Simple Network Management Protocol is an Internet Standard protocol for collecting and organizing information about managed devices on IP networks and for modifying that information to change device behavior. Devices that support SNMP include cable modems, switches, workstations and more. SNMP is used in network management for network monitoring. SNMP exposes management data in the form of variables on the managed systems organized in a management information base which describe the system status and configuration; these variables can be remotely queried by managing applications. Three significant versions of SNMP have been deployed. SNMPv1 is the original version of the protocol. More recent versions, SNMPv2c and SNMPv3, feature improvements in performance and security. SNMP is a component of the Internet Protocol Suite as defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force, it consists of a set of standards for network management, including an application layer protocol, a database schema, a set of data objects.
In typical uses of SNMP, one or more administrative computers called managers have the task of monitoring or managing a group of hosts or devices on a computer network. Each managed system executes a software component called an agent which reports information via SNMP to the manager. An SNMP-managed network consists of three key components: Managed devices Agent – software which runs on managed devices Network management station – software which runs on the managerA managed device is a network node that implements an SNMP interface that allows unidirectional or bidirectional access to node-specific information. Managed devices exchange node-specific information with the NMSs. Sometimes called network elements, the managed devices can be any type of device, but not limited to, access servers, cable modems, hubs, IP telephones, IP video cameras, computer hosts, printers. An agent is a network-management software module. An agent has local knowledge of management information and translates that information to or from an SNMP-specific form.
A network management station executes applications that control managed devices. NMSs provide the bulk of the memory resources required for network management. One or more NMSs may exist on any managed network. SNMP agents expose management data on the managed systems as variables; the protocol permits active management tasks, such as configuration changes, through remote modification of these variables. The variables accessible via SNMP are organized in hierarchies. SNMP itself does not define which variables a managed system should offer. Rather, SNMP uses an extensible design; these hierarchies are described as a management information base. MIBs describe the structure of the management data of a device subsystem; each OID identifies a variable that can be read or set via SNMP. MIBs use the notation defined by Structure of Management Information Version 2.0, a subset of ASN.1. SNMP operates in the application layer of the Internet protocol suite. All SNMP messages are transported via User Datagram Protocol.
The SNMP agent receives requests on UDP port 161. The manager may send requests from any available source port to port 161 in the agent; the agent response is sent back to the source port on the manager. The manager receives notifications on port 162; the agent may generate notifications from any available port. When used with Transport Layer Security or Datagram Transport Layer Security, requests are received on port 10161 and notifications are sent to port 10162. SNMPv1 specifies five core protocol data units. Two other PDUs, GetBulkRequest and InformRequest were added in SNMPv2 and the Report PDU was added in SNMPv3. All SNMP PDUs are constructed as follows: The seven SNMP PDU types as identified by the PDU-type field are as follows: GetRequest A manager-to-agent request to retrieve the value of a variable or list of variables. Desired variables are specified in variable bindings. Retrieval of the specified variable values is to be done as an atomic operation by the agent. A Response with current values is returned.
SetRequest A manager-to-agent request to change the value of a variable or list of variables. Variable bindings are specified in the body of the request. Changes to all specified variables are to be made as an atomic operation by the agent. A Response with new values for the variables is returned. GetNextRequest A manager-to-agent request to discover available variables and their values. Returns a Response with variable binding for the lexicographically next variable in the MIB; the entire MIB of an agent can be walked by iterative application of GetNextRequest starting at OID 0. Rows of a table can be read by specifying column OIDs in the variable bindings of the request. GetBulkRequest A manager-to-agent request for multiple iterations of GetNextRequest. An optimized version of GetNextRequest. Returns a Response with multiple variable bindings walked from the variable binding or bindings in the request. PDU specific non-repeaters and max-repetitions fields are used to control response behavior.
GetBulkRequest was introduced in SNMPv2. Response Returns variable bindings and acknowledgement from agent to manager for GetRequest, SetRequest, GetNextRequest, GetBulkRequest and InformRequest. Error reporting is provided by error-index fields. Although it was used as a response to both gets and sets, this P
John McLure House known as the Hans Phillips House, Lawrence Sands House, Daniel Zane House, is a historic home located on Wheeling Island at Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia. It was built between 1853 and 1856, is a three-story, Federal-style brick dwelling. A two-story rear addition was built before 1870. A semi-circular columned portico and two-story, projecting side bay, were added in the late 19th century and added Classical Revival elements to the home. A "widow's walk" was placed on the roof sometime after McLure's death, it was the home of Captain John McLure, an American steamboat master and capitalist. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991, it is located in the Wheeling Island Historic District
Pearson Plaza is the name of a small indoor shopping complex in Elliot Lake, Ontario. Located on the site of a former rock, at Hillside Drive South and Ontario Avenue, it replaces the Algo Centre Mall, demolished after a tragic collapse. Planned to open in fall 2015, the mall's first store, a Foodland grocery store opened on April 1, 2016 and Turner's department store on December 6, 2016. Dollarama opened in January 2017, the library opened in May and the two-restaurant food court opened in summer 2017 with Chantis Fresh Cafe, owned by Turners Elliot Lake. In May 2018 Chantis was sold and became CC’S Bistro & Café. In May 2019, Turners Department Store and CC's Bistro & Cafe closed and both units now sit empty. Due to the Algo Centre situation, the tremendous social and economic impact it had on Elliot Lake as a small city with few other major retail outlets, the project was funded entirely by the provincial and federal governments; the Government of Ontario and the Government of Canada each provided $1 million in funding, with the remaining $1.5 million being provided via an amortized loan from Infrastructure Ontario.
