to Ådalen in 1968. In 1916, OB won the province championship for the first time and qualified to the semi-final of the Danish championship, they lost this match 3–9 to champions B.93 from Copenhagen. When the Danish championship was reorganized after the Occupation of Denmark during World War II, OB were placed in the third best league named the Danish 3rd Division. After good help from the top goalscorers Svend Jørgen Hansen and Jørgen Leschly Sørensen, the club were promoted to the best league.
Svend Jørgen Hansen became OB's first Danish national team player in 1942, while Jørgen Leschly Sørensen was sold to the professional Italian team Atalanta in 1949. In 1951, OB won their first medals, when the club won silver after runaway champions Akademisk Boldklub. Following the early success, it went down hill for the club. OB were relegated to the second-tier Danish 2nd Division in 1955, the team had a hard time regaining its position in the top of Danish football. Despite promotions to the Danish 1st Division in 1957 and 1966, the club did not succeed to permanently stay in the top-flight until the promotion in 1975, it did not help that the local rivals from B 1909 and B 1913 stayed in the top of the 1st Division in this period, where B 1909 won the 1959 and 1964 Danish championships. The intense local rivalry culminated in 1973, when 28,000 spectators watched the 2nd Division match between De Stribede and De røde on Odense Stadion; the match is still the spectator record for an OB home game.
In 1974, the club were in their first Danish Cup final, where the team lost 5–2 to Vanløse IF. Per Bartram from OB were awarded the title as Cup Fighter. In 1975, OB was once more promoted to the 1st Division; this time the club had the players to be a top team in the best league under the reign of coach Richard Møller Nielsen. Just two years OB won their first Danish championship in the 1977 season. OB's midfielder Allan Hansen was the top goalscorer in the 1st Division and he was awarded as 1977 Danish Player of the Year' award, a double triumph he repeated in 1981; the championship win meant that OB played their first European matches in 1978. They competed in the 1978 European Cup, where they lost in the first round to Bulgarian side Lokomotiv Sofia. In 1980, OB won bronze and the Danish championship was won for the second time in 1982; as Ricard Møller Nielsen's OB team were one of the dominating teams in Danish football in this period, B 1909 finished last in the 1982 1st Division, were relegated to the 2nd Division.
This made OB the best team of the Funen region. In 1983 OB took the cup to win their – so far – only The Double; the team's success was built on many talented Danish players, counting 1982 Danish 1st Division Talent of the Year Keld Bordinggaard. The most prolific OB player of the era was goalkeeper Lars Høgh, a constant part of the team from 1977 to 1999 as he played a club record of 817 total matches for the first team. In 1989, the club won the Danish championship again ahead of defending champions Brøndby IF under new manager Roald Poulsen; the profiles of Roald Poulsen's team included, apart from Lars Høgh, the midfielder Ulrik Moseby, the big defender Johnny Hansen, the young forward Per Pedersen, who became the most expensive OB player sold, when he was bought by English team Blackburn Rovers for £2.3 million in 1997. 1991 was a special year for OB. They won the Danish Cup final against AaB after two goalless matches, extra time and penalty shootout; as the national arena Idrætsparken were under reconstruction in 1991, the final was played home at Odense Stadion.
The cup success was not matched in the league, now known as the Danish Superliga. After the main tournament of the 1991–92 season, OB was relegated to the Qualifying League, they finished in second place of the 1992 Qualifying League, OB were back in the Superliga for the 1992–93 season. In that season, the club won silver medals after F. C. Copenhagen and they won their third Danish Cup trophy in 1993; as the Danish Football Association restructured the Superliga before the 1995–96 season, introduced a league format of 33 games spanning a full year. Though the team had many profiles and good players, the team lacked stability and in the 1997–98 season, OB ended last with six season victories to suffer relegation to the second tier league, the Danish 1st Division; the club were runaway winners of the 1999 1st Division and subsequently returned to the Superliga for the 1999–2000 season. OB won the 2002 Danish Cup with a 2–1 victory against Copenhagen at Parken Stadium. Since their promotion 1999, OB's best league performance has been second place, occurring in the 2008–09 season.
In 2006, OB ended its first top-three finish in ten years. Furthermore, the club had fourth-place finishes in 2003, 2004 and 2007. In the 2006–07 season, OB finished fourth in the league after a close race in the last rounds. Nonetheless, OB won the Danish Cup after defeating Copenhagen 2–1, which gave OB the opportunity to qualify for the UEFA Cup for the second-straight year. In the 2007–08 season, OB once again ended in fourth, which gave a chance to qualify