Del Shannon was an American rock and roll and country musician and singer-songwriter, best known for his 1961 number 1 Billboard hit "Runaway". Westover was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan to Bert and Leone Mosher Westover, grew up in nearby Coopersville, he learned to play the ukulele and guitar and listened to country-and-western music, by artists such as Hank Williams, Hank Snow, Lefty Frizzell. He was drafted into the Army in 1954, while in Germany played guitar in a band called "The Cool Flames"; when his service ended, he returned to Battle Creek and worked as a carpet salesman and as a truck driver for a furniture factory. He found part-time work as a rhythm guitarist in the singer Doug DeMott's group, "The Moonlight Ramblers", working at the Hi-Lo Club; when DeMott was fired in 1958 for drunkenness, Westover took over as leader and singer, giving himself the name Charlie Johnson and renaming the band the Big Little Show Band. In early 1959 he added the keyboardist Max Crook. Crook had made recordings, he persuaded Ann Arbor disc jockey Ollie McLaughlin to listen to the band.
McLaughlin took the group's demos to Irving Micahnik of Talent Artists in Detroit. In July 1960, Westover and Crook signed to become recording artists and composers for Bigtop Records. Balk suggested Westover use a new name, they came up with "Del Shannon", combining Mark Shannon—a wrestling pseudonym used by a regular at the Hi-Lo Club—with Del, derived from the Cadillac Coupe de Ville, his favorite car, he flew to New York City. McLaughlin persuaded Shannon and Crook to rewrite and re-record one of their earlier songs called "Little Runaway", using the Musitron as lead instrument. On January 21, 1961, they recorded "Runaway", released as a single in February 1961, reaching number 1 on the Billboard chart in April. Shannon followed with "Hats Off to Larry", which peaked at number 5 on the Billboard chart and number 2 on the Cashbox chart in 1961, the less popular "So Long, Baby", another song of breakup bitterness. "Runaway" and "Hats Off to Larry" were recorded in a day. "Little Town Flirt", in 1962, reached number 12 in 1963.
After these hits, Shannon was unable to keep his momentum in the U. S. but had continued success in the United Kingdom. In 1963, he became the first American to record a cover version of a song by the Beatles: his version of "From Me to You" charted in the U. S. before the Beatles' version. By August 1963, Shannon's relationship with his managers and Bigtop had soured, so he formed his own label, Berlee Records, named after his parents and distributed by Diamond Records. Two singles were issued: the Four Seasons–inspired "Sue's Gotta Be Mine" was a moderate hit, reaching number 71 in the U. S, number 21 in the UK; the second single, "That's the Way Love Is", did not chart, Shannon patched things up with his managers soon after. In early 1964, he was placed on Amy Records’, the Berlee label disappeared, he returned to the charts with "Handy Man", "Do You Wanna Dance?", two originals, "Keep Searchin'", "Stranger in Town". In late 1964, Shannon produced a demo recording session for a young fellow Michigander named Bob Seger, who would go on to stardom much later.
Shannon gave acetates of the session to Dick Clark, by 1966, Seger was recording for Philadelphia's famed Cameo Records, resulting in some regional hits, which led to a deal with a major label, Capitol Records. In late 1964 Shannon paid tribute to one of his own musical idols with Del Shannon Sings Hank Williams; the album was recorded in hard-core country honky-tonk style, no singles were released. Shannon opened for Ike and Tina Turner at Dave Hull's Hullabaloo club in Los Angeles, California, on December 22, 1965. Shannon signed with Liberty in 1966 and revived Toni Fisher's "The Big Hurt" and the Rolling Stones' "Under My Thumb". Peter and Gordon released his song "I Go to Pieces" in 1965. Shannon discovered the country singer Johnny Carver, working in the Los Angeles area, he got Carver a contract with Liberty Records' subsidiary Imperial Records, writing and arranging both sides of Carver's debut single, "One Way or the Other"/"Think About Her All the Time". Carver went on to have nearly 20 hits on the country chart during the late 1970s.