Pearson Plaza was designed as a single floor complex with a series of big box stores to be anchored by Foodland and Canadian Tire, the number of retail tenants totaling 20 to 22. It now has been modified to be a grocery store, department store, dollar store and small food court; the land purchase for the new mall was completed by developer Ron McCowan in March 2014 but by October construction on the property had not been started. The development name Pearson may refer to The Right Honourable Lester Pearson, the Nobel Peace Prize-winning former Prime Minister of Canada, who served as the MP for Algoma East, including Elliot Lake, from 1948 to 1968. Algo Centre Mall#History Pearson Plaza
Stéphane Henchoz is a Swiss football coach and a former international player who played as a defender, most notably for the English club Liverpool. He was capped 72 times and played for his country from his debut in 1993, played at Euro 1996 and Euro 2004. Born in Billens, Henchoz first came to notice playing in the German Bundesliga for Hamburger SV. In June 1997, he turned down an opportunity to join Manchester United, instead signing for Blackburn Rovers for a fee of £3 million. Henchoz enjoyed a successful debut Premiership season as Rovers finished sixth in 1997–98, although they were relegated at the end of the 1998–99 season. Henchoz remained a Premiership player after being purchased for £3.5 million by Liverpool. At Liverpool, Henchoz became a regular member of the first team during his five-and-a-half year stay at Anfield. Henchoz was popular with the Liverpool fans, he formed an effective central defensive partnership with Sami Hyypiä. This partnership played an important part in Liverpool's historic cup treble in 2001, although it was Henchoz's clumsy challenge on Martin O'Connor in the 90th minute of the League Cup final against Birmingham City that led to extra time.
Henchoz is remembered for inadvertently blocking a goalbound Thierry Henry shot with his arm in the 17th minute of that year's FA Cup final, Liverpool went on to win the match with two Michael Owen finishes. His last two seasons were interrupted due to spells of injury but he still surpassed the 200 mark of games for Liverpool in 2003–04. With injury problems and Gerard Houllier preferring Igor Bišćan at centre half, Henchoz became something of a bit part player appearing as an occasional right back; the Henchoz-Hyypiä partnership was rekindled in 2003–04, helping Liverpool to fourth place in the league. When Rafael Benítez replaced Gérard Houllier as manager, his decision to try versatile English defender Jamie Carragher in partnership with Hyypiä spelled an end to Henchoz's Anfield career. Carragher employed as a full-back, was a revelation at centre back and Henchoz joined Celtic on a six-month contract in January 2005. Upon the expiration of his Celtic contract, Henchoz opted to move back to the Premier League, signing a one-year contract with newly promoted Wigan Athletic.
He made 26 league appearances during the 2005–06 season as the club exceeded expectations with a top half finish. Henchoz started for Wigan in the 2006 Football League Cup Final. Henchoz left Wigan after only a year, signing a contract until the end of the 2006–07 season back with Blackburn Rovers, he performed suitably. His second spell at Blackburn Rovers came to an end on 19 May. Henchoz ended his career on 13 October 2008. Henchoz earned 72 caps for Switzerland from his debut in 1993, he played for the country at Euro 96 and Euro 2004. He was expected to play in the 2006 FIFA World Cup, but due to health problems he retired from international football on 31 March 2006. After retiring, Henchoz became manager of Blackburn Rovers's U18 team which he was until June 2009, he became manager of FC Bulle for the 2009/10 season. In December 2015, he was appointed assistant manager of Neuchâtel Xamax FCS. On 6 February 2019 the club announced, that they had sacked Michel Decastel and Henchoz would take charge of the club for the rest of the season.
At the end of March 2019 the club confirmed, that Henchoz would leave his position at the end of the season. On 27 May 2019, Henchoz was appointed manager of FC Sion for the upcoming 2019–20 season, he resigned on 4 November 2019 following a 0–3 loss to FC St. Gallen, the 5th loss in 6 league games. Liverpool FA Cup: 2000–01 League Cup: 2000–01, 2002–03 FA Charity Shield: 2001 UEFA Cup: 2000–01 UEFA Super Cup: 2001Celtic Scottish Cup: 2004–05Individual Credit Suisse Player of the Year: 2001, 2002 Player profile at LFChistory.net Stéphane Henchoz at Soccerbase
Algerians in the United Kingdom are residents of the UK with ancestry from Algeria. They include their British-born descendants. Most Algerians living in the UK are of Arab, Berber and North African origin. According to the Information Centre about Asylum and Refugees, the UK's Algerian population is not well known or understood by the wider community; the number of Algerians was small until the early 1990s, since when it has increased as a result of the Algerian Civil War of 1991 to 2002. However, the population remains small in comparison with other, more well-established refugee groups. ICAR argue that "there is little sense of a unified'community'" of Algerians in the UK and that there is some degree of mutual suspicion amongst British Algerians. According to the 2001 UK census, there were 10,670 Algerian born people living in the UK; the 2011 census recorded 23,601 residents of England, 328 of Wales, 895 of Scotland and 132 of Northern Ireland who were born in Algeria. The Office for National Statistics estimates that in 2017, 33,000 residents of the UK were born in Algeria.