The liner notes to his debut album for Imperial acknowledge Shannon's role in bringing him to the label. In the late 1960s, not having charted for several years, Shannon turned to production. In 1969, he discovered the band Smith and arranged their hit "Baby, It's You", a hit for the Shirelles in 1963. In 1970, he produced Brian Hyland's million-seller "Gypsy Woman", a cover version of the hit by Curtis Mayfield and the Impressions. During Shannon's tenure at Liberty Records, success on a national scale eluded him, but he did have several regional U. S. chart hits with "The Big Hurt", "Under My Thumb", "She", "Led Along" and "Runaway". That version did well on the Canadian and Australian pop charts. In early 1967 Shannon recorded the album Home and Away in England, with Oldham at the helm. Intended by Oldham as the British answer to Pet Sounds, Home an
Gary "Mani" Mounfield is an English rock bassist, best known for being a member of the Stone Roses and Primal Scream. Mounfield attended Xaverian College in Manchester, he developed an interest with a sport he had come to champion throughout his career. He left school aged sixteen in 1979 and joined the band the Stone Roses in 1987. Playing on both of the band's albums, Mounfield was in the Stone Roses until they disbanded in 1996, shortly after the birth of his son. Mounfield was synonymous with a Rickenbacker 4005 Jackson Pollock-influenced paint-splattered bass guitar in the period after the Stone Roses debut album, he joined Primal Scream after Stone Roses disbanded. He claimed that Primal Scream were one of three other bands that he would be willing to join – the Jesus and Mary Chain and Oasis being the others. In 2003, with Damon Minchella having left Ocean Colour Scene, he toured with the band supporting the Stereophonics, he did a DJ set for Ocean Colour Scene at their December 2008 Manchester gig.
He was a full-time Primal Scream member until 2011. Mounfield has been viewed as the most amiable member of the Roses, both while the band were still together and following their break-up. Whilst in the past he had claimed that the band would reform only after "Manchester City won the European Cup", he was viewed as the most member to be up for a Roses reunion. During the band's split, he joined Ian Brown on stage for renditions of songs by the Stone Roses, as happened in 2008 at Summercase Festival, when both Primal Scream and Brown were playing on the same day. Mounfield and ex-Stone Roses drummer Reni were interviewed for the Manchester Music show on BBC GMR whilst attending a gig by the Coral. Mounfield toured with the Enemy on their UK tour. Mounfield has a guest role in the movie 24 Hour Party People, was in a supergroup band called Freebass with bass players Andy Rourke and Peter Hook. Freebass disbanded before releasing its debut album, It's a Beautiful Life, in 2010. Mounfield made a guest appearance on the STV fishing programme Trout'n About along with former Primal Scream guitarist Throb and presenters Gregor Rankine and Paul Campion as they go trout fishing at Drummond Trout Farm & Fishery in Scotland.
Mounfield appeared at the "Manchester Versus Cancer" event on 30 March 2007, performing a DJ set and appearing with Ian Brown for the finale, the Stone Roses' "I Am the Resurrection". He appeared as a celebrity guest at the 2009 World Darts Championship, he made a guest appearance at Paul Weller's performance at the Manchester MEN arena on 4 December 2010, playing tambourine. On 18 October 2011, after touring the album Screamadelica with Primal Scream for most of that year, Mani revealed he had left Primal Scream to reform the Stone Roses; the Stone Roses had a Reunion Tour planned. Ahead of the Heaton Park shows, Mani was asked if he would play for both Primal Scream and the Stone Roses on the same night, to which he replied. You can’t ride two bikes with one arse." Mounfield is an enthusiastic supporter of Manchester United. He showcases his love for the team on the Sky One programme, Football Years, giving his views on football seasons of the past, he revealed on Play UK programme Nu Music that although he supports Manchester United in England, he is Mancunian Irish and was brought up to support Ireland.
He has appeared on the football programme Soccer AM, earning himself a "Hat-trick Ball" from the show as a result. He supports Warrington RL team, influenced by Ian Brown who comes from Warrington, he is an avid supporter of Scottish club Celtic FC. Official websites: Primal Scream The Stone Roses Official website celebrating the 20th anniversary of The Stone Roses' debut album
John Mayall, OBE is an English blues singer, guitarist and songwriter, whose musical career spans over sixty years. In the 1960s, he was the founder of John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, a band which has counted among its members some of the most famous blues and blues rock musicians, they include Eric Clapton, Peter Green, Jack Bruce, John McVie, Mick Fleetwood, Mick Taylor, Don "Sugarcane" Harris, Harvey Mandel, Larry Taylor, Aynsley Dunbar, Hughie Flint, Jon Hiseman, Dick Heckstall-Smith, Andy Fraser, Johnny Almond, Walter Trout, Coco Montoya, Kal David, Buddy Whittington. Born in Macclesfield, Cheshire in 1933, Mayall was the son of Murray Mayall, a guitarist and jazz music enthusiast. From an early age, John was drawn to the sounds of American blues players such as Lead Belly, Albert Ammons, Pinetop Smith and Eddie Lang, taught himself to play the piano and harmonica. Mayall spent three years in Korea for national service and, during a period of leave, he bought his first electric guitar.
Back in England, he enrolled at Manchester College of Art and started playing with semi-professional bands. After graduation, he obtained a job as an art designer but continued to play with local musicians. In 1963, he opted for a full-time musical career and moved to London, his previous craft would be put to good use in the designing of covers for many of his coming albums. Since the end of the 1960s Mayall has lived in the US. A brush fire destroyed his house in Laurel Canyon in 1979 damaging his musical collections and archives. Mayall has been married twice, has six grandchildren, his second wife, Maggie Mayall, is an American blues performer, since the early 1980s took part in the management of her husband's career. The pair divorced in 2011 and Maggie wrote online about the experience. In 2005 Mayall was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the Honours List. In 1956, with college fellow Peter Ward, Mayall had founded the Powerhouse Four which consisted of both men and other local musicians with whom they played at local dances.
In 1962 Mayall became a member of the Blues Syndicate. The band was formed by trumpeter John Rowlands and alto saxophonist Jack Massarik, who had seen the Alexis Korner band at a Manchester club and wanted to try a similar blend of jazz and blues, it included rhythm guitarist Ray Cummings and drummer Hughie Flint, whom Mayall knew. In 1962 John and his band were frequent and popular artists at all night R&B sessions at the'Twisted Wheel' cellar club in central Manchester. Alexis Korner persuaded Mayall to opt for a full-time musical career and move to London, where Korner introduced him to many other musicians and helped them to find gigs. In late 1963, with his band, now called the Bluesbreakers, Mayall started playing at the Marquee Club; the line-up was Mayall, John McVie on bass and guitarist Bernie Watson of Cyril Davies and the R&B All-Stars. The next spring Mayall obtained his first recording date with producer Ian Samwell; the band, with Martin Hart at the drums, recorded two tracks: "Crawling Up a Hill" as well as "Mr. James."
Shortly after, Hughie Flint replaced Hart and Roger Dean took the guitar from Bernie Watson. This line-up backed John Lee Hooker on his British tour in 1964. Mayall was offered a recording contract by Decca and, on 7 December 1964, a live performance of the band was recorded at the Klooks Kleek. A studio-recorded single, "Crocodile Walk", was released along with the album, but both failed to achieve any success and the contract was terminated. In April 1965 former Yardbirds guitarist Eric Clapton replaced Roger Dean and John Mayall's career entered a decisive phase. In 1965, with Eric Clapton as their new guitar player, the Bluesbreakers began attracting considerable attention; that summer the band cut a couple tracks for a single, "I'm Your Witchdoctor" b/w "Telephone Blues". In August, Clapton left for a jaunt to Greece with a bunch of relative musical amateurs calling themselves the'Glands'. John Weider, John Slaughter, Geoff Krivit attempted to fill in as Bluesbreaker guitarist but Peter Green took charge.