Most Algerians in the UK can be found in the Greater London area - in particular Walthamstow, Edgware and Finsbury Park. Besides the British capital, significant communities of Algerians reside in Glasgow, Birmingham, Manchester and Bournemouth; the National Association of British Arabs categorises Algeria-born immigrants as Arabs. Based on 2011 census data, it indicates that they are the fifth largest population of British Arabs by country of birth. A 2007 investigation by the International Organization for Migration found that the Algerian community in the UK in general was young, close to half of all Algerians in the UK were projected to be under 40 years old; as explained, the Algerian community in the UK is a small but fast emerging ethnic group. The same IOM investigation suggested that out of all the Algerians living in the UK, 20% of them were registered in the 1991 UK Census and a further 30% in 2001 UK Census - with the remaining 50% having come during the first decade of the 21st century.
In terms of gender, the 2001 census showed that 71% of Algerians in the UK were male, whilst recent estimates have suggested the imbalance between males and females could be greater. This is thought to be down to the fact that men without documents are more to reach the UK than women without documents. Most Algerians living in the UK are Muslims; the East London Mosque attracts a number of Algerians. However, the Suleymaniye Mosque, owned by the British-Turkish community, is reported to attract many Algerians. Algeria is a significant source of asylum seekers to the UK. Most of these are law-abiding and peaceful citizens, but numerous Algerian individuals residing in the UK have come to public attention due to their extremist views. Algeria is by far the largest source of applications for asylum from Arab North Africa to the UK and alongside Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sierra Leone as the African countries with the highest number of individuals applying for and receiving asylum rights in the UK.
Below is a table showing the number of Algerians who applied for asylum in the UK compared to the number who gained it. Below is a table showing how many Algerians were granted the right of abode. Elyes Gabel: actor well known for his roles in the BBC dramas Casualty and Waterloo Road as well as his role in Seasons 1 and 2 of the Game of Thrones series Tarik O'Regan: composer, he is a recipient of two British Composer Awards and some of his work has been recognised with two Grammy nominations Cy Curnin, British singer/songwriter and musician Rachida Lamari: writer and cultural activist. She is the founder of Culturama, a cultural organisation Simone Lahbib, Scottish actress Zaida Ben-Yusuf: portrait photographer born in England where she spent her early years before moving to America. In 1901 she was considered as one of the “foremost women photographers in America” by the Ladies Home Journal The National Algerian Centre Finsbury Park Mosque Al Manaar Mosque (The Muslim Cultural Heritage Centre Organisations for cultural festivals Algerian Culture Festival Algerian Culture Collective National Algerian Centre London Charity ICAR Algerians in the UK Algerian Consulate in London BBC London's Algerian Connection AlgeriancommunityinLondon.com
Chasing Ghosts: Beyond the Arcade is a documentary film directed by Lincoln Ruchti about the golden age of video arcade games. The film premiered January 22, 2007 at the Sundance Film Festival and has been shown at the 2007 Los Angeles Film Festival, as well as other film festivals. In the 1980s, video games were synonymous with arcades, games were bringing in enough quarters to fill the Rose Bowl; this led Iowa entrepreneur Walter Day to declare himself the sole authority on high scores. In 1982, Day launched his Twin Galaxies International Scoreboard. Teenage superstars came from all over North America to join Walter in a Life magazine feature spread, which recognized them as video game world champions; this led to the nationally televised 1982 Video Game World Championships, a touring National Video Game Team, the promise of fame and groupies. The film revisits Day and the Life players, now middle-aged men, as they reminisce on the arcade scene, its demise, the dreams that crashed with it.
Stephen Garrett of Time Out New York compared the film to the documentary The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters, which covers similar ground and premiered at the same time, opining that Chasing Ghosts explores the material far better. Pixar's Andrew Stanton, director of the films WALL-E and Finding Nemo, saw the premiere of the film at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival and enjoyed it so much that he arranged for a private screening of the film at Pixar's Emeryville, California campus. A modern reunion was held on September 24, 2005 in front of the downtown theater in Laconia, New Hampshire, in an attempt to mirror the look and feel of the original photo. Footage of this reunion is included in the final scenes of Chasing Ghosts: Beyond the Arcade; the group photo includes Walter Day, Billy Mitchell, Steve Sanders, Robert Mruczek, Ben Gold, Joel West, Sam Blackburn, Todd Rogers, Ron Bailey, Darren Olson and Kent Farries. Official website Chasing Ghosts: Beyond the Arcade on IMDb Chasing Ghosts: Beyond the Arcade at AllMovie