John McVie was dismissed, during the next few months Jack Bruce, from the Graham Bond Organisation, played bass. In November 1965 Clapton returned, Green departed as Mayall had guaranteed Clapton his spot back in the Bluesbreakers whenever he tired of the Glands. McVie was allowed back, Bruce left to join Manfred Mann, but not before a live date by the Mayall-Clapton-Bruce-Flint line-up was recorded on Mayall's two-track tape recorder at London's Flamingo Club in November; the rough recording provided tracks that appeared on the 1969 compilation Looking Back and the 1977 Primal Solos. The same line-up entered the studio to record a planned single, "On Top of the World", not released at that time. Mayall and Clapton cut a couple of tracks without the others: "Lonely Years" b/w "Bernard Jenkins" was released as a single the next August on producer Mike Vernon's Purdah Records label. In a November 1965 session, blues pianist-singer Champion Jack Dupree got Mayall and Clapton to play on a few tracks.
In April 1966 the Bluesbreakers returned to Decca Studios to record a second LP with producer Vernon. The sessions, with horn arrangements for some tracks, lasted just three days. Blues Breakers with Eric Clapton was released in the UK on 22 July 1966. Several of the 12 tracks were cover
Bowling for Soup
Bowling for Soup is an American rock band formed in Wichita Falls, Texas, in 1994. The band consists of Jaret Reddick, Chris Burney, Gary Wiseman, Rob Felicetti; the band is best known for its singles "Girl All the Bad Guys Want", "1985", "Almost", "High School Never Ends". Bowling for Soup has its origins in Wichita Falls, where Jaret Reddick and other members of the band grew up. Reddick and original drummer Lance Morrill met in kindergarten in the fall of 1977. Reddick and guitarist Chris Burney knew each other in high school, as students in the 1980s, they grew up on the commercially successful heavy metal music of bands such as Quiet Riot, Mötley Crüe, but were influenced by the faster punk rock of the Ramones and Green Day. Burney's family owned a Wichita Falls coffeehouse "The Refuge" with a music stage and he played there with his first band the Persecuted, where he and Reddick met bassist Erik Chandler and drummer Gary Wiseman in the early 1990s. Burney and Chandler soon formed the Folkadots, while Wiseman formed the Wiseman.
Burney and Chandler, along with Morrill formed the band Slaw. Around this time, Reddick formed the band Terminal Seasons. Not too long after and Morrill formed coolfork! which Burney joined. The band was in full swing by 1993. A few months after forming a band called Rubberneck, the group changed their name to Bowling for Soup, derived from a comedy act by Steve Martin, the band was formed in Wichita Falls on June 4, 1994, by Reddick, Burney and Morrill. Morrill was replaced in July 1998 by Wiseman. In 1996, Bowling for Soup relocated to Denton, in 1998 recorded their second studio album, third overall, Rock on Honorable Ones!! for Denton music label FFROE. The group released its first EP, Tell Me When to Whoa, through FFROE that year; the album sold over 10,000 copies. As a side project, beginning around 1999 until May 2018, Reddick and Chandler performed acoustic shows at smaller venues and showcases, playing Bowling for Soup songs in an acoustic fashion, billed as Jaret & Erik. Beginning in September 2017, Jaret began performing solo acoustic shows, starting with the Heartache & Hilarity tour in the UK.
Let's Do It for Johnny!!, Bowling for Soup's major label debut, was released on Jive in 2000. The album contained re-recordings of the group's previous material along with a few new tracks and a cover of Bryan Adams' song "Summer of'69". Drunk Enough to Dance is Bowling for Soup's second album with Jive Records, released August 6, 2002, it was recorded at Big Time Audio in Dallas. One of the album's two singles, "Girl All The Bad Guys Want", was nominated for a Grammy Award in 2003 in the "Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal" category. Reddick considers the Grammies one of his shining moments, not for the nomination, but for winning "worst dressed" in Time Magazine. A re-release in 2003 added "Punk Rock 101", a cover of the 1980s new wave band A Flock of Seagulls' "I Ran", "Star Song". An acoustic version of the song "Belgium" exists at the end of the album, as well as at the end of the initial release; the cover of "I Ran" was used as the opening theme song of the anime television show Saint Seiya: Knights of the Zodiac in North America.
The band appeared in the 2002 film Crossroads. A Hangover You Don't Deserve followed two years and has become the band's only Top 40 album. Sales of the album were driven in large part by the radio airplay of the single "1985", a song co-written by the band SR-71. Mitch Allan, lead vocalist of SR-71, contributed backing vocals to the song and appeared in the music video. "1985" became Bowling for Soup's biggest hit in the U. S. reaching No. 23 on the Billboard Hot 100. A second single from A Hangover You Don't Deserve, "Almost", charted on the UK Singles Chart, No. 46 on the U. S. Top 100, No. 23 on U. S. Pop 100. "Ohio", better known as "Come Back to Texas", was released as a radio single in the U. S. but was not as popular as "1985" or "Almost", reaching only No. 59 on the U. S. Pop 100. Bowling for Soup Goes to the Movies, a compilation album of cover songs and contributions to movie soundtracks, was released by the band in 2005; that year and Burney made several appearances on VH1's I Love the'90s: Part Deux.
Bowling for Soup appeared at the start of the 2005 film Cursed, playing the song "Li'l Red Riding Hood". The group went on the Star 102.1 StarJam tour with Simple Plan in 2006 and were the opening act, performing "Almost", "Trucker Hat", "Girl All the Bad Guys Want", "1985", "Punk Rock 101", "I Melt With You", more. The group's cover version of Modern English's "I Melt With You" was used in the Disney movie Sky High and was on the movie's soundtrack. A music video of the song was made for the movie, aired on the Disney Channel and can be found on the movie's DVD. Once more Bowling for Soup was at StarJams 2007 with Army of Freshmen. Following the release of the band's covers album, Bowling for Soup spent most of 2006 readying The Great Burrito Extortion Case, the group's seventh album, released on November 7, 2006; the group released the first single from t
Stephen Mason (musician)
Steve Mason is an American musician most known for being the lead guitarist for Christian alternative folk rock group Jars of Clay. Mason was born in Joliet, Illinois in 1975, however was brought up from age 8 in Decatur, Illinois where he attended Warrensburg-Latham schools. Mason joined Jars of Clay as a founding member in 1993 with singer Dan Haseltine and pianist Charlie Lowell while studying at Greenville College in his home state of Illinois; as a submission piece to get into college, Mason wrote an instrumental guitar piece entitled "Frail", recorded and used as the namesake for the group's first demo Frail. The song had lyrics added by Jars of Clay's lead singer Dan Haseltine for the group's second album Much Afraid. Growing up in Illinois, Mason is a Chicago Bears football team supporter, but now supports the Tennessee Titans, who play in his adopted city of Nashville. In 2014 Stephen qualified as a Master Barber and has started cutting hair at his shop, The Handsomizer. Mason was married on October 2009 to former BBC Radio Producer, Jude Adam.
Mason uses a range of different guitars for performing with Jars of Clay, both electric and acoustic. Some of them he uses in the studio and others for live performances. "Grand Auditorium" Taylor twelve string guitar Gibson "Tal Farlow" series Baby Taylor guitar Martin Backpacker travel guitar Gibson "Chet Atkins" series Fender Telecaster Gibson Les Paul Matchless Chief Guitar Amp Vox AC-30As for pedals, over the years Mason has been seen using a Boss Tuner, Visual Sound Jekyll & Hyde, Swell Pedals G-TOD, Tonephile Puredrive, Electro-Harmonix Deluxe Memory Man, DMB Pedals, a Pedaltrain pedalboard
Barry Weiss is an American music executive and producer, an executive with RECORDS, a label he co-founded. He got his start at Clive Calder's Jive Records before working his way up to the head of the RCA/Jive Label Group. While at Jive, Weiss fostered artists like Britney Spears, Justin Timberlake, NSYNC, Chris Brown, Backstreet Boys, A Tribe Called Quest, many others, he left the organization in 2011 to join the Universal Music Group prior to co-founding RECORDS in 2015. Weiss was born in New York on February 11, 1959 to parents Hy and Rosalyn Weiss, his father, Hy, was a music executive having founded Old Town Records in the late 1950s. Barry Weiss graduated from Cornell University in 1981. While in school, he worked as a promoter to radio stations from his dorm room. Weiss received his Master of Business Administration from New York University in 1986. Early on in his career, Weiss worked at Ariola Infinity Records, he earned his first major job in 1982 at Jive Records. For his job interview, Weiss took Calder to various black, hip hop, gay clubs where he knew bouncers and doormen throughout New York City.
He started in the position of Manager of Artist Development. At the time of his arrival, the label consisted of pop acts like Billy Ocean, A Flock of Seagulls, Samantha Fox. Weiss helped establish the label as a home for rappers and hip hop artists like DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, A Tribe Called Quest, Kool Moe Dee, Too Short, Boogie Down Productions, UGK, others. In January 1995, Weiss was promoted to President of Jive Records along with Silvertone. From 1995 to 2000, Weiss was involved with acts such as Britney Spears, NSYNC, The Backstreet Boys, others, he oversaw the release of NSYNC's 2000 album, No Strings Attached which broke the album sales record. In 2002, Jive Records' parent company, Zomba Music Group, was purchased by BMG for $2.7 billion. Under BMG, Weiss was named the CEO of the newly formed Zomba Label Group. While in that position, he oversaw the careers of artists like Chris Brown, T-Pain, R. Kelly, others. In 2008, Weiss was named CEO of the BMG Label Group, replacing Clive Davis.
As the head of the label group, Weiss oversaw Jive, GospoCentric, Volcano, RCA, Arista, Fo Yo Soul, LaFace, J. He inherited the management of acts such as Pink, Whitney Houston, Alicia Keys, the Foo Fighters, Kelly Clarkson, Leona Lewis, numerous others. In 2010, Weiss announced that he would be leaving the RCA/Jive Label Group for a position at the Universal Music Group, his official appointment to the position of Chairman and CEO of a group of labels colloquially referred to as Universal's "East Coast" labels came in March 2011. Artists under Weiss's purview included Kanye West, Justin Bieber, Rihanna, 2 Chainz, Fall Out Boy, The Weeknd and numerous others, he left his position in 2014 after Universal decided to reorganize the music group into standalone labels. In a partnership with SONGS Music Publishing, Weiss co-founded a new independent label, RECORDS, in early 2015; the SONGS roster included The Weeknd, Lorde, DJ Mustard at the time of RECORDS' founding. Early RECORDS' signees iLoveMemphis.
Both artists had 2015 singles. Other RECORDS artists include Noah Cyrus, LSD, Lennon Stella, St. Paul and The Broken Bones, among others. SONGS Music Publishing was sold to the Kobalt Music Group in December 2017; the following month, RECORDS became a joint venture with the Sony Music Entertainment
Zomba Group of Companies
The Zomba Group of Companies was a music group and division, owned by and operated under Sony Music Entertainment. The division was renamed to Jive Label Group in 2009 and was placed under the RCA/Jive Label Group umbrella. In 2011, the RCA/Jive Label Group was split in half. Multiple Jive Label Group artists were moved to Epic Records while others stayed with Jive as it moved under the RCA Music Group. In October 2011 Jive Records was shut down and their artists were moved to RCA Records. Founded independently in the mid-seventies by Clive Calder and Ralph Simon, the group has had interests in music release, production, equipment rental, recording studios, artist management. Though the financial structure and annual revenue of Zomba during the company's independent period was only known to CEO Clive Calder, Zomba was regarded as the most successful of the independent music companies; the group is best known for its role in developing some of the most popular forms of music, such as hip-hop in the 1980s, the teen pop/boy band phenomenon in the late 1990s through their first record label Jive, though they have had substantial activities in both the Christian and gospel music field.
Calder and Simon both served as CEOs until 1990 when Calder bought out Simon's share and ran the company himself until 2002. In 2002, BMG purchased the company and subsequently restructured the labels under the umbrella company Zomba Label Group, the most public face of the company; the label group served as a parent for many different labels including Jive, Volcano and LaFace. Today, the only Zomba labels that still in operation are So So Def Recordings, Music for Nations and Christian focused music labels. Big part of the Zomba labels were absorbed into RCA Records and Epic Records, as well Legacy Recordings, Sony's division for catalogue reissues. In late 1971, Clive Calder and Ralph Simon began their two-decade partnership in forming businesses in record production and promotion, music publishing, artist management and concert promotion in South Africa; because of the market in South Africa, there was a need to branch out into various aspects of the business, instead of just focusing on one aspect of the industry.
"You couldn't do just one thing. It was too small," explained David Gresham, CEO of David Gresham Record Company. "This is not a country. A No. 1 record is a 10,000 unit seller. That only pays the rent for a month or two." While mandatory in South Africa, this early style of music company would be adapted to other markets throughout the companies history, would become a staple of Calder's managing legacy. Early companies formed by Calder and Simon were Clive Calder Productions. CCP was distributed by EMI Records South Africa who purchased the company in 1972. Although Calder has no stake in it now, it still exists as a wholly owned subsidiary of EMI, specializing in the recording and marketing of domestic artists. Calder's relationship with EMI began when he had been an A&R Manager at EMI South Africa for eighteen months. There he had signed some big groups for the time such as Freedom's Children and the Otis Waygood Blues Band. During this time, Calder was a bassist in a few bands, he formed the Four Dukes and the In Crowd with EMI artist Peter Vee, whom he produced.
Calder paired Lee with a young producer named Mutt Lange,who at the time had produced for David Gresham and David Gresham Records local hit "Sunday Monday Tuesday" by Jessica Jones on Gresham's Nitty Gritty Records. The trio of Calder and Lange decided in 1974 that they had to get out of South Africa. "We were politically much opposed to the old apartheid regime" says Simon. They pooled together what little money they moved to London. Having landed right in the middle of the British punk rock movement, they felt their experience would not be best utilized in marketing and promotion in such a different context. Instead, they opted to create a publishing company and Zomba Corporation was registered in Switzerland in 1975, operating out of Calder's bedroom space in London; the name "Zomba" referred to the capital of African country Malawi. Next and Simon began looking for songwriters; the first was the French producer who helped create the Village People. Zomba became the disco group's British publisher.
Though the band had been turned down by a few UK labels and Simon thought they could retain the most control of Zomba if they stayed in the publishing and management business, allowing other labels to release their artists' music. Meanwhile, Lange was building a name for himself as a producer, with albums by the Boomtown Rats, Graham Parker and AC/DC's 1979 Highway to Hell, his breakthrough album; this led to Lange becoming one of the world's leading hard-rock producers adding Def Leppard and Bryan Adams to his resume. For Zomba, this meant increased exposure and credibility leading to many new producer and songwriter management deals. Additionally, artists would sign publishing deals, giving their publishing company a burgeoning collection. In early 1978, Zomba opened offices in New York City and began looking for more artists and songwriters. Clive Davis was one of the first to contact the group, who used his formed Arista Records to distribute Zomba artists; the first major signing was Billy Ocean.
Over the next few years, Zomba's songwriters hit it big and the publishing profits kicked in, marking the beginning of the co